Delhi is a key centre of learning in India. The most famous universities in Delhi are JNU, DU, IGNOU and IIT. The official website of the Delhi Government's Directorate of Education [http://delhi.gov.in/wps/wcm/connect/DOIT_Education/education/home] is a good starting point for learning more about study opportunities in Delhi.
Delhi is a key centre of learning in India. The most famous universities in Delhi are JNU, DU, IGNOU and IIT. The official website of the Delhi Government's Directorate of Education [http://delhi.gov.in/wps/wcm/connect/DOIT_Education/education/home] is a good starting point for learning more about study opportunities in Delhi.
Apart from undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral courses, there are many training and diploma-level institutes and polytechnics that cater to the growing demand for skill-based and vocational education. Besides conventional educational institutes, more and more foreigners also make the effort to learn Hindustani language (Hindi-Urdu) and Delhi is emerging as a prime destination for people wanting to learn India's lingua franca.
Apart from undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral courses, there are many training and diploma-level institutes and polytechnics that cater to the growing demand for skill-based and vocational education. Besides conventional educational institutes, more and more foreigners also make the effort to learn Hindustani language (Hindi-Urdu) and Delhi is .
Revision as of 12:19, 26 December 2010
Discussion on defining district borders for Delhi is in progress. If you know the city pretty well, please share your opinion on the talk page.
Delhi (Hindi: दिल्ली, Urdu: دلّی, Punjabi: ਦਿੱਲੀ)  is northern India's largest city. One part of it, known as New Delhi (Hindi: नई दिल्ली Naï Dillî), is officially designated the capital of India, but the names are often used interchangeably.
Delhi is said to be one of the oldest existing cities in the world, along with Damascus and Varanasi. Legend estimates it to be over 5,000 years old. Over the millennia, Delhi is said to have been built and destroyed 11 times. The oldest alleged incarnation of the city shows up in the Indian mythological epic Mahabharata as Indraprastha. The earliest historically recognized version of the city is
Qila Rai Pithora – This dates back to the 10th century A.D. as per available historical records. Also known as Rai Pithora, this city was the capital during the reign of Prithviraj Chauhan, the local hero famous for his first defeating, before finally losing to, the marauding invaders from central Asia (Muhammad Ghori in particular). Chauhan's ancestors are said to have captured the city from the Tomar Rajputs who were credited with founding Delhi. Anangpal, a Tomar ruler possibly created the first known regular fort here called 'Lal Kot', which was taken over by Prithviraj and the city extended. Some of the ruins of the fort ramparts are still visible around Qutab Minar and Mehrauli.
Mehrauli – Muhammad Ghori managed to defeat Prithviraj Chauhan in battle in 1192. Ghori left his slave Qutub-ud-din Aibak as his viceroy, who in turn captured Delhi the subsequent year. After Ghori's death in 1206, Aibak proclaimed himself the ruler of Delhi and founded the slave dynasty. Qutb-ud-din contributed significantly in terms of architecture by getting Mehrauli built. His most prominent contribution is the starting of Qutab Minar. This 72.5 m tall tower was built across three generations and finally completed in 1220AD. A visitor to the Qutab Minar could also see the mausoleum of Kaki, Shamsi Talao and some other mosques. The Slave dynasty ruled until 1290, among them was Razia Sultan who ruled for just three years, but became a historic figure for being the first empress in India.
Siri - Qutuddin Aibaq's 'Slave Dynasty' was followed by the line of Khilji (or Khalji) rulers. The most prominent among the six rulers was Allauddin who extended the kingdom to the south of Narmada and also established the city of 'Siri'. Among some of the remaining ruins, is part of the Siri Fort in the greater Hauz Khas area. The madrasa at Hauz Khas was constructed during Allauddin's reign and bears the stamp of West Asian architecture. Hauz Khas is more often visited today for the chic botiques and restaurants.
Tughlakabad - Exactly as it happens during the fall of a lineage of kings, after the Khilji's there was administrative chaos for sometime as the last Khilji ruler was slain by Nasruddin Mohammed. Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq (a Turk governor) invaded Delhi in the 1320s, started the Tughlaq dynasty, and founded the city of Tughlakabad, the ruins of which still remain. His descendant Muhammad Bin Tughlaq raised the fort walls, created another city called Jahapanah (which enclosed the area between Siri and Qila Rai Pithora). Tughlakabad continued, however, to be the main capital city. Muhammad Bin Tughlaq is also known as the mad king for wanting to move the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad (now near Aurangabad in Maharashtra) and making the entire population travel, only to return in a few years because of water shortage in the new town.
Firozabad - Muhammad Bin Tughlaq's son, Firoze created the next city which was called Firozabad or Firoze Shah Kotla. There still are some ruins which are visible around the cricket stadium by the same name. The city was a enclosed a large area, and contained many palaces, mosques, pillared halls, and multi-floored water tank. Firoze Shah also planted a 1500 year old Ashokan Pillar on top of the palace. This pillar was originally planted in Meerut by Samrat Ashok.Feroze Shah, also repaired many of the older construction in Delhi including Ghori's tomb, Qutub Minar,Suraj Kund and Hauz Khas. He, himself, was buried inside a lofty tomb in Hauz Khas. Quite like earlier, after Feroze Shah's death, the sultnate became unstable and weak, and was invaded by Taimur the Lame (from Samarkhand) who created havoc in the city by looting, killing, raping and plundering. The Sayyids and Lodhis who ruled Delhi after the Tughlaq's paid more attention to re-establishing miltiary and political stability to the kingdom. The only relevant architecture visible from this period are the tombs at Lodhi Gardens. The last of the Lodhi's was defeated by Babur in the first battle of Panipat. Babur then proceeded to establish the Mughal dynasty.
Purana Qila - ruins of Shergarh
Shergarh - Babur's son Humayun ruled the kingdom for a few years only to be defeated by Sher Shah Suri (1540), who established the new city Shergarh (on the ruins of Dinpanah, built by Humayun) towards the north and near the river. Shergarh is what you see at Purana Qila today, near the Delhi zoo. After Humayun came back to power, he completed the construction and proceeded to rule from Shergarh.
Shahjehabanad - the next of the Mughal emperors chose to move away from Delhi and established Agra as the capital of their kingdom. Shahjehan (Humayun's great-grandson) returned to Delhi and established Shahjehanabad. This included the Jama Masjid, the Red Fort and all that in enclosed within the walls of Old Delhi. This wall is still around in many parts and three of the six gates (Delhi gate, Lahori Gate, Turkman Gate, Ajmeri Gate, Kashmiri Gate, Mori Gate)to Delhi still exist. Kashmiri Gate was reconstructed and widened by the British after the 1857 revolt.
Lutyen's New Delhi - The final city as you see today expanded from what Sir Edwin Lutyens.
Inspite of its rich historical heritage represented by the numerous monuments, Delhi's population is hardly aware of it and has little pride or feeling for the city's history. This is due to the simple reason that few Delhi residents actually belong to Delhi. The population of Delhi is a heterogeneous mix of people originally belonging to different parts of North India and beyond. Among the prominent North Indian communities are the Punjabis, who are the descendants of the refugees of the Indian Partition. They are easily the most affluent community. However, their dominance in recent years has been challenged by the increasing affluence of other North Indian communities. Delhi has a prominent South Indian Community, primarily in areas like RK Puram and Munirka. A Bengali Settlement, the Chittaranjan Park in south Delhi is the Mini Calcutta of Delhi.
And the biggest irony is the fact that the descendants of the builders of Delhi's many Muslim monuments no longer stay in Delhi. Most of them migrated to Pakistan during the Partition, with only a small, ever-diminishing community in Old Delhi keeping old courtly traditions alive.
Districts of Delhi
Like the rest of the Gangetic Plains, Delhi is as flat as a pancake. The only geographical features of any significance are the river Yamuna, which flows down the eastern side of the city, and the Aravalli Hills, which form a wide but low arc across the west. On the west bank is the crowded and congested Old (Central) Delhi and, to the southwest, the broad, tree-lined avenues of New Delhi, built by the British to rule their empire. The rest is an endless low-rise sprawl of suburbia and slums, with southwestern Delhi (nearer to New Delhi) generally somewhat wealthier.
Indeed, on a broad scale Delhi is not difficult to navigate. The Outer Ring Road, and Ring Road, offer simple connections between districts. In South Delhi, most of the major districts lie on either the inner or outer ring roads.
Traveling west on the Ring Road from Nizammudin, the following colonies lie in the following order, Friends Colony, Lajpat Nagar, Defence Colony, South Extention, INA, Safdarjung, Bikhaji Kama Place, RK Puram, Chankyapuri, Dhaula Kuan.
And on the outer Ring Road, traveling west from Okhla, the following colonies lie in the following order,Nehru Place, Kalkaji, GK2, GK1, CR Park, PanchShil Park, Hauz Khas Enclave, Safdarjung Enclave, Munirka, Vasant Vihar.
The only major areas that lie in between the Ring Roads as opposed to adjacent to them are are Anand Niketan, Hauz Khas Village, Green Park. However, these areas are easily accessible from Shanti Path, Aurobindo Marg, and Khel Gaon Marg respectively.
Inside the colonies it is another issue, often akin to mazes, finding your way around the inside of any colony other than Vasant Vihar or Chanakyapuri is not for the faint hearted.
Delhi's climate is, sad to say, infamously bad, combining the scorching aridity of Rajasthan's deserts with the frigid cold of the Himalayas. From April to October, temperatures are scorchingly hot (over 40°C is common) and, with every air-conditioner running at full blast, the city's creaking power and water infrastructure is strained to the breaking point and beyond. Monsoon rains deluge the city from July to September, flooding roads on a regular basis and bringing traffic to a standstill. In winter, especially December and January, temperatures can dip to near-zero and the city is blanketed in thick fog, causing numerous flight cancellations. The shoulder seasons (Feb-Mar and Oct-Nov) are comparatively pleasant, with temperatures in the 20-30°C range, but short.
The City of Djinns, William Dalrymple; another travelogue and well-written.(ISBN 0142001007)
"The Last Mughal", William Dalrymple; well documented chronological events of the fall of Mughal Enpire. [ISBN 1400043107]
Map of Delhi
Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGI, IATA: DEL) , located in the west of the city, is the arrival point for many visitors into Delhi. The airport has been recently revamped and, with the opening of Terminal 3 in 2010, has been transformed into a thoroughly modern facility equivalent to the best airports in the world.
The airport is split into three terminals, with the domestic terminals commonly known as Palam Airport.
Terminal 1D (Domestic): IndiGo, GoAIR and SpiceJet
Terminal 3 (International): Jet Airways, Air India, Kingfisher airlines and all international flights
When leaving Delhi from international terminal, security at the airport is tight, so you should show up three hours before your flight is scheduled. For domestic flights two hours should be enough. The process is smooth. Shops and restaurants are located at the gate area, not before security. However, if you wish to change Rupees back into foreign currency, you must do this before clearing security. Gate area shops accept rupees only from Indian nationals.
The easiest and safest way to get from the airport to the city is to arrange transport ahead of time through your hotel (some hotels provide this service for free). You can pay for a taxi at the prepaid taxi booths in the international terminal. The pre-paid booths are visible as soon as you exit customs. The one on the left is managed by the Delhi police. To the right of the exit door are private taxi operators. They are more expensive but the cars are air-conditioned. The number of the taxi assigned to you will be on the receipt. Then, go straight through the airport and turn right immediately outside the front doors and someone will help you find your taxi. There are several options, but the booth operated by the "Delhi Police" is considered the best, with non-A/C taxis to most points in the city Rs.200-300.
Do not give the receipt to the driver until you get to the destination as this is what they are paid on. Also, ignore the explanation of the driver for additional payment. There is no practice of tipping taxi drivers anywhere in India. When you reach your destination, take your baggage first, then give the driver the receipt and walk away without further discussion.
There is a minor problem with this system. As there is a checkpoint manned by the traffic police just as your taxi moves away from the airport, you will have to give the receipt to the driver who will hand it over to the police who will record the taxi number. Make sure that you get the receipt back from the driver which you would hand over to driver only after you have safely reached your destination.
The Metro Airport Link direct to New Delhi train station is scheduled to open by end of 2010. It is also possible to take a city bus during the day or a private one that runs 24 hours a day. As everywhere in India, ignore taxi touts!
During the winter (Dec-Jan), Delhi often experiences dense fog and visibility is reduced considerably, making it difficult for flights to land and take off. Both international and domestic flights are often diverted or cancelled, so plan accordingly and allow for one or two days for possible delays.
Buses arrive from Kathmandu and Chitwan in Nepal (36+ hours) and virtually every city in India. Although not as comfortable as the trains, buses are the only choice for some destinations, mainly those in the mountains.
Delhi has a confusing slew of inter-state bus termini (ISBT), which all have two names. The Delhi Transport Corporation  is the major operator, but every state also runs its own buses and there are some private operators too.
Kashmere Gate ISBT (aka Maharana Pratap), Metro Kashmere Gate, Line 1/2. This is "the" ISBT and the largest of the lot. Buses to points north, including Nepal.
Sarai Kale Khan ISBT (aka Vir Hakikat Rai), next to Hazrat Nizamuddin railway station. Buses to points south.
Anand Vihar ISBT (aka Swami Vivekanand), on the east bank of Yamuna, Metro: Anand Vihar, Line 3 (end 2009). Buses to points east.
Bikaner House bus stop. Buses, including air-conditioned Volvo buses from Jaipur arrive at this place. For travel between Jaipur and Delhi, this bus stop is very clean, less crowded than ISBT, and easy to reach.
Majnu ka Tilla Tibetan colony, a short cyclerickshaw ride from Metro Vidhan Sabha. Buses to Dharamsala.
Trains arrive at one of four main stations: Delhi Junction, also called Old Delhi or Purani Dilli; the second at New Delhi which lies in Central Delhi; Hazrat Nizamuddin a few kilometers to the south; and the upcoming Anand Vihar station to the east. (A very few trains use Delhi Sarai Rohilla or Delhi Cantt stations.) Delhi Junction and New Delhi Railway Station are now conveniently connected by Metro Line 2, just minutes apart, while Anand Vihar is served by Line 3. It will take about 40 minutes to an hour to travel from the New Delhi Railway Station to the airport by car, depending on traffic.
A ticket office open to all is on the road to Connaught Place with longer hours. It often has waiting times not much longer than at the tourist booking office. You will need to know the number or name of the train you want to take. Easiest of all, though, is to book on-line through the Indian Railways booking website  or at the Cleartrip  website. Cleartrip charges a fee to use their service as it is third party but the advantage is that the website is much more user friendly where the Indian Railways site is a little difficult to navigate
Once you have purchased a ticket either at the ticket office or online prior to the trip, all you need to do is go to the rail car labeled with your class of service purchased. You can either just get on and sit in the first available seat or often times for higher classes of service, they will post a passenger list on the car when it stops. Look for your name and go to the assigned car, cabin and seat. There is never a need to get a boarding pass so if anyone comes out of the crowd to tell you that, don't listen to them. It is a scam. If you're brave, you can simply purchase a general 2nd class ticket and then get on any car where there is availability. The conductor will come by and check your tickets after the train starts moving. If you are in a higher fare class than you are ticketed for, all you have to do is simply pay the difference in fare to the conductor. The only risk here is that the train could be full and you could be stuck in the lowest fare class which can be very crowded with little room to sit.
New Delhi Railway Station
The main entrance to New Delhi Railway Station (code NDLS) is located just outside of Paharganj, also known as the backpacker ghetto. The Delhi Metro now connects directly here, but the metro exits are at the Ajmeri Gate (second entrance) side near platform 12. You can also take prepaid rickshaws and taxis from the plaza outside the main entrance.
The station is large, crowded, confusing and packed with touts. Allow one hour to find your train the first time you visit. Don't trust the electronic display boards, which often show incorrect information. Instead listen to the announcements and ask multiple people in uniform (policemen) until you find your train. However, anyone who approaches you spontaneously should be completely ignored. Use one of the porters (in orange uniform and a metallic badge on arm) to find your train and carry your luggage, in exchange for a tip.
A tourist ticket office called the International Tourist Bureau is open during office hours upstairs of but still within the main New Delhi railway station. Note that it is only for foreign tourists, so you must have a tourist visa (i.e. student and working visas are not acceptable). Non-resident Indians can also book their tickets through this office. Bring your passport and cash or traveller's cheques in U.S. dollars, British Pounds or Euros. If you wish to pay in Indian rupees you must show an official exchange certificate (from India, not valid if you changed in another country) or an ATM receipt. To get a ticket, first get a form from the centre of the room, and fill it out. Then go to the information desk near the entrance. There, have the clerk check the availability of the train(s) you desire, and fill out your form accordingly. Then line up at one of the two u-shaped lines of chairs for the reservation desks.
Just do not trust strangers who appear out of the crowd to help you and completely ignore them. Always ask at the enquiry counter or the policemen (in khaki uniform).
Delhi Railway Station
Formally Delhi Junction (code DLI), but best referred to as "Old" Delhi Station for clarity. Like New Delhi RS, this station is huge and confusing. The platforms are not in linear order, with some hidden in the west and east wings of the stations. The railway station is served by Metro Line 2 Chandni Chowk station.
Hazrat Nizamuddin (code NZM) is the departure point of many trains heading south. Practically speaking, the only way to get here is by taxi or auto. The budget alternative is to take a bus to the Sarai Kale Khan Inter State Bus Terminal (ISBT) on the ring road and then walk over to the station (400 meters). It's the least chaotic of the Big Three, but still pretty big and poorly signposted — listen to the announcements to figure out your train. The station has a pretty good food court that sells inexpensive, hygienic takeaway snacks (sandwiches, samosas, etc).
If you have some time to kill, pay a visit to Humayun's Tomb, which is so close to the station that you can hear the announcements from inside — although it's a long, circuitous walk from the station to the entrance.
Anand Vihar (code ANVR) is Delhi's newest station, located well to the east of the city near Noida. Repeatedly delayed, the station finally opened in December 2009 and will gradually take over all east-bound services. The station can be reached by Delhi Metro Line 3.
Getting around Delhi is always an adventure. Traffic is, by and large, horribly congested and many drivers will think nothing of quoting ten times the going price to a tourist. Use the prices below as broad guidelines, agree on prices before setting off, and don't get too hot under the collar over a rupee or two — they mean a lot more to the cycle rickshaw-wallah earning less than $10 on a good day than they do to you.
Delhi Metro and rail network
The fast-growing Delhi Metro network provides a cheap, quick, hassle-free and air-conditioned way of zipping around the city. As of October 2010, the following lines are open:
Red Line: Dilshad Garden - Rithala
Yellow Line: Jahangirpuri - HUDA City Centre, Gurgaon
Blue Line: Dwarka Sector 9 - Anand Vihar / - Noida City Centre
Green Line: Inderlok - Mundka
Violet Line: Central Secratariat - Sarita Vihar
Fares range from Rs. 8 to 30, just buy a token, change lines as necessary, and deposit the token in the slot as you exit. Tokens can be used only from the station they are bought, so you can't buy two and use the second to return home. If you're planning on sticking around for a while, you can buy a "Smart Card" for Rs. 100, which is worth Rs. 50 and includes a Rs. 50 deposit; using this saves 10% and, more importantly, lets you avoid the queues. There is also a "Tourist Card" allowing unlimited use for Rs.100 (1 day) or Rs.250 (3 days), but it's highly unlikely that you'll travel enough to make this pay off.
Line 2, in particular, is useful for getting to the Old Delhi (Chandni Chowk, Jama Masjid) and New Delhi railway stations, the ISBT bus terminal, the backpacker ghetto of Paharganj, Hauz Khas and Qutub Minar. Line 3 is also handy for visiting Akshardham and accessing the western parts of Paharganj through RK Ashram Marg station. The network is still growing at warp speed, with a new dedicated Airport Link and an extension to Badarpur scheduled to open by October 2010.
Beware: Metro stations all use the new, official, Indianized names, so Connaught Place is "Rajiv Chowk", Old Delhi Railway Station is "Chandni Chowk" and ISBT is "Kashmere Gate".
By Local train
There are limited commuter services on Delhi's railways, but the facilities are a far cry from the user-friendly Metro and stations. For the most part, train stations are inconveniently located. There is no passenger service on the Delhi Ring Railroad outside rush hour.
You're never alone on a bus in Delhi
All parts of Delhi are well connected by buses and with tickets ranging from 5-15 Rupees they are very cheap, but they are also quite crowded most of the time. The red coloured buses are air-conditioned and the green coloured are not. As bus stops do not have bus routes written properly, it can be difficult to find your way. Asking other people at the bus stop is often the best way to find out about bus routes to your destination. However, the buses are pretty frequent, running every 15-20 min or so on most routes. There are two kinds of buses in Delhi:
Government run DTC buses (red and green coloured with big windows)
Privately run Blue-Line buses (blue coloured)
If you have a choice, please go for a DTC bus. They will stop less frequently and will generally be less crowded too. Note that many buses, DTC ones too, will stop pretty much anywhere if there are enough people getting on or off.
Board buses at the back and pay the ticket seller sitting right next to the door. Be sure to hang onto your tickets, as ticket checks are fairly frequent. Some seats on the left side of the bus may be reserved for women and the handicapped. When it's time to disembark, move to the front of the bus. As you might expect, all these guidelines are regularly ignored when buses are very crowded.
A taxi or hired car (usually with driver) is required to see many of the far-flung sites within and around Delhi. However, the metro is a far cheaper and equally comfortable option.
Most Delhi taxis are old but reliable CNG-run Ambassadors or Omnis in distinctive black-and-yellow livery and a green stripe. The hired family car of choice is usually a Toyota Innova or Chevrolet Tavera. While all are equipped with meters and should cost Rs 15 for the first km Rs 8.50 per km, the meters are often rigged and it's better to agree on the price in advance. Most trips around the city should be Rs. 200-500, while a trip to the airport would be higher, depending on starting location. An eight-hour charter should cost around Rs 1,500, and a tip is expected if the driver is helpful. Note that black and yellow taxis are not air-conditioned. Even if they do have air conditioning, you will be charged extra (and the rates are up to the driver, so bargain hard).
The death knell of the Ambassador was rung in December 2006, when modern radio taxi services were launched. At Rs 20/km, they're more the list price of the competition, but they use modern vehicles with air-conditioning and GPS and can be dialed 24 hours/day. The flag fare is Rs 20, and the fare increases by Rs 5 for every 250 m after the first km. If you need an SUV, you need to inform the company in advance, but the fare remains the same. Night charges (25% extra) apply between 11pm to 5am. Book upto a few hours in advanc. Many corporates rely on these cabs for their daily commute and they may be booked during office hours. Tipping is not expected. After booking, you will receive an SMS with the car license plate number, and the driver's name and mobile number. Usually the driver will call you and inform you that he's arrived. Most drivers speak English, but at a very basic level, so use short phrases.
You shouldn't take non-official taxis, sometimes they take you to a wrong hotel, or to a "tourist information center", and try to sell you overpriced things.
By auto rickshaws
Auto-rickshaws - no doors!
Auto rickshaws (also called three-wheeled scooters or simply autos) are good for shorter trips. Always in a distinctive yellow-and-green livery, auto rickshaws are three-wheeled partially enclosed contraptions (no doors!) that run on CNG and can seat three people in the back. In general, they are much cheaper than taxis and can be hailed from the street. Although by law the rickshaw drivers should charge according to the meter in their vehicle (Rs. 20 for the first two kms, 6.50 rupees per km after), this rate is unrealistically low and they will almost always try to haggle for price. As rules of thumb, even the shortest journey costs Rs. 30, but you should not need to pay over Rs. 150 for any trip within the city. If you're overquoted, don't be afraid to walk away. It's usually easy to find another one soon, usually with a driver who won't rip you off.
If you have any trouble with them, go to any of the numerous tourist police stations in the city center and they will give you a complaint slip which will result in a 500 rupee fine for the auto driver. There should also be a telephone number written on the vehicle to call in case of any complaint.
There are a number of "PRE PAID" Auto stands run by the Police. Tell them where you want to go and pay them upfront. The charge will include 5 rupees for the service. You then take the coupon and stand outside where a policeman will direct you to the next available Auto. When your journey is completed you hand the coupon to the wallah and that's it. Nothing more to pay (despite what they may say).
By cycle rickshaws
Cycling in Old Delhi's Chawri Bazaar, facing Jama Masjid
Cycle rickshaws are three-wheeled, pedal-powered rickshaws with seats in the back to seat passengers and a driver in the front. They are good for short distances, or places which are too far to walk but too short for taking a bus/taxi/auto rickshaw. Cycle rickshaws don't use meters, so establish a price before getting on. Twenty rupees is reasonable for most journeys of a kilometer or two.
Cycle rickshaws are best to use in Old Delhi to visit the intricate galis (walkways) and to enjoy the smells and sounds of the city.
Gandhi's famed Salt March
Much of Delhi is quite pedestrian-hostile. Distances are long, road signage is poor, and in the more tourist oriented areas, you'll be constantly accosted by beggars and touts. Crossing roads often involves wading across multiple lanes of heavy traffic. Try your best to move in a predictable straight line, so vehicles can weave around you. (Better yet, latch onto a group of locals and cross in their shadow.) If you really want to walk around, these places would be good:
Walk from Rashtrapati Bhavan (President's house) to India Gate on the Rajpath (a walk of close to 3-4 kms).
Walk from Jama Masjid to Red Fort in the Chandni Chowk area.
Far South Delhi go walk about in the forest. Try starting from south of Indian Institute of Technology through Sanjay Van to Qtub Minar. Note however that Sanjay Van is not always safe, and it is advisable to go there in a group, preferably during daylight hours.
South Delhi- Green Park to Hauz Khas Village, then to the Hauz Khas ruined madrasa, offers a newer shopping area, a posh arts village, old ruins, and some quality greener.
The native language of the Delhi area is Hindi, which also happens to be the main official language of the Union Government. However, for practical purposes, English is more widely used than Hindi. Almost everybody you meet will be able to speak Hindi. However, most educated people will also be fluent in English, and many shopkeepers and taxi drivers will have a functional command of English. Punjabi is also an official language, but it's spoken much less widely. Urdu is an official language as well but spoken Urdu and Hindi are identical for all intents and purposes. The Hindi spoken in Delhi is influenced considerably by Punjabi, and the two are mutually intelligible to some extent (according to many Delhiites, at least). The Hindi spoken in Delhi is quite Persianized, similar to the Hindi spoken in Western UP and much less Sanskritized than the Hindi spoken in MP. Signage is usually bilingual in Hindi and English, but some road signs (especially in South and Central Delhi) are in Hindi, English, Punjabi and Urdu. Announcements on the metro are in Hindi (male voice) and English (female voice).
The staff at the Delhi tourist office is very helpful, and the office has a lot of free information: The Government of India Tourist Office 88 Janpath, Connaught Place. ☎ +91 11 2332 0005, +91 11 2332 0008, +91 11 2332 0109, +91 11 2332 0266. The Government of India Tourist Office offers daily tours, covering all of the major Delhi sites. If you should choose to go with the government-sanctioned day tour, be aware that due to the heavy agenda, you will need to have a quick foot, only 20 to 40 minutes are given for each sight, which is next to no time. Consider this day tour as a sampler. If there is a sight of particular interest, bookmark it and return at a later date.
Beware: there are various private "tourist information" offices around Connaught Place openly claiming to be the official government tourist office. They're actually just travel agents that have nothing to do with The Government of India, and since they prey on tourists, anything you buy from them will be grossly overpriced compared to doing it yourself.
Lahore Gate of the Red Fort
Inside the Diwan-i-Am
The Red Fort (Lal Qila) is one of Delhi's top tourist sights. A brilliant red sandstone fort built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (who also built Agra's Taj Mahal) as his ruling palace. Completed in 1648, the years since have not treated the buildings kindly: the rooms have long since been stripped of all objects, the marble inlays are long gone and quite a few buildings are off limits. Still, the scale remains imposing and the gardens are kept lush and green even in midwinter. Major buildings within include:
Chatta Chowk (Covered Bazaar) – True to the name, this is a covered bazaar between the gate and the fort itself, now filled with souvenir hawkers.
Diwan-i-Am (Hall of Public Audience) – This building separates the outer court from the inner court, and has a marble platform for the emperor's throne.
Hayat Baksh Bagh (Life-Bestowing Gardens) – Once a grand garden of full of fountains and streams, now sadly all dry — only dry channels and acres of green grass remain.
Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience) – Built completely of marble, this is where the emperor received special visitors.
Khas Mahal (Private Palace) – The Emperor's main residence. The octagonal Mussaman Burj tower looks out toward the Yamuna River, and is where the Emperor used to appear before the public for each morning.
Rang Mahal (Colour Palace) – The residence of the Sultan's main wife.
Mumtaz Mahal (Jewel Palace) – Contained six apartments for the Sultan's harem. Now used as a museum of court textiles, carpets, weapons, etc (free).
Daawat Khana. A minor palace at the northmost end of the Fort, this was originally the residence of a prince, but it was converted into a tea house by the British, a function it continues today. Basic meals go for around 60 rupees, drinks 10-20 rupees, and it also has the cleanest toilets around.
Swatantra Sangrama Sangrahalaya (Museum of the Independence Movement) – To the left after the Chatta Chowk, this is a reasonably well-presented museum on the history of independence activism in India, starting from the Mutiny of 1857 all the way to Gandhi.
The only open entrance is Lahore Gate, on the west side. Security in and around the Fort is very heavy, as it was the scene of a terrorist attack in 2000 that killed three people. Bags are allowed, but they'll be X-rayed and you'll be patted down. Tickets cost 10/250 rupees for Indians/foreigners, photography free, video cameras 25 rupees extra. Open sunrise to sunset daily except Monday. Allow for three to four hours in your schedule in case of long weekends and national holidays as lot of tourists flock around then. The most scenic way of reaching the fort is to take the Metro to Chawri Bazaar and then a cycle-rickshaw through the incredibly packed bazaar to the Fort (price negotiable, aim for 20 rupees).
The fort has a light and sound show (50 rupees) in the evenings from 7:30PM-9PM, depending on the season.
Be careful buying tickets at the booth, as the ticket sellers will attempt to shortchange you. Try to have a small bill. Due to enhanced security the parking can be a bit tricky as the walk from the now distanced away parking at nearby alternative slots is quite a bit. The congested traffic makes crossing the road even trickier.
Humayun's Tomb in south Delhi, near Hazrat Nizamuddin station, is one of Delhi's three UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Open daily from sunrise to sunset, entry is 10/250 rupees Indians/foreigners.
The tomb is in large, immaculately maintained gardens in the Persian Char Bagh (four corners) style that were thoroughly renovated in 2003 with the Aga Khan's help and are consequently probably the best in Delhi. As you enter the complex, the first major structure on your right is the bulbous, octagonal tomb of Iza Khan, a court noble who built it in his own lifetime, some 20 years before Humayun's tomb. As you pass through the first gate, you will glimpse the dome of the tomb and enter a floral path leading to the second (West) gate, which now acts as the entrance to the giant central garden.
The centerpiece is the eponymous tomb of Humayun, the second Mughal emperor. Built starting in 1562, it was the first major Mughal structure in the city and has been described as a predecessor or prototype of Agra's Taj Mahal. The structures are, indeed, stylistically similar, although Humayun's Tomb is built from red sandstone, not white marble, and was built by a wife grieving for her husband, not the other way around. You can climb up to the second level (the stairs on the west side are very steep, those on the south side less so), and on the south side you will find the entrance into the main crypt where Humayun is buried.
Before you leave, be sure to visit the South Gate, the original royal entrance, from where you can get picture-postcard views without too many tourists in the way. In the southeast corner is the Babur's Tomb, also built in the same style. Historians believe that Humayun's father, Babur is buried in this picturesque tomb made of red and grey sandstone.
Ala-i-Darwaza (left), Imam Zamin's tomb (right) and Qutb Minar in the background
Intricately carved alcove, Tomb of Iltutmish
Calligraphy, Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque
This complex in Mehrauli, houses structures dating from the Slave Dynasty (1206-1290) and is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The gardens are kept in excellent shape, making this a popular relaxation and picnic spot. Open daily from sunrise to sunset, entry is 20/250 rupees Indians/foreigners. Light-and-sound show held most nights after sunset. Now easily accessible via Qutub Minar station on the Metro Yellow Line.
Qutub Minar – The most famous structure on grounds, this 72.5m minaret was the tallest "skyscraper" in the world when built (1193-1368) - it was constructed on the orders of Qutb-ud-din Aybak. Delicately carved, it has been astonishingly well-preserved and is still an awe-inspiring sight today. It's often visible from air when flying into IGI airport! (Sticklers for archaeological truth will, however, note that the top of the tower has twice been rebuilt after an earthquake, and the base has been restored more recently.) While entry into the tower itself is no longer permitted, for 10 rupees per 5 min you can view the scenery via a little webcam on top.
Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque. Delhi's first and grandest mosque, now mostly in ruins, but many parts of the complex are still standing and the sandstone decorations are still impressive. Check out the extraordinarily ornate carvings near the tomb of Iltutmish on the west side of the complex.
Iron Pillar is in the center of the mosque. True to its name, this is a 7-meter iron pillar erected c. 400 AD by Chandragupta II Vikramaditya, also known as "he, by the breezes of whose prowess the southern ocean is even still perfumed" according to the inscription carved on the base. Alas, Chandragupta II's perfume has long since faded, but to the amazement of metallurgists everywhere, his pillar is still going strong, after 1,600 years.
Ala-i-Minar – Ala-ud-din-Khilji set out to build a tower twice as high as the Qutub Minar, but died after a mere 24.5m was complete. The first story stands to this day.
Ala-i-Darwaza – This square, domed building once acted as the entrance to the mosque, but is now tucked away behind the minar. Inlaid marble decorations and latticed stone screens.
Tomb of Imam Zamin – Outside the main complex, next to the Ala-i-Darzawa, this octagonal tomb commemorates a Turkestani iman who was based in the mosque during the reign of Sikandar Lodi.
The Mahatma's glasses - inside Gandhi Smriti
Gandhi Smriti, ☎ +91 11 2301 2843. 10AM-5PM (Closed Monday). This estate is the site of Mahatma Gandhi's martyrdom. Includes a museum celebrating his life and the room he lived in during his final days.
India Habitat Center, Lodhi Road, +91 (0) 11 2468 2001 (thru 2009), . This center though not a museum in the strictest sense of the word, is most noted for its ever-changing art exhibits, plays and films, as well as an international selection of food items in its food court.Only members can avail of the dining facilities at its following two restaurants-Dilli-O-Dilli & the Oriental octopus wheras he eatopia and the American Diner are accessible to all.
International Doll's Museum, Nehru House, 4 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. +91 11 2331 6970 (thru 6974), . T-S 10AM-6PM. A museum of dolls from all over the country. You get to see the costumes and art from all over India, as well as some nice crafts. 10 rupees.
National Museum, Janpath, . The layout here is a labyrinthine and the presentation won't win any awards, but the collection is unparalleled and contains some true masterpieces. The section on the Indus Valley Culture and the one on Buddhist Heritage is most informative. The museum also showcases the arts and handicrafts from different regions of India. Keep an eye out for the 4600-year-old Harappan temple dancer, the Gandhara-era standing Buddha with Greek hair and a Roman toga, the stunning miniature painting gallery, and the giant temple chariot parked outside. An informative place for all interested in knowing more about Indian culture and history. Entry 300 rupees for foreigners (includes useful audioguide), 10 rupees Indians (optional audioguide Rs.150 extra), 1 rupees for Indian Students, plus 300 rupees if you want to use a camera. Decent restaurant on the second floor (lunch buffet 100 rupee). Open Tu-Su 10AM-5PM.
National Science Centre – Gate No. 1, Pragati Maidan. Although the name is too grand, the museum is definitely a must see for science enthusiasts, especially those who are young. A good place to refresh your basics, particularly in Physics. Has a recently built section on DNA Science and also a section on Dinosaurs. A section on ancient Indian Science and Technology, including Vedic Mathematics & Ayurveda. The "Energy Ball" display near the entrance is interesting and perhaps the most captivating of all. A section on Electronic Technologies sponsored by Samsung is also a must see.
National Railway Museum, Chanakyapuri,  +91 11 2688 1816 houses a collection of Indian trains from the past to the present - a worthwhile look into India's proud railway heritage. The collection includes carriages belonging to Indian potentates and British viceroys. Children can ride the small train that circumnavigates the museum. There is a small cafe on the premises. Open 9:30AM-7:30PM (Apr - Sept) and 9:30AM-5:30PM (Oct-Mar). Closed Mondays and national holidays.
Nehru Memorial Museum (Teen Murti Bhavan), ☎ +91 11 2301 7587. 9AM-5PM (Closed Monday). Former residence of India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, now a museum of his life. Was used by the Commander-in-chief of the Indian Army before Indian Independence. Includes a Planetarium.Free.
Tibet House, 1 Institutional Area, Lodhi Road, ☎ +91 11 2461 1515 (mailto:email@example.com). 10AM-5:30PM. Established by HH Dalai Lama with the aim of preserving the cultural heritage of Tibet. There is a museum, exhibition space and library.Rs. 10.
India Gate, a Central Landmark of Delhi
Rajpath – This is a main parade route that leads from Rashtrapati Bhavan (the President's residence) to India Gate, with many grassy lawns along the way. Especially nice in the evenings and at night when the buildings are lit and the vendors come out to supply the many picnicking families.
India Gate. This monument has been built as a memorial for the Indian soldiers who died in World War I. There is also a fire ("eternal flame") burning for all fallen Indian soldiers.
Jantar Mantar. 9AM-7PM. One of five astronomical observatories commissioned by Sawai Jain Singh II of Jaipur during the 18th century. The odd structures inside are actually enormous scientific instruments for measuring the movement of celestial bodies
Raj Ghat. 9:30AM-5:30PM. Memorial to Mahatma Gandhi at the site of his cremation. Check for closure dates/security checks around national holidays/gandhiji's death anniversary (30th Jan)
Purana Qila (Old Fort), (next to the Delhi Zoo), ☎ 2435 5387. 10AM-5PM. Ruins of the 16th century city of Shergarh, this complex sits on top of what is believed to be the site of Indraprastha, the capital of the Pandavas in the Mahabharata epic.
Tughlaqabad Fort, ☎ 2604 5671. Massive fortress built by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq in the 14th century and was the third city of Delhi. The monstrous ruins of this complex are now overrun by hordes of Langur monkeys.
Azaad Hind Gram, (Tikri Kalam on NH-10), ☎ 2835 3102. 10AM-6PM. A tourist complex dedicated to Netaji (respected leader) Subhash Chandra Bose, a leader in the Indian independence movement.
Parks and Gardens
Delhi, the national capital of India, has very popular gardens located in it. Few of the name are Mughal Garden , Garden of Five Senses , Kalindi Kunj  and many more. The Mughal Garden, that reside in President House is very popular. It only opens 30 days in a year (from February to March).
Lodhi Garden is a peaceful park in the heart of New Delhi. Lodhi garden is ideal for morning walks in the hot season and for afternoon strolls and picnics during the cooler months
Nehru Park is a large park in the new Delhi neighborhood of Chankayapuri, lying in the southwest.
Gurudwara Bangla Sahib
Bahá'í Lotus Temple, Kalkaji, South Delhi, . Shaped like a lotus bud with 27 petals, this stunning temple suspended above milky-blue ponds is surely one of the most magnificent monuments ever made from concrete -- but there is very little to see inside. The lush park around is well landscaped but mostly off-limits. Free entry. Open Tue-Sun, 1st April to 30th September 9AM-7:PM, 1st October to 31st March 9:30AM-5:30PM.
Chhattarpur Mandir Huge & beautiful temple complex with a big surrounding campus - located near Mehrauli area of South Delhi.
Gurudwara Bangla Sahib, just off Baba Kharak Singh Marg near Connaught Place, is the main gurudwara for the many Sikhs of Delhi. You will need to cover your head (scarves provided for free) and stash your shoes in the shoe storage run by volunteers (also free) .
Gurudwara Sis Ganj, Chandni Chowk (Old Delhi). An important Sikh place of worship. Built on the spot where their ninth guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur, was beheaded on the orders of the mughal emperor Aurangzeb, it is an oasis of calm in the chaos of Old Delhi's Chandni Chowk. You will need to cover your head (scarves provided for free) and stash your shoes in the shoe storage run by volunteers (also free).
Sacred Heart Cathedral, 1 Ashok Place, off Baba Kharak singh Marg and Bhai Veer Singh Marg near Connaught Place near to Gurdwara Bangla Sahib. It is the biggest church in terms of structure and also the headquarters of the Delhi Catholic Archdiocese. A must visit to enjoy the beutiful architecture and pristine beuty.
Cathdral Church of Redemption Address: Church Lane, Near Rashtrapati Bhawan. It is the headquarters of the Church of North India, Delhi Diocese. Built by Henry Medd between 1927 and 1935 it is a fine example of Colonial architecture.
St. Peter's Cathedral Bhai Veer Singh Marg, near St Columbas' school the headquarters of the Jacobite Syrian Orthodox church in Delhi. It is known as the Antioch of the East and is a fine example of Oriental architecture blended with modernity.
ISKCON (Hare Krishna) temple, at East of Kailash – Centre for Krishna Consciousness, it has robotic shows and multimedia presentations, apart from the traditional temple complex. Lively atmosphere and excellent tasting sweets - and the delicious Govinda's restaurant is on site.
Jama Masjid, opposite the Red fort, next to Chandni Chowk in Old Delhi (Metro: Chawri Bazaar) – The largest mosque in India and a must-see while in Delhi. Entry is free, although you'll be charged 200 rupees if you have a camera with you. You can climb to the top of the minaret for 20 rupees. The climb is steep, dark and somewhat claustrophobic, but you'll get great views over the complex and the city. You'll need to cover up your shoulders and legs (scarves and lungis available for rental), and take off your shoes (expect to tip the shoe minder, 5 rupees is plenty). Open from 7AM to sunset, but note that tourists are not allowed in from 12:15PM-1:45PM or in the half-hour before sunset. Pictures should not be taken during prayer hours. If you're going to sit down don't look too comfortable. Certainly don't eat or become too engrossed in any reading material you may be carrying - the rule is that non-Muslims must make their visits brief and guards will usher along visitors who linger.
Lakshmi Narayan Temple or popularly known as Birla Mandir , this temple is located next to Connaught Place. It is a big impressive Hindu temple complex. Closest Metro - Rajiv Chowk (Yellow Line). It will take you 45 minutes to visit, and you will not be able to take pictures from inside the Temple. With a great park behind it, it is an oasis of calm from Delhi. Its multiple shrines and paintings (often) have English explanations. Take your shoes off at the entrance.
Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple, off National Highway 24 (Metro Akshardham), East Delhi, . Completed in 2005 by the socio-spiritual organization BAPS, no expense has been spared in decorating this large and elaborate temple carved of red sandstone. The central monument, built without any steel, houses an 11-ft golden statue of the founder of the Swaminarayan faith, Bhagwan Swaminarayan. The Premvati food court on the grounds serve up fast, cheap, huge but mediocre portions of vegetarian food, 75 rupees for a thali. There is a strict ban on all electronic items, cameras, tobacco and pretty much everything except the clothes on your back. You can leave your worldly belongings in the cloakroom outside. Free entry, guide booklet is 5 rupees, access to multimedia exhibitions 125 rupees. Allow at least three-four hours to explore it all. Open Tu-Su 9AM-7PM.
Sai Baba Temple, 17,Institutional Area, Lodhi Road, . Although there are many Shirdi Sai Baba Temples in and around Delhi, the one located at Lodhi Road is the oldest. Temple Opens at 5AM. Kakad Aarti 5.15AM. Mangal SNAN 6AM. Noon Aarti at 12noon. Doop Aarti Evening Prayer 6.30PM. Shej Aarti at Night 9.30PM.
Jawaharlal Nehru University(JNU) Campus – Not usually considered a "place of interest" for tourists, this one of a kind campus of the premier National University of India remains a hidden gem of the city. The campus is hilly and rocky and some areas look more like a jungle with peacocks. The hostels represent the geographical vastness of India as they are named after Indian Rivers. For instance Godavari and Ganga. Specific areas of the campus are named after a particular geographical region in India. For instance Uttarakhand and Dakshinapuram. Some of the non-scholarly attractions of India's best University include 24x7, an eating joint which is open, as its name suggests, is open round the clock. For a visit to the JNU campus, board bus # 615 from Connaught Place. The famous Qutab Minar is very close to the JNU campus.
The Parliament House
Majnu ka Tilla Tibetan Colony – This is one of the more accessible Tibetan resettlement areas in India, and certainly a nice piece of variety for Delhi. To get there head north along Ring Road just past Majnu ka Tilla Gurudwara, or take the Metro to Vidhan Sabha station, and a cycle-rickshaw is 15 rupees from there.
Take a walk at Connaught Place (CP), the heart of New Delhi. It is now called Rajiv Chowk. The British-designed colonial equivalent of a shopping mall, it's laid out in two concentric rings divided into blocks, all bursting with shops and lots of pampered pigeons waddling about. Long neglected, the area received a major shot in the arm after the opening of the major Metro junction of Rajiv Chowk under it, and it's going more upmarket by the day. At the centre is a small but pleasant park, while on one edge is the notorious Palika Bazaar, an underground den of cheap wares, many pirated or smuggled from overseas. The area is surrounded by tall office buildings on nearly all sides. Train fans will want to check out the Metro Museum inside the (Patel Chowk) station, open 10 AM-4 PM Tue-Sun (free with valid Metro ticket). Quite simply the best place to hang out!
Rare white tiger of Madhya Pradesh - NZP
National Zoological Park (NZP), Mathura Road, ☎ +91 11 2435 8500. 9:30AM-4PM (Closed Friday). The Delhi Zoo is a very large and sprawling park dedicated to preserving the rich biodiversity of the country. This park may be the only chance of seeing a tiger or elephant for some travelers. Be prepared to do a lot of walking .Foreigner: Rs. 100, Indian: Rs. 20.
Delhi is a key centre of learning in India. The most famous universities in Delhi are JNU, DU, IGNOU and IIT. The official website of the Delhi Government's Directorate of Education  is a good starting point for learning more about study opportunities in Delhi.
Apart from undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral courses, there are many training and diploma-level institutes and polytechnics that cater to the growing demand for skill-based and vocational education. Besides conventional educational institutes, more and more foreigners also make the effort to learn Hindustani language (Hindi-Urdu) and Delhi is these languages.
Delhi's economy is expanding rapidly. In analogy many interesting work opportunities emerge. Monster  and other online job platforms are a good starting point to see what kind of jobs are on offer. Traditionally foreigners often work in the social sector or in teaching. Increasingly, however, expats work for multinational companies and even local Indian companies.
There is a great variety of employment opportunities in Delhi for foreigners, whether they would like to work in business, NGOs, educational institutes, or even government. Still, there is one caveat: the labour market in Delhi is highly competitive and so at many prestigious organisations, the number of applicants far exceeds the number of positions available, which allows employers to receive highly talented applicants for rather meagre salaries (especially when compared to other international destinations).
Delhi is a shopper's heaven, but only if you're not afraid to haggle and bump elbows in bazaars. Western-style malls and shopping emporiums are creeping in on the outskirts (esp. Gurgaon, Noida), but there's little Indian about these sanitized shopping experiences, or the goods in them. Until a few years ago, all shops closed on Sunday. While rules have been relaxed, many districts (eg. Connaught Place) are still mostly shuttered. Saturday is the the main shopping day and hence also the most crowded.
Start your shopping tour of Delhi with a visit to Connaught Place, a rather unique cross between a European shopping arcade, an Indian bazaar and an upmarket shopping mall. At the intersection of the Yellow and Blue Lines of the Delhi Metro, it's easy to get to. With all shops laid out in two circles, it's easy to get around and explore.
Aap ki Pasand Tea Shop, Sterling House, 15 Netaji Subhash Marg, Daryaganj (Opposite the post office, walking distance from Red Fort), ☎ +91 11 23260373, . A great place to sample Indian chai and the exotic Darjeeling and Assam teas and buy tea in handcrafted fabric bags. Located in an old colonial era building, its teas have been savored by Bill Clinton, Gorbachov, Koizumi and are taken as official state gifts of India.
Connaught Place – Many Western-style shops are here that have nice products for Indian prices. Check out "The Bookworm" and "Will's clothing".
Paharganj market, – Oriented toward backpackers, this strip of shops sells items such as Indian perfumes, shawls, tablas, rugs, jewelry, etc. This is right opposite New Delhi Railway
Rajouri Garden Market - Excellent place to shop for wedding as well as everyday clothing.
Central Market, Lajpat Nagar – Middle-class Indians do their shopping here. Great deals for apparel, whether ethnic Indian or otherwise.
Sarojini Nagar market is great for export surplus garments, and green grocery.
Khan Market is where the foreign diplomats and Tibetan lama's go for lunch and to shop for dog supplies, groceries (great choice of vegetables), clothes (upper class Indian style, not expensive, FabIndia and Anohki for women's clothing), housewares (Good Earth), jewelry/accessories, and books (many bookshops).
Janpath is a bargain-hunter's dream and just a two minute walk from Connaught place. Think of it as a vast flea market, where you can get all kinds of knick-knacks and clothes. Janpath is not a place for those unwilling or unable to bargain ruthlessly. Also, as in any flea market, quality will vary greatly. There are also some bookshops.
Karol Bagh, West Delhi Market known for traditional Indian Wear, sarees and shawls. Huge area and big brand showrooms.
Palika Bazaar, Connaught Place – This is a large underground market in the center of Connaught Place. The air here is bad and the quality of products low. One can hunt for DVDs, VCDs and Audio CDs of Hindi, English and a few regional and foreign language films and PC-based games.
Chandni Chowk, Metro Yellow Line. The heart of Old Delhi, this is the place to go for the full-on Indian experience of crowded, twisting alleys and tiny shops. The Fountain serves as a useful orientation point, and there are great Delhi-style snacks to be found in the vicinity too (see Eat).
varies types of t-shirts in pallika bazar
Cottage Emporium, located near Connaught Place, is the main government-run location for selling handicrafts from all over the country. The prices are a little more than what you'd find if you went bargain hunting, but you can shop in air-conditioned comfort and all of the sales people speak English. The quality of items is quite good. You can pay with credit cards.
The calm of Dilli Haat
The state emporium is the state's equivalent of a Cottage. They are all located on Baba Kharak Singh Marg, one of the radial streets coming off of Connaught Place, and each state specializes in certain kinds of crafts. Some are better priced than others, and you can bargain a little. Many of them will take credit cards.
Dilli Haat, South Delhi (INA Market stn, Metro Yellow Line). Crafts fairs happen here every few weeks. It is a wonderful place to get crafts from all over the country. What is distinctive here is that the artists themselves come to sell their goods, so your money goes directly to them, rather than to middlemen. Some bargaining may be necessary if you want the best price. Prices are higher than elsewhere, but the modest entry fee keeps out beggars, ripoff artists, and most touts. Many visitors find the mellow atmosphere worth the extra cost of shopping here. It also has a section called Foods of India. This has a huge number of restaurants, each showcasing the food of a particular state of India. (Most of them give a mix of Chinese and Indian food, but state delicacies are also included). This section is a must-go for the foodie cum tourist.
Handicrafts and Natural Products Emporium or R. Expo House, located in Paharganj near the New Delhi Railway Station, is one of the largest and oldest emporiums of handicrafts and herbal products in Delhi. It was founded in 1932 and provides it's visitors with a large variety of gift items from different parts of India. Textiles, handmade crafts and furniture are made by artists and craftsman at cheap and affordable prices. Ayurvedic and plant remedies, herbal soap, shampoos, oils and natural fragrances are also manufactured. This complex of 2 four-storeyed buildings is welcoming and a must go place for every foreign traveler to Delhi.
Sarojini Nagar - One of the biggest and famous market in South Delhi adjacent to Central Government employees flats
Fabindia, (in Connaught Place and Khan Market), . A popular store for high quality traditional clothing that caters to foreigners with a Western style store that is inside, with fixed prices, and no hassling.
Anokhi has beautiful women's clothing, childen's wear, men's wear, and some home goods. In Khan Market and Santushti Shopping Complex with discount store in Nizamuddin East Market (enter gate #9).
Ansal Plaza is a mall and a favorite shopping haunt for the local middle/upper class and it is in South Delhi. This is a great place to get bargains on international brand clothing and jeans (as these tend to be 30-50% cheaper than in the West depending on the brand and time of year). The mall also houses many Indian and Western eateries (including McDonald's). International brands like Guess, Marks & Spencer, United Colors of Benetton, Lacoste and Apple have retail outlets here.
Rajouri Garden is a famous shopping area in New Delhi. Located in the western suburbs on the metro line, Rajouri Garden houses the largest Malls complex in the city of New Delhi. It offers a variety of clothing brands both national and international such as United Colors of Benetton, Levi Strauss, Marks & Spencer, Bossini, etc.
South Extension is another shopping mecca in South Delhi but it is not a single mall. It is spread out over a large area and many international brands have stores here. International brands include the likes of Mango, Nautica, United Colors of Benetton, Levis, etc.
Karol Bagh reputed to be the largest shopping area in Asia with 20,000 shops and traders. There are many tailors experienced in western styles (suits etc). There is also a growing number of hotels here.
Sarojini Nagar Market reputed to be the largest outdoor, pedestrianized shopping area in Delhi. Huge bargains on all sorts of western and Indian wear. It is known by expatriate teens as THE shopping area for affordable current hip fashion trends. If you are lucky you can also get many reputed western brands here (export surplus) Also a great market for fresh fruits, vegetables and household goods!
The Nehru Place IT market complex is an interesting combination of modern technology products and old world marketplace sales techniques.
Nehru Place, . An IT hardware market complex and a perfect place for finding gadgets at very cheap rates. It is also a huge marketplace for both pirated and original software. Any computer-related accessory can be found here, but parking is a monumental problem. Beware of congestion and pickpockets. Open Mon-Sat.
District Center, Janak Puri (Janak Puri West Metro Station). Also known as mini Nehru Place. You will get computer goods quite close to the prices available in Nehru Place. Parking is not big a problem. Generally, open seven days a week.
The Indian book industry is huge, producing annually about 15,000 books in English, and obviously far more in Hindi and other native languages. Delhi is hub of this industry, so small, specialist bookstores abound. Locally produced books can be very inexpensive and many popular Western titles are published and available here for a fraction of their original cost.
Khan Market – This is a shopping area for local diplomats. There are many book shops here that have a wide selection at reasonable prices.
Oxford Bookstore, First floor, Statesman House, Barakhamba Road (near Connaught Place), . One of Delhi's largest and most modern bookstores. It has an emphasis on art and culture. The great Cha Bar allows you to read any book from the shelves and relax with a cup of tea. Available in several dozen varieties from 30 rupees up. Priced at regular prices. Open daily.
Mid Land Bookshop, South Extension and Aurbindo Place. Very similar to bookshops in Khan Market, but at better prices.
Galgotia and Sons, Cannaught Place. A more disorganized bookstore, but with an excellent variety of books available at excellent prices.
The Bookworm, Connaught Place – If you are more adventurous and want a 'localized' experience with the best books published in India you can go to:
Nai Sarak (near Chawari Bazaar) (use Chawari Bazaar or Chandani Chowk metro stations on yellow line) has narrow gullies where most publishers are based. This is very popular with students, particularly college students as course books are available here. They carry books in nearly all major languages spoken in India. Don't expect bargaining to work here as shopkeepers are too busy to argue. (The shopkeepers do more business than any proper branded shop, selling at least 5,000 books daily.) There are also many whole sellers. Very few books will be on display and you need to ask for a particular type of book as the variety of books sold is huge. Most books are original and the shopkeepers get very irritated if you question the book's genuineness. You can either take a rickshaw or walk. One of Delhi's oldest shopping complexes, you can find any book there after a day of searching. Also good areas for sightseeing.
Daryaganj and Asaf Ali Road – A little better organized, but otherwise very similar to Nai Sarak. Hindi Book Centre on Asaf Ali road is very famous and one can find practically every Hindi book there and they also have a very good website : 
Delhiites complain about many things in their city, but the food will satisfy even the most demanding gourmet. Not only can you find some of the best Indian food on the subcontinent, there is also an increasing number of excellent (if often pricey) international restaurants offering cuisine from around the world. When ordering, do remember that Delhi is about 1000 km from the nearest ocean, so vegetarian, chicken and mutton dishes are the way to go.
Delhi has arguably the best street food in India. However, do not eat unhygenic or open food. There are plenty of restaurants offering street food in a neat environment.
If you want to eat chaat, the North Indian street side snack food, Delhi is the place to be. Like Spanish tapas or Greek mezze, chaat can cover a vast variety of things, but Delhi style tends to mean a deep-fried pastry shell, stuffed after cooking with potatoes, lentils or almost anything else. They're then topped with yogurt, chutneys and chaat masala spice mix and eaten fresh.
Some typical chaat items are paapdi chaat (a mix of small round fried crispy things with yogurt and other sauces), paneer tikka (cubes of cottage cheese baked in a tandoor with spices), pani puri or golguppa (small round hollow shells filled with a potato-based filling and a spicy sweet blend of sauces).
The best place to go for chaat is the Bengali Market near Connaught Place in the center of town. The restaurants are high quality and the food is great. There are ATMs as well. One of the best known restaurants there is Nathu's. But for the really good chaat you have to make your way to Old Delhi, and particularly to Ashok's near Chawri Bazaar. While connoisseurs insist that the best chaat is prepared on the street, most travellers try to find a comfortable middle ground between hygiene and authenticity.
Eating Out In Delhi (eoid dot org) is a good site on exploring Delhi food. Foodiebay is another good resource which has listings and menus for around 2200 restaurants in Delhi region. Some notable restaurants in the city include:
Andhra Pradesh Bhavan Canteen, Ashok Road (near Man Singh Road). Open for lunch and dinner this is a favorite of local Delhi foodies who are looking for an authentic Andhra meal. They serve all you can eat veg/non-veg thalis for 60-120 rupees. For carnivores, you have a variety of non-veg options (chicken/fish/mutton) but the mutton fry is recommended. The service is quick and efficient. Another favorite is the Karnataka Bhavan canteen beside Ansal Plaza near Mool Chand offering all possible South India food.
Haldiram's, 1454/2 Chandni Chowk (just west of the Fountain) and other outlets around town, . This is a famous manufacturer of Indian snacks and sweets that has now gone global. This always-packed, two-story outlet in the heart of Chandni Chowk was its first in Delhi and dates back to 1924. The ground floor houses a vast array of sweet and sticky Indian confections, while the first floor has a popular vegetarian restaurant. This is a great place to try authentic and hygienic Delhi chaat and other Indian snack foods. Try the Raj Kachori (pictured left), a mixture of different types of stuffing with sweetened yogurt and chutneys in an oversized hollow dough shell. All chaat is under 50 rupees, or you can get a full daily thali for 90 rupees.
Tadka, 4986, Ram Dwara Road (side road off of Main Bazaar), Nehru Bazar, Paharganj. A notably clean restaurant by Paharganj standards. Serves only vegetarian food, a full thali for 60 rupees. Their tea is really good and their most popular dish is Paneer B. Masala.
Nangarg, Rajgur Marg Road (side road off of Main Bazaar), Paharganj. A really good hole-in-the-wall restaurant that serves vegetarian and non-vegetarian food for about 60 rupees. The workers there are genuinely good people, which can be hard to find in this area. You'll have more luck finding a sign that says "Veg-Nonveg" than their actual restaurant sign.
Bitto Tikki Wala (Also known as BTW), Netaji Subhash Place, Pitampura. The best aloo tikki (potato and vegetable burger)available in town. It has a branch in Sarita Vihar, Near Apollo Hospital and Badarpur border. It has branches all over the city now, in shopping areas.
Amritsari Kulcha Wala, Paschim Vihar Red Light, Near Jwala Heri Market. If you are into amritsari kulcha, you probably can't miss this. People on dieting beware: the amount of butter that the vendor puts in is huge. However, without it you will not enjoy the Amritsari Kulcha so much. It is kind of a road side dhaba or shack. Rs.60 for two kulchas is what he charges. It is actually on Outer Ring Road, Adjoining to a park wall. You can ask anybody about the Kulcha wala & they will be able to tell you the direction in Paschim Vihar / Meera Vihar Outer Ring Road.
Egg parantha Wala, Opposite to Surya hotel, Lajpat Nagar. This guy owns a shack and is running the parantha business for ages.
You will find McDonalds, KFC, Subway and Pizza Hut scattered at various locations (in malls and otherwise) throughout the city. The Indian menus (no beef, lots of veggie options) can be interesting even if you would otherwise steer clear. 100 rupees for a full serve.
Club India Cafe, 4797, Second Floor, 6 Tooti Chowk (next to vegetable market), Paharganj. Don't be put off by the cramped stairway up. This is a clean and bright little haven of peace with birds-eye views of the chaos below. The menu spans the gamut but the thing to try is the Japanese food, prepared under the watchful eye of the Japanese owner. 100-200 rupees.
Karim's, Jama Masjid, Gali Kababian, tel. +91 11 2326 9880, . As you'd expect from a restaurant on Kebab Lane, the name of the game here is Mughal-style meat (mutton and chicken), served up since 1913 and still going strong. Favorites include Badam Pasanda (boneless mutton cooked with yogurt, almonds and spices) and Chicken Noor Jahan, but if you're really hungry, try Tandoori Bakra — an entire stuffed goat (4,500 rupees, 24 hours notice and down payment required). And a style tip: some of the dishes have huge puddles of oil on top, which you're supposed to drain off before eating. Under 200 rupees at the original; more at the branches.
Moti Mahal Deluxe, #37, Central Market, Punjabi Bagh West, New Delhi-26, F-15, District Center, Janak Palace, (and other outlets). Famous for their tandoori chicken and North Indian food. Their family-sized naan is delicious and the size of a 4 year old child.
Nirula's, L-Block, Connaught Place, +91 11 2332 2419, . India's answer to McDonald's, this serves both Indian and Western fare. Has many other branches throughout the country.
Sagar Ratna Shop No 24, Defence Colony Market, Defence Colony. +91 11 2433 3815, +91 11 2155 1097 – Considered by many to be the best place for authentic South Indian food, Sagar does justice to the reputation. The menu features dosas, idlis, vadas, uttapams, rasam and thalis. A/C. There's likely to be a queue for seats during peak hours and definitely on Tuesday nights. The upmarket version (quieter, better laid out and more expensive) is at Sagar Ratna, Ashok Hotel, 50-B Chanakyapuri +91 11 2611 0101 . Both also have many other branches.
Saravana Bhavan, 46 Janpath, +91 11 2331 7755 +91 11 2331 6060, . A good South Indian joint located in Janpath very close to Connaught Place. They are a Chennai chain operating in Delhi. If you go at lunch time, prepare to wait a while. The various dosas are recommended, as well as the thalis (meals) and the sweet dishes.
Sri Balaji Restaurant, 17A/41, W.E.A. Gurudwara Road, Karol Bagh, serves North and South Indian food for good prices, but offers only veg food.
On tighter budgets, the Pindi or Havemore are recommended at Pandara Park.
Khan Chacha, 50, Khan Market – A Roomali Rolls and Kababs restaurant serving chicken, mutton, paneer (cottage cheese) and aloo rolls. Very popular with Delhiites.
Bukhara, Maurya Sheraton – Regularly tops the charts as India's best restaurant (and certainly among the priciest), the roast lamb and the Bukhara Dal here are legendary. Always make reservations or be ready to stand in a queue (similar to queues at an airport) for about two hours. 2000+ rupees.
Chor Bizarre, Hotel Broadway, 4/15A Asaf Ali Rd, . Now franchised worldwide, the original restaurant serves Kashmiri food in an eclectic surrounding like a chor bazaar (thieves market). The buffet is laid out inside an old car! 300 rupees for a full meal.
Naivedyam, East Patel Nagar, Opposite Jaypee Siddharth Hotel, Offers quality South Indian meals and service at great prices.
Punjabi by Nature, Rajouri Garden MGF City Square Mall (Lifestyle) One of Delhi's best-known Punjabi restaurants. 800 rupees or so, more if you order seafood.
T.L.R. Cafe & Kitchen, 31 Hauz Khas Village, near Green Park and Aurobindo Place in South Delhi. Popular among tourists, expats and locals alike. Continental menu featuring a variety of pastas and panini's. Kitchen open 11a.m. to 11p.m. daily. Also on menu, Spanish, Moroccan and American cuisines, plus desserts, drinks and more. www.tlrcafe.com
The Big Chill, Khan Market and East of Kailash, is popular with a young crowd for great smoothies, ice creams, cheesecakes and Italian food. Expect a waiting line during lunch at Saturdays.
Slice of Italy, affordable authentic Italian food, a connoisseur's delight. Located near M2k Pitampura (North Delhi) and various other locations in Delhi.
Flavours of Italy is located near the Moolchand Flyover.
Little Italy is in the Defence Colony Market.
The West View at Maurya Sheraton. Italian food.
Olive features Italian food and is near the Qutub Minar.
Diva, at Greater Kailash Pt.2, features Italian food.
San Gimignano, at Imperial Hotel, features Italian food.
La Piazza is an Italian restaurant at the Hyatt Regency. Italian food.
Satoria Very authentic Italian food, great pizzas, carpaccio, pasta and wines. Mains are about 500 INR. Located in Basant Lok, Vasant Vihar in south of Delhi.
Barbeque Nation, B-1 623, Opp. District Center, Janakpuri. Offers an option where customers can make their food on their personal grills, which are embedded in each table. Vegetarian and non-vegetarian barbeque starters, a main course buffet, soups, salads, desserts and a great variety of liquors.
Pirates of Grills, C-12, Vishal Enclave, Rajouri Garden, Rajouri Garden metro. Same concept as Barbeque Nation, Janakpuri
Enoki, The Grand, Nelson Mandela Rd, Vasant Kunj-II, . Pseudo-rustic yakitori (Japanese chicken kebab) restaurant offering fairly authentic food, including a limited range of sushi and sake. 1000+ rupees.
Sakura, Hotel Metropolitan, Bangla Sahib Marg, . Ranked as the finest Japanese restaurant in India, this restaurant is very well known for its excellent food. But it also carries the tag of being one of the most expensive restaurants in India, according to many THE most expensive.
Side Wok, Khan Market, good-value japanese, chinese and other asiatic food. Some choice of Sushi. Beautiful decor. No alcohol. Mains about 400 INR.
Felafel Man, Main Bazaar, Paharganj. About a 10 minunite walk down Main Bazaar from New Delhi train station, this little shop sells excellent falafel rolls and Sabeekh. Made with love and patience by the multilingual Shimon, the rolls come with superb hummus, tahini and mineral water washed vegies. Don't forget to wash it down with the very filling (almost a meal in itself) seasonal fruit lassi, so thick it takes some effort to suck it up the straws.
Delhiites have eagerly adopted Thai food into their culinary pantheon, although the recipes and ingredients are often rather Indianized.
EGO Thai, Friends Colony Market.
Culinaire, Greater Kailash 2
Chilli Seasons, Lodhi Colony market
Ban Thai, Oberoi.
Thai Wok, Mehrauli, ☎ 26644289. Should go at night for a view of the lit up Qutab Minar.
Turquoise Cottage, 81/3 Adhchini, Sri Aurobindo Marg, South Delhi, tel. 011-2685-3896, . True to the name, the decor is turquoise and stylishly rustic, but the food is Thai-Chinese and, while somewhat adapted to Indian tastes, quite tasty. Also check out the popular The Other Side bar downstairs. Reservations recommended. 500 rupees.
Tibetan Food – Delicious,finger lickin' good Tibetan food is available at The TibetanKitchen, near Shivaji Stadium (which actually is a Bus Stand!) Connaught Place. The joint is run by Tibetan refugees.
After Indian Cuisine, Chinese is Delhi's second most popular fare. For a long time, only Indianized Chinese was available, but extremely high-quality options are available today.
'MAINLAND CHINA' - Vishal Enclave, Rajouri Garden metro station - The best known eatery for oriental / chinese cuisine in the capital. Other branches at Greater Kailash 2 and Saket
The Yum Yum Tree – As much as a fantasy-land as an eatery, it's easily one of the largest Chinese restaurants in the city. The influence here is from Singapore, and the Dim Sum Menu is second to none. The cuisine here is extremely high quality, and the prices more or less affordable. Sectioned into separate areas, pick the Grill for a quick lunch, splurge at the Formal Dining Area for dinner, or hang out at the funky Bar on a weekend. New Friends Colony, +91 11 4260 2020.
Rice Bowl 18/31 East Patel Nagar Market, New Delhi – Chinese/Oriental food at its best in New Delhi
Nan King – Chinese food which is suprisingly different from the West but very good. Nan King is a good spot and offers a private lounge. Good for a party or to wind up a holiday.
Gung The Palace - A very up-market place, but the food is simply too good! The ambiance is authentic and most of the ingredients are imported from out of the country for the original authentic taste. First floor features a live karaoke, but the ground floor is the place to be. Just book in advance for the ground floor. D-1B, Green Park , South Delhi , Green Park, Delhi.
Afghan Restaurant - A must try cuisine. Owned & run by members of the Afghani community settled in the area. Very tasty biryani. H-7, Krishna Market, Near Gurdwara, Lajpat Nagar I, Delhi, New Delhi.
Iraqi Food - E-178, Lajpat Nagar-I.
Delhi's nightlife scene has undergone a total transformation in the last decade. There are plenty of modern, cosmopolitan joints out to separate you from your rupees. In a desperate attempt to keep the sex ratio vaguely equitable, many lounges and clubs have couples only policies (that is, no single men or men-only groups), enforced with varying degrees of strictness. While everything is theoretically to shut down by 1AM things can keep going much longer.
Coffee / Tea
The coffee culture in Delhi consists mostly of large, heavily standardised chains. The two most common, Barista and Cafe Coffee Day, can be found in multiple locations across the city, most notably around Connaught Place. The partly UK-based Costa Coffee has also made a recent foray into the market.
Independent coffee shops are harder to find in Delhi, but they do exist, and are well worth seeking out. The Open Hand Cafe in Paharganj, one hundred metres west of the Metropolis Hotel in Main Bazaar, is a great example: in addition to excellent coffee that eclipses that available from the chains, they offer tasty breakfasts and snacks, and free, fast Wi-Fi (ask at the counter for a password).
Aap ki Pasand Tea Shop, Sterling House, 15 Netaji Subhash Marg, Daryaganj (Opposite the post office, walking distance from Red Fort), ☎ +91 11 2326 0373, . . A great place to sample Indian chai and the exotic Darjeeling and Assam teas and purchase the same. Located in an old colonial era building, its teas have been savored by Bill Clinton, Gorbachov, Koizumi and are taken as official state gifts of India. The best tea experience you might have!
Indian bar food, hookah and an amazing lounge experience. The crowd that frequents these two places is young, hip and trendy.
Hookah, Basant Lok (in Priya Cinema complex), Vasant Vihar, tel. +91 11 4166 3522. Three-level bar-restaurant offering surprisingly good (if pricy) Middle Eastern fare. They offer a wide range of drinks and an even wider range of flavored water pipes. There is no outdoor seating, nor do they offer hot drinks.
Toast by Lazeez Affaire, Rajouri Garden, West Gate Mall (Level III) - Great collection of flavored tobacco sheesha, and drinks, international food, greek, french, pan european and Indian cuisines
Mocha, Defense Colony.
Ziya- The Morockin Cafe, Ph: +91 92 1263 1306/1/2 – This is a chain of neuvo Middle Eastern cafes that offers a wide range of drinks and food (not to mention the flavored tobacco). The place is really cost effective, at half the cost of the above mentioned.
Aqua - This poolside bar at the Park Hotel (close to Connaught Place) has a lounge atmosphere and has an extensive drinks list.
'TOAST Bar & Grill by Lazeez Affaire', Rajouri Garden, West Gate Mall (Level III) - Great collection of flavored tobacco sheesha, and drinks, international food, greek, french, pan european and Indian cuisines
Aura - At the Claridges
Decibel One of two clubs in the Samrath Hotel next to the Ashok Hotel.500 INR cover charge.Chanakyapuri.
IndoChine's Forbidden City - Singapore chain that opened in Delhi in 2007. Restaurant (Madame Butterfly) upstairs serves very good Chinese food. The lounge/bar (BarSaVanh) is downstairs, very cool ambience outside. Located in South Delhi (Lado Sarai, adjacent to Qutab Golf Course. Meal for two arond Rs 3,000.
T.L.R., 31 Hauz Khas Village. Delhi's cozy, arty refuge for tourists, expats and locals alike comes alive in the evenings for live gigs, DJ nights, pub quiz, and more. www.tlrcafe.com.
F Bar & Lounge (by Fashion TV) – This trendy bar and night club is in the Hotel Ashok in Chanakyapuri. Claimed to be the largest bar in Delhi (per Time Out article October 2008). Cover charge (redeemable against drinks) Fri, Sat is Rs. 3000, Wend before 10pm free entry.
The Other Side, 81/3 Adhchini (basement of Turquoise Cottage), Sri Aurobindo Marg, tel. +91 11 2685 396. This smoky brick-walled basement is covered with Western memorabilia. Eclectic music with an emphasis on rock (expect anything from Beatles to AC/DC). It's a good crowd, particularly on Wednesday's media nights. 500 rupees minimum for drinks and food. Couples only.
Shalom Cool Mediterranean-themed lounge bar/restaurant with chill-out music. In N-block market, GK-1.
Urban Pind/Bar/Cafe Bar/lounge on three floors. Regular events like Salsa, open bar for 720 INR, electro night, great expat nights.Greater Kailash I (GK-1), block N, number 4.
Manre Bar/lounge, at Saket Market, City Mall, open bar on Thursday for 800 INR.
As of July 2009, Chapter XVI, Section 377, of the Indian Penal Code (a piece of legislation in India introduced during British rule of India, used to criminalize homosexual activity) has been declared unconstitutional. At this juncture, it remains to be seen how this will impact what the ruling will have on the smattering of late night watering holes, which crop up. Due to the underground and fluid nature of these gathering places, it is not possible to list these places.
If meeting same gender loving, or gender variant souls is a must, your best bet is to do your homework, via the internet, before arriving, as LGBT gathering spaces are not published on local media.
Delhi offers only a few public spaces, where same gender loving men can hook up. If you choose to engage in these types of encounters, use extreme caution - robberies, hustlers, and even reports of police entrapment and bribery are not unheard of.
Delhi has a large number of hostels, many of them centered around the tourist/backpacker hubs.
Chandni Chowk originally meaning moonlit square or market, is one of the oldest and busiest markets in central north Delhi, India.Chandni Chowk is the major street in the walled city of Old Delhi, which was originally called Shah Jahanabad. The walled city which includes the Lal Qilla Red Fort of Delhi was established in 1650 AD, by the Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan.
Hotel Tara Palace, Hotel TaraPalace 419, Old Cycle Market, Chandni Chowk (Opposite Delhi Parade Ground), ☎ +91 11 2327 6465 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +91 11 2327 3555), . checkin: 1200 Hrs; checkout: 1100 Hrs. Hotel Tara Palace is a friendly budget hotel in New Delhi which provides free breakfast and free airport pickup.From $35.
Everything a backpacker needs and then some, Main Bazaar
This street, also referred to as Main Bazaar, is opposite New Delhi railway station and has many cheap hotels. It's noisy, filthy and full of touts, but it's also cheap and central and thus very popular with budget travelers. A double room with attached bathroom is 200-300 rupees (or less). Note that the Delhi Metro exits are on the Ajmeri Gate side of the New Delhi Railway station, so you'll need to cross over the railway station (Platform Ticket is not needed for entering the station, see the above article on train station cons) to go to Paharganj. Some popular places include:
Karol Bagh Budget Hotels, 9 A/ 1 WEA, Channa Market, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 11005 (Land Mark Karol Bagh Metro Station Pillar No. 122), ☎ +91 11 2585 1290, +91 98 7353 3669, +91 96 5016 4155 (email@example.com), . Starting price 1000 INR, 20 USD & 17 Euro. (latitude,longitude)
Chanchal Deluxe, Aakarshan Road, Behind Sheela Cinema, Paharganj, Delhi. This little more expensive than the average Paharganj hotel.700 rupees. (latitude,longitude)
Delhi Hotel, C23 Greater Kailash 2, . A new boutique hotel hotel with affordable, neat, clean & hygienic rooms.
Hare Rama Guest House, 298 Main Bazaar (Down the side road near the Khanna Cinema.), ☎ +91 11 2743 3017. This is a really popular hotel and also a popular place to book nice sleeper buses if you're heading to Dharamsala or Pushkar.(latitude,longitude)
Metropolis, 1634 Bazaar Hand, ☎ +91 11 2351 8074. This hotel is a little more expensive than the average Paharaganj hotel. It also has a good restaurant.(latitude,longitude)
Namaskar, 917 Chandiwalan, Main Bazaar, Paharganj (located down a side alley), ☎ +91 11 2358 3456, +91 11 6526 3010 , +91 11 2358 2233 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Only five minutes from the train station. Be prepared for a somewhat gloomy hotel, with possibly cock roaches in the rooms. No sheets or towels. Primary school right next to the hotel makes sleeping past 8AM nearly impossible. 250Rs for a double room. (latitude,longitude)
Navrang, (on a side street off main bazaar at the intersection with the vegetable market), ☎ +91(11)2356-1922. Cheap and cheerful.(latitude,longitude)
Royal Palace, Main Bazaar (200 meters down Main Bazaar from New Delhi Station before Star Palace Hotel), ☎ +91(11) 2358-6176 (fax: +91 11 2753 7103). Clean and pleasant design/style.(latitude,longitude)
Sai Palace, (Middle lane opposite railway station, Paharganj). Rs.200/300. (latitude,longitude)
Sham Nath Villa bed and breakfast, 12, Sham Nath Marg, Civil Lines (Opposite Oberoi Maidens), (email@example.com, fax: +91 11 2392 3925), . Double rooms cost US$90 with A/C. (latitude,longitude)
Smyle Inn, 916, Chandiwalan,Main Bazaar, Paharganj (Take right street before Masjid coming from New Delhi station in Main Bazar), ☎ :+91(11) 23584076, +91(11) 23589107 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +91(11) 28542651), . Is organised and cleaner of the lot, worth little extra and yes! breakfast and internet is included in price making it a nice deal Double rooms cost 600Rs (no A/C) or 800Rs (with A/C). (latitude,longitude)
Vivek, 1534-50 Main Bazaar, Paharganj (about a ten minute walk from the railway station), ☎ 2351-2900, . This has a pleasant rooftop restaurant, but rather bland food .300 rupees for a double room up to 1,200 rupees for deluxe.. (latitude,longitude)
City Inn Dx., 5415-16, Ladoo Ghati, Nehru Bazaar, Paharganj, New Delhi (about a ten minute walk from the railway station), ☎ 91-011-23587706 (email@example.com, fax: 91-011-23587343). This hotel has rooms with double bed, flat screen TV (with HBO, VH1, CNN, lots of Hindi channels), clean bathroom with Western toilets. Each bathroom has its own hot water heater. Room service is cheap. Computers in the lobby (Rs 30/hour, no webcam or microphone. Very friendly staff. Located just around the corner from Hotel Relax and the vegetable market.300 rupees for a double room. (latitude,longitude)
Majnu ka Tilla
Majnu ka Tilla is a compact Tibetan settlement and the place of departure and arrival for buses to/from Dharamsala, the home of the Tibetan Government in Exile and the Dalai Lama. Stay here if you have an interest in Tibetan culture, politics and religion, or if you need something quieter (and just slightly more expensive) than Paharganj.
An auto-rickshaw from New Delhi train station should cost around 50 rupees (use the prepaid stand). The Vidhan Sabha metro station is also nearby and popular. From there cycle-rickshaws charge 15 rupees and take about five minutes.
New India Hotel, 172 Katra Baryan (Next to the red fort in Old Delhi), ☎ +91 (0)11 235 117. Noisy a/c, rudimentary shower. Bollywood movies at night which can be somewhat entertaining.250 rupees for single room and 350 rupees for double bedroom. (latitude,longitude)
Delhi's chronic lack of quality hotels has led to a mushrooming of guest houses of widely varying quality and price. The new official 'Delhi Bed and Breakfast scheme' has also contributed a range of private rooms available for bed & breakfast lets. These rooms range from cheap dumps to classy rooms in the best neighborhoods of Delhi.
Hotel Ananda, 8/41, WEA, Abdul Aziz Road, Near Jessa Ram Hospital, Karol Bagh, New Delhi - 110005, India, ☎ +91-11-28753181, . One of the budget accommodations of Kukreja Group Hotels, Hotel Ananda provides chic yet affordably priced guestrooms, which have been well-fitted with amenities like broadband Internet connection and cable television. You can further expect versatile facilities and services at Hotel Ananda. For a more enjoyable New Delhi visit, avail of the hotel's travel assistance and car rentals. They also offer free pickup from the airport and railway station for the budget-conscious traveler's greater convenience.Best rates on official website start at INR 1,690.00.
A Caravan's Homestay, 1/13 Tilak Nagar, ☎ +91 99 7184 3131 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . A small and cozy homestay in Delhi that houses a friendly Indian family with well maintained, clean and affordable rooms with excellent company.
Home@F37, F 37 East of Kailash, South Delhi, ☎ +91 11 4669 0200 (email@example.com), . Recently renovated with 32" LCD, Split airconditioners, refrigerator etc.Rs. 2500 onwards including lavish breakfast..
Ajanta Hotel, Main Bazaar, Paharganj, ☎ +91 11 23620925, +91 11 23620926, +91 11 23620927 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Supposedly recommended by Lonely Planet and others, therefore populated by foreigners only. Decent restaurant and nice atmosphere on rooftop bar, although rooftop seems like a construction site. Internet is available. The staff are often rude and may try to offer overpriced tour package bookings as often as they can. The rooms are small and many do not have windows. Bath/shower facilities are archaic. Be warned that any quoted prices will incur a whopping 22.5% 'tax' charge at time of payment. The hotel is also unwilling to store luggage for its patrons.Single room with fan from Rs1000 plus 22.5%. (latitude,longitude)
Amar Inn, K 102, Lajpat Nagar - II, New Delhi, ☎ 91-9818410099 (email@example.com), . Reasonable rooms, free internet, but bathrooms badly in need of remodel. All rooms include air freshening dispenser.Double Occupancy A/c Room appx $75 USD.
Ashiana Hotel, 50 Ara Kashan Road, Ram Nagar, ☎ +91 11 2362 7617, . Hotel Ashiana in New Delhi, India is located near the New Delhi Railway Station. A member of Kukreja Group Hotels, this New Delhi hotel proves that great service and convenience need not be expensive. Its strategic location even places you within minutes of Connaught Place, the city’s main financial and commercial district.
Asian Guest House, 14 Scindia House, secnd floor with elevator, Kasturba Gandhi Marg, Connaught Place, ☎ +91 11 2331 3393 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Clean quiet rooms, centrally located. Not recommended for families. Corridors and less expensive rooms are dirty and desperately in need of renovation. monkeys living outside the building, and cockroaches inside, are a combined special treat! Singles from 675 rupees, doubles with a/c and cable TV for 1575 rupees + 12.5% tax. Book through their website and get 5% discount on room tariff.
BnB New Delhi Bed and Breakfast, I - 9 Maharani Bagh, Adjoining friends colony, ☎ +91 98 9909 9042 (email@example.com), . Bed and breakfast in Delhi offers a cosy family atmosphere. Amenities include free wireless internet connection, tea & coffee making tray in room, DVD plaver with bollywood and hollywood movies, games, children movies., LCD Satelite TV, refrigerator, etc. All rooms have their private Bathroom, Western Toilet with shower. Delicious Morning breakfast is served in Dinning room. Library includes books on culture, City guide books, India guide book in lounge area.Rs. 2500 INR.
Cabana Hotel. R23 Greater Kailash 1.  A new boutique property in posh colony of New Delhi. An beautifully designed hotel with affordable, neat, clean & hygienic rooms.Tel +91 11 4074 7474. Fax: +91 11 4074 7475
Delhi Home Stay, (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Bed-n-Breakfast located in green, quite, residential area. Double bed, private, air-conditioned rooms for INR 2500 (including all taxes) or about USD 50.
Hotel Durga International, 8715, D.B. Gupta Road, ☎ +91 98 9942 3411. 20 minutes from the Indira Gandhi International Airport and 3 minutes from New Delhi Railway Station; each room features satellite television, and a private toilet and bath. Honey Moon Package is also available~1000 INR.
India Luxury Homes, S 504 Greater Kailash I, ☎ +91 99 9988 8666 (email@example.com), . India Luxury Homes is a one of its kind Luxury BnB in the heart of South Delhi. With jacuzzi, Mini Bar and all amenities of a 4 star hotel and the comfort of home. You can contact the owner of the property Rajesh any time at +91 9999 888666.3500 INR.
Inn at Delhi, C-34, Anand Niketan (+91 98 6810 4893), . Bed and breakfast homestay in Delhi~4900 INR.
Justa The Residence, ☎ +91 11 4050 2121 Pansheel Park, . Several locations for these classy but affordable boutique hotels in Pansheel Park and Greater Kailash. Breakfast buffet, excellent dinner service, a/c and hot water, flat-screen tv, mini-bar and amazing staff. Wifi available for purchase. Pick-up service from airport available.~5000 INR.
Magical Bed and Breakfast, D-393,Defence Colony, ☎ +91 93 1195 5119 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Best & Affordable Bed and Breakfast In New Delhi - India(latitude,longitude)*
Mehar Castle, . Large rooms with a/c, tv, hot shower, room service.750 Rupees/night for one and 1500 for two persons. (latitude,longitude)
Narula Inn, . Bed and breakfast in the heart of New Delhi, Connaught Place.(latitude,longitude)
New Haven Hotel, E - 512, Greater Kailash Part-2, Main Road, ☎ +91 99 1002 4700 (email@example.com), . checkin: 2PM; checkout: 12 noon. Great boutique hotel located in South Delhi. Nice new deluxe rooms, high speed Wifi internet, nice surrounding and an amazing location. Close to Lotus temple, Opposite JMD shopping mall and Mainland China restaurant. GK-2 M block market with many restaurants and bars like Ruby Tuesday, Nudeli, Diva, Smoke House Grill and many more. GK-1 M block market is in proximity to shopping and the Saket City Select Mall.INR 2800 / US$69 onwards.
Prem Sagar Guest House, P block, First Floor, Connaught Place Outer Circle (Near Shivaji Stadium, next block to the landmark Regal Cinema and a few doors away from McDonald's Outer Circle), ☎ +91 11 2334 5263 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Clean quiet rooms, centrally located, terrace garden. All rooms A/C, cable TV.From Rs.1800.
Shantigriha Bed and Breakfast, 12 A, Lane W - 16, Sainik Farms, ☎ 91-98 1814 9019 (email@example.com), . Calm Peaceful, near Asola wildlife sanctuary and Qutab Minar. Free wifi,private loo's (latitude,longitude)
Hotel SPB 87, 17A/2, W.E.A. Karol Bagh, ☎ +91 11 4500 0400, . 20 minutes from the Indira Gandhi International Airport and 10 minutes from New Delhi Railway Station; each room features satellite television, Wi-Fi Internet access, and a private toilet and bath. They also have a conference hall for business meetings and guests.~2590 INR.
Hotel Sunstar Residency, 8A/50, W.E.A. Channa Market, Karol Bagh, ☎ +91 11 2585 3688, +91 11 2585 3689, +91 11 4250 3285, +91 11 4250 2767 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Room service and a restaurant available for breakfast and dinner. Lockers available.Double rooms with A/C, TV, private bathroom from 1300 rupees.. (latitude,longitude)
Thikana, A-7 Gulmohar Park, ☎ +91 11 4604 1569 (email@example.com), . Great little family-operated boutique hotel in south Delhi. Very friendly and hospitable service. Nice new rooms. Free internet. Close to GK-1, defense colony with many restaurants and bars.~4500 INR.
Urban Ashram, D-12 Huaz Khas, ☎ +91 11 4615 1818 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . checkin: noon; checkout: 1 M. Warm, intimate and cosy family-operated boutique bed and breakfast in south Delhi. Friendly and hospitable service. Nice new rooms. Free internet and secure Wi-Fii rooms. Close to GK-1, defense colony , saket with many restaurants and bars.Rs 3,500-4,500.
The Beaufort Inn, 14 Jangpura Main Mathura Rd (near Nizammudin Railway Station, in heart of South Delhi), ☎ +91 11 2437 7475 (email@example.com), . checkin: noon; checkout: noon. Rs 2,500-4,000.
At the high end of the scale, demand far outstrips supply and it's not unusual to be asked US$400 for a very ordinary room. Getting a room at any of the hotels listed below for under US$200 will require good luck or timing. Beware that by law taxes for high-end Delhi hotels are still charged on the rack rate, so 12.5% on a $400 room discounted to $200 will still cost $50 extra!
The Grand, Vasant kunj - Phase II, Nelson Mandela Rd, ☎ +91 11 2677 1234 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Formerly the Grand Hyatt, the hotel still maintains high standards with an opulent lobby, modern rooms, pool and spa. The South Delhi location 15 min from the airport is good for business, but rather awkward for tourism.
Hyatt Regency Delhi, Bhikaiji Cama Place, Ring Road, ☎ +91 11 2679 1234, . Huge and slightly aged, but still five stars, featuring an outdoor pool, small gym and spa, three restaurants, and all the usual amenities. Well-located halfway between the airport and Connaught Place.
The Imperial, Janpath, ☎ +91 11 2334 1234 (email@example.com), . Built in 1931. Has the only Chanel store in India as well as a priceless art collection, 'British Art on India.' It also has the largest collection of land war gallantry awards from India and neighbouring countries. Very classy, best value for least money in first class range. Good food and excellent service in restaurants.
The Lalit, Barakhamba Ave, ☎ +91 11 4444 7777 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +91 11 4444 1234), . Earlier known as Intercontinental; located very centrally and was recently refurbished. Famous for excellent breakfasts!
The Maurya Sheraton, Sardar Patel Marg, ☎ +91 11 2611 2233, . One of the best in the city. Great restaurants, including the above mentioned Bukhara.
Le Meridian, Windsor Place, ☎ +91 11 2371 0101, . A landmark 5-star hotel that just underwent a major renovation. It is, along with the Shangri-La, one of the best hotels in the city in terms of location.
Oberoi Delhi, Dr. Zakir Hussain Marg, ☎ +91 11 2436 3030 (email@example.com), . Mostly a high-end 'business' hotel. 5 stars. Expensive. Delhi's rich can be seen at the shopping complex which houses top brands like Louis Vuitton, Gucci etc. and also at the lavish brunch on a Sunday afternoon.
Park Royal Intercontinental, Nehru Place, ☎ +91 11 4122 3344, .
Radisson, National Highway-8, ☎ +91 11 2677 9191 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . On way to Indira Gandhi International Airport; has the famous Great Kebab Factory restaurant
Hotel Samrat, Kautilya Marg, ☎ +91 11 2611 0606, . Just touches the 5-star luxury hotel levels, is a twin of The Ashoka Hotel.
Shangri La, 19 Ashoka Rd, ☎ +91 11 4119 1919, . Part of the renowned Shangri La chain. The Delhi hotel has splendid sea-food buffets, an extensive breakfast buffet, and a good Asian restaurant on 1st floor with a Thai, Chinese and Japanese menu. 5-star service and good security. Only a 15 min walk from Connaught Place.
Sheraton New Delhi, District Centre, Saket, ☎ +91 11 4266 1122, .
Taj Mahal, 1, Mansingh Road, ☎ +91 11 2302 6162, . In the 'Lutyen's Bungalow Zone' in central Delhi.
Taj Palace, Sardar Patel Marg, ☎ +91 11 2611 0202, . Part of the Indian Hotels Chain. High-end luxury in the diplomatic enclave in Chanakyapuri (close to the US Embassy.) One of the best in terms of food, hospitality and leisure.
Delhi is a hot, dusty city and the combination of the two may reduce visibility in the summer. In April through June, temperatures regularly top 40°C, meaning that proper hydration is of the utmost importance. In winter there can be seasonal fog; on particularly foggy days, it can be difficult to see across the street. If you happen to be traveling in or out of Delhi during the winters, be aware of fog-related flight delays.
Drink only bottled water so you may avoid any water-related illness. Keep yourself covered in summers to avoid a heat stroke. Drink a lot of water - 3 litres a day - particularly in the summer. Sticking to freshly, well-cooked vegetarian food will lessen your chances on acquiring the "Delhi belly."
Delhi at night
Many first time travelers to India find themselves falling victim to scams and touts, and unfortunately Delhi has a lot of both. Be on guard for anybody trying to help you by giving you unsolicited directions or travel advice. Do not blindly believe on the advice of taxi and auto drivers. If this is your first time to India, do not openly admit it, as this will make you more vulneralbe to touts.
Delhi is an increasingly unsafe place for women. It is not uncommon to receive lewd remarks or even physical touching. If you are arriving into Delhi at night either stay in the airport lounge or well lit areas until daybreak. Try to avoid walking around alone or hiring cabs alone. Dress conservatively (preferably in Indian clothing so as to blend in). Learn to shout and consider carrying mace/pepper spray. Police vehicles (called PCR vans) are parked on almost every major intersection. Dial 100 in case of emergencies.
Carry your cash, passport, and cards in a secure money belt, with only enough cash for a few hours at a time in your wallet or other accessible place. Some travelers recommend carrying an expendable wallet with a few ten rupee notes in it in an obvious place such as your hip pocket as a decoy to Delhi's ubiquitous pickpockets.
Several tourist agencies have been known to swindle tourists, such as change their travel plans or charge them extra commissions and fees. The best way to secure train tickets is by navigating through the Indian Railways Website . Also, you should book you flight tickets online as all the airlines have online booking sysytem. Otherwise, prepare to spend a good hour sorting through the charges that the tourist agency will charge.
The Delhi Police is a 70,000 strong force serving the capital region. Unfortunately, the quality of police officers varies dramatically throughout the force; some officers may be corrupt and unhelpful, while others are honest and helpful. For police assistance during an emergency dial 100. For non-emergencies, go down to the police station in order to report a crime.
Delhi Emergency Numbers
Here are the Delhi emergency contact numbers
Fire Department: 101
Ambulance: 102 or dial the nearest local hospital
Power outages and water shortages are common Delhi, often occurring multiple times a day with summers being particularly bad. Better accommodations have water tanks and generators to alleviate the inconvenience, but keep a flashlight handy at night and do your part by not wasting too much water.
Laundry service is offered in most hotels, even in budget accommodations. If you would rather save the money and do it yourself, buckets are found in almost all bathrooms - but perhaps wash it out well first.
Exercising outdoors is not recommended due to the level of pollution and swimming in rivers is also not recommended. Instead, look for a hotel with a gym or a pool since many offer day passes. You can always try a morning or evening walk in the parks.
Cell phone coverage in the city is excellent. There are many service providers offering a wide variety of plans. Among them are Airtel, Vodafone , Reliance , and Tata Indicom . It might be a good idea to buy a cell phone and use one of those prepaid plans to get yourself connected while you are in the city.
Delhi is a major international transit hub for trains, planes and buses as well as a great connection point for domestic destinations within India. It's also a great base for exploration of the famous Hill Stations.
Agra and the Taj Mahal are a 3-6 hour drive or train ride each way. Roads are not great so be prepared for a long trip, even if it is quoted as being close and quick. Book tickets in the train cars with seats far in advance, and look for the seats put aside especially for tourists. You can also rent a car and driver for the day and shouldn't pay more than ~5000 INR roundtrip (if not less). Be warned: the Taj Mahal is closed on Friday.
Bandhavgarh National Park and the Bandhavgarh Fort is the "Tiger Reserve" at M.P.. This is a Project Tiger and the density of Tigers is Highest in India.
Dharamsala - the seat of the Dalai Lama's government in exile, is 10-12 hours to the north. Tickets can be purchased from Main Bazaar Tourist offices, Majnu ka Tilla Tibetan Settlement or the I.S.B.T.
Shimla - the summer capital of British India and the queen of all hill stations in India. It has many scenic and historic locations and is about an 8 hr drive or 10 hrs in a bus. A direct flight from Delhi takes just 1 hr to reach Shimla.
Kathmandu in neighboring Nepal is a roughly 36+ hrs by coach, or longer (but more comfortably) on a combination of train and coach.
The holy cities of Haridwar and Rishikesh, in the foothills of the Himalayas, are a 5-6 hour bus or train ride away.
Mussoorie - one of the original British hill stations in India; also known as The Queen of the Hills.
Nainital - another beautiful hill station in the Kumaon hills with the magnificent Naini Lake.
Char Dham- Delhi is the starting point of the famous piligrimage centres Badrinath, the abode of Vishnu, Kedarnath, the abode of Shiva , Gangothri and Yamunothri, the origin of sacres rivers, Ganges and Yamuna respectively
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