Like the Dalton Highway, Deadhorse exists to support oil operations in Prudhoe Bay. While the official population is 25, the town boasts a non-permanent population of 2,000-3,000 employees of the various oil operations.
The town is located at mile 414 at the terminus of the Dalton Highway. It is possible to fly to Deadhorse on Alaska Airlines.
The Dalton Highway ends just a few miles inland of the Arctic Ocean and only private, restricted roads extend to the ocean. Fortunately, the oil companies offer tours ($37, for half-hour tour) which not only take you to the ocean and its gravel beach (where you can take a frigid dip, joining the "Polar Bear Club") but also include a tour of the oilfield and operations. The ocean is ice-free from late July to October. If you are an environmentalist or sensitive to opening ANWR to drilling, do be warned that tours will include an argument (propaganda, if you will) as to the importance of drilling in the North Slope, how it benefits the United States in terms of energy independence, and, yes, why the companies should drill in ANWR.
The town contains a small, and pricey, general store as well as a fuel station.
There is a modest hotel in town.
Like many wild areas in Alaska grizzly bears are a concern. Don't leave food lying around, and keep an eye out for bears when walking around.
Remember when leaving that there are no services for 240 miles (386km) until you reach Coldfoot!