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Difference between revisions of "Danish phrasebook"

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(Basics)
(Colors)
Line 206: Line 206:
 
===Colors===
 
===Colors===
 
; black : sort (Sword)
 
; black : sort (Sword)
; white : hvid (Veed)
+
; white : hvid (Vid)
 
; gray : grå (Gr'oh)
 
; gray : grå (Gr'oh)
; red : rød (Red)
+
; red : rød (Roll)
 
; blue : blå (Blow)
 
; blue : blå (Blow)
 
; yellow : gul (Gool)
 
; yellow : gul (Gool)

Revision as of 18:20, 11 September 2009

Danish is a Scandinavian language spoken in Denmark and some areas of Greenland. It is closely related to Norwegian and Swedish, and some speakers of the three languages can understand the others. In writing, the difference between the Danish and Norwegian languages are not bigger than the difference between English and American English, though it will often be harder in oral conversations. These Scandinavian languages are North Germanic, strongly influenced by Low Saxon (German).

Contents

Pronunciation guide

Alphabet

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V (W) X Y Z Æ Ø Å a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v (w) x y z æ ø å

Acute accent may be used in some words (eg fór), for ease of reading, but it's always optional. C, Q, W, X and Z are only used in loanwords. V and W are treated the same, and W is sometimes left out of the alphabet.

Vowels

a as in cat
e as in sin, but also as æ and murder
i as in see, only shorter
o as in no, but also as å
u as in soon, but also as å
y as in few, but also as ø
æ as in egg, only shorter
ø as mayor, but also as in bird
å as in old, but also caught

Consonants

b as in bed, and wick between vowels and at the end of words
c as k, but sing before e or i

d as in dead, the after vowels, silent before l, n or r and before t or s
f as in ferry
g as in ­gone, but like y as in yet after a vowel
h as in hope, hv = v, hj = j
j as in yes
k as in kick, and go between vowels and at the end of a syllable
l as in lake
m as in many
n as in near
p as in parry, bit between vowels and at the end of a syllable
qu like English
r is a rolling sound at the back of the throat, silent after vowels and before consonants
s as in smell
t as in trout and dog between vowels, at the end of a syllable and at the end of a word
v as in viking, and hoot at the end of words

Phrase list

Basics

Hello. 
Hallo (halo).
Hello. (informal
Hej (High).
How are you? 
Hvordan går det? (Vor-dan gore d')
Fine, thank you. 
Godt, tak (Got, tag).
That's enough
Godt nok (got knock)
What is your name? 
Hvad hedder du? (Vadh header doo)
My name is ______ . 
Jeg hedder ______ (Yay hedhuh).
Nice to meet you. 
Det var rart at møde dig (D' vahr rarht add murdhe dah-ee).
Please. 
Vær så venlig (Ver saw venlee).
Thank you. 
Tak (Tahg).
You're welcome. 
Selv tak (seloo tahg).
Yes. 
Ja (Ya).
No. 
Nej (Nay).
Excuse me. (getting attention
Undskyld mig (On'skil ma'ee).
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Undskyld (On'skil).
I'm sorry. 
Det må du undskylde (Dee m'o doo on'skil'eh).
Goodbye 
Farvel (favel).
Goodbye (informal
Hej hej (High High).
I can't speak Danish [well]. 
Jeg taler ikke [godt] dansk (Ya'ee tailor 'eek'eh got dahnsk).
Do you speak English? 
Taler du engelsk? (Tailor doo eng'glsk)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Er der nogen her, der taler engelsk? (Air dah no'en heer, dah tailor eng'elsk)
Help! 
Hjælp! (Yelp)
Look out! 
Pas på! (Pass poh)
Good morning (before roughly 10-11am). 
Godmorgen (good' morgen).
Good morning (after 10-11am, but before noon) 
Godformiddag (good'formidhae).
Good evening. 
Godaften (good'hafden).
Good night. 
Godnat (good'hnad).
Good night (sleep well
Sov godt (saw'oo got).
I don't understand. 
Det forstår jeg ikke (Deh' for-store ya'ee 'eek'eh).
Where is the toilet? 
Hvor er toilettet? (War ayer toiledet)

Problems

Leave me alone. 
Lad mig være i fred (Ladh ma'ee ware i fredh).
Don't touch me! 
Rør mig ikke! (Rawr ma'ee 'eek'e)
I'll call the police. 
Jeg ringer efter politiet (Ya'ee rang'ehr ef-tuh po'lee'teet).
Police! 
Politi (Po'lee'tee)!
Stop! Thief! 
Stop tyven (Stop tee'ven)!
I need your(sg)/your(pl) help. 
Jeg har brug for din/jeres hjælp (Ya'ee har bro' for deen/Y'ayers yelp).
It's an emergency. 
Det er et nødstilfælde (Day air ed need'steel'fell'eh).
I'm lost. 
Jeg er faret vild (Ya'ee air far'red veel.).
I lost my bag. 
Jeg har mistet min taske (Ya'ee har mis'ted mean task'eh).
I lost my wallet. 
Jeg har mistet min tegnebog (Ya'ee har mis'ted meenn tai'neh'b'oh).
I'm sick. 
Jeg er syg (Ya'ee air sic-). (Sick without the K)
I've been injured. 
Jeg er kommet til skade (Ya'ee air comet tel' skadhe).
I need a doctor. 
Jeg har brug for en læge (Ya'ee har bro' for en lay'eh).
Can I use your phone? 
Må jeg låne din telefon? (Mo' ya'ee lone'eh deen telephon')

Numbers

en (en)/et (ed)
to (to)
tre (trre)
fire (fear)
fem (fem)
seks (seks)
syv (sur'oo)
otte (ude)
ni (ni)
10 
ti (ti)
11 
elleve (eleve)
12 
tolv (toloo)
13 
tretten (tredn)
14 
fjorten (fyordn)
15 
femten (femden)
16 
seksten (seksden)
17 
sytten (surdn)
18 
atten (adn)
19 
nitten (needn)
20 
tyve (turve)
21 
enogtyve (enoyturve)
22 
toogtyve (to'oyturve)
23 
treogtyve (tre'oyturve)
30 
tredieve (tredhieve)
40 
fyrre (furre)
50 
halvtreds (halvtres)
60 
tres (tres)
70 
halvfjerds (hal-fjærs)
80 
firs(firs)
90 
halvfems (halfems)
100 
ethundrede (edhunredhe)
150 
ethundrede og halvtreds
200 
tohundrede (tohunredhe)
300 
trehundrede (trehunredhe)
1000 
tusind (toosin)
2000 
totusinde (totoosine)
1,000,000 
en million, abbr: en mio.
1,000,000,000 
en milliard (en miliar), abbr: en mia.
1,000,000,000,000 
en billion
number _____ (train, bus, etc.
nummer _____ (numuh ...)
half 
halv (haloo)
less 
mindre (minre)
more 
mere (mere)

Time

now 
nu (noo)
later 
senere (senere)
before 
før (furr)
morning 
morgen (morEN)

g (eftuhmidhai)

evening 
aften (afDEN)
night 
nat (nad)

Clock time

one o'clock AM 
klokken 1 (klogen en)
two o'clock AM 
klokken 2 (klogen to)
noon 
middag (midhai)
one o'clock PM 
klokken 13 (klogen tredn)
two o'clock PM 
klokken 14 (klogen fyordn)
midnight 
midnat (midhnad)

Duration

_____ minute(s) 
_____ minut(ter) (minood / minooduh)
_____ hour(s) 
_____ time(r) (teeme / teemuh)
_____ day(s) 
_____ dag(e) (die / dire)
_____ week(s) 
_____ uge(r) (oy-yeh)
_____ month(s) 
_____ måned(er) (muhnedh[uh])
_____ year(s) 
_____ år (uhr)

Days

today 
i dag (ee dai)
yesterday 
i går (ee gur)
tomorrow 
i morgen (ee morgen)
this week 
denne uge (denne ooye)
last week 
sidste uge (siste)
next week 
næste uge (neste)
Monday 
mandag (manay)
Tuesday 
tirsdag (tirsdai)
Wednesday 
onsdag (onsdai)
Thursday 
torsdag (torsdai)
Friday 
fredag (fredhai)
Saturday 
lørdag (lure'ai)
Sunday 
søndag (surnai)

Months

January 
januar (janooar)
February 
februar (febrooar)
March 
marts (mards)
April 
april (abril)
May 
maj (mai)
June 
juni (yoonee)
July 
juli (yoolee)
August 
august (owyoosd)
September 
september (sebtember)
October 
oktober (ogtober)
November 
november (november)
December 
december (december)

Writing time and date

What's the time? 
Hvad er klokken? (vadh er klogen)
What date is it today? 
Hvilken dato er det i dag? (vilken dato uh ded i dai)
It's _____ o'clock. 
Klokken er _____ . (klogen er ...)

Please note that when saying what the clock is, one would normally only use one to twelve, unless having to make sure there's no doubt as to whether it's past or before noon, in which case the twenty-four hour system is used.

Colors

black 
sort (Sword)
white 
hvid (Vid)
gray 
grå (Gr'oh)
red 
rød (Roll)
blue 
blå (Blow)
yellow 
gul (Gool)
green 
grøn (Gron')
orange 
orange (Oran'shay)
purple 
lilla (Leela)
brown 
brun (Broon)

Transportation

Bus and train

How much is a ticket to _____? 
Hvad koster en billet til _____? (Vad' custer een billet teal ...)
One ticket to _____, please. 
En billet til _____, tak. (Een billet teal ..., ta'k)
Where does this train/bus go? 
Hvor kører dette tog/denne bus hen? (War keerah deh'deh tow hen?/den'neh boos hen?)
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
Hvor er toget/bussen til _____? (War air tow'wet/boosen teal ...)
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
Stopper toget/bussen i _____? (Stopper tow'wet/boosn 'ee ...)
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
Hvornår afgår toget/bussen til _____ ? (Vor'nahr ahf'gore tow'wet/boosn teal ...)
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
Hvornår ankommer toget/bussen til _____? (vorrnuhr ankomuh toyed/boosn teal ...)

Directions

Left 
Venstre (Venster)
Right 
Højre (Hoy'ehr)
Forwards 
Fremad (From'ad)
Backwards 
Tilbage (Tealbaeeye)
Above/over 
Over (Ouh'a)
Under(neath) 
under (Oo-nah)
Adjacent to _____ 
Ved siden af _____ (Vet seed-den ah' ...)

Taxi

Taxi! 
Taxa/taxi! (ta'ksa/ta'ksee)
Take me to _____, please. 
Kør mig til _____, tak. (Koor ma'ee teal ..., ta'k)
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
Hvad koster det at komme til _____? (Vad custer deh' add komme teal ...?)
Take me there, please. 
Kør mig venligst derhen. (Coo'ehr ma'ee ven'lease't d'air'hen)

Lodging

Do you have any rooms available? 
Har i nogen ledige værelser?
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
Hvad koster et enkeltværelse/dobbeltværelse?
Does the room come with... 
Har værelset...
...bedsheets? 
...sengetøj?
...a bathroom? 
...et badeværelse?
...a telephone? 
...en telefon?
...a TV? 
...et TV?
May I see the room first? 
Kan jeg se værelset først?
Do you have anything quieter? 
Har I et mere stille værelse?
...bigger? 
...større?
...cleaner? 
...renere?
...cheaper? 
...billigere?
OK, I'll take it. 
OK, jeg tager det.
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
Jeg bliver _____ nat(nætter).
Can you suggest another hotel? 
Kan du foreslå et andet hotel?
Do you have a safe? 
Har i et pengeskab?
...lockers? 
...aflåste skabe?
Is breakfast/supper included? 
Er det med morgenmad/aftensmad?
What time is breakfast/supper? 
Hvornår er der morgenmad/aftensmad?
Please clean my room. 
Gør venligst værelset rent.
Can you wake me at _____? 
Kan i vække mig klokken _____?
I want to check out. 
Jeg vil gerne checke ud.

Money

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
Godtager I amerikanske/australske/canadiske dollars?
Do you accept British pounds? 
Godtager I britiske pund?
Do you accept credit cards? 
Godtager I dankort?
Can you change money for me? 
Kan I veksle penge for mig?
Where can I get money changed? 
Hvor kan jeg veksle penge?
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
Kan jeg indløse en rejsecheck?
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
Hvor kan jeg indløse en rejsecheck?
What is the exchange rate? 
Hvad er vekselkursen?
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
Hvor er der en pengeautomat?

Eating

A table for one person/two people, please. 
Et bord til en/to, tak.
Can I look at the menu, please? 
Kan jeg se menuen?
Can I look in the kitchen? 
Kan jeg se køkkenet?
Is there a house specialty? 
Har I en specialitet?
Is there a local specialty? 
Har I en lokal specialitet?
I'm a vegetarian. 
Jeg er vegetar.
I don't eat pork. 
Jeg spiser ikke svinekød.
I don't eat beef. 
Jeg spiser ikke oksekød.
I only eat kosher food. 
Jeg spiser kun kosher mad.
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
Kan I lave det "fedtfattigt"?
fixed-price meal 
fast pris/Dan Menu
à la carte 
à la carte
breakfast 
morgenmad
lunch 
frokost
tea (meal
eftermiddagsmad
supper 
aftensmad
I want _____. 
Jeg vil gerne have _____.
I want a dish containing _____. 
Jeg vil gerne have en ret med _____.
chicken 
kylling
beef 
oksekød
fish 
fisk
ham 
skinke
sausage 
pølse
cheese 
ost
eggs 
æg
salad 
salat
(fresh) vegetables 
(friske) grøntsager
(fresh) fruit 
(frisk) frugt
bread 
brød
toast 
ristet brød
noodles 
nudler
rice 
ris
beans 
bønner
sprinkles 
tivolikrømmel/tivolidrøs
May I have a glass of _____? 
Kan jeg få et glas _____?
May I have a cup of _____? 
Kan jeg få en kop _____?
May I have a bottle of _____? 
Kan jeg få en flaske _____?
coffee 
kaffe
tea (drink
te
juice 
juice/saft
(bubbly) water 
danskvand
water 
vand
beer 
øl
red/white wine 
rød/hvid vin
May I have some _____? 
Kan jeg få noget _____?
salt 
salt
black pepper 
peber
butter 
smør
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
Undskyld mig?
I'm finished. 
Jeg er færdig.
It was delicious. 
Det var lækkert.
Please clear the plates. 
Tag venligst tallerknerne.
The check, please. 
Kan jeg få en regning?.

Bars

Do you serve alcohol? 
Udskænker I alkohol?
Is there table service? 
Serverer I ved bordene?
A beer/two beers, please. 
En øl/to øl, tak.
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
Et glas rødvin/hvidvin, tak.
A pint, please. 
En stor fadøl, tak.
A bottle, please. 
En flaske, tak.
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
_____ og _____, tak.
whiskey 
whiskey
vodka 
vodka
rum 
rom
water 
vand
club soda 
sodavand
tonic water 
tonic vand
orange juice 
appelsinjuice
Coke (soda
Cola
Do you have any bar snacks? 
Har I snacks?
One more, please. 
En til, tak.
Another round, please. 
En omgang til, tak.
When is closing time? 
Hvornår lukker I?

Shopping

Do you have this in my size? 
Har I den/det i min størrelse?
How much is this? 
Hvad koster den?
That's too expensive. 
Det er for dyrt.
Would you take _____? 
Tager I _____?
expensive 
dyr(t)
cheap 
billig(t)
I can't afford it. 
Jeg har ikke råd til den/det.
I don't want it. 
Jeg vil ikke have den/det.
You're cheating me. 
Du snyder mig.
I'm not interested. 
Jeg er ikke interesseret.
OK, I'll take it. 
OK, jeg tager den.
Can I have a bag? 
Kan jeg få en pose?
Do you ship (overseas)? 
Sender I (oversøisk)?
I need... 
Jeg har brug for...
...toothpaste. 
...tandpasta.
...a toothbrush. 
...en tandbørste.
...tampons. 
...tamponer.
...sanitary napkins. 
...bind or hygiejnebind or menstruationsbind.
...soap. 
...sæbe.
...shampoo. 
...shampoo.
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
...(en) hovedpinepille.
...cold medicine. 
...medicin mod forkølelse.
...stomach medicine. 
...mavemedicin.
...a razor. 
...en barberskraber.
...an umbrella. 
...en paraply.
...sunblock lotion. 
...solcreme.
...a postcard. 
...et postkort.
...postage stamps. 
...frimærker.
...batteries. 
...batterier.
...writing paper. 
...brevpapir.
...a pen. 
...en kuglepen.
...English-language books. 
...Engelsksprogede bøger.
...English-language magazines. 
...Engelsksprogede blade.
...an English-language newspaper. 
...En engelsksproget avis.
...an English-Danish dictionary. 
...en Engelsk-Dansk ordbog.

Driving

I want to rent a car. 
Jeg vil gerne leje en bil.
Can I get insurance? 
Kan jeg blive forsikret?
Stop (on a street sign
stop
One way 
ensrettet
Yield 
vige
No parking 
parkering forbudt
Speed limit 
fartgrænse
Gas (petrol) station 
tankstation
Petrol 
benzin
Diesel 
diesel

Authority

I haven't done anything wrong. 
Jeg har ikke gjort noget forkert.
It was a misunderstanding. 
Det var en misforståelse.
Where are you taking me? 
Hvor tager I mig hen?
Am I under arrest? 
Er jeg anholdt?
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
Jeg er en amerikansk/australsk/britisk/canadisk statsborger.
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
Jeg vil tale med den/det amerikanske/australske/britiske/canadiske ambassade/konsulat.
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
Jeg vil have en advokat.
Can I just pay a fine now? 
Kan jeg betale en bøde med det samme?
I want to speak to your superior 
Jeg vil tale med din overordnede.

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