'''Danish''' is a [[Scandinavia]]n language spoken in [[Denmark]]. It is closely related to [[Norwegian phrasebook|Norwegian]] and [[Swedish phrasebook|Swedish]], and some speakers of the three languages can understand the others. In writing, the difference between the Danish and Norwegian languages are not bigger than the difference between English and American English, though it will often be harder in oral conversations. These Scandinavian languages are North Germanic, strongly influenced by Low Saxon (German).
'''Danish''' is a [[Scandinavia]]n language spoken in [[Denmark]] . It is closely related to [[Norwegian phrasebook|Norwegian]] and [[Swedish phrasebook|Swedish]], and some speakers of the three languages can understand the others. In writing, the difference between the Danish and Norwegian languages are not bigger than the difference between English and American English, though it will often be harder in oral conversations. These Scandinavian languages are North Germanic, strongly influenced by Low Saxon (German).
Revision as of 12:24, 27 May 2009
Danish is a Scandinavian language spoken in Denmark and some areas of Greenland. It is closely related to Norwegian and Swedish, and some speakers of the three languages can understand the others. In writing, the difference between the Danish and Norwegian languages are not bigger than the difference between English and American English, though it will often be harder in oral conversations. These Scandinavian languages are North Germanic, strongly influenced by Low Saxon (German).
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V (W) X Y Z Æ Ø Å
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v (w) x y z æ ø å
Acute accent may be used in some words (eg fór), for ease of reading, but it's always optional. C, Q, W, X and Z are only used in loanwords. V and W are treated the same, and W is sometimes left out of the alphabet.
a as in cat e as in sin, but also as æ and murder i as in see, only shorter o as in no, but also as å u as in soon, but also as å y as in few, but also as ø æ as in egg, only shorter ø as mayor, but also as in bird å as in old, but also caught
b as in bed, and wick between vowels and at the end of words c as k, but sing before e or i
d as in dead, the after vowels, silent before l, n or r and before t or s f as in ferry g as in gone, but like y as in yet after a vowel h as in hope, hv = v, hj = j j as in yes k as in kick, and go between vowels and at the end of a syllable l as in lake m as in many n as in near p as in parry, bit between vowels and at the end of a syllable qu like English r is a rolling sound at the back of the throat, silent after vowels and before consonants s as in smell t as in trout and dog between vowels, at the end of a syllable and at the end of a word v as in viking, and hoot at the end of words
How are you?
Hvordan går det? (Vor-dan gore d')
Fine, thank you.
Godt, tak (Got, tag).
Godt nok (got knock)
What is your name?
Hvad hedder du? (Vadh header doo)
My name is ______ .
Jeg hedder ______ (Ya'ee header ...).
Nice to meet you.
Det var rart at møde dig (D' vahr rarht add murdhe dah-ee).
Vær så venlig (Vaer suh venlee).
Selv tak (Sell ta'k).
Excuse me. (getting attention)
Undskyld mig (On'skil ma'ee).
Excuse me. (begging pardon)
Det må du undskylde (Dee m'o doo on'skil'eh).
Hej hej (High High).
I can't speak Danish [well].
Jeg taler ikke [godt] dansk (Ya'ee tailor 'eek'eh got dahnsk).
Do you speak English?
Taler du engelsk? (Tailor doo eng'glsk)
Is there someone here who speaks English?
Er der nogen her, der taler engelsk? (Air dah no'en heer, dah tailor eng'elsk)
Pas på! (Pass poh)
Good morning (before roughly 10-11am).
Godmorgen (good' morgen).
Good morning (after 10-11am, but before noon)
Good night (sleep well)
Sov godt (saw'oo got).
I don't understand.
Det forstår jeg ikke (Deh' for-store ya'ee 'eek'eh).
Where is the toilet?
Hvor er toilettet? (War ayer toiledet)
Leave me alone.
Lad mig være i fred (Ladh ma'ee ware i fredh).
Don't touch me!
Rør mig ikke! (Rawr ma'ee 'eek'e)
I'll call the police.
Jeg ringer efter politiet (Ya'ee rang'ehr ef-tuh po'lee'teet).
Stop tyven (Stop tee'ven)!
I need your(sg)/your(pl) help.
Jeg har brug for din/jeres hjælp (Ya'ee har bro' for deen/Y'ayers yelp).
It's an emergency.
Det er et nødstilfælde (Day air ed need'steel'fell'eh).
Jeg er faret vild (Ya'ee air far'red veel.).
I lost my bag.
Jeg har mistet min taske (Ya'ee har mis'ted mean task'eh).
I lost my wallet.
Jeg har mistet min tegnebog (Ya'ee har mis'ted meenn tai'neh'b'oh).
Jeg er syg (Ya'ee air sic-). (Sick without the K)
I've been injured.
Jeg er kommet til skade (Ya'ee air comet tel' skadhe).
I need a doctor.
Jeg har brug for en læge (Ya'ee har bro' for en lay'eh).
Can I use your phone?
Må jeg låne din telefon? (Mo' ya'ee lone'eh deen telephon')
en (en)/et (ed)
ethundrede og halvtreds
en million, abbr: en mio.
en milliard (en miliar), abbr: en mia.
number _____ (train, bus, etc.)
nummer _____ (numuh ...)
one o'clock AM
klokken 1 (klogen en)
two o'clock AM
klokken 2 (klogen to)
one o'clock PM
klokken 13 (klogen tredn)
two o'clock PM
klokken 14 (klogen fyordn)
_____ minut(ter) (minood / minooduh)
_____ time(r) (teeme / teemuh)
_____ dag(e) (die / dire)
_____ uge(r) (oy-yeh)
_____ måned(er) (muhnedh[uh])
_____ år (uhr)
i dag (ee dai)
i går (ee gur)
i morgen (ee morgen)
denne uge (denne ooye)
sidste uge (siste)
næste uge (neste)
Writing time and date
What's the time?
Hvad er klokken? (vadh er klogen)
What date is it today?
Hvilken dato er det i dag? (vilken dato uh ded i dai)
It's _____ o'clock.
Klokken er _____ . (klogen er ...)
Please note that when saying what the clock is, one would normally only use one to twelve, unless having to make sure there's no doubt as to whether it's past or before noon, in which case the twenty-four hour system is used.
Bus and train
How much is a ticket to _____?
Hvad koster en billet til _____? (Vad' custer een billet teal ...)
One ticket to _____, please.
En billet til _____, tak. (Een billet teal ..., ta'k)
Where does this train/bus go?
Hvor kører dette tog/denne bus hen? (War keerah deh'deh tow hen?/den'neh boos hen?)
Where is the train/bus to _____?
Hvor er toget/bussen til _____? (War air tow'wet/boosen teal ...)
Does this train/bus stop in _____?
Stopper toget/bussen i _____? (Stopper tow'wet/boosn 'ee ...)