Dachau,  is a city with about 40,000 citizens in Bavaria, Germany and has a history of more than 1,200 years. In former times Dachau had always been a retreat for Bavarian kings, dukes and nobility, the castle and the surrounding gardens offering a staggering view on the Alps and Munich weather permitting. Dachau became a town famous for its impressionist painters from the second half of the 19th century on. With the advent of the Nazi regime, Dachau was chosen in 1933 as site for their very first concentration camp. This has cast a pall over the rest of this small and pleasant town on the outskirts of Munich. Dachau served as a camp for political prisoners mainly and finally ended up being a staging ground to ship prisoners to Eastern death camps in Poland and elsewhere, though approximately 42,000 people were killed at the camp itself and its 169 sub-camps.
Today Dachau has a big cultural scene as well as a still impressive picture-perfect old town and castle. The concentration camp remains as a memorial to its dark history is maintained and visited by thousands every year.
Gates of the concentration camp (Arbeit Macht Frei meaning "work will set you free")
Public Transportation: The S-2 train from Munich runs to the center of town. Once you get off at the Dachau stop you take a free shuttle bus which takes you to the camp itself. Remember you can have up to 5 people on one train ticket so if you are with a group make sure you purchase the group rate, i.e. the Bayern Ticket currently €28 for 5 people for all transport within Bavaria for one day.
Train Regional trains run from Munich Hauptbahnhof three times per hour and take 25 mins to reach Dachau.
Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site, Alte Römerstraße 75, D - 85221 Dachau (Bus 724 or 726 from Dachau station), ☎ +49(0)8131 - 669970, . 9 am to 5 pm, Tuesdays to Sundays. The memorial provides several services including: # Audio guides (€ 3) # A brief introduction (€ 1.50) # Guided tours for individuals (€ 3; 11am/1pm; book in advance) # Guided tours for groups (€ 65 for up to 30 people; book in advance)Free.
Several tours run from Munich costing about € 20, including transportation.,
Dachau Old Town
Dachau Painting Gallery The Dachau Painting Gallery (Dachauer Gemäldegalerie in German) has a representative permanent collection of typical landscape and genre paintings of the 19th and early 20th century. Dachau was the site of one of the most important - in terms of art history - German artist colonies at that time, which had a large impact on the development of modern art in the twentieth century. Famous painters, such as Christian Morgenstern, Carl Spitzweg, Eduard Schleich the Elder or Adolf Hölzel, Ludwig Dill and Arthur Langhammer prized the moor landscape of Dachau as an attractive motif. Special exhibitions vary.
District Museum of Dachau The District Museum (Bezirksmuseum in German), which received the Bavarian Museum Award in 1993, reflects the cultural history of the town of Dachau and the surrounding county. On three floors you find numerous impressive exhibits illustrating settlement forms and town history, guild and market law, crafts and trade, everyday life and festive traditions, religious folklore and much more. Special exhibitions deal with various aspects of cultural history.
Original Bavarian Beer Garden
Alte Liebe, Im Lus 4, Mitterndorf, +49 8131 667131,
Drei Rosen, Muenchner Str. 5, Dachau, +49 8131 84363, ,