Dachau,  is a city with about 40,000 citizens in Bavaria, Germany and has a history of more than 1,200 years. In former times Dachau had always been a retreat for Bavarian kings, dukes and nobility, the castle and the surrounding gardens offering a staggering view on the Alps and Munich weather permitting. Dachau became a town famous for its impressionist painters from the second half of the 19th century on. With the advent of the Nazi regime, Dachau was chosen in 1933 as site for their very first concentration camp. This has cast a pall over the rest of this small and pleasant town on the outskirts of Munich. Dachau served as a camp for political prisoners mainly and finally ended up being a staging ground to ship prisoners to Eastern death camps in Poland and elsewhere, though 32,000 people were killed at the camp itself.
Today Dachau has a big cultural scene as well as a still impressive picture-perfect old town and castle. The concentration camp remains as a memorial to its dark history is maintained and visited by thousands every year.
Gates of the concentration camp (Arbeit Macht Frei meaning "work will set you free")
Public Transportation: The S-2 from Munich runs to the center of town.
Train Regional trains run from Munich Hauptbahnhof every hour or so and take approximately thirty minutes to reach Dachau. The Dachau concentration camp is a 15-20 minute taxi ride from the station. The museum closes at 1700 hrs, but the grounds etc. are open till a bit later.
Oven in the concentration camp's crematorium
Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site is open from 9 am to 5 pm Tuesdays to Sundays. Entry is free, including a 20-minute video screened in the theater. No appointments are necessary. Descriptive signs are placed throughout. The memorial provides several services including:
Audio guides (€ 3)
A brief introduction (€ 1.50)
Guided tours for individuals (€ 3; book in advance)
Guided tours for groups (€ 65 for up to 30 people; book in advance)
Several tours run from Munich,  costing about € 20, including transportation.
Dachau Old Town
Dachau Painting Gallery The Dachau Painting Gallery (Dachauer Gemäldegalerie in German) has a representative permanent collection of typical landscape and genre paintings of the 19th and early 20th century. Dachau was the site of one of the most important - in terms of art history - German artist colonies at that time, which had a large impact on the development of modern art in the twentieth century. Famous painters, such as Christian Morgenstern, Carl Spitzweg, Eduard Schleich the Elder or Adolf Hölzel, Ludwig Dill and Arthur Langhammer prized the moor landscape of Dachau as an attractive motif. Special exhibitions vary.
District Museum of Dachau The District Museum (Bezirksmuseum in German), which received the Bavarian Museum Award in 1993, reflects the cultural history of the town of Dachau and the surrounding county. On three floors you find numerous impressive exhibits illustrating settlement forms and town history, guild and market law, crafts and trade, everyday life and festive traditions, religious folklore and much more. Special exhibitions deal with various aspects of cultural history.
Original Bavarian Beer Garden
Alte Liebe, Im Lus 4, Mitterndorf, +49 8131 667131,
Drei Rosen, Muenchner Str. 5, Dachau, +49 8131 84363, ,