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'''Curonian Spit''' is a 98 km long narrow sandy peninsula separating Curonian Lagoon from Baltic Sea. It is a trans-boundary UNESCO World Heritage Site shared by [[Lithuania]] and [[Russia]].
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[[Image:Curonian_Spit1.jpg|thumb|350 px|Curonian Spit in Kaliningrad Oblast: dunes, forest, and sea]]The '''Curonian Spit''' is a 98 km long narrow sandy peninsula separating Curonian Lagoon from Baltic Sea. It is a trans-boundary UNESCO World Heritage Site shared by [[Lithuania]] and [[Russia]].
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
  
Stretching from Sambian peninsula in the South to Lithuanian port city of [[Klaipėda]] in the North, Curonian Spit is a narrow (400 meters wide at it's narrowest point and 4 km wide at it's widest) peninsula separating the Baltic Sea from Curonian Lagoon. The northern part of the peninsula (52 km) belongs to Lithuania, while the southern park is in [[Kaliningrad Oblast]] in [[Russia]]. It is UNESCO World heritage site from 2000 and has a status of national park in both countries.
+
Stretching from Sambian peninsula in the South to Lithuanian port city of [[Klaipėda]] in the North, the Curonian Spit is a narrow (400 meters wide at its narrowest point and 4 km wide at its widest) peninsula separating the Baltic Sea from Curonian Lagoon. The northern part of the peninsula (52 km) belongs to Lithuania, while the southern park is in [[Kaliningrad Oblast]] in [[Russia]]. It has been a UNESCO World heritage site since 2000 and has the status of national park in both countries.
  
 
===History===
 
===History===
  
The entire spit was under German rule from circa 13th century till First World War. While fishing was the major occupation of spit's inhabitants in medieval ages, the tourism flourished in an area since the start of 20th century.
+
The entire spit was under German rule from circa 13th century till the First World War. While fishing was the major occupation of the spit's inhabitants in the middle ages, tourism has flourished in the area since the start of 20th century.
  
 
===Landscape===
 
===Landscape===
  
Curonian Spit contains largest drifting sand dunes in Europe. The highest of them rise up to 60 meters. The area is generally covered with forests, that constitute about 70 percent of land.
+
The Curonian Spit contains the largest drifting sand dunes in Europe. The highest of them rise up to 60 meters. The area is generally covered with forests, that constitute about 70 percent of land.
  
 
===Flora and fauna===
 
===Flora and fauna===
 +
'''Russian part.''' For flora and fauna, head down to the Curonian Lagoon, where the highest sand dunes in Europe are located. In order to protect the sand dunes, wooden broad walks have been built above them to enable visitors to marvel at the desert-like scenery without causing damage. You may spot some wildlife. Along the way, it is worthwhile to find the 'Dancing Forest' or 'The Drunkards' Forest', where tree trunks are curled and twisted from their roots and and "Efa's dune". It is a magnificent sight to step into a forest of trees that look like over-sized bonsai.
  
 
===Climate===
 
===Climate===
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
 +
 +
'''From Kaliningrad.''' The direct bus from the city centre to the spit. The journey costs less than 120 rubles and takes about two hours. Possibly difficult to reach by public transportation, since buses from Zelenogradsk run only occasionally during the day and are often packed when they do run.
  
 
==Fees/Permits==
 
==Fees/Permits==
Line 27: Line 30:
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
  
There is a single road running through the whole length of the spit and it is easy to access any part of the spit with car or motorbike. Bus services also exist. However, as the spit is divided by the border traveling the whole length of the spit may require visa and may be a bit time consuming.
+
There is a single road running through the whole length of the spit and it is easy to access any part of the spit with a car or motorbike. Bus services also exist. However, as the spit is divided by the border, traveling the whole length of the spit may require a visa and may be a bit time consuming.
  
The Lithuanian part of the spit has a bicycle path from the northern tip of the peninsula to the town of [[Nida]] near Russian border so more environmentally friendly way of traveling is also possible.
+
The Lithuanian part of the spit has a bicycle path from the northern tip of the peninsula to the town of [[Nida]] near the Russian border, so a more environmentally friendly way of travelling is also possible.
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
  
Curonian Spit offers some of the Europe's finest landscapes as well as cozy towns and villages. Two of the most impressive ranges of dunes are the Grey dunes (or the Dead dunes) north of the village of Pervalka and the range of dunes starting with Parnidžio dune just south of [[Nida]] and stretching into the Russia.
+
The Curonian Spit offers some of the Europe's finest landscapes as well as cozy towns and villages. Two of the most impressive ranges of dunes are the Grey Dunes (or the Dead Dunes) north of the village of Pervalka and the range of dunes starting with Parnidžio dune just south of [[Nida]] and stretching into the Russia.
  
On the Lithuanian side three of the most important settlements are [[Nida]], [[Juodkrantė]] and [[Smiltynė]] (the part of [[Klaipėda]] city municipality).
+
On the Lithuanian side three of the most important settlements are [[Nida]], [[Juodkrantė]] and [[Smiltynė]] (a part of [[Klaipėda]] city municipality).
  
 
==Do==
 
==Do==
  
Curonian Spit is a popular summer holiday resort and a range of outdoor activities is available. Beaches of Nida, Juodkrantė and Smiltynė have been awarded with the Blue Flag while Corunian Lagoon presents opportunities to enjoy fishing or sailing.
+
The Curonian Spit is a popular summer holiday resort and a range of outdoor activities is available. Beaches of Nida, Juodkrantė and Smiltynė have been awarded with the Blue Flag while Corunian Lagoon presents opportunities to enjoy fishing or sailing.
  
For those more interested in culture there is a number of museums (including Lithuanian Maritime Museum in the old fortress at the northern tip of the peninsula). Town of Juodkrantė has a rather interesting open air exposition (Hill of witches) of wooden sculptures depicting mythological creatures. In the town of Nida there is a museum of German writer Thomas Mann who used to rest in summers here.
+
For those more interested in culture there are several museums (including the Lithuanian Maritime Museum in the old fortress at the northern tip of the peninsula). The town of Juodkrantė has a rather interesting open air exposition (Hill of Witches) of wooden sculptures depicting mythological creatures. In the town of Nida there is a museum about the German writer Thomas Mann who used to summer here.
  
 
==Buy==
 
==Buy==
 +
* Smoked fish
 +
* Amber souvenirs
  
 
==Eat==
 
==Eat==
Line 64: Line 69:
 
{{outline}}
 
{{outline}}
 
{{parkguide}}
 
{{parkguide}}
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 +
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[[ru:Куршская коса]]

Latest revision as of 13:06, 28 May 2012

Curonian Spit in Kaliningrad Oblast: dunes, forest, and sea
The Curonian Spit is a 98 km long narrow sandy peninsula separating Curonian Lagoon from Baltic Sea. It is a trans-boundary UNESCO World Heritage Site shared by Lithuania and Russia.

Contents

Understand[edit]

Stretching from Sambian peninsula in the South to Lithuanian port city of Klaipėda in the North, the Curonian Spit is a narrow (400 meters wide at its narrowest point and 4 km wide at its widest) peninsula separating the Baltic Sea from Curonian Lagoon. The northern part of the peninsula (52 km) belongs to Lithuania, while the southern park is in Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia. It has been a UNESCO World heritage site since 2000 and has the status of national park in both countries.

History[edit]

The entire spit was under German rule from circa 13th century till the First World War. While fishing was the major occupation of the spit's inhabitants in the middle ages, tourism has flourished in the area since the start of 20th century.

Landscape[edit]

The Curonian Spit contains the largest drifting sand dunes in Europe. The highest of them rise up to 60 meters. The area is generally covered with forests, that constitute about 70 percent of land.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Russian part. For flora and fauna, head down to the Curonian Lagoon, where the highest sand dunes in Europe are located. In order to protect the sand dunes, wooden broad walks have been built above them to enable visitors to marvel at the desert-like scenery without causing damage. You may spot some wildlife. Along the way, it is worthwhile to find the 'Dancing Forest' or 'The Drunkards' Forest', where tree trunks are curled and twisted from their roots and and "Efa's dune". It is a magnificent sight to step into a forest of trees that look like over-sized bonsai.

Climate[edit]

Get in[edit]

From Kaliningrad. The direct bus from the city centre to the spit. The journey costs less than 120 rubles and takes about two hours. Possibly difficult to reach by public transportation, since buses from Zelenogradsk run only occasionally during the day and are often packed when they do run.

Fees/Permits[edit]

A car and a motorbike entering Neringa municipality that contains most of the spit on the Lithuanian side is charged an ecological fee (30 LTL in summer and 10 LTL during the rest of the year). Campers are charged 90 LTL in summer and 50 LTL during the rest of the year.

Also please note that entering some of the nature reserves is either limited or prohibited.

Get around[edit]

There is a single road running through the whole length of the spit and it is easy to access any part of the spit with a car or motorbike. Bus services also exist. However, as the spit is divided by the border, traveling the whole length of the spit may require a visa and may be a bit time consuming.

The Lithuanian part of the spit has a bicycle path from the northern tip of the peninsula to the town of Nida near the Russian border, so a more environmentally friendly way of travelling is also possible.

See[edit][add listing]

The Curonian Spit offers some of the Europe's finest landscapes as well as cozy towns and villages. Two of the most impressive ranges of dunes are the Grey Dunes (or the Dead Dunes) north of the village of Pervalka and the range of dunes starting with Parnidžio dune just south of Nida and stretching into the Russia.

On the Lithuanian side three of the most important settlements are Nida, Juodkrantė and Smiltynė (a part of Klaipėda city municipality).

Do[edit][add listing]

The Curonian Spit is a popular summer holiday resort and a range of outdoor activities is available. Beaches of Nida, Juodkrantė and Smiltynė have been awarded with the Blue Flag while Corunian Lagoon presents opportunities to enjoy fishing or sailing.

For those more interested in culture there are several museums (including the Lithuanian Maritime Museum in the old fortress at the northern tip of the peninsula). The town of Juodkrantė has a rather interesting open air exposition (Hill of Witches) of wooden sculptures depicting mythological creatures. In the town of Nida there is a museum about the German writer Thomas Mann who used to summer here.

Buy[edit][add listing]

  • Smoked fish
  • Amber souvenirs

Eat[edit][add listing]

Drink[edit][add listing]

Sleep[edit][add listing]

Lodging[edit]

Camping[edit]

Backcountry[edit]

Stay safe[edit]

Get out[edit]


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