Cuenca is a vibrant colonial city in southern Ecuador, the third largest in the country, and the capital of Azuay Province.
Cuenca lies in a valley at about 2,500m (8,200 ft), and is home to around 450,000 people. Its moderate climate makes it enjoyable year round.
There are daily local flights from and to Quito, Guayaquil and neighboring countries as well. Currently TAME and AeroGal both offer daily service to Cuenca. AirCuenca offers service every day except Sunday.
A taxi from the airport to the center should run about $2.
Cuenca lies on the Pan-American highway. Buses offer connections to many cities in Ecuador.
Loja for connections to Vilcabamba (4.5-7 h, $7.5). Be warned that the Viajeros buses to Loja do not have a working bathroom and they can take up to 7 hours (we were told at the office that it would take 4 hours and that it would only make one stop, but we stopped more than 50 times and ended up so full the bus could hardly struggle uphill). This was with Viajeros "International".
San Luis buses run from Cuenca to Loja using the national park route and take 4.5 hours, $8. Departures at 7.45am, 11am, 4pm, 7.30pm and 12 midnight. There is a working toilet.
Piura, Peru: There is a new service to Piura leaving at 19:30, 21:00 and 23:00. This is a partnership between two companies, Pullman Sucre and CIFA International. It is necessary to change bus at either Machala or Huaquillas. The 19:30 and 23:00 services connect to a special sleeper seat service. The price is 12$-15$ depending on the class of service.
Tumbes, Peru: As above, plus additional departures at 13:15 and 15:00. $7 from the border.
There is a $0.10 departure fee for leaving from the bus terminal.
Central Cuenca is easily walkable, and it is often faster than taking a cab through the narrow traffic-jammed lanes.
Cabs are readily available and charge $1-2 ($1 more at night) per trip. The fee should be negotiated before entering the car.
City buses are also fairly easy to figure out. Most bus stops are marked. The cost is $0.25 per ride (exact change is required as you put coins into a machine, there is no fare collector on the bus). You can find a guide to using the City buses, as well as maps of the routes and an online trip planner at CuencaTransit.com.
Onward towards Peru: Many travelers find themselves in Cuenca as their last stop in Ecuador before heading to Peru. The fastest way to get to Peru is via Huaquillas and into Tumbes. At Cuenca's Terminal Terrestre there is a company called Pullman Sucre that will sell you a ticket to Tumbes, Mancora or Piura. The journey is fairly simple and involves the following: First 5 or so hours on a Pullman bus until Huaquillas where the bus will stop by the highway at the Ecuadorian immigration point to get your Exit stamp. Since this is the end of the journey on the first bus you will have to WAIT for the CIFA bus to arrive and pick you up. The CIFA bus will head through Aguas Verdes and onto the Peruvian immigration point to get the entry stamp and then head onward towards for another 30-40 mins to Tumbes. See the Tumbes article for more information on options from there.
Baños - A beautiful spot just outside of Cuenca with large lakes for fishing. This is not to be confused with the Baños further north which is the entrance to the Rainforest. There are thermal baths ($5.50) available at a hotel complex which includes a few hot pool at 36C and turkish baths.Many people can come here to relax in hot saunas,swim in the hot or cold waters of the pools, and relax with family and friends.
The New Cathedral (c 1885). Looming over the main plaza is city's main church, with its 3 large domes.
El Sagrario (the "old cathedral"). Construction began in 1557. It's no longer in use as a church, and is now a museum. A restoration project has been completed recently and the original paint and old murals can now be seen in certain sections. $2.
Sightseeing Bus. 5$ for 2 hour tour of Cuenca and a visit to the Mirador de Turi (Turi viewpoint). Leaves from Parque Calderón. For one price, you can get off the bus anywhere you like and get on the next bus that comes.
Learn Spanish. There are many language schools for foreign visitors in Cuenca.
Buy some flowers at the flower market on Calle Sucre across from the new cathedral. Continue on about a block from there to get to the clothing and artesan market where one can also find knit crafts from Otavalo. Lovely handmade ruanas, sweaters, hats, mittens, and finger puppets are also available here.
Inside the yellow CemuArt building across from the police station at the market other artesans have booths with beautiful embroidery, metal, wood and leather work, Panama hats, musical instruments, knit goods, jewelry and other handicrafts.
ABC Libreria, at Padre Aguirre 8-11 y Sucre, Phone: 593-7 2845 749. diagonal to the flower market has a tiny selection of English books.
Rafael Paredes & Hijos, ☎ 831-569. To buy from their fine range of Panama hats. You get a short tour round, an explanation of how they are made and a chance to see your hat go from a simple woven straw cone to a finished wearable hat. Various styles, men's and women's and sizes.
Used Books, Hermano Miguel (near Calle Larga). There are two wonderful used english bookstores --although a bit pricy ($5-20)
Mall del Rio. Cuenca's biggest shopping mall, with cinemas (typically Spanish language only) and food court. 2-2.50$ by taxi (10 mins).
La Fornace is the best pizza place in Cuenca and has three or four branches there. The fruit pizza is excellent and quite inexpensive. The ice cream there is also delicious and costs about 70¢ for the first scoop.
Some of the "hole in the wall" diners and eateries can be surprisingly good. There's a small restaurant located between two shops on the main plaza, where they serve wonderful chicken with vegetables.
Café Austria, Benigno Malo y Juan Jaramillo, ☎ (593 7) 2840 899. A wonderful café/restaurant. Breakfasts all day. English-language newspapers. Excellent coffee. Lunches and dinners, too. Tranquil, nice ambiance.
Women's Coop, on General Torres --near Mariscal Sucre ((next to the artisanry market)). closes around 2pm. Cheap, nutricious, and local lunch with a soup and a drink. Made by indigenous women in a sweet courtyard. Vegetarian and meat options.$1-1.50.
Cafe Eucalyptus, Gran Colombia 9-41, . 5-11pm, later on Th-Sa. Very popular with travelers, they offer everything from Pad Thai to pasta, salads, hummus and guacamole, all very tasty. It's warm and friendly, and also good for groups. Quite expensive for Ecuador, $5.07 for a coca-cola plus tip makes one think that the travellers are taken advantage of.Mains $3-9.
La Mesa is a great salsateque on wednesday nights. Full of locals and extended stay travelers. Extremely fun.
El Cafecito hostel-bar-restaurant. Appears very noisy and uncomfortable as a hotel, but it is a good place to eat lasagna or sandwiches although more expensive than most places. El Cafecito is the perfect place to start your night with a few drinks and to then proceed elsewhere.
La Casa Cuencana, Hermano Miguel 4-45 (email@example.com), ☎ 593 7 282 6009, . Owned by an Ecuadorian family, this hostel is located in the heart of Cuenca's historic district. Dorms and private rooms available with or without private bathroom. Hostel is quiet enough to get a good night sleep but in the same neighborhood of all the great restaurants and bars.from $6 for a dorm room.
Tourist of the World Hostal, Calle Larga 5-79 (firstname.lastname@example.org), ☎ 2829125. Hostel with nice views on the river, a kitchen, and lots of random DVDs. Also, extremely friendly owners. Just ring the door bell across the street.from $6 for a single room.
Casa Sol, Estévez de Toral 10-33 and Gran Colombia, tel: 07-2822507, Nice family run hostel near center. Price: 7 USD (January 2011) including breakfast Bed quality varies, atmosphere is great and the owners (Luis and Maria-Elena) are very helpful. You can use their kitchen and laundry facility is available. To get there, take bus 28 from the bus terminal (25 dollarcent) and get off at Estévez de Toral. The hostel doesn't have a sign, so look for the number.
Hostal Villa Flora, Borrero 5-15 (entre Juan Jaramillo y Honorato Vásquez), ☎ 2846-842 or 2845-935. checkout: 02:00pm. Very charming and confortable hostel, excellent location in the historic centre. The rooms are well decorated, and it is clean. Also includes a cafeteria service, a laundry, and cable tv. 8$ the single room with shared bathroom. email@example.com 10$ p.p. with private bathroom. WARNING TO TRAVELLERS: Hostal Villa Flora is a dump. The hostal is mostly used for young Ecuadorian couples to have sex. It is not clean, the rooms are cramped and stuffy. There are no windows except to the hallway and the bathroom smells like raw sewage. The staff are really indifferent and make a lot of noise all through the night. This place should be avoided.
Hotel Casa del Aguila, Mariscal Sucre, ☎ 593-7-2849580, . In a pictorial colonial-style building in the the Historical center. 17 comfortable rooms with bathroom, distributed in 3 floors$US 59.00 for two people, including tax and breakfast.
Posada del Rio Lodging, +59372823111, . Nice hostel in the center of the city with a full kitchen, hot showers 24/7, and the friendliest service in town. Warm, homey, and very centrally located. From 20$ for the dorm, 28$ private (weekday - higher on weekends!).
Hotel Inca Real: Charming heritage site at General Torres 8-40 between Sucre and Bolivar, behind the new cathedral. Most rooms are large, and all are quiet. All room windows open onto interior courtyards. Three colonial houses joined into one charming hotel. There are three interior courtyards. The first is the hotel lobby and breakfast room, the second has a lovely fountain, and the third is a quiet hideaway. Phone: 07-2823-636. $US 45.14 for two people, including tax and breakfast.
La Cofrada del Monje, Phone: 2831251. Great location on Plaza San Francisco at Presidente Cordova 10-33 y Padre Aguirre. The rooms may be a bit noisy with the windows open, but the street noise will die down after dark when the buses quit running. If you're concerned about noise, the quietest rooms are on the sides: 1, 2, 6, 7. The hot water available. US$ 32.00 for two people, tax and breakfast included.
Casa Naranja at Mariscal Lamar 10 38 & Padre Aguirre has nice rooms at less than $US 20.
Hostel Calle Angosta, Tarqui I2-38 entre Sangurima y Vega Munoz (firstname.lastname@example.org), ☎ 593 7 282 2489, . This place is set back off the road, so it's pretty quiet. You are immediately treated like family, and they will do anything reasonable to help you out. There is parking, and you are about 8 blocks from the central park. The water is for real hot, and while it does lack a little homeyness, it's because the facility is brand new. Win some, lose some.from $27 for a single room with private bath.
Hostal Macondo at Calle Tarqui 11 64 & Mariscal Lamar,  is situated in an old colonial building with a pretty courtyard. The price includes breakfast. Very pretty but simple rooms, quiet, with a self-serve kitchen, free wireless, book exchange, and large DVD library. Very nice hot showers with good pressure. A private room with a private bathroom is $28 USD (Sept 07).
Hotel Milan, Presidente Cordova 8-89 (corner of Padre Aguirre), ☎ 2831104, . The most affordable nice hotel in town. Located in the center, across from the church and square of San Francisco. Most rooms have a balcony. All have cable TV and hot water. Price includes breakfast on the roof. Friendly staff, excellent value. $17 for one person, $25 for double.
Hotel Crespo, Calle Larga 7-93, . Overlooking the river, it has woody carpeted rooms, some with great views. Breakfast is included, Wifi is free, and they also have 1 computer near the lobby.$50+.
Mansion Alcazar, Bolivar 12-55, . This beautiful hotel is probably the best in town.$120+.
Cajas National Park 1 hour drive to a beautiful national park with beautiful lagoons.The temperature is very cold in this area and fishing ia a good passtime in this area.Go with a guide or ask for a guide at the park entrance. It is very easy to get lost here as maps are not always accurate.
Sig Sig and Chordeleg Lovely towns about an hour outside of Cuenca. The landscape during the bus ride is quite scenic. Chordeleg is known for its silver and gold and is a pleasant town to walk around in. Sig Sig is known for a co-op of women who weave 'sombrero de paja toquilla' aka 'Panama Hats' or 'Montecristi'. There is a beautiful river to sit by and a market to visit.