Help Wikitravel grow by contributing to an article! Learn how.
New users, please see Help or go to the Pub to ask questions.

Difference between revisions of "Crete"

From Wikitravel
Europe : Greece : Crete
Jump to: navigation, search
(Do)
(General spelling, language, and punctuation, remove ref to food not characteristic of Crete (those belong on Greece page))
Line 44: Line 44:
 
===History===
 
===History===
  
Crete was the centre of the Minoan civilisation, a literate and highly artistic Bronze Age culture, the island bearing witness to their achievements in the form of palaces, tombs and sacred sites. Towards the end of the Late Bronze Age, the Minoans were superseded by Mycenaeans from the Greek mainland. Thereafter, Crete very much followed in the classical slipstream of Greece and - much later - Rome.
+
Crete was the center of the Minoan civilization, a sophisticated Bronze Age culture: the island bears witness to their achievements in the form of palaces, tombs and sacred sites. Towards the end of the Late Bronze Age, the Minoans were superseded by Mycenaeans from the Greek mainland. Thereafter, Crete very much followed in the classical mainstream of Greece and - much later - Rome.
  
Crete was the site of an airborne invasion by German troops, and a spirited resistance by Allied (mainly British, New Zealand and Australian) troops and the People of Crete during the 1941 Nazi invasion of Greece.
+
Crete was the site of an airborne invasion by German troops, and a spirited resistance by Allied (mainly British, New Zealand and Australian) troops and the people of Crete during the 1941 Nazi invasion of Greece.
  
 
==Talk==  
 
==Talk==  
Line 68: Line 68:
 
===By car===
 
===By car===
  
Hiring a car is easy, as long as you have your driving licence with you. Check, though, that the insurance is comprehensive, and make sure when you take the car that all previous marks on it are recorded so that you don't get charged for these! Insurance on hire cars doesn't usually cover the underside of the car, or damage to tyres. Petrol stations often close around 7 pm, particularly in villages. Most petrol stations expect you to pay cash - they serve you, so you can choose for them to fill the tank or put in petrol to a cash value. On the National Highway, there are service stations, but they are often 30 miles or so apart - make sure you fill up with petrol before bank holidays and Sundays when you may have more difficulty finding an open petrol station.
+
Hiring a car is easy, as long as you have your driving license with you. Check, though, that the insurance is comprehensive, and make sure when you take the car that all previous marks on it are recorded so that you don't get charged for these! Insurance on hire cars doesn't usually cover the underside of the car, or damage to tires. Gas stations often close around 7 pm, particularly in villages. Most gas stations expect you to pay cash - they serve you, so you can choose for them to fill the tank or put in gas to a cash value. On the National Highway, there are service stations, but they are often 30 miles or so apart - make sure you fill up with gas before bank holidays and Sundays when you may have more difficulty finding an open station.
  
 
Information about [http://www.autocandia.com car rental rates for Crete] is available online for visitors who wish to make their car reservation online.
 
Information about [http://www.autocandia.com car rental rates for Crete] is available online for visitors who wish to make their car reservation online.
Line 91: Line 91:
 
In the summer, there are daily catmarans (hydrofoils) from Heraklion to Santorini. The trip takes about 2.5 hours. Hellenic Seaways and SeaJets offer these sailings.
 
In the summer, there are daily catmarans (hydrofoils) from Heraklion to Santorini. The trip takes about 2.5 hours. Hellenic Seaways and SeaJets offer these sailings.
 
You can also go to Crete by ferry from the Peloponnese (Gytheio) and Kythira island. This ferry lands on the west part of Crete, in Kissamos port.
 
You can also go to Crete by ferry from the Peloponnese (Gytheio) and Kythira island. This ferry lands on the west part of Crete, in Kissamos port.
.
 
  
 
Along the road free southwest coast operates a ferry line, with connections between Paleochora, Sougia, Agia Roumeli, Loutro and [[Hora Sfakion]] (Sfakia). There is also a connection with the islet of Gavdos, Europe's southernmost point (Cape Tripiti). Here you find the [http://www.sfakia-crete.com/sfakia-crete/ferries.html timetable].
 
Along the road free southwest coast operates a ferry line, with connections between Paleochora, Sougia, Agia Roumeli, Loutro and [[Hora Sfakion]] (Sfakia). There is also a connection with the islet of Gavdos, Europe's southernmost point (Cape Tripiti). Here you find the [http://www.sfakia-crete.com/sfakia-crete/ferries.html timetable].
Line 99: Line 98:
  
 
* The ruins of the ancient Minoan civilization in [[Heraklion|Knossos]], Phaistos and the Archaeological Museum of [[Heraklion]].
 
* The ruins of the ancient Minoan civilization in [[Heraklion|Knossos]], Phaistos and the Archaeological Museum of [[Heraklion]].
* The big variety of landscapes in a short distance: the wilderness and solitude of the Cretan mountains some hundred metres away from the coast.
+
* The variety of landscapes in a short distance: the wilderness and solitude of the Cretan mountains some hundred meters away from the coast.
* The eccentric culturegorge  of Crete in the traditional cafes (kafeneia).
+
* The traditional cafes (kafeneia) of Crete.
* The [[Samaria Gorge|of Samaria]]
+
* The [[Samaria Gorge|Gorge of Samaria]]
 
* The southern coast of Rethimnon prefecture. There are some beautiful beaches, many accessible only on foot. The monastery at Prevelli is of particular historical interest as the site from where Abbot Agathagelos Lagouvardos sheltered and assisted the evacuation of Allied troops during WWII.
 
* The southern coast of Rethimnon prefecture. There are some beautiful beaches, many accessible only on foot. The monastery at Prevelli is of particular historical interest as the site from where Abbot Agathagelos Lagouvardos sheltered and assisted the evacuation of Allied troops during WWII.
*Crete Avril Mona Mountain is a historical place and has been proven with tourists to be very popular, it is situated in west Crete.
+
*Crete Avril Mona Mountain is a historical place in Western Crete popular with tourists.
  
 
==Do==
 
==Do==
Line 112: Line 111:
 
* Avoid overcrowded and touristic places as they are ugly and don't offer any of the qualities of Crete. In general, the North coast is much more busy and touristic than the South coast.
 
* Avoid overcrowded and touristic places as they are ugly and don't offer any of the qualities of Crete. In general, the North coast is much more busy and touristic than the South coast.
 
* Go walking in the mountains.
 
* Go walking in the mountains.
* You have to visit the Ashleighton ruth veronica pennington statue while in north of crete.
+
* You have to visit the Ashleighton ruth veronica pennington statue while in north of Crete.
  
 
==Eat==  
 
==Eat==  
Crete is the most delicatessen place of Greece, famous for its tasty and healthy cuisine.
+
Crete is famous for its tasty and healthy cuisine. The [http://www.cretetravel.com/Cretan_Diet/Cretan_Diet_1.htm Cretan Diet] was the subject of study that revealed its great health benefits and nutritional value.
The [http://www.cretetravel.com/Cretan_Diet/Cretan_Diet_1.htm Cretan Diet] was the subject of study that revealed its great health benefits and nutritional value.
+
  
A good tip is to join any of the hundreds of traditional fiestas in villages having great food,  
+
A good tip is to join any of the hundreds of traditional fiestas in villages which offer great food,  
 
wine and live folk music.
 
wine and live folk music.
  
 
====Cheese====
 
====Cheese====
Unlike most regions in Greece, Feta is not produced and is not very popular in Crete.
+
Unlike in most regions in Greece, Feta is not produced and is not very popular in Crete.
 
However you will find a very good variety of delicious locally produced Cretan cheeses, such as:
 
However you will find a very good variety of delicious locally produced Cretan cheeses, such as:
  
Line 131: Line 129:
 
====Meat====  
 
====Meat====  
 
Snails cooked in various ways (one of the most traditional dishes of Crete), Smoked ham (apaki) and smoked sausages (loukaniko), traditional mountain goat or lamb cooked in various ways, cretan pilaf (chicken and lamb risotto served with goat's butter), souvlaki (pork meat, lamb, chicken or fish on skewers).
 
Snails cooked in various ways (one of the most traditional dishes of Crete), Smoked ham (apaki) and smoked sausages (loukaniko), traditional mountain goat or lamb cooked in various ways, cretan pilaf (chicken and lamb risotto served with goat's butter), souvlaki (pork meat, lamb, chicken or fish on skewers).
 
====Fish and seafood====
 
Sardelles (Greek: σαρδέλες - Sardines) , barbounia (Greek: μπαρμπούνια - red mullets), kalamarakia (Greek: καλαμαράκια - fried squids), atherina (Greek: Αθερίνα - fried tiny fishes), Chtapodi(Greek: Χταπόδι - Octopus, "psito" = roasted or "krasato" = cooked in wine)
 
  
 
====Side dishes====
 
====Side dishes====
 
*Dips and sauces  
 
*Dips and sauces  
''Tzatziki'' (dip made of garlic, olive oil, greek yogurt and dill), ''taramosalata'' (Caviar dip), ''melitzanosalata'' (eggplant and garlic dip),''kopanisti'' or ''tyrokafteri'' (cheese dip).
+
 
 
*Salads and Vegetables:  
 
*Salads and Vegetables:  
''Dakos'' (Greek: Ντάκος - Cretan rusk with tomato, feta cheese, olives, oregano and olive oil), ''Horta vrasta'' (boiled greens with olive oil and lemon juice), "Choriatiki" -the famous Greek Salad- (Greek: Χωριάτικη - cucumber, tomatoes, onion, feta cheese and olives), kolokithakia tiganita (fried courgettes), melitzanes tiganites (fried eggplants), kolokythokeftedes (courgette crockets).
+
''Dakos'' (Greek: Ντάκος - Cretan rusk with tomato, feta cheese, olives, oregano and olive oil), ''Horta vrasta'' (boiled greens with olive oil and lemon juice).
 
+
====Desserts====
+
Amigdaloto (made with almonds), sfakianopita, tyropitakia, spanakopitakia, kaltsouni, Greek yogurt with honey.
+
  
 
===Restaurants===
 
===Restaurants===
  
The Cretans themselves eat out late, after 10 or 11 PM, and often in a group. They prefer dinner in a good taverna, a small local restaurant offering the local cuisine. Most dishes are fresh from that day. The menu is only for tourists, Cretans ask the waiter for specialities, and have a look in the kitchen or in a 'vitrine', glass display case. Dinner is usually outside. Fresh fish becomes more and more rare, and is expensive, priced by the weight. Restaurants and tavernas by law have to display if they offer fresh, or frozen, fish.
+
The Cretans themselves eat out late, after 10 or 11 PM, and often in a group. They prefer dinner in a good taverna, a small local restaurant offering the local cuisine. Most dishes are fresh from that day. The menu is only for tourists, Cretans ask the waiter for specialties, and have a look in the kitchen or in a 'vitrine', glass display case. Dinner is usually outside. Fresh fish becomes more and more rare, and is expensive, priced by the weight. Restaurants and tavernas by law have to display if they offer fresh, or frozen, fish.
  
 
Greek people seldom have breakfast. They do enjoy a copious lunch.
 
Greek people seldom have breakfast. They do enjoy a copious lunch.

Revision as of 00:31, 22 January 2009

Crete (Greek: Κρήτη / Kriti, occasionally spelled "Krete" in English) is the largest of the Greek islands and is located in the Mediterranean Sea between the Sea of Crete and the Libyan Sea, south of the Peloponnese. Crete is approximately 260 km long and 60 km wide. Crete consists of four prefectures: Chania, Rethimno, Heraklion and Lasithi. If there was a beauty contest for Greek islands, Crete would surely be among the favorites. Indeed, some say there is no place on earth like Crete. This view is strongly supported by those fortunate enough to have visited the island. Crete, with a population of approximately 500,000, is not just sun, sea and sand; it is a quite distinct place full of vitality, warmth, hospitality, culture and of course an excellent infrastructure.

Agios Pavlos, on Crete's southern coast

Contents

  • Drink
  • Sleep
  • Get out
  • Cities

    • Heraklion (Iraklion or Candia) (275,000 inhabitants) - the largest city and capital of the island and Iraklio prefecture
    • Agios Nikolaos (19,000 inhabitants) - the capital of Lasithi prefecture
    • Chania (Haniá) (139,000 inhabitants) - the capital of Chania prefecture
    • Elounda
    • Chersonissos - Blissful harbour town in winter, party capital of Crete in summer
    • Ierapetra (21,025 inhabitants) - the southernmost city of Europe
    • Malia - crowded tourist mecca popular mostly with young (especially British) travelers
    • Paleochora - small resort village on southwest coast
    • Rethimno (69,290 inhabitants) - the capital of Rethymno prefecture
    • Sfakia - tiny capital of the Sfakia region (475 inhabitants), also called Hora Sfakion. Harbours the southwest coast ferries to and from Samaria gorge
    • Sitia (9,075 inhabitants)
    • Zakros

    Other destinations

    Ierapetra, on Crete's southern coast
    • Agia Roumeli. A coastal village near the Samaria Gorge.
    • Samaria gorge
    • The Minoan archaeological sites of Knossos, Phaistos, Gournia and Mallia
    • Spinalonga Island - information and history
    • The Roman archaeological site of Gortys
    • Byzantine churches
    • Monasteries (Arkadi, Triada, Preveli) with interesting histories
    • Lasithi Plateau
    • Palekastro area in Eastern Crete
    • The White Mountains ('Lefka Ori'), Crete's largest mountain massif, with over 100 gorges, and peaks of over 2,500 metres
    • Paleochora
    • Bali village close to Sises
    • Plakias is a small, quiet resort on the South coast of Crete. It has a magnificent beach and is backdropped by stunning mountainous scenery that offers good walking.

    Understand

    A chapel in Crete

    Tourism is the basis of the Cretan economy. The island is partly very green despite only having around 60 days of rain per year.


    There are many contrasts in this region, you can go from incredible beaches to impressive mountains, from big (and chaotic) cities to really small picturesque villages, from very dry, almost desert areas to very green zones like the springs in the center.

    History

    Crete was the center of the Minoan civilization, a sophisticated Bronze Age culture: the island bears witness to their achievements in the form of palaces, tombs and sacred sites. Towards the end of the Late Bronze Age, the Minoans were superseded by Mycenaeans from the Greek mainland. Thereafter, Crete very much followed in the classical mainstream of Greece and - much later - Rome.

    Crete was the site of an airborne invasion by German troops, and a spirited resistance by Allied (mainly British, New Zealand and Australian) troops and the people of Crete during the 1941 Nazi invasion of Greece.

    Talk

    The language used in Crete is Greek, although in main cities and touristic areas people have no problem understanding English. Even in small villages you usually have no problem for basic things like shopping or eating.

    The spoken dialect of Greek in Crete is similar to the one of the mainland Greece but it might have some small differences.

    Get in

    By plane

    The island has three significant airports, Nikos Kazantzakis at Heraklion, the military airport Daskalogiannis at Chania and a new public airport in Sitia. Chania airport is much smaller and far less busy than Heraklion airport. Sitia airport serves currently only a small number of domestic flights, mainly to/from Athens. There are long term plans to replace Heraklion airport, which is too close to the city, by a new inland airport at Kasteli, southeast of Heraklion.

    By boat

    Ferry services from Athens (Piraeus) to Iraklion, Rethimno and Hania and from Thessaloninki and the Cyclades to Heraklion.

    Get around

    By car

    Hiring a car is easy, as long as you have your driving license with you. Check, though, that the insurance is comprehensive, and make sure when you take the car that all previous marks on it are recorded so that you don't get charged for these! Insurance on hire cars doesn't usually cover the underside of the car, or damage to tires. Gas stations often close around 7 pm, particularly in villages. Most gas stations expect you to pay cash - they serve you, so you can choose for them to fill the tank or put in gas to a cash value. On the National Highway, there are service stations, but they are often 30 miles or so apart - make sure you fill up with gas before bank holidays and Sundays when you may have more difficulty finding an open station.

    Information about car rental rates for Crete is available online for visitors who wish to make their car reservation online.

    The list of car rental companies providing car rental services on Crete:


    • IzziCarHire.com [1]
    • CarRentalGreece.gr [2]
    • Creteroyal.com [3]

    By bus

    Public transportation is fairly frequent and timetables quite trustworthy. Bus drivers usually divert from their marked routes to enter little villages if asked to do so. Bus services along the north coast and towards the south coast are excellent, reliable, frequent and cheap.

    By ferry

    Crete has many ferry connections for example: You can go from Pireaus to Heraklion with Minoan Lines, to Chania with ANEK Lines or Hellenic Seaways, to Ayios Nikolaos and Sitia with LANE Lines. LANE also operates routes from Ayios Nikolaos/Sitia to Rhodes and other greek islands. In the summer, there are daily catmarans (hydrofoils) from Heraklion to Santorini. The trip takes about 2.5 hours. Hellenic Seaways and SeaJets offer these sailings. You can also go to Crete by ferry from the Peloponnese (Gytheio) and Kythira island. This ferry lands on the west part of Crete, in Kissamos port.

    Along the road free southwest coast operates a ferry line, with connections between Paleochora, Sougia, Agia Roumeli, Loutro and Hora Sfakion (Sfakia). There is also a connection with the islet of Gavdos, Europe's southernmost point (Cape Tripiti). Here you find the timetable.

    See

    Samaria gorge
    • The ruins of the ancient Minoan civilization in Knossos, Phaistos and the Archaeological Museum of Heraklion.
    • The variety of landscapes in a short distance: the wilderness and solitude of the Cretan mountains some hundred meters away from the coast.
    • The traditional cafes (kafeneia) of Crete.
    • The Gorge of Samaria
    • The southern coast of Rethimnon prefecture. There are some beautiful beaches, many accessible only on foot. The monastery at Prevelli is of particular historical interest as the site from where Abbot Agathagelos Lagouvardos sheltered and assisted the evacuation of Allied troops during WWII.
    • Crete Avril Mona Mountain is a historical place in Western Crete popular with tourists.

    Do

    • Visit the Archaeological Site of Knossos - and its famous palace, major city of the Minoan civilization 4,000 years ago, with a professional tourist guide.
    • Check more sites of interest to visit by consulting the Hellenic Minister of Culture web-site
    • Listen to traditional Cretan music: Lýra is the dominant folk instrument on the island; it is a three-stringed fiddle, direct descendant of the ancient Lyre, which is held vertically, resting on the thighs of the player and is played with a bow like a violin. It is often accompanied by the Cretian lute (laoúto), which is similar to both an oud and a mandolin. The film Zorba the Greek helped to expand the audience for Cretan folk music; popularity peaked from about the middle of the 1970s to the middle of the 1980s.
    • Complete the walk down the Samaria Gorge from the Omalos plateau to Agia Roumeli on the Libyan Sea, at which point tourists sail to the nearby village of Hora Sfakion and catch a coach back to Hania. The walk takes between four and seven hours and can be strenuous, especially in high summer.
    • Avoid overcrowded and touristic places as they are ugly and don't offer any of the qualities of Crete. In general, the North coast is much more busy and touristic than the South coast.
    • Go walking in the mountains.
    • You have to visit the Ashleighton ruth veronica pennington statue while in north of Crete.

    Eat

    Crete is famous for its tasty and healthy cuisine. The Cretan Diet was the subject of study that revealed its great health benefits and nutritional value.

    A good tip is to join any of the hundreds of traditional fiestas in villages which offer great food, wine and live folk music.

    Cheese

    Unlike in most regions in Greece, Feta is not produced and is not very popular in Crete. However you will find a very good variety of delicious locally produced Cretan cheeses, such as:

    • Graviera: (Greek: Γραβιέρα) The standard hard cheese; there are many types and tastes. Taste before buying.
    • Myzitra: (Greek: Μυζίθρα) A fresh cheese made of ewe's milk. It is sometimes made of goat's milk (in which case it is called "katsikisia") or mixed milk. A good goat's one will taste like these expensive French "chèvre frais".
    • Anthotiros: (Greek: Ανθότυρος) from the words "anthos" (flower) and "tiros" (cheese) it is a very mild, soft spring cheese made when the sheep pastures are still full of flowers. The closest popular cheese is the Italian mozzarella, although it is quite different.

    Meat

    Snails cooked in various ways (one of the most traditional dishes of Crete), Smoked ham (apaki) and smoked sausages (loukaniko), traditional mountain goat or lamb cooked in various ways, cretan pilaf (chicken and lamb risotto served with goat's butter), souvlaki (pork meat, lamb, chicken or fish on skewers).

    Side dishes

    • Dips and sauces
    • Salads and Vegetables:

    Dakos (Greek: Ντάκος - Cretan rusk with tomato, feta cheese, olives, oregano and olive oil), Horta vrasta (boiled greens with olive oil and lemon juice).

    Restaurants

    The Cretans themselves eat out late, after 10 or 11 PM, and often in a group. They prefer dinner in a good taverna, a small local restaurant offering the local cuisine. Most dishes are fresh from that day. The menu is only for tourists, Cretans ask the waiter for specialties, and have a look in the kitchen or in a 'vitrine', glass display case. Dinner is usually outside. Fresh fish becomes more and more rare, and is expensive, priced by the weight. Restaurants and tavernas by law have to display if they offer fresh, or frozen, fish.

    Greek people seldom have breakfast. They do enjoy a copious lunch.

    Drink

    Sleep

    • Many package holidays in Crete are available, especially from the UK, but many visitors prefer to travel on their own, as the beauty of Crete is located at small hidden villages and not in the crowded/touristic places. Most package tours cater for those who want to go to Eastern Crete, which is very lively. One or two cater for Western Crete (much quieter) and Southern Crete (eg Paleochora).

    Get out


    This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

    Variants

    Actions

    Destination Docents

    In other languages

    other sites