Difference between revisions of "County Wicklow"
Revision as of 14:57, 6 July 2008
County Wicklow (Irish: Contae Chill Mhantáin) is a region in Ireland's East Coast and Midlands. It is also widely known as the Garden of Ireland. This nickname was given with good reason as County Wicklow offers some of the most beautiful scenery in Ireland & indeed Europe.
Wicklow offers tourists & travellers towering mountains, crystal-clear rivers & lush forests, all within easy reach of Dublin, the capital city of Ireland.
Although there are no official regions in County Wicklow there is a notable East/West divide. People in the county are often very proud of being from either West-Wicklow or East-Wicklow & are often very proud of their respective region.
East-Wicklow generally includes all of the land east of the Wicklow mountains which divide the county & generally includes the following towns + villages...
Similarily West-Wicklow generally includes all of the land to the west of the Wicklow mountains & includes (among others).
The major towns of County Wicklow are...
Much of the mountaineous area is covered with a layer of peat and this in turn has heather and conifer evergreen forests growing on it, with gorse in the more dryer areas. This makes for an scenic vegetation and gives it the rugged appearence.
As in the rest of Ireland English is the language spoken by the majority.
The Wicklow mountains, being mountains (and in Ireland), are not particularly well-served by public transport, which is surprising given their proximity to the capital and their popularity among visitors. The main centres within the mountains are Roundwood, Laragh, Glendalough and Rathdrum in the east; Hollywood, Blessington and Tullowin the west.
The nearest airport is north of Dublin. A direct Aircoach bus line serves Bray and Greystones in county Wicklow from Dublin airport, and lots of buses and taxis serve Dublin city centre from where onward transport to Wicklow can be taken.
Dublin Port and Dun Laoighaire Port are the closest passenger ferryports for visitors arriving from Britain by sea. Rosslare Europort is further away, but has links with both Britain and France. It can be reached from Wicklow and most towns on the east coast by road and rail. Stena Line and Irish Ferries are the two biggest ferry companies.
A coastal rail line serves Bray, Greystones, Kilcoole, Wicklow, Rathdrum and Arklow. However, services to anywhere but the first two are infrequent and overpriced and visitors from elsewhere in the EU may be disappointed at the lack of connecting public transport services to anywhere within the mountains. A monthly return ticket from Dublin’s Connolly station to Wicklow town costs €8.90 and takes around 45 minutes. Timetables are available from the website of Irish Rail.
Kilmacanogue, Newtown Mount Kennedy, Ashford, Wicklow and Arklow are served by the Bus Eireann commuter network, with hourly services north to Dublin and Bray, and south to Wexford, Waterford and Rosslare Europort. On the western side of the mountains, Blessington is served by the 180 service from Dublin to Athy, again hourly.
By Bus & Rail
Bus and Rail services are limited to larger towns, and are concentrated on the east coast. Connecting services from towns into the mountains by public transport are almost non-existent, desperate tourists often being forced to resort to either costly taxis or unreliable hitching.
Bus Eireann bus services originate outside the Connolly Station Luas stop in Dublin’s north-east city centre. Timetables and fares can be obtained online the Bus Eireann webpage. Direct buses do operate from Dublin but tend to be either private and expensive (St. Kevin’s Bus Service - 0404 45834 - monthly return a hefty €14) or tour-based and even more expensive (Bus Eireann Tours - www.buseireann.ie - day tour €28).
By far and away the best method of travelling in the area is by car. Spectacular views await drivers on both the Wicklow and Sally Gap roads, and on lower roads such as the Kilmacanogue to Roundwood route via Calary. Besides this, car rental and petrol are relatively cheap (by European standards) and, as mentioned, the public transport options are severely limited. All main international rental firms operate at Dublin airport, ay several locations in Dublin city centre and in Bray.
Irish hitch-hikers used to be a common sight on the roads of Wicklow. Nowadays, it is more often resident Poles, Latvians or Czechs you see with their thumbs out, taking an afternoon away from Bray, Dun Laoighaire or Dublin. If stories are to be believed, Irish drivers are also not as ready to pick up hitchers as in years gone by, when hitchers often formed queues in popular spots while waiting for their next ride. Hitching is never a 100% safe and reliable method of travel. Solo women travellers are especially advised against it.
Glendalough - Historic location with an round tower from possibly the 12th century. There are also two scenic lakes. It is in a glacial valley. Extensive facilities include tour guides, a hotel and bar, a visitor centre, two paid car parks and multiple trails leading all over the glen. There is an abandoned silver mining village at the western end of the valley.
Turlough Hill - site of the only pumped storage scheme in Ireland built by the ESB in the 1970s. This consists of two small lakes, one of which is artifical and sits on top of the mountain and stores water for later use in generating hydro power. You can hike up to this in a few hours from Glendalough
The Gaps - Wicklow Gap and Sally Gap are the two roads that meet on top of the northerly Wicklow mountains. They were built in the aftermath of the 1798 rebellion by the military to catch rebels successfully hiding in the hills. There are many many beautiful sites dotted along them, including Loch Tay and Turlough Hill.
Loch Dan - Large valley with beautiful lake located at its base. Located close to Roundwood and Glendalough although rarely visited by tourist. There is a walking track skirting the hill along its western shore that offers spectacular views and a silvery sand beach at the far end.
Avonmore House - home of Charles Stewart Parnell, a prominent 19th century figure in Irish political history. There are extensive grounds around the house with a wide variety of both native and exotic plants. Located near Rathdrum.
Glenmalure - elongated glacial valley deep in the mountains that is excellent for walking. There is a fine pub in the valley where live Irish music sessions are regularly played. Dont miss the abandoned military barracks built to help catch the local hero of the failed 1798 rebellion, Michael Dwyer.
Wicklow Gaol - restored jail (gaol is the Irish spelling) in Wicklow town. Excellent guided tours place the cells and their inhabitants in the context of Wicklow's turbulent history of emigration and uprisings.
Bray Head - excellent walk (and ice cream!) to be had from Bray seafront up to the lofty summit. There is also a cliff-face walk leading around the Head to Greystones which has spectaular views of seabirds, cliff-stacks and the passing DART trains underneath.
The Big Sugarloaf - Spectacular views of its sister the Little Sugarloaf, Bray Head, Dublin Bay, Dalkey Island, the East Coast and the Wicklow mountains inland are to be had from the top of this 300m conical 'mountain' which greets people arriving on the Dublin motorway as a sort of gatekeeper of the county. Walking from the south side to the summit only takes around 30 minutes as the car park is located halfway up the shoulder of the hill. Its called the Sugarloaf because of the white volcanic basalt rocks to be found at its summit which resemble sugar. Located near the village of Kilmacanogue (Kilmac to the locals).
Devil's Glen - A glaciated valley, waterfall and sculpture park near Ashford, Roundwood and Glendalough. Spectacular views to be had from the top and bottom. There are many trails that lead from the main car park off into different sections of the forest which has mixed native deciduous and commercial evergreen trees. A double waterfall called the Devil's Punchbowl lies at one end of the glen. Its deep pool is good for diving and swimming. A signposted sculpture trail leads visitors around over 30 pieces designed by individual artists using wood from the forest itself. There is also a literary trail lined with quotes from Seamus Heaney the Nobel prize-winning poet who maintains a home in, and whose work has been influenced by, the area.
Beaches - you might not expect Ireland to be a great beach country and indeed the weather is most often not fit for bikinis. But a Sunday stroll or kite ride on some of Wicklow's beaches can be very enjoyable given the right attire, and a the promise of a warm fireside and some food to return to afterwards. Between Greystones and Wicklow town there is an uninterrupted stone shingle beach running for about 12 miles, and a walking pathway from Kilcoole to Wicklow town. The train line runs alongside the path and up until not too long ago walkers would greet the occasional trains with waves, and be rewarded with a toot. There is good fishing to be had here in both summer and winter (plaice, skate and tope sharks are some common catches). Birdwatchers travel to the section between Kilcoole and Newcastle which is home to a managed colony of terns. More info can be had from Birdwatch Ireland, who have a reserve in the area. In the summer, temperatures can reach up to 30 degrees centrigrade (if you're lucky). Crowds of people flock down to two beaches south of Wicklow town: Brittas Bay and Silver Strand. Silver Strand has private access through a caravan park and is the smaller of the two. It nestles in a small cove and is overlooked by cliffs. Brittas Bay, just Brittas to the locals, is a wide and long curved strand with a large sandbank just offshore. There are two main car parks with paid entry, but it is possible to find free parking spaces elsewhere along the road.
A list of some of the more interesting and higher peaks to hike are:
And for those looking for a 2 or 3 day walk.