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Difference between revisions of "Circassian phrasebook"

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{{infobox|Some quick phrases|
 
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<center>''This article needs the standard [[Wikitravel:Phrasebook_template|phrasebook template]], please [[Wikitravel:Plunge forward|add it]]!''</center>
+
 
+
Circassian languages speaked a Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Russia.
+
 
+
Basics
+
Common signs
+
 
+
 
+
^ = L
+
XI = Y
+
UI = C
+
b = B
+
r = G
+
n = P
+
DII = D
+
NI = J
+
K = q
+
OI = f
+
 
+
 
+
 
Hello.  
 
Hello.  
Salam. ( CA^AM )
+
Salamun alejkum ( Саламун алейкум. )
 +
 
 
Hello. (informal)  
 
Hello. (informal)  
Was salam. ( BAC CA^AM )
+
Salam. ( Салам. )
 +
 
 
How are you?  
 
How are you?  
Culı basqıyw? ( UIY^N bACKNXIB )
+
Muhad´she bari gijulagshame? ( МухадIше бари гиюлагшаме? )  
 +
 
 
Fine, thank you.  
 
Fine, thank you.  
Basqıd culıqın. ( bACKNDII UI^NKNH )
+
Dig´ats´e bar, kalyakhe. ( ДигIацIе бар каляхе. )
 +
 
 
What is your name?  
 
What is your name?  
Nawı dac cıyqı? ( HABN DIIAUI UINXIKN )
+
Khan'tsey khimy jun? ( ХанIцей хим юн? )
 +
 
 
My name is ______ .  
 
My name is ______ .  
Nawı cı ______ . ( HABN UIN )
+
Zeni yandem jy ______ . ( Зени яндем йы ______ . )
Nice to meet you.
+
 
Zug sopas. ( 3Yr COnAC )
+
 
Please.  
 
Please.  
Luqfan. ( ^YKOIAH )
+
Dzevezinija khyash´yakheta. ( Дзевезиния хяшIяхета. )
 +
 
Thank you.  
 
Thank you.  
Teseqguur. ( TECEKrYYP )
+
Barjakaljekhyn. ( Барякалйехын. )
 +
 
 
You're welcome.  
 
You're welcome.  
Salam celqgen. ( CA^AM UI^KrEH )
+
Masharnija. ( Машарния. )
 +
 
 
Yes.  
 
Yes.  
Awd ( ABD )
+
Haj. ( Хай. )
 +
 
 
No.  
 
No.  
Heyir ( XEXINP )
+
Hejri. ( Хейры. )
 +
 
 
Excuse me. (getting attention)  
 
Excuse me. (getting attention)  
Eksuk. ( EKCYK )
+
Illa barekbillakh. ( Илла барекбиллах. )
Excuse me. (begging pardon)  
+
 
Eksuk. ( EKCYK )
+
I'm sorry.
+
Welle pardun. ( BE^^E nAPDIIYH )
+
Goodbye
+
Jaw. ( NIAB )
+
Goodbye (informal)
+
Jaw jaw. ( NIAB NIAB )
+
 
I can't speak to Circassian.
 
I can't speak to Circassian.
- Bez ilqem da Cerkez dil. ( bE3 N^KEM DIIA UIEPKE3 DIIN^ )
+
Az´ cherkessomozi tesh bjuzuh. ( АзI черкессомози теш бюзух. )  
Help!
+
 
Xerdimdat! ( XEPDIINMDIIAT )
+
 
Good morning.  
 
Good morning.  
Sebbeh ( CEbbEX )
+
Jor dygym jekhla. ( Ёр дыгым йехла. )
 +
 
 
Good evening.  
 
Good evening.  
Ahsam ( AXCAM )
+
Shojor je dygym jekhla. ( Шоёр йе дыгым йехла. )  
 +
 
 
Good night.  
 
Good night.  
Cegiy ( UIErNXI )
+
Bur´sham kojor je dygym jekhla. ( БурIшам коёр йе дыгым йехла. )  
 +
 
Good night (to sleep)  
 
Good night (to sleep)  
Uykalar ( YXIKA^AP )
+
Bur´sham dygym jekhla. ( БурIшам дыгым йехла. )}}
Where is the toilet?  
+
 
Nerdi qanafane? ( HEPDIIN KAHAOIAHE )
+
'''Circassian''' languages are spoken in [[Turkey]], [[Georgia (country)|Georgia]], [[Azerbaijan]], [[Armenia]] and [[Russia]].
 +
 
 +
==Pronunciation guide==
 +
 
 +
===Vowels===
 +
 
 +
===Consonants===
 +
 
 +
===Common diphthongs===
 +
 
 +
==Phrase list==
 +
 
 +
===Basics===
 +
{{infobox|Common signs|
 +
; OPEN :
 +
; CLOSED :
 +
; ENTRANCE :
 +
; EXIT :
 +
; PUSH :
 +
; PULL :
 +
; TOILET :
 +
; MEN :
 +
; WOMEN :
 +
; FORBIDDEN : }}
 +
 
 +
; Hello. :  . ('' '')
 +
; Hello. (''informal'') :  . ('' '')
 +
; How are you? :  ? ('' ?'')
 +
; Fine, thank you. :  . ('' '')
 +
; What is your name? :  ? ('' ?'')
 +
; My name is ______ . :  ______ . (''  _____ .'')
 +
; Nice to meet you. :  . ('' '')
 +
; Please. :  . ('' '')
 +
; Thank you. :  . ('' '')
 +
; You're welcome. :  . ('' '')
 +
; Yes. :  . ('' '')
 +
; No. :  . ('' '')
 +
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') :  . ('' '')
 +
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') :  . ('' '')
 +
; I'm sorry. :  . ('' '')
 +
; Goodbye :  . ('' '')
 +
; Goodbye (''informal'') :  . ('' '')
 +
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. :  [ ]. ('' [ ]'')
 +
; Do you speak English? :  ? ('' ?'')
 +
;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : ? ('' ?'')
 +
; Help! :  ! ('' !'')
 +
; Look out! :  ! ('' !'')
 +
; Good morning. :  . ('' '')
 +
; Good evening. :  . ('' '')
 +
; Good night. :  . ('' '')
 +
; Good night (''to sleep'') :  . ('' '')
 +
; I don't understand. :  . ('' '')
 +
; Where is the toilet? ? ('' ?'')
  
[edit] Problems
+
===Problems===
Leave me alone.
+
Bez yanbır raaqkun. ( bE3 XIAHbNP PAAKKYH )
+
Don't touch me!
+
Bezukkunem. ( bE3YKKYHEM )
+
Police!
+
Aynasiz! ( AXIHACN3 )
+
Stop! Thief!
+
Tur! Ugri! ( TYP YrPN )
+
  
[edit] Numbers
+
; Leave me alone. :  . ('' .'')
 +
; Don't touch me! :  ! ('' !'')
 +
; I'll call the police. : . ('' .'')
 +
; Police! : ! ('' !'')
 +
; Stop! Thief! : ! ! ('' ! !'')
 +
; I need your help. : . ('' .'')
 +
; It's an emergency. : . ('' .'')
 +
; I'm lost. :  . ('' .'')
 +
; I lost my bag. :  . ('' .'')
 +
; I lost my wallet. :  . ('' .'')
 +
; I'm sick. :  . ('' .'')
 +
; I've been injured. :  . ('' .'')
 +
; I need a doctor. :  . ('' .'')
 +
; Can I use your phone? : ? ('' ?'')
  
½ - bug ( bYr )
+
===Numbers===
  
0 - sıffír ( CNOIOINP )
+
; 1 : сет (''set'')
 +
; 2 : кӀят (''qiat'')
 +
; 3 : бот (''bot'')
 +
; 4 : гуют (''guyut'')
 +
; 5 : вират (''wirat'')
 +
; 6 : рокт (''rokt'')
 +
; 7 : ырт (''әrt'')
 +
; 8 : мошит (''mošit'')
 +
; 9 : куттат (''kuttat'')
 +
; 10 : цют (''tsiut'')
 +
; 11 : цюӀсет (''tsiúset'')
 +
; 12 :  ('' '')
 +
; 13 :  ('' '')
 +
; 14 :  ('' '')
 +
; 15 :  ('' '')
 +
; 16 :  ('' '')
 +
; 17 :  ('' '')
 +
; 18 :  ('' '')
 +
; 19 :  ('' '')
 +
; 20 : кӀйыт ('' qjәt'')
 +
; 21 :  ('' '')
 +
; 22 :  ('' '')
 +
; 23 :  ('' '')
 +
; 30 : ботыт (''botәt'')
 +
; 40 : гуыт (''guәt'')
 +
; 50 : вирхыт (''wirkhәt'')
 +
; 60 : роккыт (''roqqәt'')
 +
; 70 : ыррыт (''әrrәt'')
 +
; 80 : мошшыт (''moššәt'')
 +
; 90 : куттыт (''kuttәt'')
 +
; 100 : всий (''wsy'')
 +
; 200 : кӀятвсий (''qiatwsy'')
 +
; 300 :  ('' '')
 +
; 1,000 : акӀсор (''aqsor'')
 +
; 2,000 :  ('' '')
 +
; 1,000,000 : мылун (''mәlun'')
 +
; 1,000,000,000 :  ('' '')
 +
; 1,000,000,000,000 :  ('' '')
 +
; number _____ (train, bus, etc.) : ('' '')
 +
; half : ('' '')
 +
; less : ('' '')
 +
; more : ('' '')
  
1 - pıre - ( nNPE )
+
===Time===
  
2 - ıhq ( NXK )
+
; now :  ('' '')
 +
; later :  ('' '')
 +
; before :  ('' '')
 +
; morning :  ('' '')
 +
; afternoon :  ('' '')
 +
; evening :  ('' '')
 +
; night :  ('' '')
  
3 - ece - ( EUIE )
+
====Clock time====
  
4 - lu ( ^Y )
+
; one o'clock AM :  ('' '')
 +
; two o'clock AM :  ('' '')
 +
; noon :  ('' '')
 +
; one o'clock PM :  ('' '')
 +
; two o'clock PM :  ('' '')
 +
; midnight :  ('' '')
  
5 - angec - ( AHrEUI )
+
====Duration====
  
6 - ızqa ( N3KA )
+
; _____ minute(s) :  ('' '')
 +
; _____ hour(s) :  ('' '')
 +
; _____ day(s) :  ('' '')
 +
; _____ week(s) :  ('' '')
 +
; _____ month(s) :  ('' '')
 +
; _____ year(s) :  ('' '')
  
7 - gado ( rADIIO )
+
====Days====
 +
; today :  ('' '')
 +
; yesterday :  ('' '')
 +
; tomorrow :  ('' '')
 +
; this week :  ('' '')
 +
; last week :  ('' '')
 +
; next week :  ('' '')
  
8 - nam ( HAM )
+
; Sunday :  ('' '')
 +
; Monday :  ('' '')
 +
; Tuesday :  ('' '')
 +
; Wednesday :  ('' '')
 +
; Thursday :  ('' '')
 +
; Friday :  ('' '')
 +
; Saturday :  ('' '')
  
9 - oy ( OXI )
+
====Months====
  
10 - qahaw ( KAXAB )
+
<!--If speakers of the language commonly use a calendar other than the Gregorian, explain it here and list its months. See [[Hebrew phrasebook]] for an example.-->
  
11 - qahwapıre ( KAXBAnNPE )
+
; January :  ('' '')
 +
; February :  ('' '')
 +
; March :  ('' '')
 +
; April :  ('' '')
 +
; May :  ('' '')
 +
; June :  ('' '')
 +
; July :  ('' '')
 +
; August :  ('' '')
 +
; September :  ('' '')
 +
; October :  ('' '')
 +
; November :  ('' '')
 +
; December :  ('' '')
  
20 - ıhırew ( NXNPEB )
+
====Writing time and date====
 +
<!--Give some examples how to write clock times and dates if it differs from English.-->
  
25 - ıhıreywaangec ( NXNPEXIAAHrEUI )
+
===Colors===
  
30 - eceqew ( EUIEKEB )
+
; black :  ('' '')
 +
; white :  ('' '')
 +
; gray :  ('' '')
 +
; red :  ('' '')
 +
; blue :  ('' '')
 +
; yellow :  ('' '')
 +
; green :  ('' '')
 +
; orange :  ('' '')
 +
; purple :  ('' '')
 +
; brown :  ('' '')
  
40 - luuqew ( ^YYKEB )
+
===Transportation===
  
50 - anunqıw ( AHUHKNB )
+
====Bus and train====
 +
; How much is a ticket to _____? :  ('' '')
 +
; One ticket to _____, please. :  ('' '')
 +
; Where does this train/bus go? :  ('' '')
 +
; Where is the train/bus to _____? :  ('' '')
 +
; Does this train/bus stop in _____? :  ('' '')
 +
; When does the train/bus for _____ leave? :  ('' '')
 +
; When will this train/bus arrive in _____? :  ('' '')
  
60 - ızeqıw ( N3EKNB )
+
====Directions====
 +
; How do I get to _____ ? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...the train station? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...the bus station? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...the airport? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...downtown? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...the youth hostel? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...the _____ hotel? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? :  ('' '')
 +
; Where are there a lot of... :  ('' '')
 +
; ...hotels? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...restaurants? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...bars? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...sites to see? :  ('' '')
 +
; Can you show me on the map? :  ('' '')
 +
; street :  ('' '')
 +
; Turn left. :  ('' '')
 +
; Turn right. :  ('' '')
 +
; left :  ('' '')
 +
; right :  ('' '')
 +
; straight ahead :  ('' '')
 +
; towards the _____ :  ('' '')
 +
; past the _____ :  ('' '')
 +
; before the _____ :  ('' '')
 +
; Watch for the _____. :  ('' '')
 +
; intersection :  ('' '')
 +
; north :  ('' '')
 +
; south :  ('' '')
 +
; east :  ('' '')
 +
; west :  ('' '')
 +
; uphill :  ('' '')
 +
; downhill :  ('' '')
  
70 - gadıqıw ( rADIINKNB )
+
====Taxi====
 +
; Taxi! :  ('' '')
 +
; Take me to _____, please. :  ('' '')
 +
; How much does it cost to get to _____? :  ('' '')
 +
; Take me there, please. :  ('' '')
  
80 - nameqew ( HAMEKEB )
+
===Lodging===
  
90 - oyeqew ( OXIEKEB )
+
; Do you have any rooms available? :  ('' '')
 +
; How much is a room for one person/two people? :  ('' '')
 +
; Does the room come with... :  ('' '')
 +
; ...bedsheets? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...a bathroom? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...a telephone? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...a TV? :  ('' '')
 +
; May I see the room first? :  ('' '')
 +
; Do you have anything quieter? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...bigger? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...cleaner? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...cheaper? :  ('' '')
 +
; OK, I'll take it. :  ('' '')
 +
; I will stay for _____ night(s). :  ('' '')
 +
; Can you suggest another hotel? :  ('' '')
 +
; Do you have a safe? :  ('' '')
 +
; ...lockers? :  ('' '')
 +
; Is breakfast/supper included? :  ('' '')
 +
; What time is breakfast/supper? :  ('' '')
 +
; Please clean my room. :  ('' '')
 +
; Can you wake me at _____? :  ('' '')
 +
; I want to check out. :  ('' '')
  
100 - hadu ( XADIIY ) or "pırehadu" ( nNPEXADIIY )
+
===Money===
  
200 - ıhıradu ( NXNPADIIY )
+
; Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? :  ('' '')
 +
; Do you accept British pounds? :  ('' '')
 +
; Do you accept Euros? :  ('' '')
 +
; Do you accept credit cards? :  ('' '')
 +
; Can you change money for me? :  ('' '')
 +
; Where can I get money changed? :  ('' '')
 +
; Can you change a traveler's check for me? :  ('' '')
 +
; Where can I get a traveler's check changed? :  ('' '')
 +
; What is the exchange rate? :  ('' '')
 +
; Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? :  ('' '')
  
500 - anegadu ( AHErADIIY )
+
===Eating===
 +
; A table for one person/two people, please. :  ('' '')
 +
; Can I look at the menu, please? :  ('' '')
 +
; Can I look in the kitchen? :  ('' '')
 +
; Is there a house specialty? :  ('' '')
 +
; Is there a local specialty? :  ('' '')
 +
; I'm a vegetarian. :  ('' '')
 +
; I don't eat pork. :  ('' '')
 +
; I don't eat beef. :  ('' '')
 +
; I only eat kosher food. :  ('' '')
 +
; Can you make it "lite", please? (''less oil/butter/lard'') :  ('' '')
 +
; fixed-price meal :  ('' '')
 +
; a la carte :  ('' '')
 +
; breakfast :  ('' '')
 +
; lunch :  ('' '')
 +
; tea (''meal'') :  ('' '')
 +
; supper :  ('' '')
 +
; I want _____. :  ('' '')
 +
; I want a dish containing _____. :  ('' '')
 +
; chicken :  ('' '')
 +
; beef :  ('' '')
 +
; fish :  ('' '')
 +
; ham :  ('' '')
 +
; sausage :  ('' '')
 +
; cheese :  ('' '')
 +
; eggs :  ('' '')
 +
; salad :  ('' '')
 +
; (fresh) vegetables :  ('' '')
 +
; (fresh) fruit :  ('' '')
 +
; bread :  ('' '')
 +
; toast :  ('' '')
 +
; noodles :  ('' '')
 +
; rice :  ('' '')
 +
; beans :  ('' '')
 +
; May I have a glass of _____? :  ('' '')
 +
; May I have a cup of _____? :  ('' '')
 +
; May I have a bottle of _____? :  ('' '')
 +
; coffee :  ('' '')
 +
; tea (''drink'') :  ('' '')
 +
; juice :  ('' '')
 +
; (bubbly) water :  ('' '')
 +
; (still) water :  ('' '')
 +
; beer :  ('' '')
 +
; red/white wine :  ('' '')
 +
; May I have some _____? :  ('' '')
 +
; salt :  ('' '')
 +
; black pepper :  ('' '')
 +
; butter :  ('' '')
 +
; Excuse me, waiter? (''getting attention of server''):  ('' '')
 +
; I'm finished. :  ('' '')
 +
; It was delicious. :  ('' '')
 +
; Please clear the plates. :  ('' '')
 +
; The check, please. :  ('' '')
  
1000 - wızar ( BN3AP ) or "pırewızar" ( nNPEBN3AP )
+
===Bars===
 +
; Do you serve alcohol? :  ('' '')
 +
; Is there table service? :  ('' '')
 +
; A beer/two beers, please. :  ('' '')
 +
; A glass of red/white wine, please. :  ('' '')
 +
; A pint, please. :  ('' '')
 +
; A bottle, please. :  ('' '')
 +
; _____ (''hard liquor'') and _____ (''mixer''), please. :  ('' '')
 +
; whiskey :  ('' '')
 +
; vodka :  ('' '')
 +
; rum :  ('' '')
 +
; water :  ('' '')
 +
; club soda :  ('' '')
 +
; tonic water :  ('' '')
 +
; orange juice :  ('' '')
 +
; Coke (''soda'') :  ('' '')
 +
; Do you have any bar snacks? :  ('' '')
 +
; One more, please. :  ('' '')
 +
; Another round, please. :  ('' '')
 +
; When is closing time? :  ('' '')
 +
; Cheers! :  ('' '')
  
2000 - ıhwızar ( NXBN3AP )
+
===Shopping===
 +
; Do you have this in my size? :  ('' '')
 +
; How much is this? :  ('' '')
 +
; That's too expensive. :  ('' '')
 +
; Would you take _____? :  ('' '')
 +
; expensive :  ('' '')
 +
; cheap :  ('' '')
 +
; I can't afford it. :  ('' '')
 +
; I don't want it. :  ('' '')
 +
; You're cheating me. :  ('' '')
 +
; I'm not interested. :  (..)
 +
; OK, I'll take it. :  ('' '')
 +
; Can I have a bag? :  ('' '')
 +
; Do you ship (overseas)? :  ('' '')
 +
; I need... :  ('' '')
 +
; ...toothpaste. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...a toothbrush. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...tampons. : . ('' '')
 +
; ...soap. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...shampoo. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...pain reliever. (''e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen'') :  ('' '')
 +
; ...cold medicine. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...stomach medicine. : ... ('' '')
 +
; ...a razor. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...an umbrella. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...sunblock lotion. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...a postcard. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...postage stamps. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...batteries. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...writing paper. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...a pen. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...English-language books. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...English-language magazines. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...an English-language newspaper. :  ('' '')
 +
; ...an English-English dictionary. :  ('' '')
  
5000 - ancegwızar ( AHUIErBN3AP )
+
===Driving===
 +
; I want to rent a car. :  ('' '')
 +
; Can I get insurance? :  ('' '')
 +
; stop (''on a street sign'') :  ('' '')
 +
; one way :  ('' '')
 +
; yield :  ('' '')
 +
; no parking :  ('' '')
 +
; speed limit :  ('' '')
 +
; gas (''petrol'') station :  ('' '')
 +
; petrol :  ('' '')
 +
; diesel :  ('' '')
  
10000 - qahawızar ( KAXABN3AP )
+
===Authority===
  
20000 - ıhırewızar ( NXNPEBN3AP )
+
; I haven't done anything wrong. :  ('' '')
 +
; It was a misunderstanding. :  ('' '')
 +
; Where are you taking me? :  ('' '')
 +
; Am I under arrest? :  ('' '')
 +
; I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. :  ('' '')
 +
; I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. :  ('' '')
 +
; I want to talk to a lawyer. :  ('' '')
 +
; Can I just pay a fine now? :  ('' '')
  
1,000,000 - mılıngı ( MN^NHrN ) or "pıremılıngı" ( nNPEMN^NHrN )
+
==Learning more==
  
[edit] Colors
+
{{outlinephrasebook}}
black
+
{{phrasebookguide}}
kers ( KEPC )
+
white
+
aga ( ArA )
+
gray
+
gurimsih ( rYPNMCNX )
+
red
+
el ( E^ )
+
blue
+
mai ( MAN )
+
yellow
+
zeraltin ( 3EPA^TNH )
+
green
+
yeser ( XIECEP )
+
orange
+
portakkhaliy ( nOPTAKKXA^NXI )
+
purple
+
pampamoru ( nAMnAMOPY )
+
brown
+
kahvaranqguy ( KAXBAPAHKrYXI )
+

Latest revision as of 17:33, 25 January 2013

Some quick phrases

Hello. Salamun alejkum ( Саламун алейкум. )

Hello. (informal) Salam. ( Салам. )

How are you? Muhad´she bari gijulagshame? ( МухадIше бари гиюлагшаме? )

Fine, thank you. Dig´ats´e bar, kalyakhe. ( ДигIацIе бар каляхе. )

What is your name? Khan'tsey khimy jun? ( ХанIцей хим юн? )

My name is ______ . Zeni yandem jy ______ . ( Зени яндем йы ______ . )

Please. Dzevezinija khyash´yakheta. ( Дзевезиния хяшIяхета. )

Thank you. Barjakaljekhyn. ( Барякалйехын. )

You're welcome. Masharnija. ( Машарния. )

Yes. Haj. ( Хай. )

No. Hejri. ( Хейры. )

Excuse me. (getting attention) Illa barekbillakh. ( Илла барекбиллах. )

I can't speak to Circassian. Az´ cherkessomozi tesh bjuzuh. ( АзI черкессомози теш бюзух. )

Good morning. Jor dygym jekhla. ( Ёр дыгым йехла. )

Good evening. Shojor je dygym jekhla. ( Шоёр йе дыгым йехла. )

Good night. Bur´sham kojor je dygym jekhla. ( БурIшам коёр йе дыгым йехла. )

Good night (to sleep) Bur´sham dygym jekhla. ( БурIшам дыгым йехла. )


Circassian languages are spoken in Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Russia.

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Common diphthongs[edit]

Phrase list[edit]

Basics[edit]

Common signs

OPEN 
CLOSED 
ENTRANCE 
EXIT 
PUSH 
PULL 
TOILET 
MEN 
WOMEN 
FORBIDDEN 


Hello. 
. ( )
Hello. (informal
. ( )
How are you? 
 ? ( ?)
Fine, thank you. 
. ( )
What is your name? 
 ? ( ?)
My name is ______ . 
______ . ( _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
. ( )
Please. 
. ( )
Thank you. 
. ( )
You're welcome. 
. ( )
Yes. 
. ( )
No. 
. ( )
Excuse me. (getting attention
. ( )
Excuse me. (begging pardon
. ( )
I'm sorry. 
. ( )
Goodbye 
. ( )
Goodbye (informal
. ( )
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
[ ]. ( [ ])
Do you speak English? 
 ? ( ?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
 ? ( ?)
Help! 
 ! ( !)
Look out! 
 ! ( !)
Good morning. 
. ( )
Good evening. 
. ( )
Good night. 
. ( )
Good night (to sleep
. ( )
I don't understand. 
. ( )
Where is the toilet? 
 ? ( ?)

Problems[edit]

Leave me alone. 
. ( .)
Don't touch me! 
 ! ( !)
I'll call the police. 
. ( .)
Police! 
 ! ( !)
Stop! Thief! 
 ! ! ( ! !)
I need your help. 
. ( .)
It's an emergency. 
. ( .)
I'm lost. 
. ( .)
I lost my bag. 
. ( .)
I lost my wallet. 
. ( .)
I'm sick. 
. ( .)
I've been injured. 
. ( .)
I need a doctor. 
. ( .)
Can I use your phone? 
 ? ( ?)

Numbers[edit]

сет (set)
кӀят (qiat)
бот (bot)
гуют (guyut)
вират (wirat)
рокт (rokt)
ырт (әrt)
мошит (mošit)
куттат (kuttat)
10 
цют (tsiut)
11 
цюӀсет (tsiúset)
12 
( )
13 
( )
14 
( )
15 
( )
16 
( )
17 
( )
18 
( )
19 
( )
20 
кӀйыт ( qjәt)
21 
( )
22 
( )
23 
( )
30 
ботыт (botәt)
40 
гуыт (guәt)
50 
вирхыт (wirkhәt)
60 
роккыт (roqqәt)
70 
ыррыт (әrrәt)
80 
мошшыт (moššәt)
90 
куттыт (kuttәt)
100 
всий (wsy)
200 
кӀятвсий (qiatwsy)
300 
( )
1,000 
акӀсор (aqsor)
2,000 
( )
1,000,000 
мылун (mәlun)
1,000,000,000 
( )
1,000,000,000,000 
( )
number _____ (train, bus, etc.) 
( )
half 
( )
less 
( )
more 
( )

Time[edit]

now 
( )
later 
( )
before 
( )
morning 
( )
afternoon 
( )
evening 
( )
night 
( )

Clock time[edit]

one o'clock AM 
( )
two o'clock AM 
( )
noon 
( )
one o'clock PM 
( )
two o'clock PM 
( )
midnight 
( )

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
( )
_____ hour(s) 
( )
_____ day(s) 
( )
_____ week(s) 
( )
_____ month(s) 
( )
_____ year(s) 
( )

Days[edit]

today 
( )
yesterday 
( )
tomorrow 
( )
this week 
( )
last week 
( )
next week 
( )
Sunday 
( )
Monday 
( )
Tuesday 
( )
Wednesday 
( )
Thursday 
( )
Friday 
( )
Saturday 
( )

Months[edit]

January 
( )
February 
( )
March 
( )
April 
( )
May 
( )
June 
( )
July 
( )
August 
( )
September 
( )
October 
( )
November 
( )
December 
( )

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

black 
( )
white 
( )
gray 
( )
red 
( )
blue 
( )
yellow 
( )
green 
( )
orange 
( )
purple 
( )
brown 
( )

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

How much is a ticket to _____? 
( )
One ticket to _____, please. 
( )
Where does this train/bus go? 
( )
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
( )
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
( )
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
( )
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
( )

Directions[edit]

How do I get to _____ ? 
( )
...the train station? 
( )
...the bus station? 
( )
...the airport? 
( )
...downtown? 
( )
...the youth hostel? 
( )
...the _____ hotel? 
( )
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
( )
Where are there a lot of... 
( )
...hotels? 
( )
...restaurants? 
( )
...bars? 
( )
...sites to see? 
( )
Can you show me on the map? 
( )
street 
( )
Turn left. 
( )
Turn right. 
( )
left 
( )
right 
( )
straight ahead 
( )
towards the _____ 
( )
past the _____ 
( )
before the _____ 
( )
Watch for the _____. 
( )
intersection 
( )
north 
( )
south 
( )
east 
( )
west 
( )
uphill 
( )
downhill 
( )

Taxi[edit]

Taxi! 
( )
Take me to _____, please. 
( )
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
( )
Take me there, please. 
( )

Lodging[edit]

Do you have any rooms available? 
( )
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
( )
Does the room come with... 
( )
...bedsheets? 
( )
...a bathroom? 
( )
...a telephone? 
( )
...a TV? 
( )
May I see the room first? 
( )
Do you have anything quieter? 
( )
...bigger? 
( )
...cleaner? 
( )
...cheaper? 
( )
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
( )
Can you suggest another hotel? 
( )
Do you have a safe? 
( )
...lockers? 
( )
Is breakfast/supper included? 
( )
What time is breakfast/supper? 
( )
Please clean my room. 
( )
Can you wake me at _____? 
( )
I want to check out. 
( )

Money[edit]

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
( )
Do you accept British pounds? 
( )
Do you accept Euros? 
( )
Do you accept credit cards? 
( )
Can you change money for me? 
( )
Where can I get money changed? 
( )
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
( )
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
( )
What is the exchange rate? 
( )
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
( )

Eating[edit]

A table for one person/two people, please. 
( )
Can I look at the menu, please? 
( )
Can I look in the kitchen? 
( )
Is there a house specialty? 
( )
Is there a local specialty? 
( )
I'm a vegetarian. 
( )
I don't eat pork. 
( )
I don't eat beef. 
( )
I only eat kosher food. 
( )
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
( )
fixed-price meal 
( )
a la carte 
( )
breakfast 
( )
lunch 
( )
tea (meal
( )
supper 
( )
I want _____. 
( )
I want a dish containing _____. 
( )
chicken 
( )
beef 
( )
fish 
( )
ham 
( )
sausage 
( )
cheese 
( )
eggs 
( )
salad 
( )
(fresh) vegetables 
( )
(fresh) fruit 
( )
bread 
( )
toast 
( )
noodles 
( )
rice 
( )
beans 
( )
May I have a glass of _____? 
( )
May I have a cup of _____? 
( )
May I have a bottle of _____? 
( )
coffee 
( )
tea (drink
( )
juice 
( )
(bubbly) water 
( )
(still) water 
( )
beer 
( )
red/white wine 
( )
May I have some _____? 
( )
salt 
( )
black pepper 
( )
butter 
( )
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
( )
I'm finished. 
( )
It was delicious. 
( )
Please clear the plates. 
( )
The check, please. 
( )

Bars[edit]

Do you serve alcohol? 
( )
Is there table service? 
( )
A beer/two beers, please. 
( )
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
( )
A pint, please. 
( )
A bottle, please. 
( )
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
( )
whiskey 
( )
vodka 
( )
rum 
( )
water 
( )
club soda 
( )
tonic water 
( )
orange juice 
( )
Coke (soda
( )
Do you have any bar snacks? 
( )
One more, please. 
( )
Another round, please. 
( )
When is closing time? 
( )
Cheers! 
( )

Shopping[edit]

Do you have this in my size? 
( )
How much is this? 
( )
That's too expensive. 
( )
Would you take _____? 
( )
expensive 
( )
cheap 
( )
I can't afford it. 
( )
I don't want it. 
( )
You're cheating me. 
( )
I'm not interested. 
(..)
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
Can I have a bag? 
( )
Do you ship (overseas)? 
( )
I need... 
( )
...toothpaste. 
( )
...a toothbrush. 
( )
...tampons. 
. ( )
...soap. 
( )
...shampoo. 
( )
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
( )
...cold medicine. 
( )
...stomach medicine. 
... ( )
...a razor. 
( )
...an umbrella. 
( )
...sunblock lotion. 
( )
...a postcard. 
( )
...postage stamps. 
( )
...batteries. 
( )
...writing paper. 
( )
...a pen. 
( )
...English-language books. 
( )
...English-language magazines. 
( )
...an English-language newspaper. 
( )
...an English-English dictionary. 
( )

Driving[edit]

I want to rent a car. 
( )
Can I get insurance? 
( )
stop (on a street sign
( )
one way 
( )
yield 
( )
no parking 
( )
speed limit 
( )
gas (petrol) station 
( )
petrol 
( )
diesel 
( )

Authority[edit]

I haven't done anything wrong. 
( )
It was a misunderstanding. 
( )
Where are you taking me? 
( )
Am I under arrest? 
( )
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
( )
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
( )
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
( )
Can I just pay a fine now? 
( )

Learning more[edit]

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