Cilician Plains are the largest lowland of Turkey with the occasional rocky hill topped by a Crusader castle. Cilician Plains geographically extends a little into Mersin Province (towards Tarsus and Mersin) in the west, however here we take them only as Adana and Osmaniye Provinces. The Plains are bordered by Central Anatolia to north, Southeastern Anatolia to east, and Hatay Province to southeast. There is a short strip of shoreline on the Mediterranean to the south, too, but unlike its westernly neighbours, this section of the coast is not renowned for beaches.
The main industries of the past were (and to some degree, still are) cotton and citrus growing. Today some heavy industry has also entered the scene, as well as the oil and gas pipelines coming from the Caucasus and Caspian Sea and reaching the Med coast here.
Adana's international airport is so far the only airport in the region.
Adana is well served by intercity buses and trains.
The highway D400, which traverses through major cities and towns of the region, and 8-lane motorway/toll-road O-51/O-52/E90, which lies a few km north of D400 (and thus bypassing the cities and towns), form the backbone of local traffic.
However, due to the reports of banditry on quite desolate O-51/O-52, especially in the section between Adana and Osmaniye, drivers are advised not to stop even on the orders from someone seemingly police or to help what is seemingly an accident on the edge of the road, as these are usual tricks known to make drivers stop and easily rob them of valuables.
Şalgam suyu or fermantated hot carrot juice, though possible to find at kebab joints and some supermarkets nationwide nowadays, is originated from this region.