Cilician Plains are the largest lowland of Turkey with the occasional rocky hill topped by a Crusader castle. Cilician Plains geographically extends a little into Mersin Province (towards Tarsus and Mersin) in the west, however here we take them only as Adana and Osmaniye Provinces. The Plains are bordered by Central Anatolia to north, Southeastern Anatolia to east, and Hatay Province to southeast. There is a short strip of shoreline on the Mediterranean to the south, too, but unlike its westernly neighbours, this section of the coast is not renowned for beaches.
The main industries of the past were (and to some degree, still are) cotton and citrus growing. Today some heavy industry has also entered the scene, as well as the oil and gas pipelines coming from the Caucasus and Caspian Sea and reaching the Med coast here.
Adana's international airport is so far the only airport in the region.
Adana is well served by intercity buses and trains.