Chubu Centrair International Airport
Japan's third major international gateway after Narita and Kansai, Centrair prides itself on offering seamless interchange between international and domestic flights, making this a good option if you are heading elsewhere in Japan. Centrair opened in 2005, and this airport replaces the existing Nagoya airport, also taking over its IATA code NGO.
For most visitors the train is the fastest, cheapest and most convenient method of access.
All transportation means are available from the Access Plaza next to the main terminal. You can take your luggage cart all the way from the arrival or departure lobby to the train and bus platforms.
The Meitetsu Airport Line (名鉄空港線) connects the airport via Jingumae and Kanayama to Nagoya station. From here, you can transfer to the Tokaido Shinkansen line, as well as a multitude of other train lines for connections throughout the Chubu region. Some trains continue directly onward to Gifu and Inuyama. Note that trains to Toyohashi (one per hour) run east from the airport and do not pass through Nagoya!
μSKY (μ pronounced myuu) rapid limited expresses (快速特急 kaisoku-tokkyu) run twice per hour and do the trip in just 28 minutes, while other services (total 4 per hour) stop more and take longer. The price of all services is the same, except that reserved seats cost an extra ¥350, and μSKY trains have only reserved seats. The only stops between Nagoya and airport are Kanayama and Jingumae.
If you are traveling with children, more than one small overhead compartment suitcase, or passengers who need special assistance (wheelchair), it's worth it to pay the small premium for the μSKY rather than the Meitetsu limited express line. On the normal trains, there isn't much room for baggage and the inside of the train compartments tend to become very congested the closer you get to Nagoya, and even more so during the morning and afternoon commutes from work and school.
If you are planning to use the Japan Rail Pass, you must note that Meitetsu, as a private railway, is not covered, nor can you exchange your rail pass voucher at the airport. You must wait until you reach Nagoya station to exchange your voucher for the pass. The exchange can be made at the Japan Rail Pass Exchange Corner from 10:00 to 19:00, or at the regular ticket counter at other times.
The bus may also be an option, particularly if you have heavy luggage and don't want to deal with train transfers.
The taxi stand is on the 1st floor of Access Plaza. A taxi to central Nagoya, 40 km away, will cost over ¥12,000.
Car rental is available on the 1st floor of the Access Plaza, past the bus stops.
A toll road links Centrair and the mainland, and the airport has 4000 parking spaces. Parking is free for 30 min but costs ¥300/hour for 5 hours, or ¥1500 per day (¥1000/day after the 5th day).
See, Do, Buy
If you've got time to kill, head up to the 4th floor Skytown, designed specifically for this purpose. There are plenty of cafes, restaurants, boutiques and even a spa. Note that the Skytown is landside before security/immigration, and the facilities on the airside are rather limited.
Eat and Drink
Food and drink prices at the airport are very expensive - even by Japanese standards. Expect single meals (such as curry and rice with a side order of thinly sliced cabbage) to cost you at least ¥1300. It's worth it to drop into a convenience store before arrival and pick up a few sandwiches, bento box lunches, drinks, and beer.
The Yumeya "sleep shop" regrettably went out of business in 2008, but there are two full-service hotels on the airport grounds.
There is a currency exchange office in the international arrivals area right after Customs (open 6 AM to 10 PM) and a single somewhat picky Citibank ATM that accepts foreign cards (Visa/MC only) in the Access Plaza.
Japan Postal Savings ATMs accept foreign cash cards with the PLUS symbol on it and VISA/MC etc. On the touch screen press ( ENGLISH > OTHERS > COOPERATION ).
Clinic / Health Care
If minor medical attention is needed, a clinic open during airport hours is available on the second floor of the airport.