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Difference between revisions of "Carcassonne"

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[[Image:Carcassonne cite france.jpg|thumb|500px|Medieval Cite of Carcassonne at Night]]
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[[Image:Carcassonne cite france.jpg|thumb|500px|Medieval Cité of Carcassonne at night]]
  
 
'''Carcassonne''' [http://www.carcassonne-tourisme.com/] is a city in south-west [[France]] that is best known for its [[Unesco#France|UNESCO World Heritage]] listed walled city. It can be visited comfortably as a day trip.
 
'''Carcassonne''' [http://www.carcassonne-tourisme.com/] is a city in south-west [[France]] that is best known for its [[Unesco#France|UNESCO World Heritage]] listed walled city. It can be visited comfortably as a day trip.
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Carcassonne is divided into two main parts:
 
Carcassonne is divided into two main parts:
* Medieval fortress '''Cité de Carcassonne''', settlement with history that exceeds two and a half thousand years. Picturesque fortifications (over 3 km of walls with 52 towers, ''Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves'' was partly shot here) were reconstructed by Viollet-le-Duc in 19th century (like with most monuments reconstructed in that time authenticity was not the main objective). It is listed on [[Unesco#France|UNESCO World Heritage List]].
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* Lower city, the '''''ville basse''''', where the town centre and hotels are located.
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* The '''Cité de Carcassonne''', a medieval fortress settlement with a history that exceeds two and a half thousand years. Picturesque fortifications (over 3 km of walls with 52 towers, ''Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves'' was partly shot here) were reconstructed by Viollet-le-Duc in 19th century (like with most monuments reconstructed in that time authenticity was not the main objective). It is listed in the [[Unesco#France|UNESCO World Heritage List]].
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* The town centre, known as the '''''ville basse''''' (literally 'lower city'), where the other sights and hotels are located.
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
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===By train===
 
===By train===
  
Carcassonne station is situated on the [[Bordeaux]] - [[Sète]] and Carcassonne - [[Rivesaltes]] SNCF lines.
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Carcassonne railway station is situated on the [[Bordeaux]] - [[Sète]] and Carcassonne - [[Rivesaltes]] SNCF lines.
  
 
High speed '''TGV''' trains from [[Lille]], [[Bruxelles]], [[Dijon]], [[Lyon]], [[Marseille]] and [[Toulouse]] call at Carcassone. Slower '''Corail Téoz''' between [[Bordeaux]], [[Marseille]], [[Nice]] and [[Paris]] towards [[Cerbère]] and [[Port-Bou]] (and overnight '''Corail Lunéa''' couchette trains between [[Paris]] and [[Cerbère]] / [[Port-Bou]]) also stop.  
 
High speed '''TGV''' trains from [[Lille]], [[Bruxelles]], [[Dijon]], [[Lyon]], [[Marseille]] and [[Toulouse]] call at Carcassone. Slower '''Corail Téoz''' between [[Bordeaux]], [[Marseille]], [[Nice]] and [[Paris]] towards [[Cerbère]] and [[Port-Bou]] (and overnight '''Corail Lunéa''' couchette trains between [[Paris]] and [[Cerbère]] / [[Port-Bou]]) also stop.  
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==Get around==
 
==Get around==
  
There are no left luggage facilities at the train station.
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The Cité is around 20 minutes by foot from the railway station. The main tourist sights in Carcassonne are situated within easy walking distance of each other.
  
You can leave your luggage at Hotel La Bastide Saint Louis (42 rue Barbes 11000 Carcassonne) for 1/2 day : €3 - Day : €5
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'''Left luggage''': There are no left luggage facilities at the train station, though you can leave your luggage at the Hotel La Bastide Saint Louis (42 rue Barbes 11000 Carcassonne; 3€ for 1/2 day and 5€ for 1 day), which is useful if you wish to visit Carcassonne before catching a flight from Carcassonne airport.
 
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Useful if you want visit Carcassonne city before your trip back from Carcassonne airport.
+
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
  
Historic fortress (built upon ruins predating Christianity).  Carcassonne is an amazingly well preserved medieval fortress that was featured in the movie, Robin Hood - Prince of Thieves. Ville de Carcassonne is a beautiful castle and is the centerpiece of the medieval Carcassonne. It is a lovely place but can get very crowded at the height of the season.  
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* '''The Cité''': historic fortress (built upon ruins predating Christianity) that was featured in the movie ''Robin Hood - Prince of Thieves''. Around 20 minutes by foot from the railway station.
  
 
===Tours===
 
===Tours===
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==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
  
Be careful to not get to the town late when your hotel is far away from the city centre, because it is difficult to get a taxi.
+
Be careful not to get to the town late when your hotel is far away from the city centre, because it is difficult to get a taxi.
  
The hotels around the train station are convenient but better book earlier in high season.  
+
The hotels in the town centre around the train station are convenient but better book earlier in high season.
 +
 
 +
* '''Hotel de la Cité''' [http://www.hoteldelacite.com] is the most historical, luxurious (and most expensive) hotel in Carcassonne. Operated by Orient Express Hotels.
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 +
* '''Notre Dame de l'Abbaye''' [http://www.abbaye-carcassonne.com] offers moderately priced accommodation in a converted abbey building and is conveniently situated just outside the Cité. Free wifi and friendly English-speaking reception staff.
  
* '''Hotel de la Cite''' [http://www.hoteldelacite.com] is the most historical, luxurious, (and most expensive), hotel in Carcassonne. Operated by Orient Express Hotels.
 
 
*'''Camping de la Cité''' [http://www.campinglacite.com/], route de St Hilaire. By the river, overlooked by the castle, signposted from the town centre; well facilitated (tennis grounds and pool) with a path running into the city, does get fairly crowded in summer. Open April - October.
 
*'''Camping de la Cité''' [http://www.campinglacite.com/], route de St Hilaire. By the river, overlooked by the castle, signposted from the town centre; well facilitated (tennis grounds and pool) with a path running into the city, does get fairly crowded in summer. Open April - October.
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==Get out==
 
==Get out==
  

Revision as of 13:15, 8 July 2012

Medieval Cité of Carcassonne at night

Carcassonne [1] is a city in south-west France that is best known for its UNESCO World Heritage listed walled city. It can be visited comfortably as a day trip.

Contents

Understand

Carcassonne is divided into two main parts:

  • The Cité de Carcassonne, a medieval fortress settlement with a history that exceeds two and a half thousand years. Picturesque fortifications (over 3 km of walls with 52 towers, Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves was partly shot here) were reconstructed by Viollet-le-Duc in 19th century (like with most monuments reconstructed in that time authenticity was not the main objective). It is listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
  • The town centre, known as the ville basse (literally 'lower city'), where the other sights and hotels are located.

Get in

By train

Carcassonne railway station is situated on the Bordeaux - Sète and Carcassonne - Rivesaltes SNCF lines.

High speed TGV trains from Lille, Bruxelles, Dijon, Lyon, Marseille and Toulouse call at Carcassone. Slower Corail Téoz between Bordeaux, Marseille, Nice and Paris towards Cerbère and Port-Bou (and overnight Corail Lunéa couchette trains between Paris and Cerbère / Port-Bou) also stop.

An extensive network of frequent, modern and comfortable regional services are provided by SNCF's TER Languedoc-Roussillon [2], with services to Toulouse, Narbonne, Marseille, Cerbère, Perpignan, Limoux and Quillan.

The train journey from Toulouse is around 1hr to 1hr 15min depending on the train type.

By plane

Carcassonne Airport (IATA: CCF) [3] is located 3km from the centre of Carcassonne.

Ryanair [4] serves the airport to/from Billund, Bournemouth, Brussels( Charleroi), Cork, Dublin, Eindhoven, Glasgow (Prestwick), Liverpool, London (Stansted), Nottingham (East Midlands airport) and Porto.

A shuttle bus (navette aéroport in French; 5€ per person) runs between the airport and Carcassonne town centre (SNCF railway station). Some shuttle buses (but not all) also stop at the Cité. The shuttle bus timetable is available at the airport website: [5]

A taxi between the airport and Carcassonne town centre costs around 10€ to 15€, whilst a taxi between the airport and the Cité costs around 15€ to 20€.

Get around

The Cité is around 20 minutes by foot from the railway station. The main tourist sights in Carcassonne are situated within easy walking distance of each other.

Left luggage: There are no left luggage facilities at the train station, though you can leave your luggage at the Hotel La Bastide Saint Louis (42 rue Barbes 11000 Carcassonne; 3€ for 1/2 day and 5€ for 1 day), which is useful if you wish to visit Carcassonne before catching a flight from Carcassonne airport.

See

  • The Cité: historic fortress (built upon ruins predating Christianity) that was featured in the movie Robin Hood - Prince of Thieves. Around 20 minutes by foot from the railway station.

Tours

Much to see in this somewhat neglected region of France. Get into the hills and visit little villages like Minerve. Try using the Michelin maps but forsake the red roads and take to the little white roads. You will be rewarded by seeing lovely little places that tour buses etc never visit.

Carcassonne can also be visited departing from Toulouse.

Do

Medieval jousting displays are held twice a day between the two walls. Whilst this may sound like a typical tourist activity, this is actually a very impressive and entertaining display of horsemanship and combative competition. Entry is €10 for adults as of Summer 2008 - certainly one of best €10 that we we spent on our Summer trip.

If you're up to it, the Torture Museum is also worth a visit. It's small but filled with torture instruments from the Middle Ages. Not for the squeamish!

There are regular barge trips along the historic Canal du Midi, and these are a very relaxing way of spending some time. The boats leave from the jetty just outside the main train station, and tickets can be bought from clearly signposted vendors at the canal-side (just beside the lock). Multilingual commentary is provided on the history of the canal and the various sights along the way.

Festival de Carcassonne is held in July and August [6]. Around half of July there is huge firework show (second biggest in France).

Buy

Eat

Don't leave Carcassonne without trying cassoulet, a local dish made of beans, sausage and duck. Foie gras is also a speciality of the region, so expect it to be on many menus.

There are bars around the train station (la gare) that offer cheap eats. There are a few restaurants on rue Trivalle, the road that connects the town centre with the Cite. Le Trivalou (69 rue Trivalle) has very friendly service and delicious home-made dishes, including cassoulet (16€). There are also quite a few restaurants clustered around the main square inside the Cité, the majority of which have outside tables so you can people-watch and enjoy the buzz of the square on summer evenings!

Budget permitting, there are several excellent restaurants inside the Cité, serving really good regional food. Among them are La Barbacane, Chez Saskia, Restaurant Comte Roger and the Brasserie le Donjon. These all serve divine food and the service is, as you would expect, impeccable.

As Carcassonne can get quite touristy during the summer season, restaurants can become crowded and the prices charged can be a bit over the top. You may therefore wish to eat away from the Cité, perhaps in the town centre instead, or better in one of the enchanting villages away from Carcassonne.

Drink

Regional wines.

Sleep

Be careful not to get to the town late when your hotel is far away from the city centre, because it is difficult to get a taxi.

The hotels in the town centre around the train station are convenient but better book earlier in high season.

  • Hotel de la Cité [7] is the most historical, luxurious (and most expensive) hotel in Carcassonne. Operated by Orient Express Hotels.
  • Notre Dame de l'Abbaye [8] offers moderately priced accommodation in a converted abbey building and is conveniently situated just outside the Cité. Free wifi and friendly English-speaking reception staff.
  • Camping de la Cité [9], route de St Hilaire. By the river, overlooked by the castle, signposted from the town centre; well facilitated (tennis grounds and pool) with a path running into the city, does get fairly crowded in summer. Open April - October.

Get out



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