Campos do Jordão
Campos do Jordão is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is located in Serra da Mantiqueira, at latitude 22 º 44'22 "south and longitude 45 ° 35'29" W, with altitude of 1628 meters, so the highest Brazilian city, considering the altitude of the seat. Its estimated population in 2004 was 47,903 inhabitants. The city is sometimes erroneously called Campos de Jordão.
It is the municipality with the highest administrative headquarters of the country, reaching 1,628 meters at the city, where the city is located in the city, and can vary for more than 2 thousand meters on the outskirts of the city. Mass is located in the Serra da Mantiqueira, one of the highest mountain ranges of Brazil.
It has an area of 289.5 km ². It is constantly visited by tourists from all over Brazil and even from abroad, who visit the town to enjoy the climate of winter and German architecture.
Its climate is tropical of altitude (Cwb), with mild summers and cool winters. Occurrences of snow were recorded in 1928,1942 and 2004 being the last time that snow was recorded in the city. Frosts are common during winter and absolute minimum temperature was -7.3 ° C in June 1, 1979. . Its temperate climate favors the creation of hydrangeas, specifically the kind of Hydrangea macrophylla.
The main access to the Campos do Jordão is the Highway Floriano Rodrigues Pinheiro (SP-123), which starts at junction of Highway Carvalho Pinto / Ayrton Senna, at km 117 of the President Dutra Highway. This junction is in the sub-district of Quiririm from Taubaté and Caçapava. It is a winding road, tourism, with beautiful viewpoints in the region of the Paraíba Valley and the Sierra Mantiqueira. It houses two positions of supplies (km 11 - km Poço Grande and 18 - access to Tremembé) and various stop points of the region with products and tourist attractions. The trip, leaving from São Paulo, Campos do Jordão has to last approximately 2 hours.
As alternative, the Monteiro Lobato Highway (SP-50) is in itself a tourist attraction, through beautiful rural areas, mountain village typical of the region and the city of Monteiro Lobato.
This road has a junction with SP-42, which connects to the office of St. Benedict's Sapucaí (SP) and the south of Minas Gerais (by MG-295). The MG-295 has a junction with Highway Fernão Dias in the city of Pouso Alegre (MG).
Starting in São José dos Campos, in the north of the city, the SP-50 road is winding and has few signs, is recommended for those who have no hurry and want to do a walk before reaching Campos do Jordão. The trip leaving from São José dos Campos takes approximately 2.5 hours.
The Rodovia Floriano Rodrigues Pinheiro can also be accessed through local roads which leave Roseira, SP-62 (km 82 of the President Dutra Highway), or across the city of Pindamonhangaba (km 98 of the President Dutra Highway).
The traditional rail access is available via the railway Campos do Jordão, leaving Pindamonhangaba moved on to electricity self, stopping at tourist attractions and recreation, such as the Parque das Águas Claras and the station of Santo Antônio do Pinhal, rising slowly to Serra da Mantiqueira up in 3 hours, the Campos do Jordao. The EFCJ also offers options for walks of trenzinho out of Campos do Jordão for Santo Antônio do Pinhal and vice versa.
There are numerous outdoor activities for winter residents and tourists. These include hiking, mountain climbing, treetop cable swings (arborismo), horseback riding, ATV riding, and motorbike riding. The mountain ranges provide unique panoramic views and much of the area is still undeveloped. Also, in order to cater to the large number of visitors, several bars, lounges, discos and clubs will open up during the winter months.