Brooklyn may have a tough reputation, but it is largely quite safe these days. There are, however, a few areas in which a traveler should be cautious. The most notorious neighborhood for crime in Brooklyn is East New York, an area unlikely to be of much interest to travelers, though many will pass through. Don't be afraid to pass through it on the subway or LIRR, though--that is quite safe. Red Hook, while recently trendy, still has pockets of high crime. Other neighborhoods with relatively high crime include Bushwick, Flatbush, and Williamsburg. However, crime in Brooklyn is nowhere near as bad as it used to be, and the traveler should largely be safe.
Brooklyn may have a tough reputation, but it is largely quite safe these days. There are, however, a few areas in which a traveler should be cautious. The most notorious neighborhood for crime in Brooklyn is East New York, an area unlikely to be of much interest to travelers, though many will pass through. Don't be afraid to pass through it on the subway or LIRR, though--that is quite safe. Red Hook, while recently trendy, still has pockets of high crime. Other neighborhoods with relatively high crime include and . However, crime in Brooklyn is nowhere near as bad as it used to be, and the traveler should largely be safe.
Revision as of 20:24, 20 July 2012
Grand Army Plaza
Brooklyn is a huge city, so all individual listings should be moved to the appropriate district articles, and this section should contain a brief overview. Please help to move listings if you are familiar with this city.
Brooklyn is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — have a look at each of them.
Brooklyn (its name as borough of the city of New York; it is also Kings County, a county of the state of New York), the "Borough of Homes and Churches," is one of the five Boroughs of New York. It used to be and still feels much like a city in its own right, with approximately 2.5 million inhabitants. If separated from the rest of New York City, Brooklyn would be the 4th most populous American city.
Brooklyn is situated on the westernmost point of Long Island and shares a land boundary with Queens, which partially encircles Brooklyn to the north, east and south; Manhattan lies across the East River to the west and north of Brooklyn, and Staten Island is across the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge to the southwest.
Brooklyn is currently enjoying a period of growth and affluence not seen since before World War II. There's world-class theater at the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the center of a proposed new arts district that will include a new art museum and a highly controversial Frank Gehry-designed sports area home for the NBA's Nets. Frederick Law Olmsted, who designed Brooklyn's Prospect Park as well as Manhattan's Central Park, thought his Brooklyn creation the finer of the two. Elsewhere in the borough, Williamsburg is a hipster neighborhood and burgeoning art colony, and Brighton Beach is home to New York's largest concentration of Russian immigrants.
Williamsburg Well known for its large artistic community, it is a diverse area with hipsters centered around Bedford Avenue, Orthodox Jews in South Williamsburg, a sizeable Polish population in Greenpoint, and a large Hispanic population in Bushwick.
Downtown The main tourism district in Brooklyn, Downtown Brooklyn has majestic buildings, the Brooklyn Bridge, and an unparalleled view of the Manhattan skyline.
Gowanus and Red Hook Although best known for its high crime rate, Red Hook has recently become an artists' colony and was home to MTV's Real World Brooklyn cast. The nearby areas of Gowanus and Carroll Gardens are good places to explore some of Brooklyn's industrial history.
Prospect Park Pretty brownstone houses, the Brooklyn Museum, the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens, and more, all ringing Olmstead and Vaux's preferred park.
Greenwood and New Utrecht The big attraction is the historic Green-Wood cemetery, one of the largest in New York and the final resting place of several notable people. Other attractions include New York's third Chinatown and an Italian enclave in the west of Brooklyn.
Bedford-Stuyvesant and Flatbush The beating heart of Brooklyn is home to New York's largest African-American neighborhood, many West Indian immigrants, a large Orthodox Jewish community, mighty shopping streets, beautiful Victorian homes, and much of the classic history of Brooklyn.
Coney Island and Brighton Beach Home to the fabled Coney Island amusement parks. Due to conflict between locals and the city government, many of the amusement parks have now closed, but the famous Cyclone remains running. Also home to New York's only aquarium, the Cyclones minor league baseball team, and one of the largest Russian-speaking communities outside the former USSR.
East Brooklyn While certain neighborhoods in this section are pretty rough and this one is off the average tourist's radar (except for its proximity to JFK), this section has some attractions near Jamaica Bay.
There are a variety of neighborhoods in Brooklyn. Small Town Brooklyn  has a scrollable map of many of them:
Downtown Brooklyn, which is the central shopping and business area, anchored by Fulton St. west of Flatbush Avenue, looks similar to the downtown of almost any other major American city, with department stores, clothing and electronic shops, Borough Hall, two universities, a major railroad station, the Brooklyn Academy of Music concert hall, many office buildings, and municipal, state and federal buildings and courthouses. Many subway and bus lines go to or through Downtown Brooklyn.
Brooklyn Heights is a residential neighborhood with elegant buildings and historic churches. It is an expensive neighborhood to live in, partly because of its great views of the Lower Manhattan skyline. The area's brownstone buildings and shopping district give it a quaint yet thriving feel. This is the richest neighborhood in Brooklyn, more expensive than parts of Manhattan.
Canarsie is a West Indian neighborhood with somewhat of a "small-town" feel, largely composed of 1- and 2-family houses. The major commercial streets are Flatlands Avenue, Rockaway Parkway and parts of Seaview Avenue. It is served by the Rockaway Parkway station on the L line.
Cobble Hill is a quiet neighborhood of bookstores, shops, and restaurants. Old-time Italian neighborhood with great pizza and Italian ices. Great restaurants and quite a number of bars along Court St. and Smith St.
DUMBO is an acronym for Down Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass. Once popular with artists for loft space, it has now become popular with a richer, trendier crowd. Walk along the riverfront park for a unique and unforgettable view of the Brooklyn and Manhattan Bridges and the Manhattan skyline.
Park Slope- Long a haven for interracial families, lesbians and gays, and everyone else with a certain kind of groove in NYC, this upscale but downhome neighborhood can be joked about as the Berkeley of New York City. The granola eating transplant crowd might make you queasy at times and nostalgic for crackheads, but the neighborhood itself is beautiful. Boutiques, cafés, bars, health food stores like the 30-year-old Park Slope Food Coop , and attractive young people pushing strollers. Also home to a sizeable Lesbian community since the 1970s. Take the B or Q to 7th Ave, the M or R to 9th St, or the F or G to 4th Ave. or 7th Ave. and walk the neighborhood. Prospect Park is large, beautiful and green. Ice-skate here in the winter. Fly kites and enjoy free weekend concerts in the summer. While staying hip and vibrant, "the Slope" as it is commonly referred to, also enjoys its share of wealth. The quaint, tree-lined streets closer to the park house ornate, brownstones, townhouses, full service apartment buildings, and even a few full scale urban mansions on the parkside. These residences include the homes of names such as Senator Charles Schumer (D-NY) and famed actors Jennifer Connelly, Steve Buscemi and Maggie Gyllenhaal. Check out 5th Ave. for the restaurants and bars.
Carroll Gardens- Historians date the name to the 1960s, and real estate people like to enlarge its borders. It encompasses part of Smith St. and the nearby areas. In the 1950s and further back in time, this area was known as Red Hook, to the dismay of many, and it still is called both Red Hook and South Brooklyn by many people. Smith St. has a newly charged restaurant row, but there are still plenty of old school Italian-American gems to be found.
Williamsburg- Take the L train from Manhattan to Bedford Ave. or Lorimer St. Many restaurants, several popular music clubs and a burgeoning art gallery district. It is now what Greenwich Village used to be - including the artsy scene complete with eclectic galleries and off-beat bars. Have dinner at Sea (North 6th St. & Bedford Ave.) and go to the Royal Oak for a drink (North 11th St. & Union Ave).
East Williamsburg- Centered around the Morgan Ave. stop on the L train. Seemingly a desolate industrial area, this neighborhood has a strong developing music scene. It is also home to the swinger's club Grego's. Brooklyn's natural food store can be found here.
Bushwick- Rich in its own history, Bushwick is home to many brownstones, mansions, and projects alike. As a low-income neighborhood, shopping can be done on Knickerbocker Avenue, whether for clothes, appliances, or food. The newly restored Maria Hernandez Park on Knickerbocker Ave. and Suydam St. is a nice spot to bring the kids and relax in the shade of the trees. While it's not like neighboring "East Williamsburg," Williamsburg, or Bedford-Stuyvesant, Bushwick has its own sense of community, not to be confused with anything else. However, violent crime is a still a concern along with the other social problems in the community associated with the high poverty rate.
Prospect Heights- Situated just north and northeast of Prospect Park, Prospect Heights features the Brooklyn Museum , which is first rate but often overlooked due to the museums in nearby Manhattan; a block away from the museum is the Brooklyn Botanic Garden . Further west on Eastern Parkway are the Brooklyn Public Library and Grand Army Plaza, the southern point of which marks the main northern entrance to Prospect Park.
Red Hook is a formerly bustling industrial area that is on the upswing. Although hard to access by train, it can be served by the F & G trains at Smith-9th Street or by taxi or by the B61 bus. Settled in 1636 by the Dutch, it has seen many a boom and bust is today caught between those who like it as the sleepy part of town that time forgot and those who seek to restore its crown as the Queen of Kings County Commerce. If you're looking for something off the beaten path, Red Hook is it. Many artists call Red Hook their home, so don't be surprised to see random sculptures, galleries, or creative gardens across from city housing or burned out buildings. It was also home to the MTV's Real World Brooklyn cast in 2007. However, due to a massive low income public housing project that houses most of the neighborhood's residents, precautions should be taken. Violent crime, including robbery, is a problem in the community.
Cypress Hills- A subsection of East New York. See East New York.
Fort Greene has some great restaurants and the Brooklyn Academy of Music , which features an art-house cinema, theater, and concerts such as the Next Wave Festival .
Coney Island. Ah, the famous Coney Island. Take the D, F, N, or Q trains to the end of the line to enjoy the beach or amusements or just get your official Nathan's hot dog. The Cyclone, a 1927 roller coaster, is the most famous of the amusement park rides at Coney Island, for good reason: It packs a lot of thrill into a small lot. There is also a great view of Manhattan from the top of the Wonder Wheel (a large ferris wheel). Otherwise, the amusement park is somewhat seedy, which is part of its appeal. The high concentration of public housing projects in the area does make the neighborhood around the amusement park somewhat unsafe. Precaution should be taken while exploring these areas.
Brighton Beach - The largest Russian-speaking community outside of the former USSR. It's unlike any other neighborhood in the city. It can be reached by the Q (local) or B (express) trains by going to Brighton Beach Avenue. Mosey on along the famous boardwalk and have a shashlik (shish-kebob) with a shot of vodka for lunch.
Bay Ridge- Traditionally a residential Irish-Italian-Norwegian neighborhood, Bay Ridge has recently seen an influx of Arab, Asian and Russian families as well. The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge connects to Staten Island, and Fort Hamilton, a United States Army Base, is here as well. There is a great variety of good values in food to be had in this neighborhood, especially on 3rd Av. Also, it is one of the top bar areas in the non-downtown area of Brooklyn.
Sunset Park- Called New York City's little Puerto Rico and Brooklyn's Chinatown. Sunset Park is one of the most diverse neighborhoods in New York City. Located just less than 20 munites away from downtown Brooklyn, Sunset Park is a place for all families to come and shop and run irene's on the heart of Sunset Park, 5th Avenue between 60th and 44th Streets. Its hilly terrain gives magnificent views of Downtown Brooklyn and Manhattan, Staten Island, Jersey City and the nearby Verrazano Bridge. Besides the Hispanic part of the neighborhood, filled with families from Puerto Rican, Dominican, Mexican and other Hispanic descent, the Chinese also put Sunset Park on the map with countless Chinese resturants found on 8th Avenue between 60th and 40th Streets. Besides the diversity, Sunset Park also has a severe drug problem. It was the site of the August 8, 2007 Brooklyn tornado; at least 40 buildings and 100 cars were damaged.
Greenpoint- At the northern tip of Brooklyn, Greenpoint is the second largest Polish enclave in the United States (after Chicago) but is also home to a sizable Latino population (north of Huron St.) and a growing number of hipsters (see Franklin St.). Get Polish food at Karczma (136 Greenpoint Av.), coffee at Ashbox (Manhattan Av. between Ash & Box Streets), brunch at Brooklyn Label (Franklin & Java), Mexican at Acapulco's (Manhattan & Clay). Lots of good Polish meat markets along Manhattan and Nassau Avenues, too. For some industrial chic, walk down Java Street to its dead end at the East River for great views of Midtown. Nearest subway: G train to Nassau Av. and Greenpoint Av. stations.
Flatbush- Formerly a Jewish, Italian, and Irish neighborhood, and before that settled by members of the Dutch Reformed Church, and now a largely West-Indian neighborhood, it is the home of Brooklyn College, one of the most beautiful campuses in the area. In the very center is the 18th- century Dutch Reformed Church at the corner of Flatbush and Church Avenues, and the original school house dating to 1787 and originally called Erasmus Hall, now the administration building of the public Erasmus Hall High School, its own building over 100 years old. The neighborhood's eponymous commercial main street, Flatbush Avenue, goes from the Manhattan Bridge on the north to the Gil Hodges Marine Parkway Bridge leading to the Rockaway Peninsula section of Queens on the south. Get there by taking the 2 or 5 trains to Church, Newkirk, or Flatbush Avenue.
Midwood is a quiet residential area with some commercial streets, located on the other side of the Brooklyn College campus from Flatbush and extending for some distance to the south. The neighborhood is ethnically mixed but includes a substantial population of Modern Orthodox Jews and some Chasidim, and many shops are closed on Saturdays and Jewish holidays. The area has one of New York City's largest concentrations of beautiful free-standing hundred-year-old Victorian and Edwardian homes. An interesting example is the Avenue H station house on the Q subway line, which was built a century ago as the local real estate office selling these homes. It is a historic site and a unique fixture among the city's subway system. (See The Little Station House in the Woods  for more information.)
Sheepshead Bay - Located near the Coney Island amusement parks, this neighborhood is populated with many Chinese and Russian immigrants. There are piers along the bay on Emmons Avenue where anyone can pay a small fee to be taken out for for a day of fishing. Includes restaurants along the Bay and the El Greco Diner. It is served by the B & Q trains.
Bensonhurst used to be Italian as far as the eye could see, but it now contains Albanian, Pakistani, Korean, Chinese, Mexican, and many Eastern European immigrants as well. Nonetheless, it is still the center of Brooklyn's Italian community and is one of the most well known Italian-American neighborhoods in the United States. The train runs above ground, and it is a lively place with an Old New York feel. Many of the best "unknown" restaurants in Brooklyn (known locally but often ignored by the Manhattan-based establishment) can be found in Bensonhurst. Get there by taking the D or M train to 18th or 20th Avenue or Bay Parkway.
Crown Heights is largely a mixture of West Indians and Chasidic Jews. Get there by taking the 3 or 4 trains to Utica Avenue. Part of the neighborhood is near the Brooklyn Botanic Gardens and the Brooklyn Museum. Violent crime is a still a concern along with the other social problems in the community so use caution.
Borough Park contains the biggest Chasidic Jewish community in the city. You will see lots of kosher foods on sale and shops that are closed every Friday night and Saturday, because of religious rules, but open on Sunday. If these things are unfamiliar to you, a trip to Borough Park may be worthwhile.
Bedford-Stuyvesant is a major African-American neighborhood with some African presence. It is served by the A and C trains at Nostrand Avenue. It is the second largest African-American neighborhood in the country after the city of Detroit. Bed-Stuy, as it is called by most New Yorkers, has been gentrifying lately. However, violent crime is a still a concern along with the other social problems in the community.
East New York- like many Brooklyn neighborhoods it is rich in its own history with homes where farms once stood and its many parks like Highland Park where children can roam free to play. Gateway Mall is one of the few suburban-like malls in the city. The City Line subsection and Liberty Avenue are where residents can shop for food and clothing. But with the mall, parks and new homes popping everywhere come the projects. Like Brownsville, East New York is one of most dangerous communities in New York City. Beware passing through here on your way to JFK Airport on the A and J trains and B15 bus.
Brownsville is another mainly African-American neighborhood. It is just to the west of East New York, and like East New York, it remains among the more dangerous neighborhoods in New York, though crime statistics have declined in recent years, and does not merit a visit from most tourists. Beware passing through here on your way to JFK Airport on the B15 bus.
Kensington is located south of Prospect Park. It is the most diverse neighborhood in Brooklyn and is one of the most diverse in the United States. It currently is one of the "up and coming" neighborhoods in Brooklyn. Many new trendy restaurants and boutiques have opened, making this neighborhood a "hotspot" to reside in. It is served by the F and G trains at Church Avenue, the F at Ditmas Avenue, and the Q train at Beverly Road or Cortelyou Road.
Brooklyn was once a separate city independent of the City of New York. The cities merged at the end of the nineteenth century, forever after lamented by Brooklynites as "The Great Mistake of 1898." Although Brooklyn is very diverse, what makes Brooklyn so different from the other boroughs are its distinct cultural neighborhoods. Manhattan is frequently referred to as "the city" by residents of the other boroughs — for example, in the phrase "I'm going to the city." Many Brooklynites have a great deal of pride in their borough, and most New Yorkers consider Brooklynites to have an identity distinct from that of other New Yorkers. In any case, remember while speaking to Brooklynites that referring to Manhattan as "the city" is acceptable but calling Manhattan "New York City" is not. Be careful not to confuse Brooklyn and the Bronx - they are very different parts of New York City.
Brooklyn Tourism & Visitors Center, Historic Brooklyn Borough Hall, 209 Joralemon St, Ground Floor (at Court St; Subway: 2/3/4/5 trains to Borough Hall, M/R trains to Court St-Borough Hall, or A/C/F trains to Jay St-Borough Hall), ☎ +1 718 802-3846, . M-F 10AM-6PM. Official tourist and visitor information center and gift shop with unique Brooklyn souvenirs.
Brooklyn is well served by some 18 subway lines, most of which provide direct service to Manhattan, Queens, and the Bronx. The sheer size of the borough does make it harder to identify the fastest route - it is best to download a subway map from the Metropolitan Transit Authority's website  or pick one up for free at what New Yorkers still anachronistically call a token booth, even though tokens are no longer on sale or used in the New York subways.
Getting into Brooklyn by subway from Manhattan is easy. Pretty much every line goes through Downtown Brooklyn and stops at Atlantic Avenue, the largest subway stop outside Manhattan. From here, you can transfer to pretty much any subway (besides the A/C, J/Z, L,F, and G) to get to your destination in Brooklyn. You can also walk about two blocks north of the station to find Fulton Street (G) and Lafayette Avenue (C). To use these, though, you have to pay another fare, currently $2.25, or just have an unlimited rides card.
There are 3 lines you can take to get directly from Queens to Brooklyn. The A goes from the Rockaways in Queens through the eastern edges of Brooklyn into Bedford-Stuyvesant and finally Downtown Brooklyn before continuing in Manhattan. You can also transfer to the C for local service. Beware taking this route at night, because it passes through some rough neighborhoods, including East New York.
The J/Z goes from Jamaica in Queens (near JFK; take the AirTrain to Jamaica) through Williamsburg. It goes through many of the same rough neighborhoods as the A. The M travels from central Queens through Williamsburg while conveniently avoiding the rough neighborhoods that the J/Z goes through but inconveniently ending up in an isolated neighborhood with little interest to tourists.
The final choice is the controversial G, which snakes from Long Island City through Williamsburg and Downtown Brooklyn before ending near Prospect Park. Although it may look like the best way to get from Queens to Brooklyn, it is notoriously slow and irregular, and sometimes lines that go through Manhattan are faster. However, the G does serve some areas relatively unserved by other subways. And even though the trains are a bit grungy and the stations dilapidated, the G doesn't go anywhere really dangerous.
The L also goes into Queens from Brooklyn but so briefly that it's not a practical option for getting between the two boroughs.
The Q train travels from Coney Island to Midtown Manhattan, passing through Sheepshead Bay, Kings Highway, Midwood, Kensington, Park Slope and South Brooklyn, and parallels the main roads of Ocean Parkway and Coney Island Avenue. It also stops at the main transfer stations of Atlantic Avenue, 14th Street -Union Square, and 34th Street, making it easy to transfer to other main lines, including the B, 1, 2, 3, R, J, M, and Z trains.
The F train route is very similar to that of the Q train except that its stops are on the opposite side of Ocean Parkway.
The Long Island Rail Road  has a major station at Atlantic Terminal (Atlantic Avenue subway station), which is accessible from the Atlantic Avenue/Pacific Street combined subway stop, served by the 2, 3, 4, 5 (on weekdays), B (on weekdays), D, N, Q, and R lines and near the Lafayette Avenue station of the C train and the Fulton Street station of the G train. Other LIRR stops in Brooklyn are Nostrand Av. at Atlantic Avenue (served by the A and C subway lines a few blocks away on Fulton Street) and East New York (served by the A, C, L, J, and Z a few blocks away at Broadway Junction and the L at Atlantic Avenue, though Broadway Junction is probably a safer bet). Eastbound trains continue to Jamaica Station in Queens, from where passengers can change to most LIRR lines for points further east or take the AirTrain to John F. Kennedy Airport (JFK). The LIRR no longer runs in Brooklyn during late nights (midnight to around 5 AM), so to get to JFK from Downtown Brooklyn then, you have to take the A
Brooklyn is covered by an extensive network of MTA buses, for which a map is essential . Of particular note is the B51 bus, which runs between City Hall in Manhattan and Smith St./Fulton St. in Downtown Brooklyn, via the Manhattan Bridge. The trip is particularly beautiful on the way to Manhattan because of the skyline. Note that the bus operates only on weekdays, with the last bus leaving Smith St./Fulton St. at 7:10 P.M. and from Park Row at 7:40 P.M., according to the current schedule and depending on traffic. See the MTA website for bus maps and schedules of individual bus lines. The B39 travels over the East River on the Williamsburg Bridge between Manhattan and Brooklyn. Another route of note is the B15, which runs between JFK Airport and the Woodhull Hospital in South Williamsburg. Service on that route is provided around the clock. Possibly the longest mostly straight-line bus route in Brooklyn is the B41, which runs nearly the length of Flatbush Avenue from the line's northern terminal near Borough Hall just west of Flatbush Avenue itself to Kings Plaza at Avenue U (with a branch to the Mill Basin and Bergen Beach areas), about 9 miles away. Other long routes run a limited-stop service that stops at major intersections and points of interest. Limited-stop service is provided on the B6, B41, B44 (along Nostrand/Bedford Avenues), B46 (along Utica Avenue), and B35 (along Church Avenue). That pattern is in effect from around 6 AM to 10 PM daily on these routes (5 AM-11:30 PM on the B46). The B49 has southbound limited-stop service on weekday mornings, mainly tailored for college students traveling to Kingsborough Community College. The B103 is a limited-stop route between Downtown Brooklyn and Canarsie, which runs on weekdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.
One can also take express buses, with an X prefix, to/from Manhattan ($5.50 one way). Most express buses serve Southern Brooklyn, for the most part an area that's somewhat subway deprived, especially to the east. The X27 and X28 run daily from around 6 AM to 11:30 PM. Other express routes run every day except Sunday and have a BM prefix.
You can cross the Brooklyn Bridge on foot
The connections between Queens and Brooklyn are too numerous to mention, because the two boroughs share a land boundary, so almost every street on the border just continues into the other borough. (Prior to 1990, the street signs in each borough had different colors, but they have since all become green - with the exception of brown signs for historic streets - and can no longer be useful in distinguishing between the boroughs.)
The Williamsburg, Manhattan, and Brooklyn Bridges link Manhattan and Brooklyn, and the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge links Staten Island and Brooklyn. Only the Verrazano is a toll bridge. There is also a toll tunnel, the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel, which links Brooklyn with the Battery (the southern tip of Manhattan).
By foot or bicycle
All the bridges between Brooklyn and Manhattan are now accessible to both pedestrians and cyclists. Prospect Park's main road is closed to cars on weekends and open to bicycles. There are numerous bicycle paths in the park. Along New York Bay to the southwest, there are many sections where one can bicycle. Ocean Parkway also has a bicycle path that runs from Coney Island at the southern end of Brooklyn to the neighborhood of Park Slope.
The 'Water Taxi,' at Fulton Ferry Landing, provides service from various points in Manhattan along the East River. The Water Taxi recently added service between southern Manhattan and Red Hook, intended for customers of the newly built Red Hook Ikea but available to everyone.
The subway is overall the best way to get around Brooklyn, although there are some spots, notably Red Hook and parts of East Brooklyn (including most of the tourist attractions), where subway coverage is poor and bus transportation is encouraged.
The biggest hub is Atlantic Avenue (also called Pacific St). From there, there are transfers to pretty much any line in Brooklyn. Many of the lines that don't stop there do stop elsewhere in Downtown Brooklyn. After Downtown, however, the lines fan out in all directions, and it is difficult to transfer elsewhere, although the Franklin Ave. Shuttle in Bed-Stuy does help somewhat. The G can transfer to the lines that don't stop in Downtown. In East Brooklyn, the L serves the same purpose.
Broadway Junction in Bed-Stuy and East New York is a minor hub between trains that don't stop at Atlantic. Changing there can be useful if you're going to Northern Brooklyn. Coney Island is a major hub for four lines--it's possible to do a "loop tour" of Southern Brooklyn by changing there.
Buses generally fan out from one of several hubs, including the Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue subway station, Kings Plaza, the Broadway Junction subway station, Downtown Brooklyn, the Myrtle/Wyckoff Avenues subway station, the Brooklyn College subway station (Flatbush Avenue), and the Williamsburg bus plaza.
There are locations, including Kings Plaza, where dollar vans shuttle riders to and from nearby subway stations.
By commuter rail
There is the option of taking the Long Island Rail Road if your starting and ending points are in the following neighborhoods: Downtown Brooklyn, near Atlantic Avenue/Flatbush Avenue, Bedford-Stuyvesant, near Atlantic Avenue/Nostrand Avenue, and East New York, near Atlantic Avenue/Van Sinderen Avenue. It isn't terribly convenient, due to the limited stops and relatively infrequent service, but if you need to go to exactly the areas it stops in, it's faster than the subway.
The Soldiers' and Sailors' Arch in Grand Army Plaza
Brooklyn Bridge, . Work started in 1870 on the first bridge crossing of the East River between Manhattan and Brooklyn, finally completing in 1883 - a 1,595 ft suspension bridge and, as a plaque on it says, a "structure of beauty."
Grand Army Plaza, (2 or 3 trains to Grand Army Plaza), . The gateway to Prospect Park, laid out in 1870. The Soldiers and Sailors Arch was added in 1892 as a memorial to the victorious Union Army. The Plaza itself is a large traffic circle surrounded by trees; apartment buildings; the main branch of the Brooklyn Public Library, itself a large distinctive landmark building; and a memorial bust of President John F. Kennedy. Each June, Grand Army Plaza is the focus for the Welcome Back to Brooklyn Festival for people who lived in the borough.
The Coney Island Cyclone, (D, F, N, or Q trains to Coney Island-Stillwell Ave or F or Q trains to W 8th St-NY Aquarium). Opened in 1927, the Coney Island Cyclone or (the Cyclone) is one of the world's oldest and still operating wooden roller coasters and was declared a New York City Landmark on July 2, 1988. It was also placed on the National Register of Historic Places on June 26, 1991. Although in 1927 the roller coaster cost only 25 cents to ride, it now costs $10.
Museums and galleries
Prospect Park is home to the Brooklyn Museum, NYC's second largest art museum. Downtown is home to the New York Transit Museum. Bedford-Stuyvesant and Flatbush are home to the Brooklyn Children's Museum and the Jewish Children's Museum, which is the largest Jewish-themed children's museum in the United States. Williamsburg is home to the Hogar Collection. The Transit Museum is worth checking out and it only costs $7.
Parks and gardens
Cherry blossoms in bloom at the Brooklyn Botanic Garden.
Prospect Park is home to, of course, Prospect Park, designed by Olmsted and Vaux, who also designed Manhattan's Central Park but preferred their Brooklyn creation. Adjacent to the park is the Brooklyn Botanic Garden, a 52-acre garden that is home to more than 10,000 taxa of plants.
Marine Park is a public park that is located in the Marine Park neighborhood and surrounds the westernmost inlet of Jamaica Bay. It has about 800 acres and has a bike path, handball court, shuffleboard court and playground. The park is mainly a fertile salt marsh that is supplied with freshwater from Gerritsen Creek.
Coney Island, (D, F, N ,or Q trains to Coney Island-Stillwell Ave), . Coney Island is a hotspot during the summer season. One could go for a day and enjoy the beach and beach venders, then at night visit the Astroland Amusement Park and ride rides for a cheap price or watch a game at the Brooklyn Cyclone baseball field.
New York Aquarium, Boardwalk and W 8th St, Coney Island (Take the F or Q trains to W 8th St-New York Aquarium), .
BAM Rose Cinemas, 30 Lafayette Ave (G to Fulton St, C to Lafayette Ave or B, D, N, Q, R, 2, 3, 4, 5 trains to Atlantic Ave-Pacific St, or LIRR to Atlantic Ave). A good cinema in an old opera hall. Films shown are in between art house and mainstream. Several subways nearby.
Bargemusic, at the Fulton Ferry Landing, . A truly hidden gem. This barge, moored permanently just under the Brooklyn Bridge, has chamber music fare every week with cheese, wine, plush seating, a fireplace, and gentle rocking to assist in your peaceful slumber. It also has a dynamite view of the lower Manhattan skyline.
There are also many concerts at churches and synagogues (for example in Brooklyn Heights and Park Slope), as well as at colleges (such as Brooklyn College and New York Technical College). Check the listings in newspapers like the New York Press and Village Voice, which also have websites.
Celebrate Brooklyn During the summer season Prospect Park hosts the Celebrate Brooklyn concert campaign every weekend in the Bandshell area of the park. Concerts vary from artists like Bob Dylan, to Norah Jones and even attract younger audiences to shows performed by electronica bands like MGMT.
St. Ann's Warehouse, 38 Water St, DUMBO (F train to York Street. Walk 4 blocks west), . A nondescript building on the corner of Water and Dock Streets, St. Ann's Warehouse delivers consistently impressive avant garde theater.$140 for five shows $119 for four, etc.
The Brick, 575 Metropolitan Ave, Williamsburg, . A former garage, The Brick is home to cutting-edge independent theater, The New York Clown Theater Festival, and an annual themed festival each year (past themes included the Moral Values Festival and the $ellout Festival).Tickets are an affordable $15.
Brooklyn Cyclones, . New York Mets single-A minor league team, which plays in Coney Island right next to the Boardwalk. They were established to fill the void of Brooklyn's old Major League Baseball team the Dodgers, who left for Los Angeles after the 1957 season.
Walk across the Brooklyn Bridge -- or if you prefer, the Manhattan or Williamsburg Bridge. The Brooklyn Bridge itself is beautiful, and the view is splendid.
Walk along the Brooklyn Heights Promenade for great views of Manhattan.
Walk under the Brooklyn Bridge in the DUMBO neighborhood to get an amazing view of Manhattan from below while also overlooking the East River.
Visit some of Brooklyn's places of worship, including the Kane Street Synagogue  (236 Kane St, +1 718 875-1550), built in 1856, or the East Midwood Jewish Center  (1625 Ocean Ave, +1 718 338-3800), on the State and National Registers of Historic Places and home to weekly religious services and cultural happenings.
Beacon's Closet, 5th Avenue. 10AM-7PM. In the trendy neighborhoods of Park Slope and Williamsburg, these incredibly cheap yet hip second hand stores are bound to catch your attention and the change in your pocket.
Blanc & Rouge, 81 Washington St (F train to York St), . 11AM-10PM. A great small wine shop in the DUMBO (Down Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass) neighborhood of Brooklyn. They have a great selection of Burgundies as well as other wines from all over the world and a very friendly and knowledgeable staff. A short walk from the park with stunning view of the Manhattan skyline.
Brooklyn Superhero Supply Store, . The Brooklyn Superhero Supply Co. is your one-stop shopping destination for crime-fighting needs in the Tri-State area. Items on sale include capes, masks, secret identity kits, invisibility detection goggles, particle blasters, powdered anti-matter, deflector gauntlets, bottled justice, maps showing hotspots of good and evil, power rings, and countless other tools essential for any hard-working do-gooder. Test a cape, get devillainized, create your superhero persona and enter it in the master log - they've got it all. The BSSC is also a clever front for the 826NYC Student Writing Center, a non-profit center founded by Dave Eggers (among others) where kids aged 6-18 may receive after school tutoring, or attend a variety of creative workshops, all free of charge. Student writing is on sale in the store, along with books and other items from the McSweeney's label. .
Cog & Pearl, 190 Fifth Ave (R train to Union St, walk 1 block E to 5th Ave). A great place to find high quality hand-made designer items. A one-stop shop for last minute gifts.
Sahadi's, 187 Atlantic Ave (between Court and Clinton Sts; 2, 4, 5, M, or R to Borough Hall/Court St subway stops), ☎ +1 718 624-4550, . The most famous purveyor of Middle Eastern foodstuffs in New York City. Across the street, there is another store which is open later. If you like Arab food, don't miss a trip to Atlantic Ave.
As the birth place of hip-hop culture, New York has hundreds of records stores scattered around the area. Also, though vinyl has disappeared from the shelves of regular record stores, many stores still sell used and new vinyl.
Earwax Records, 218 Bedford Ave, Williamsburg.
Halcyon, 57 Pearl St, DUMBO, . If taking the subway, you can take the F train to York St, or the A/C train to High St. Enjoy the music.
8th Avenue (or Third Chinatown). Stretching from 40th Street to 62nd Street, the avenue holds its own against Canal Street and Flushing. Fancy gourmet restaurants to alleyway noodle shops, Malaysian to Vietnamese and fare from every Chinese province, the neighborhood has it all. Closest subway is the N-line's '8th Avenue' stop on 62nd and 8th.
Park Slope 7th/5th Avenue. Here, one could find any type of cuisine from Italian, to Mexican, to Japanese and even Fish and Chips. This part of Brooklyn has plenty of Zagat-reviewed restaurants that are sure to please any type of craving and tastebuds.
Brooklyn may have a tough reputation, but it is largely quite safe these days. There are, however, a few areas in which a traveler should be cautious. The most notorious neighborhood for crime in Brooklyn is East New York, an area unlikely to be of much interest to travelers, though many will pass through. Don't be afraid to pass through it on the subway or LIRR, though--that is quite safe. Red Hook, while recently trendy, still has pockets of high crime. Other neighborhoods with relatively high crime include Brownville and Bedford-Stuyvesant (BedStuy). However, crime in Brooklyn is nowhere near as bad as it used to be, and the traveler should largely be safe.
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