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Difference between revisions of "Brazilian Portuguese phrasebook"

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(Transportation)
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; van : [PORT] caminhonete (''kah-mee-NYOH-neh-tih''), [BRAZ] furgão (''FOOR-gown'')
 
; van : [PORT] caminhonete (''kah-mee-NYOH-neh-tih''), [BRAZ] furgão (''FOOR-gown'')
 
; truck : [PORT] caminhão (''kah-MEE-nyow''), [BRAZ] caminhão (''kah-MEE-nyown'')
 
; truck : [PORT] caminhão (''kah-MEE-nyow''), [BRAZ] caminhão (''kah-MEE-nyown'')
; trolley :
+
; trolley : carrinho (''kah-REE-nyoo'')
 
; tram :
 
; tram :
 
; train :
 
; train :

Revision as of 12:46, 14 July 2010

Portuguese is a Romance language closely related to Spanish, and even more closely related to Galician (in fact, many people consider that Galician and Portuguese are the same language). It is spoken as the official language of Portugal and Brazil, with some differences in pronunciation, spelling, and use of pronouns. It is also the official language of Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, São Tomé e Príncipe, Angola, Mozambique, and the co-official language of East Timor, and Macau. It is spoken mainly by the elderly in Goa, Daman and Diu in India. There are around 200 million Portuguese native speakers, the vast majority in Brazil.

Probably the biggest difference compared to Spanish are its influences from the French language (almost none of which occur in English, despite our own hefty French influence). Needless to say, if you know both Spanish and French, you'll have a very nice head start. However, people who know a little Spanish may hastily conclude that Portuguese is close enough that it need not be studied separately. While they may be able to figure out the meaning of some signage, items on a menu, etc., understanding of verbal communication will be very low to nothing! Words such as "gente" (people) are pronounced so differently in either variant of Portuguese, that you would hardly recognise them. Also, some personal names such as "Jorge Ramos," for example, will be pronounced quite differently as well.

If you know Spanish, watch for a lot of new vowels (even more than in English), a huge number of contractions (comparable to del and al) and irregular plurals. For the non-fluent, some pronunciation differences can be easily missed, such as año (year) becoming ano. If you speak good French, you'll find Portuguese pronunciation to be fairly easy, though much of the vocabulary will have changed substantially. Since the sounds of French and Portuguese match more closely, you would do better to view the Pronunciation guide at French Wikitravel.

Contents

Alphabet

The Portuguese alphabet (alfabeto) has 23 letters, plus 3 foreign ones. Accented vowels, cedillas (see below), diphthongs, digraphs (including ch), etc. do not count separately. The alphabet is a b c d e f g h i j l m n o p q r s t u v x z with additional characters á à â ã ç é ê í ó ô õ ú ü. By far, the most common diphthong is ão. The alphabet, when pronounced, is similar to Spanish: á bê cê dê é efe gê agá i jota ele eme ene ó pê quê erre esse tê u vê xis zê. The letters k (ká / kápa), w (vê duplo/duplo vê / dábliu/dâbliu), and y (ípsilão) are usually used only on words of foreign origin. In Brazil, this includes most of the indigenous languages, as their writing was developed by German anthropologists. Words such as Kayapó, Wapishana, and Yanomami refer to the names of a few of these indigenous tribes.

Grammar

Written vs. spoken

Especially in Brazil, spoken language can be very different from written language and official grammar, confusing non-native speakers. While slang (gíria) is common in Brazil and difficult to understand, it is generally not used around foreigners. Less educated people are likely to use slang a lot. The written language is also much closer to Spanish than what is spoken. But make no mistake, Portuguese is a foreign language for Spanish speakers.

Gender, plurals, and adjectives

To avoid duplication, see wikibooks. Also, Portuguese words ending in _ão are often, but not always, feminine. Their plurals, most of the time, simply replace _ão with _ões. (Example: a televisão, as televisões) To be sure, look it up in a dictionary. Even words that are the same in both English and Portuguese can be different in plural form, depending on the last letter. Example: 1 hotel (oh TEL), 2 hotéis (oh TAYSH).

Unlike most other Romance languages, Portuguese genderizes the names of many countries of the world, and also some cities in Portugal, (but mainly just 'o Rio de Janeiro' in Brazil). Surprisingly, Portugal itself has no gender, along with some of the Portuguese speaking countries in Africa.

Pronouns for "You"

These can be a little confusing, especially for those transitioning from other Romance languages to Brazilian Portuguese. Originally, você (Spanish usted; French vous) and the plural vocês were the formal "you," while tu and the plural vós were the informal, with all four having separate sets of verbs endings. Today in Brazil, vós is almost never used, and tu is used only in certain areas such as the Northeast (nordeste) and Rio Grande do Sul. In this case, it is often followed by the same verb endings as você. Thus, virtually all of Brazil does not use the verb endings for tu and vós (i.e. no 2nd person verbs), making it much easier to learn just the 1st and 3rd person. However, most Brazilians do use the informal reflexive pronoun te (based on tu and the same word as Spanish and French). Since this eliminates much of the grammar-based formality, to be formal replace you with o senhor (oh sen-YOUR) for a man, a senhora (ah sen-YOUR-ah) for a woman, and a senhorita (ah sen-your-REE-tah) for a young unmarried lady. This can also be done just before their name (equivalent to Mr., Mrs., and Miss respectively), or it can be spoken by itself initially (with or without a name) in order to get someone's attention.

In Portugal, the pronoun "tu" is just as popularly used as in Spanish-speaking countries, though vós is rarely used a a conjugating pronoun (except for accusative and dative as in Amo-vos "I love (plural) you"). Tu has its own verb set, making você sound somewhat more formal than in many parts of Brazil. However, to be extra formal use o senhor, a senhora, and a senhorita. Tourists could easily get by without learning the tu verbs, and as an obvious foreigner, it's very unlikely any child will think you're being sarcastic if you use você in speaking to them. Also, Brazilian television programs are popular in Portugal, and the use of você should not raise an eyebrow. However, European Portuguese (Luso) is not well-understood in Brazil.

Dropping the plural in Brazil

Informal speech in Brazil may avoid the plural altogether by using a gente (the people) for we and todo mundo (entire world) for they. Both forms use 3rd person singular. Of course, todo mundo applies only to people, not things. Be careful outside Brazil where toda a gente is the same as todo mundo. Unfortunately, this isn't much of a short cut, as the we form is by far the easiest, and the they form is still needed for objects.

It is also becoming common in Brazil to see people dropping the final S in the nouns as it happens in French. So words saying "As Casas" is spoken as "As Casa" but in written form, that is not accepted.

Other Pronouns

In Brazil, it's very common (though technically incorrect) to use ele/a as the object pronoun for "it." Eu encontrei ele. I found it. If the "it" is intangible, best to change to the Portuguese genderless word for "this." Amo muito tudo isso. I'm loving it.

eu 
I
tu 
You (Informal, used only between friends and young people. Popularly used in Portugal, but seldom used in Brazil
ele 
he, it (m)
ela 
she, it (f)


nós 
we
(vós) 
you -- plural (Nowadays, not conjugated even in Portugal. Rarely used anywhere in Brazil.)
eles 
they, them (mixed gender ok)
elas 
they, them (all females/feminine)

Avoid confusion with third person possessives

Possessives are used like the definite articles (o,a, os, as) and are genderized by what is being possessed -- NOT who possesses them (as in English his/her). Also, the definite article precedes the possessive in most dialects. (The main exception is Northeast Brazil, including Salvador, Bahia.)

Beware, seu(s) and sua(s) can either mean your (second person), or his/her/their (third person). The default is the second person. Only if there is no possibility that it could belong to "you" is the use in the third person allowed. (Exception: if the tu or vós forms are being used, then seu/sua become the 3rd person AND teu/tua or vosso/vossa are used instead .) Sua boca = your mouth. Seu carro = your car. But if you don't have a car, then it means "his or her car." If you do have a car, and they want to talk about someone else's car, then they have to say o carro dele (the car of his), or o carro dela (the car of hers). Notice that dele/dela (unlike regular possessives) are based on who possesses them (like English). Needless to say, this can all be very confusing and requires practice.

  • a sua namorada     his girlfriend   Assuming she's not your girlfriend (spoken by another person), as this would have priority unless tu (i.e. teu/tua) is being used.

Note the feminine possessive pronoun sua becomes the masculine his in English

  • a namorada dele     literally: the girlfriend of his

In this case, le is masculine. Normally translated as just "his girlfriend."

Verbs

This topic is much too complex for a phrasebook. In general though, infinitive verbs (i.e. as found in the dictionary) end in _ar, _er, and _ir (like Spanish) plus there's one irregular infinitive pôr (to put). A lot of the most common verbs are irregular, and must be memorized (except in the we form, most of the time). Você, ele, ela, (and usually tu in Brazil -- see above) share the same verb set, as do (separately) vocês, eles, and elas. By not using the second person, you also avoid having to change verbal commands when switching from affirmative to negative: (you) go , (you) don't go não vá, but with tu it's vai (affirmative) and não vás (negative) which is more complicated.

Pronunciation guide

Portuguese has both nasal vowels and reduced vowels. Nearly everyone struggles to learn them correctly (except, perhaps, fluent French speakers, but even they will have an accent). If you don't reduce the vowels, you will still be understood, but sound over-enunciating. If you don't nasalize the vowels, you can easily be misunderstood: mão means "hand", while mau means "bad." So, be extra careful not to ouch the ão sound. For starters, try something in between English no and now for não (which means English no). Start practicing with words whose preceding consonant doesn't have much lip movement. For example, não is easier than pão (bread). A good native pronunciation of this diphthong will take lots of listening and practice. The nasals are transcribed as "ng", but don't pronounce "ng" as a consonant.

Brazilian and Luso (European Portuguese) pronunciation differ, and within Brazil, there are regional differences as well. The Brazlian variant used here is based on generally follow the Rio pronunciation in this guide.

Beware (especially if you know some Spanish) that words ending in i and u are stressed on the last syllable without any accent mark, as are those ending in a constant other than m or s (except im/ins and um/uns).

Vowels

Nasal Vowels
Like French, Portuguese has its share of nasal vowels. These are written in one of six ways:

  • 1.) A tilde over the vowel: ã, õ (This is also the phonetic representation of the nasal vowel.)
  • 2.) Any vowel followed by m at the end of a word
  • 3.) Any vowel followed by n plus a consonant (except nh)
  • 4.) Any vowel followed by m plus b or p
  • 5.) The vowel â with the circumflex (stressed)
  • 6.) The diphthong ui, if in the middle of a word

Often, but not always, nasal vowels occur at the end of a word.

Examples:

  • 1.) irmã (non-verbs), cão (dipthong)
  • 2.) andam (verbs only), viagem, ruim, bom, algum
  • 3.) antes, mundo (but not ano, nulo, enorme, banho, etc.)
  • 4.) caçamba, emprego, simples, combinar, penumbra
  • 5.) lâmpada (but not você, avô, etc.)
  • 6.) muito (slight nasalization)


like father
ã 
like détente (Nasal)
like set, say, or eight. Often dropped at ends of words in Portugal save verbal conjugations but not in Brazil, where it is reduced to i.
closed e 
like herd. Often spelled with an accent mark: ê

Note this can be much shorter than the Spanish 'e.' See also the diphthong ei

like machine
between sort and book in Portugal. In Brazil it is usually rounded (like in cold) except at the end of a word, when it is pronounced as a short oo, as in the English word to. See also the diphthong ou.
open o 
like in hot.
ó 
like rock Note that o and ó are not the same vowel.
õ 
like French sont (say "song" and drop the final consonant) (Nasal)
like soup or book

Consonants

Using the English "R" sound in the beginning of words can cause confusion. Use the English "H" sound (or the French R) instead. The M is also nasalised at the end of words (sim, mim) and the English "M" sound should be dropped even if the next word begins with a vowel. In this phrasebook, it's represented by an N (the closest possible sound). Also, be careful with words containing "Te" and "Ti" (see below).

like 'b' in "bed"
like 'c' in "cat"
ce     ci 
like in cell and civil.
ç 
like 's' in soft or super. The mark below the letter "c" is called a cedilla in English or cedilha in Portuguese. It is used to force the soft C before vowels other than E or I.
like 'd' in "dog". In some regions of Brazil (e.g. Rio) it is affricate before i   (like in dia sounding roughly like an English "j": "jeea"). Unlike Spanish, the d is always pronounced hard, even in between vowels
like 'f' in "father"
like 'g' in "good". Same as the d above, the letter is never softened between vowels as in Spanish.
ge     gi 
like 'zh' as in Brezhnev and other East Slavic words.
Silent. See Common digraphs below and r and rr for the English "h" sound. Note: many Spanish words starting with this silent "H" begin with "F" in Portuguese (and in other Romance languages) such as "hacer" v.s "facer" (to do).
like 'zh' as in Brezhnev and many East Slavic words.
Found only in words of foreign origin, so pronounce accordingly. See letters c and q for the English "k" sound.
like 'l' in "love". The final L is vocalised (like in "cold"). Brazilians will make it a "u" sound (like in "mal" sounding like the English "ow", as in "now".)
m... 
like 'm' in "mother".
...m 
Nasalizes the preceding vowel, and is dropped at the end of a word (Luso). Letter 'N' used in the phrasebook for Brazilian pronunciation.
like nice. Nasalizes the preceding vowel and is silent when followed by a consonant. (See Common digraphs below.)
like 'p' in "pig"
like "unique". Qu is usually followed by e  or i  as a way to get the k sound. Words with qua will sound just as 'qua' in the English word "quack".
r...
like 'h' in "help", only harder. See also RR in Common Digraphs below. In European Portuguese, it sounds harder and more trilled than in Spanish. In Brazil it's often pronounced like a Spanish J.
...r 
like 'r' in "morning" or the (usually dropped) 'r' in British pronunciation.
...r... 
like the Spanish 'r'.
  • Examples (Brazilian pronunciation):

        fresta (FRES-tah)   a loophole
        hora (OH-rah)   hour, time

like "hiss" at the beginning of words, "haze" between vowels, "sure" in Luso dialect and final position/before consonants in Rio de Janeiro, or as s elsewhere (like the regular plural ending sound in English).
like 't' in "top"

Brazil only -- except some areas near Argentina and Uruguay:
...te   (if unstressed, i.e. no accent mark)  
te + a...  (the 'a' is pronounced in the next syllable)
ti   (in any syllable)
        like 'chee' in cheese
Note this is completely different from Spanish

  • Examples (Brazilian pronunciation):

        teatro (chee-AHT-roh)   theatre
        tipo (CHEE-po)   type
        rotina (ho-CHEE-nah)   routine
        assisti (ah-sist-CHEE)   I watched/helped/attended
        teste (TES-chee)   test
        até (ah-TEH)   until

like 'v' in "victory"
Found only in words of foreign origin, so pronounce accordingly. Mostly pronounced as 'v' (Volkswagen) or 'u' (Wilson).
like "box", "shoe", "zip" or even "yes". The correct pronunciation of the X is not easy to deduce. It is usually pronounced like sh before a vowel, and "ks" if preceding another consonant (but not always).
Found only in words of foreign origin, so pronounce accordingly. The digraph lh sounds like a "ly". (see Common digraphs below)
like 'z' in "zebra," or like a soft sh or s when final ("paz", "luz")

Common diphthongs

Note: Two vowels together not listed as diphthongs usually means a syllable split. Example: ia in Bahia. Any accent mark (not counting the tilde such as ão and õe) will split a diphthong into two regular vowels (see above).

am 
same as ã and â, but unstressed     andam   they walk (Nasal)
ai 
like bike (often equivalent to Spanish 'AY')     praia   beach
aí   (with an accent) 
Not a diphthong; just a, (new syllable), stressed i
ão 
similar to uwng (u as in cup)     dão   they give (Nasal)
ao 
used only in contractions, and the same sound as au below
au 
like house     Manaus   Brazilian city in the Amazon
ei 
In Brazil: like say (best equivalent to Spanish 'E')     meio   half. In Portugal (i.e. Lisbon and Coimbra): like why or bye (the i or y sound).
eu 
the e vowel plus a w semivowel (no equivalent in English)     Europa   Europe
em 
In Brazil: like reign     viagem   travel or journey (Nasal).
oi 
like boy     oito   eight
om 
same as õ     som   sound (Nasal)
ou 
as in own   false diphthong   (pronounced the same as the Portuguese vowel 'O')     sou   I am
õe 
nasal oi     ele põe   he puts (Nasal)
um 
like room     algum some (Nasal)

Common digraphs

ch 
like machine (sh sound) Note this is completely different from Spanish. In Brazil, letter t when followed by i or final e produces the Spanish & English "ch" sound (see above).
  • Example:

        chuva (SHOU-vah)   rain

lh 
like million (equivalent to Spanish LL) Note: Spanish words starting with "LL" very often convert to "CH" (with the sh sound) in Portuguese (see above)
  • Example:

        velho (VEH-yo)   old

...nh... 
like canyon (equivalent to Spanish Ñ and NI, but note that Ñ most often becomes just N in Portuguese)
  • Examples:

        banho (BAN-yo)   bath;   piranha (pee-RAHN-yah) man-eating fish

...nr... 
the r is pronounced like help
  • Example:

        honra (OH-ha)   honor

...rr... 
In Brazil, like help (same as R at the beginning of a word). In Portugal, usually trilled more vigorously than Spanish RR.
  • Example:

        cachorro (cah-SHOW-rroh (Port.) / cah-SHOW-ho (Brazil))   dog

...ss... 
prevents the sonorisation of the S between vowels.
  • Example:

        assado (ah-SAHD-oh)   roasted

Phrase list

To ask a question in Portuguese use rising intonation to distinguish it from a statement. This will seem natural as English also uses rising intonation in questions, but Portuguese has no equivalent for Do...?, Did...?, Don't...?, etc.

Also, note in the following example that você (you) -- not tem (have) -- is the first word in the question. Without the question mark, it is no different than a statement. Reversing these first two words (as is often done in Spanish) would sound very archaic (if allowed at all), especially in Brazilian Portuguese.

Example

(Do) you have a battery for this? 
Você tem uma pilha para isto? (voh-SAY teng U-mah PEEL-yah PAH-rah EES-toh?)

Basics

Good Day 
Bom dia. (boñ DEE-uh) Portugal / (bon DEE-ah / JEE-ah (Rio)) Brazil
Hello. (informal
Olá. (O-lah) Port. / Oi (oi) Brazil
Thank you. (said by a man) 
Obrigado. (ob-ree-GAH-doo)
Thank you. (said by a woman) 
Obrigada. (ob-ree-GAH-dah)
How are you? 
Como está? (KOH-moo shTAH?) Portugal, Formal / KOH-moh ish-TAH? Brazil / ) also: Como vai você? (KOH-moh vahy voh-SAY?) in Brazil
How are you? 
Tudo bem? (TOO-doo BAY(n)?) Portugal / (TOO-do BENG?) Brazil or Tudo bom? (bon) Very common in Brazil.
Fine, thank you. 
Bem, obrigado/a (BAY(n), ob-ree-GAH-doo/duh) Portugal / (BENG, ob-ree-GAH-doo/dah) Also, you can informally say "Tudo bem/bon."
Everything is OK. (Lit. "All is well") 
Tudo bem. (TOO-doo BAY(n)) Portugal / (TOO-do BENG) Brazil
What is your name? (Lit. "How are you called?")
Como se chama? (KOH-moo s SHUM-uh?) Portugal, formal / (KOH-moh se SHA-ma?); Como te chamas? (KOH-moo t SHA-mash?) Portugal, Informal
What is your name? (Literal)
Qual é o seu nome? (kwahl eh oo sehoo nom?) Portugal, formal / (kwahl eh oh SAY-oo NOH-mee?) Preferred in Brazil.
My name is ______ . 
(O) meu nome é ______ . (oo mehoo NOM eh...) Portugal / ({oh} mehoo NOM-ee ey _____ .) The "O" is usually omitted in Brazil.
Nice to meet you. 
Muito prazer (em conhecê-lo). (MOOY-too pra-ZEHR ay(n) koo-ny(e)-SEH-loo) Portugal, formal / (MOOY-to prah-ZEHR eng koh-nye-SEH-lo) The final part is dropped in Brazil.
Please (Lit. "As a favor") 
Por favor. (poor fa-VOR) Portugal / (pohr fah-VOHR)
You're welcome (Lit. "For nothing") 
De nada. (d NAH-da) Portugal / (je NAH-dah)
Yes. 
Sim. (SIN(G))
No. 
Não. (NAWN(G))
  • Remember the Portuguese "no" doesn't mean a negation as in English and Spanish -- but rather "in the" as a contraction of em + o (Spanish en el). Such contractions are common in Portuguese. Não falo inglês no Brasil. I don't speak English in Brazil.
No (not any) + noun 
Nenhum(a) (na-NYOON(g) / ne-NYUU-ma) Portugal / (neh-NYOONG(-ah))
Excuse me. (getting attention
Com licença (kong lee-SEN-sa)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Desculpe-me. (desh-KULP-me (Port.)/ deesh-KUL-pee-mee (Brazil))
I'm sorry. 
Desculpe. (desh-KULP (Port.)/ deesh-KUL-pay (Brazil))
I'm sorry. (Lit. "pardon") 
Perdão. (per-DAWN(g)) Portugal / (pehr-DAWNG) Brazil
Goodbye (formal or permanent) 
Adeus. (uh-DEOOSH)
Goodbye (informal
Tchau. (CHOW)
See you later 
Até logo. (a-TEH LOH-goo) Portugal / (ah-TEH LOH-goh) Brazil

Be careful in other context, as logo literally means "soon"

I can't speak Portuguese [well]. 
Não falo [bem] português. (NOWNG FAH-loo [bay(n)] poor-too-GEHZH)
Do you speak English? 
Fala inglês? (fah-la in-GLESH?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Há aqui alguém que fale inglês? (AH a-KEE ahl-GAY(n) ke FAHL in-GLEHZH?) Portugal / (AH ah-KEE al-GENG keh FAH-leh ing-GLEZH?) Brazil
Help! 
Socorro! (soo-KOH-hoo!)
Good afternoon (also early evening) 
Boa tarde. (BO-a TARD) Portugal / (boh-AH TAR-dee) Brazil / TAR-jay (Rio))
Good evening (also nightime) 
Boa noite. (bo-a NOIT Portugal / (bo-AH NOI-chee) Brazil
I don't understand. 
Não compreendo/entendo. (NOWNG kom-pree-EN-doo/en-TEN-doo)
Where is the toilet? (Port.)
Onde é a casa-de-banho? (OND eh a KAH-za de BA-nyoo?) Portugal /
Where is the toilet? (Brazil) 
Onde é o banheiro? (OND-de (Brazil) / OND-jee (Rio) eh o bahn-YAIR-row?)

Problems

Leave me alone. 
Deixe-me em paz. (DEY-sheh meh eng PAZH)
Don't touch me! 
Não me toque! (NOWNG meh TOH-keh!)
I'll call the police. 
Eu chamo a polícia. (AY-oo SHAH-moo a poh-LEE-see-ah)
Police! 
Polícia! (poh-LEE-see-ah!)
Stop! Thief! 
Pára! Ladrão! (PAH-rah! lah-DROWNG!)
I need your help. 
Preciso da sua ajuda. (preh-SEE-zoo dah SOO-ah ah-ZHOO-dah)
It's an emergency. 
É uma emergência. (EH oo-mah eh-mer-ZHENG-see-ah)
I'm lost. 
Estou perdido/...da. (STOW per-DEE-doo/ per-JEE-doo (Rio)...dah)
I lost my bag. 
Perdi a minha mala [bolsa]. (per-DEE / per-JEE (Rio) a meen-yah MAH-lah)
I lost my wallet. 
Perdi a minha carteira.(per-DEE / per-JEE (Rio) ah MEE-nyah cahr-TAY-rah)
I'm sick. 
Estou doente. (ish-TOW doo-AYNT (Port.) / doo-AYN-chee (Brazil))
I've been injured. 
Estou ferido/da. (ish-TOW feh-REE-doo/dah)
I need a doctor. 
Preciso de um médico. (preh-SEE-zoo deh oong MEH-dee-koo / MEH-jee-koo (Rio))
Can I use your phone? 
Posso usar o seu telefone? (POH-soo oo-ZAR oo seoo teh-leh-FOWN (Port.) / teh-leh-FOW-nee (Brazil)?)

Numbers

Note: Spanish speakers need to practice pronunciation of Portuguese numbers to be understood, even though they are quite similar in written form. Give particular attention to dropped middle syllables in numbers 7,9,10, and those ending in e for Luso and te for Brazil. Also, don't confuse cento for "cents" or "centavos," as it refers to "hundreds."

um(m)/uma(f) (oong / OO-mah)
dois(m)/duas(f) (doysh / DOO-ash)
três (treysh)
quatro (KWAT-roh)
cinco (SING-koo)
seis/meia (Brazil)(seysh/may-ah) In Brazil, use meia in a numerical series (e.g. phone numbers, postal codes, etc.) to prevent confusion with "três". "Meia" is short for "meia-dúzia" (half-a-dozen).
sete (set (Port.) / SEH-tchee (Brazil))
oito (OY-too)
nove (nov (Port.)/ NOH-vee (Brazil))
10 
dez (dezh)
11 
onze (ongz (Port.) / ONG-zay (Brazil) )
12 
doze (doz (Port.)/ DOH-zay (Brazil) )
13 
treze (trez (Port.) / TRE-zay (Brazil))
14 
catorze (kah-TORZ (Port.)/ kah-TOH-zay (Brazil))
15 
quinze (keengz (Port.)/ KEENG-zee (Brazil))
16 
dezasseis (Port.) (deh-zah-SEYSH)
 
dezesseis (Brazil)(deh-zee-SEYSH)
17 
dezassete (Port.)(deh-zah-SET )
 
dezessete (Brazil) (deh-zee-SEH-tchee )
18 
dezoito (deh-ZOY-too)
19 
dezanove (Port.) (deh-zah-NOV )
 
dezenove (Brazil) (dee-zee-NOH-vee)
20 
vinte (veengt (Port.)/ VEEN-chee (Brazil))
21 
vinte e um/uma (veengt (Port.)/ VEEN-chee (Brazil) ee oong/OO-mah)
22 
vinte e dois/duas (veengt (Port.)/ VEEN-chee (Brazil) ee doysh/DOO-ash)
23 
vinte e três (veengt (Port.)/ VEEN-chee (Brazil) ee trezh)
30 
trinta (TREEN-tah)
40 
quarenta (kwah-REN-tah)
50 
cinquenta (Port.) (sing-KWEN-tah)
 
cinqüenta (Brazil) (sing-KWEN-tah)
60 
sessenta (seh-SEN-tah)
70 
setenta (seh-TEN-tah)
80 
oitenta (oy-TEN-tah)
90 
noventa (no-VEN-tah)
100 
cem (seng)
101 
cento e um/a (SENG-too ee oong/OO-mah...)
102 
cento e dois/duas (SEHN-too ee doysh/DOO-ahs)
103 
cento e três (SEHN-too ee trehsh)
110 
cento e dez (SEHN-too ee dehsh)
125 
cento e vinte e cinco (...)
200 
duzentos/as (doo-ZEHN-toosh/ash...)
300 
trezentos/as (tre-ZEHN-toosh/ash...)
400 
quatrocentos/as (kwah-troo-SEHN-toosh)
500 
quinhentos/as (keen-YENG-toosh)
600 
seiscentos/as (saysh-SEHN-toosh)
700 
setecentos/as (set-SEHN-toosh (Port.)/ seh-tchee-SEN-toosh (Br.))
800 
oitocentos/as (oy-too-SEHN-toosh)
900 
novecentos/as (nov-SEHN-toosh (Port.)/ no-vee-SEHN-toosh (Br.))
1000 
mil (meel)
2000 
dois mil (doysh meel)
1,000,000 
milhão (meel-YOWNG)
1.000.000.000 
milhar de milhão (lit. a thousand millions; not bilião, bilhão)
number _____ (train, bus, etc.
número _____ (NU-may-ro)
half 
metade (me-TAHD (Port.)/ me-TAHD-day (Brazil)/ me-TAHD-jay (Rio))
less 
menos (MEH-noosh)
more 
mais (mighsh)

Time

now 
agora (ah-GOH-rah)
later 
depois (deh-POYSH)
before 
antes de (ANtesh deh)
morning 
manhã (mah-NYAHNG)
afternoon 
tarde (tahrd (Port.)/ TAHR-day (Brazil)/TAHR-jay (Rio))
evening 
Use afternoon ("tarde") for early evening, and night ("noite") for late evening. Unlike English, "boa noite" is used as an initial greeting and not just to say goodbye.
night 
noite (NOIT (Port.)/ NOI-chay (Brazil))

Clock time

Note: In a sentence add é just before one o'clock, noon and midnight, and são just before two through eleven o'clock. (English equivalent of "it is..."). Unlike Spanish, the definite article (Span. la; Port. a) is not used.

one o'clock AM 
uma hora da manhã (uma OH-ra dah man-yah)
two o'clock AM 
duas horas da manhã (dua-ZOH-ras dah man-yah)
noon 
meio-dia (mayo deeah/ jeeah (Rio))
one o'clock PM 
uma hora da tarde (uma OH-ra dah tahrd (Port.)/ TAHR-day (Brazil))
two o'clock PM 
duas horas da tarde (dua-ZOH-ras dah tahrd (Port.)/ TAHR-day (Brazil))
half past three PM 
três e meia da tarde (tray-zee MAY-ah dah tard (Port.)/ TARD-day (Br.))
midnight 
meia-noite (MAY-ah noyt (Port.)/ NOY-tay (Br.)/ NOY-tchee (Rio))

Duration

_____ minute(s) 
_____ minuto(s) (mee-NU-toh)
_____ hour(s) 
_____ hora(s) (OH-ra)
_____ day(s) 
_____ dia(s) (DEE-ah/ JEE-ah (Rio))
_____ week(s) 
_____ semana(s) (seh-MAH-nah)
_____ month(s) 
_____ mês(meses) (mayse)
_____ year(s) 
_____ ano(s) (ahno)

Days

today 
hoje (ohzh (Port.)/ OHZH-gee (Brazil))
yesterday 
ontem (OHN-taym)
tomorrow 
amanhã (a-mahn-YAHNG)
this week 
esta semana (esh-tah seh-MAH-nah)
last week 
a semana passada (ah s'MAH-nah pah-SAH-dah)
next week 
próxima semana (PRAW-see-mah s'MAH-nah)
Sunday 
domingo (doh-MING-goo)
Monday 
segunda-feira (seh-GOON-dah fey-rah)
Tuesday 
terça-feira (TEHR-sah fey-rah)
Wednesday 
quarta-feira (KWAR-tah fey-rah)
Thursday 
quinta-feira (KEEN-tah fey-rah)
Friday 
sexta-feira (SESH-tah fey-rah)
Saturday 
sábado (SAH-bah-doo)

Months

January 
Janeiro (zhah-NEY-roo)
February 
Fevereiro (fev-REY-roo)
March 
Março (MAR-soo)
April 
Abril (ah-BREEL)
May 
Maio (MY-yo)
June 
Junho (JUN-yoo)
July 
Julho (JUHL-yoo)
August 
Agosto (AGOSH-too)
September 
Setembro (S'tembroo)
October 
Outubro (Oh-TOO-broo)
November 
Novembro (Noo-VEM-broo)
December 
Dezembro (D'ZEM-broo)

Writing Time and Date

21 September 2005 (UK)/September 21, 2005 (USA) 21 de setembro de 2005, "vinte e um de setembro de dois mil e cinco"

Time is written with "h" as in French: 8h30; or with a colon or period. The 24-hour clock is often used.

Colors

Most adjectives change the final o to a in the feminine and add s (pronounced sh) to form the plural. If the adjective ends in "a", there is no separate masculine form.

black 
preto (PREH-too)
white 
branco (BRAHNG-koo)
gray 
cinzento (sing-ZEHN-too)
red 
vermelho (ver-MEH-lyoo)
blue 
azul (ah-ZOOL), pl. azuis (ah-ZWEESH)
yellow 
amarelo (ah-mah-REH-lo)
green 
verde (vehrd (Port.)/ VEHR-day (Brazil)/ VEHR-jay (Rio))
orange 
laranja (lah-RANG-jah)
purple 
roxo (HOH-show)
violet 
violeta (vee-oh-LAY-tah)
pink 
cor de rosa (Cohr day HOH-sah / Cohr jay HOH-sah (Rio))
brown (Port.)
castanho (cah-SHTAHN-yoo)
brown (Brazil)
marrom (mah-HON)
dark brown (skin) 
moreno (mor-RAY-no) / (pele) morena (PAY-lee mor-RAY-nah)

Transportation

car 
carro (KAH-roh)
taxi 
táxi (TAHK-see)
bus 
[PORT] autocarro (ow-toh-KAH-roo), [BRAZ] ônibus (ow-NEE-boos)
van 
[PORT] caminhonete (kah-mee-NYOH-neh-tih), [BRAZ] furgão (FOOR-gown)
truck 
[PORT] caminhão (kah-MEE-nyow), [BRAZ] caminhão (kah-MEE-nyown)
trolley 
carrinho (kah-REE-nyoo)
tram 
train 
subway 
ship 
boat 
ferry 
helicopter 
airplane 
[PORT] avião (AH-vyow), [BRAZ] avião (AH-vyown)
airline 
linha aérea (LEE-nyah ah-EH-reh-ah)
bicycle 
bicicleta (bee-see-KLEH-tah)
motorcycle 
motocicleta [PORT] (moh-too-see-KLEH-tah), [BRAZ] (moh-toh-see-KLEH-tah)
carriage 
transporte [PORT] (trahns-POOR-teh), carruagem [BRAZ] (kah-RWAH-zhehm)

Bus and Train

How much is a ticket to _____? 
Quanto custa uma passagem [bilhete in Portugal] para _____? (...)
One ticket to _____, please. 
Uma passagem para _____, por favor. (...)
Where does this train/bus go? 
Para onde vai o comboio [trem in Brazil]/autocarro [ônibus in Brazil]? (...)
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
Onde é o comboio/autocarro para _____? (...)
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
Este comboio/autocarro pára em _____? (...)
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
Quando parte [sai in Brazil] o comboio/autocarro para _____? (...)
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
Quando chega este comboio/autocarro a _____? (...)

Directions

How do I get to _____ ? 
Como vou _____ ? (KOH-moh vow) or Como chego _____ ? (KOH-moh SHAY-goh) Do NOT use the Portuguese word for "get"; use "go" or "arrive."
...the train station? 
...à estação de comboios(Port.)/trem(Br.)? (...)
...the bus station? 
...à estação de autocarros(Port.)/ônibus(Br.)? (ah ish-ta-SOWN duh ow-too-CAR-oosh / dje OH-nee-boos)
...the airport? 
...ao aeroporto? (ow ah-eh-roo-POHR-too)
...downtown? 
...à baixa(Port.)/ao centro(Br.)? (ah BAIshah / ow SEN-troo)
...the youth hostel? 
...à pousada de juventude? (Ah poo-ZAH-dah deh zhu-VEN-tud / zhu-ven-TUD-jay (Brazil))
...the _____ hotel? 
...ao hotel _____? (ow oh-TEL)
...a nightclub/bar? 
...a uma boate/bar/festa/farra? (...)
...an Internet café? 
...a um lan house?(Br.) (...)
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
...ao consulado americano/canadense/australiano/britânico? (...)
Where are there a lot of... 
Onde há muitos/muitas... (OHND ah MOOY-tosh/tash...)
...hotels? 
...hotéis? (oh-TEYSH)
...restaurants? 
...restaurantes? (resh-tau-RAN-t'sh)
...bars? 
...bares? (barsh)
...sites to see? 
...sítios(Port.)/lugares(Br.) para visitar? (SEE-tee-osh/loo-GAH-hes pah-rah vee-zee-TAR)
...women? 
...mulheres? (moo-LYEH-resh)
Can you show me on the map? 
(Port.) Pode mostrar-me no mapa? (pod mushTRARM noo MAH-pah?)/ (Br.) Pode me mostrar no mapa? (PAW-djee mee mo-STRAR noo MAH-pah?)
street 
rua (HOO-ah)
Turn left. 
Vire à esquerda. (VEER ah esh-KEHR-dah)
Turn right. 
Vire à direita. (VEER ah dee-RAY-tah / jee-RAY-tah (Rio))
left 
esquerdo (esh-KEHR-doo)
right 
direito (dee-RAY-too / jee-RAY-too (Rio))
straight ahead 
sempre em frente (Sempr' eim frent/ FREN-chee (Brazil))
towards the _____ 
na direcção de _____ (nah dee-reh-SOWN duh / nah jee-reh-SOWN deh (Rio))
past the _____ 
depois de _____ (depoish deh)
before the _____ 
antes de _____ (ant'sh deh)
Watch for the _____. 
Procure o/a _____. (...)
intersection 
cruzamento (kroo-zah-MEN-too)
north 
norte (NOHR-te(Port.) / NOHR-chee or nortch (Brazil))
south 
sul (sool)
east 
leste (LESHt or ESHt (Port.) / LESH-chee (Brazil))
west 
oeste (oh-ESHt (Port.) / oh-ES-chee (Brazil))
uphill 
subida (soo-BEE-dah)
downhill 
descida (desh-SEE-dah / deh-SEE-dah (Brazil))

Taxi

Taxi! 
Táxi! (Tak-see)
Take me to _____, please. 
Leve-me para _____, por favor. (...)
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
Quanto custa ir para _____? (KWAN-to CUSH-tah eer pah-rah______)
Take me there, please. 
Leve-me lá, por favor. (...)
Follow that car! 
Siga aquele carro! (SEEgah AHkelE kaROO / cah-HOO (Brazil))
Try to not hit any pedestrian. 
Tente não atropelar nenhum Peão (PT)/pedestre (BR). (...)
Stop staring at me this way! 
Pare de olhar para mim desta maneira! (...)
Would you mind driving slower? 
Importa-te (-se if formal) de conduzir mais devagar?
Stop, I want to get out here. 
Pare-te (Para-se), quero sair aqui.
OK, let's go, then. 
OK, então vamos. (Okay entaum vamosh)

Lodging

Do you have any rooms available? 
Tem quartos disponíveis? (teng KWAHR-toosh dish-po-NEE-veysh?)
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
Quanto custa um quarto para uma/duas pessoa(s)? (KWAHN-too KOOSH-tah oong KWAHR-too pah-rah OO-mah/DOO-ash PESS-wa(sh)?)
Does the room come with... 
O quarto tem... (oo KWAHR-too teng)
...bedsheets? 
...lençóis? (len-SOYSH?)
...a bathroom? 
...uma banheira? (oo-mah bah-NYAY-rah?)
...a telephone? 
...um telefone? (oon teh-leh-FONE? (Port.) / teh-leh-FOW-nee (Brazil))
...a TV? 
...um televisor? (oon teh-leh-VEE-zor?)
May I see the room first? 
Posso ver o quarto primeiro? (POH-soo vehr oo KWAHR-too pree-MAY-roo?)
Do you have anything quieter? 
Tem algo mais calmo? (teng AHL-goo mighsh KAHL-moo?)
...bigger? 
...maior? (mah-YOHR?)
...cleaner? 
...mais limpo? (mighsh LIM-poo?)
...cheaper? 
...mais barato? (mighsh buh-RAH-too?)
OK, I'll take it. 
OK, fico com ele. (FEE-coo com EL-ee)
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
Ficarei _____ noite(s). (fee-car-AY _____ NO-ee-chee(s))
Can you suggest another hotel? 
Pode sugerir outro hotel? (...)
Do you have a safe? 
Tem um cofre? (...)
...lockers? 
...cadeados? (...)
Is breakfast/supper included? 
O pequeno-almoço/ceia está incluído/a? (...)
What time is breakfast/supper? 
A que horas é o pequeno-almoço/ceia? (...)
Please clean my room. 
Por favor limpe o meu quarto. (...)
Can you wake me at _____? 
Pode acordar-me às _____? (...)
I want to check out. 
Quero fazer o registo de saída. (...)

Money

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
Aceita dólares americanos/australianos/canadianos? (...)
Do you accept British pounds? 
Aceita libras esterlinas? (...)
Do you accept credit cards? 
Aceita cartões de crédito? (...)
Can you change money for me? 
Pode trocar-me dinheiro? (...)
Where can I get money changed? 
Onde posso trocar dinheiro? (Ond/ON-dee (Brazil)/ ON-jee (rio) POH-soh troCAR dee-NYEY-roo)
Can you change a Traveler's Cheque for me? 
Pode trocar-me um cheque de viagem (or ... um Traveler's Cheque)? (...)
Where can I get a Traveler's Cheque changed? 
Onde posso trocar um cheque de viagem (or ... um Traveler's Cheque)? (...)
What is the exchange rate? 
Qual é a taxa de câmbio? (qual eh ah tasha d'cam-BEE-oh?)
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
Onde há um Multibanco? (Ond/ ON-dee (Brazil)/ ON-jee (rio)ah omm MultiBANcu)

Eating

A table for one person/two people, please. 
Uma mesa para uma/duas pessoa(s), por favor. (...)
Can I look at the menu, please? 
Posso ver o cardápio, por favor? (...)
Can I look in the kitchen? 
Posso ver a cozinha, por favor? (...)
Is there a house specialty? 
Ha uma especialidade da casa? (...)
Is there a local specialty? 
Há uma especialidade local? (...)
I'm a vegetarian. 
Sou vegetariano. (...)
I don't eat pork. 
Não como porco. (...)
I only eat kosher food. 
Só como kosher. (...)
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
Pode fazê-lo mais "leve" (menos óleo, manteiga, banha), por favor? (...)
half portion 
meia-dose (MEY-a dohz)
full portion 
uma dose (OO-mah dohz)
fixed-price meal 
refeição de preço fixo (...)
à la carte 
a la carte (...)
breakfast 
In Brazil: o café-da-manhã (cah-FEH dah man-YAHN) (Lit. coffee of the morning)
In Portugal: o pequeno-almoço (peh-KEH-noo ahl-MOH-soo) (Lit. small lunch)
lunch 
almoço (...)
tea (meal
lanche (...)
supper 
jantar (...)
fruit-and-vegetable store 
sacolão (sah-koh-LOWN)
bread store 
padaria (pah-dah-REE-ah)
I want _____. 
Quero _____. (...)
I want a dish containing _____. 
Quero um prato de _____. (...)
chicken 
frango(...)
beef 
bife (...)
fish 
peixe (peysh)
snake 
cobra (...)
  • Note that all snakes are called "cobra" (and what we call "cobras" don't live in Brazil or Port. Africa)
ham 
In Brazil: presunto (pre-ZOON-too)
In Portugal: fiambre (f'YAMBR)
sausage 
salsicha (...)
cheese 
queijo (KAY-zhoo)
eggs 
ovos (...)
salad 
salada (...)
barbecue/roasted meat 
churrasco (...)
(fresh) vegetables 
vegetais (frescos)(...)
(fresh) fruit 
fruta (fresca) (...)
pineapple 
In Brazil: abacaxi (ah-bah-kah-SHEE)
In Portugal: ananás (ah-nah-NAHSH)
acerola 
acerola (ah-se-ROH-lah)
cashew 
caju (kah-ZHOO)
In Brazil, this is the fruit; the nut is called castanha de caju (kash-TAH-nya ji kah-ZHOO).
guanabana, soursop 
graviola (grah-vee-OH-lah)
starfruit 
carambola (kah-ram-BOH-lah)
persimmon 
In Brazil: caqui (kah-KEE)
In Portugal: dióspiro (dee-OSH-pee-roo)
strawberry 
morango (moh-RAHNG-goo)
bread 
pão (powng), pl. pães (pighngsh)
toast 
torrada (...)
noodles 
massa (...)
rice 
arroz (ah-ROZH)
whole grain 
grão integral (grown een-cheh-GROWL)
This is said of brown rice too (arroz integral, not arroz castanho).
beans 
feijões (...)
N.B. Do not confuse feijão, pl. feijões, beans, with the feijoa, a small guava-like fruit.
May I have a glass of _____? 
Quero um copo de _____? (...)
May I have a cup of _____? 
Quero uma chávena(Port.)/xícara(Br.) de _____? (...)
May I have a bottle of _____? 
Quero uma garrafa _____? (...)
coffee 
café(...)
tea (drink
chá (...)
juice 
In Brazil: suco (SOO-koh)
In Portugal: sumo (SOO-moo)
(bubbly) water 
água com gás (...)
water 
água (AH-gwah)
beer 
cerveja (ser-VAY-zhah)
yerba mate 
erva-mate/tererê/chimarrão (ehr-vah mah-TEH / _MAH-chee (Brazil) / teh-heh-HEH / shee-mah-HOWN)
red/white wine 
vinho tinto/branco (...)
with/without 
com/sem (kong/seng)
ice 
gelo (ZHEH-loo)
sugar 
açúcar (ah-SOO-kar)
sweetener 
adoçante (ah-doh-SAHN-chee)
May I have some _____? 
Pode me dar _____? (...)
salt 
sal (sahl)
black pepper 
pimenta negra (...)
butter 
manteiga (mahn-TAY-gah)
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
Desculpe, empregado? (...) (Note: use "garçom" in Brazil in this case. Empregado sounds a bit disrespectful, for it means literally "employee".)
I'm finished 
Já acabei. (zhah ah-kah-BAY)
I'm full 
Estou farto/a (is-tow FAR-too/tah)
It was delicious. 
Estava delicioso. (is-TAH-vah deh-lee-SYOH-zoo)
Please clear the plates. 
Por favor limpe os pratos.(Pt.)/ Por favor retire os pratos.(Br.) (...)
The check, please. 
A conta, por favor. (...)

Bars

Do you serve alcohol? 
Servem álcool? (...)
Is there table service? 
Há serviço de mesas? (...)
A beer/two beers, please. 
Uma cerveja/duas cervejas, por favor. (...)
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
Um copo de vinho tinto/branco, por favor. (Oom KOH-poh d'Vinyoo TINtoo, por faVOR)
A pint, please. 
Uma caneca, por favor. (...)
A bottle, please. 
Uma garrafa, por favor. (...)
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
_____ and _____, please. (...)
whiskey 
whisky (wiss-kee)
vodka 
vodka (...)
rum 
rum (room)
Brazilian national drink (sugar cane brandy) 
birita/cachaça/canha (bee-HEE-tah / kah-SHAH-sah / KAH-nyah)
water 
água (AH-gwah)
club soda 
club soda (...)
tonic water 
água tónica (...)
orange juice (Port.) 
sumo de laranja (SOO-moo duh lah-RAHN-zhah)
orange juice (Brazil) 
suco de laranja (SOU-koh day lah-RAHN-jah)
Coke (soda
Coca-Cola (...), or Coca
Do you have any bar snacks? 
Tem aperitivos? (...)
One more, please. 
Mais um/uma, por favor. (...)
Another round, please. 
Mais uma rodada, por favor. (...)
When is closing time? 
A que horas fecham? (...)

Shopping

Do you have this in my size? 
Tem isto no meu tamanho? (...)
How much is this? 
Quanto custa? (...)
That's too expensive. 
É muito caro. (...)
Would you take _____? 
Aceita _____? (...)
expensive 
caro (...)
cheap 
barato (...)
I can't afford it. 
Não tenho dinheiro suficiente. (...)
I don't want it. 
Não quero. (...)
I'm not interested. 
Não estou interessado/a. (..)
OK, I'll take it. 
OK, eu levo. (...)
Can I have a bag? 
Dá-me um saco? (...)
Do you ship (overseas)? 
Envia para outros países? (...)
I need... 
Preciso de... (...)
...toothpaste. 
...pasta de dentes. (...)
...a toothbrush. 
...escova de dentes. (...)
...tampons. 
...tampões. (...)
...soap. 
...sabonete. (...)
...shampoo. 
...champô. (...)
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
...aspirina. (...)
...cold medicine. 
...remédio para resfriado. (...)
...stomach medicine. 
...remédio para as dores de estômago. (...)
...a razor. 
...uma lâmina. (...)
...an umbrella. 
...um chapéu de chuva(Pt.)/guarda-chuva(Br.). (...)
...sunblock lotion. 
...protector solar. (...)
...a postcard. 
...um cartão postal (...)
...(postage) stamps. 
...selos (de correio). (...)
...batteries. 
...pilhas. (...)
...a pen. 
...uma caneta. (...)
...English-language books. 
...livros em inglês. (...)
...English-language magazines. 
...revista em inglês. (...)
...an English-language newspaper. 
...jornais em inglês. (...)
...an English-Portuguese dictionary. 
...um dicionário de inglês-português. (...)

Driving

car, automobile, etc. 
carro (CAH ho)
I want to rent a car. 
Quero alugar um carro. (...)
Can I get insurance? 
Posso fazer um seguro? (...)
breakdown (car doesn't work) 
avaria (...)
stop (on a street sign
Port: stop (...)
Br: pare (PAH-reh)
one way 
sentido único (...)
yield 
yield (...)
no parking 
estacionamento proibido (...)
speed limit 
limite de velocidade (...)
gas (petrol) station 
Port. - estação de serviço (...) / Br. - posto de gasolina (...')
petrol 
gasolina (...)
diesel 
gasóleo/diesel (...)
towing enforced 
sujeito a reboque
trunk (US), boot (UK) 
porta-malas (...)
back seat 
banco traseiro (...)
driver's seat 
banco do motorista (...)
passenger's seat 
banco do passageiro (...)
steering wheel 
volante (...)
tire (US), tyre (UK) 
pneu (...)
parking/emergency/hand brake 
freio de estacionamento/ emergência/ mão (...)
brake pedal 
freio de pé (Brazil)/ travão de pé (Luso) (...)
brakes (in general) 
breques (Brazil)/ travões (Luso) (...)
alternator 
alternador (...)
fan belt 
correia de ventilador (...)
radiator 
radiador (hah-dee-AH-dor / hah-jee-AH-dor (Rio))

Authority

It's his/her fault! 
A culpa é dele/dela! (...)
Its not what its seems. 
Não é o que parece (...)
I can explain it all. 
Posso explicar tudo. (...)
I haven't done anything wrong. 
Não fiz nada de errado. [BR] Não fiz nada de mal. [PT] (...)
I swear I didn't do it Mr. Officer.
Juro que não fiz nada Seu Guarda. (Br.) Juro que não fiz nada, Senhor Guarda [PT] (...)
It was a misunderstanding. 
Foi um engano. (...)
Where are you taking me? 
Aonde me leva? (...)
Am I under arrest? 
Estou detido? (...)
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
Sou um cidadão americano/australiano/britânico/canadiano. (...)
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
Quero falar com o consulado americano/australiano/britânico/canadense. (...)
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
Quero falar com um advogado. (...)
Can I just pay a fine now? 
Posso pagar a coima(Port.)/fiança(Br.) agora? (...)
This is a guide phrasebook. It covers all the major topics for traveling without resorting to English. But please Plunge forward and help us make it a star!

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