A few of the numerous temples that surround the main temple at Bakreshwar
Birbhum is a district in the western Rarh region of West Bengal. Birhum is famous for its folk culture, especially the itinerant singers known as bauls. The district is also known as "Ranga Matir desh" because of its reddish soil.
The western part of the district bordering on Jharkhand state is hilly. The eastern part of the district is alluvial plain, often flooded during the monsoons.
Railway lines in pink, roads in ash
- Santiniketan (শান্তিনিকেতন)
- Kendubillo - birthplace of Joydeb, 12th century Sanskrit poet, also famous for the old temple and fair held during Makara Sankranti (mid January).
- Nanur - birthplace of Chandidas Rami, Sanskrit poet, possibly of the 14th century.
It is basically an agricultural district. The people in and around Santiniketan and the temple towns and shakti peethas are used to the inflow of large number of tourists.
Bengali is the local language. There are Santhalis and other tribals in the area. Hindi and a little bit of English is understood in the towns.
- By rail - It is well-connected with Kolkata.
- By road - The Panagarh-Moregram Expressway linking Grand Trunk Road (NH 2) with NH 5 cuts across the district. There are several other entry points for the district.
- By bus - the neighbouring districts are well connected with Birbhum by bus.
The towns of Birbhum ditrict are well connected by roads.
- Tagore's university at Santiniketan
- Shakti Peethas - temple towns
- Hot spring at Bakreshwar
- Siuri is famous for a sweetmeat - morabba- and for pickles. Morabba is made of various vegetable/fruit items preserved in a sugar base - pataler motabba, beler motabba, chal kumror morabba (known as petha in Agra), sata mulir morabba, amlokir morabba and so on. These are available in the sweetmeat shops.
If you are the adventurous type try the fresh toddy juice as the tappers bring it down early in the morning beside highways in the rural areas. Warning: Once it is late fermentaion sets in. Avoid country liquor shops.
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