Bijapur (Kannada: ವಿಜಾಪುರ) is a city of the Karnataka State in the Bijapur district. Bijapur is located 530 km northwest of Bangalore and about 550 km from Mumbai
From 1490 to 1686, Bijapur was ruled by the Adil Shahi dynasty which left the most important monuments of the town.
The railway station (Station Code : BJP) is linked with Bangalore, Hyderabad and other major cities. There are four trains per day from Badami to Bijapur, the journey takes two and a half hours.
Bijapur is also well connected with other cities by bus. There are five buses from Badami to Bijapur per day. The journey lasts four hours.
Mahatma Gandhi Square (chowk) is the main place and it is situated in the heart of the city. It is the main market place for the locals and also for the people from towns nearby. There are a lot of rickshaws in town. Their drivers knows all the major attractions of the town. Since no rickshaw has a meter, you need to negotiate their prices very hard.
- Jumma Masjid (Jamiya Masjid). A Mosque built by Ali Adil Shah I over 300 years ago. The Kuran inscriptions in gold is the main attraction. It can contain 2250 prayeres. Free entrance.
- Malik E Maidan, (Near Mahatma Gandhi Road). Translated as the king of the field, this is a huge cannon made of "Panchaloha" or five metals. It weights 55 tons. This cannon helped Bijapur to defeat mighty the Vijayanagar empire in the battle of Rakkasatangadi (Talikot) in 1565. (latitude,)
- Gol Gumbaz, Entrance on Station Road. 06:00 - 18:00. It is The second largest dome and largest unsupported dome in the world. It is the mausoleum of Mohammed Adil Shah and his family. It was built in 1659. At the top, the whispering gallery is a wonder where a tick of watch can be heard from opposite side of the dome over 200 feet away. Entrance Rs. 5 for Indians and Rs. 100 for foreigners.
- Ibrahim Rauza mausoleum. 06:00 - 18:00. A great architecture for this mausoleum constructed in 1626 by Ibrahim Adil Shah II. It contains the tombs of Ibrahim Adil Shah II and his wife. It also contains the tombs of member of his family. Entrance Rs. 5 for Indians and Rs. 100 for foreigners.
- Tasabavadi A large well with the temple of Rama on the other side. It was never possible to empty this well.
- Upali Buruj (Upli Burz), (Near Malik E Maidan). This is a large structure around 80 feets tall build in 1584. Has cannons at the top. One can get 360 degrees view of Bijapur town.
- Gagan Mahal This was initially the court of King Adil Shah.
- Asar Mahal, (Entrance on Station Road). This building was constructed in 1646 by the Sultan Mohammed. It was a justice hall.
- Statue of Lord Shiva. This was recently built and at 80 feets tall, is the largest statue of Lord Shiva in the world. Entrance Rs. 3.
- Bara Kaman, (Near Station Road). Ali Adil Shah II started to build a beautiful structure with 12 arches in 12 rows and 12 columns and 12 storeys tall, so that its shadow would fall on Golgumbaz in the evening. He died before it got completed. Nowadays, the uncompleted monument can be visited.
- Anand Mahal This was private residence of the king with the queen, used for relaxing and pleasure, hence the name Anand Mahal.
- Navarasapur It is a mystery how this great theater of music remained undiscovered until 1990, but when it was found the scientists were amazed about the acoustics used. In the memory of this find, Bijapur celebrates "Navarasapur Utsav" every 5 years where renowned musicians from across India come to perform.
- Bijapur Market, Gandhi Circle. You can wander around this crowded and noisy market and see the vegetables and spices which are sold there.
- Kamat restaurant, Station Road (Same building as Kanishka International Hotel). Excellent Veg Indian food, recommended.
- Mysore Restaurant, Gandhi Circle. A nice veg restaurant which is usually crowded for lunch. At the last floor, it offer a nice view of the market. Rs 32 for a Thali.
The drinking places of Bijapur are a little squalid. If you would like to have a drink it is more pleasant to do that during day time.
- Hotel Megharaj Lodge, Station Road, ☎ 254458. checkout: 24 hours. Simple and well located hotel in the center of the town. A/C and non A/C rooms are available. Rooms from Rs. 200 to 540.
- Hotel Pearl, Station Road (Opposite to Golgumbaz), ☎ 256002 (fax: 243606). checkout: 24 hours. Clean a quiet hotel. At the top you could appreciate a nice view to the Golgumbaz. There are TV and hot water in every rooms. Rooms from Rs. 600 to 1100.
- Hotel Heritage, Station Road (Near Golgumbaz), ☎ 221006. checkout: 24 hours. Rooms from Rs. 500 to 750.
The telephone code of the Bijapur district is ++ 91 (0) 8352.
- Badami, a village famous for its Cave temples located 128 km southwest of Bijapur.
- Pattadakal, hindu temples which are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Located 60 km southwest of Bijapur.
- Aihole, another hindu temple complex near Pattadakal.