Bergen (North Holland)
The village of Bergen  has been known as an 'artists village' since 1900. In the 1920's and 1930's a 'Bergen school' of painters developed. It is located behind the North Sea dunes, just west of Alkmaar. The name is often written as Bergen (NH), or Bergen-NH - for North Holland, there is also a Bergen in the Province of Limburg. Bergen is now primarily an upper-income suburb of Alkmaar, and has a somewhat snobbish air. The village has two museums and an art centre. A few kilometres further north are the villages of Schoorl and Groet, both near enough to walk from Bergen.
Bergen is a starting point for walking and cycling in the dune reserves, which begin at the edge of the village. The main dune nature reserve is the 'Schoorlse Duinen' , north of Bergen and west of the village of Schoorl. Much of it is dune forest, originally planted in the 19th century, to prevent the dunes burying the villages. The reserve covers 1900 hectares, accessible on foot and by bike at several points. There is also a visitors centre, Bezoekerscentrum Het Zandspoor, Oorsprongweg 1, 1871 HA Schoorl, with a 'play forest' for children.
Bergen is normally visited as a day trip from Alkmaar - the bus from Alkmaar station takes just 10 minutes. For most visitors, onward destinations will be reached via Alkmaar station, see Alkmaar#Get_out. One exception is for cyclists on the long-distance cycle route LF1, which goes north to Den Helder or south to Haarlem and beyond. The route continues into Belgium.