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Bengali phrasebook

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Revision as of 12:03, 4 April 2007 by 61.91.191.11 (Talk)

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Pronunciation guide

The phoneme inventory of Bengali consists of 29 consonants and 14 vowels, including the seven nasalized vowels. An approximate phonetic scheme is set out below in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA).

Vowels
  Front Central Back
High (IPA: i)   (IPA: u)
High-mid (IPA: e)   (IPA: o)
Low-mid (IPA: æ)   (IPA: ɔ)
Low   (IPA: a)  
Consonants
  Labial Dental Apico-
Alveolar
Apico-
Postalveolar
Lamino-
Postalveolar
Velar Glottal
Voiceless
stops
(IPA: p)


(IPA: )

(IPA: )


(IPA: t̪ʰ)

  (IPA: ʈ)


(IPA: ʈʰ)

(IPA: ʧ)


(IPA: ʧʰ)

(IPA: k)


(IPA: )

 
Voiced
stops
(IPA: b)


(IPA: )

(IPA: )


(IPA: d̪ʰ)

  (IPA: ɖ)


(IPA: ɖʰ)

(IPA: ʤ)


(IPA: ʤʰ)

(IPA: ɡ)


(IPA: ɡʰ)

 
Voiceless
fricatives
    (IPA: s)   (IPA: ʃ)   (IPA: h)
Nasals (IPA: m)   (IPA: n)     (IPA: ŋ)  
Liquids     (IPA: l)

, (IPA: r)

(IPA: ɽ)      

Romanization

Bengali words are currently Romanized on Wikipedia mixed a phonemic transcription, where the pronunciation is represented with no reference to the spelling. The Wikipedia Romanization is given in the table below, with IPA transcriptions as used above.

Vowels
  Front Central Back
High i   u
High-mid e   o
Low-mid ê   ô
Low   a  
Consonants
  Labial Dental Apico-
Alveolar
Apico-
Postalveolar
Lamino-
Postalveolar
Velar Glottal
Voiceless
stops
p
f
t
th
  ţ
ţh
ch
chh
k
kh
 
Voiced
stops
b
bh
d
dh
  đ
đh
j
jh
g
gh
 
Voiceless
fricatives
    s   sh   h
Nasals m   n     ng  
Liquids     l, r ŗ      

Diphthongs

Magadhan languages such as Bengali are known for their wide variety of diphthongs, or combinations of vowels occurring within the same syllable.

Nucleus
IPA
Off-glide
IPA
Transliteration Example
[(IPA: i)

]||[(IPA: j) ]||ii||nii "I take"

[(IPA: i)

]||[(IPA: w) ]||iu||biubhôl "upset"

[(IPA: e)

]||[(IPA: j) ]||ei||nei "there is not"

[(IPA: e)

]||[(IPA: e) ]||ee||khee "having eaten"

[(IPA: e)

]||[(IPA: w) ]||eu||đheu "wave"

[(IPA: e)

]||[(IPA: o) ]||eo||kheona "do not eat"

[(IPA: æ)

]||[(IPA: e) ]||êe||nêe "she takes"

[(IPA: æ)

]||[(IPA: o) ]||êo||nêo "you take"

[(IPA: a)

]||[(IPA: j) ]||ai||pai "I find"

[(IPA: a)

]||[(IPA: e) ]||ae||pae "she finds"

[(IPA: a)

]||[(IPA: w) ]||au||pau "sliced bread"

[(IPA: a)

]||[(IPA: o) ]||ao||pao "you find"

[(IPA: ɔ)

]||[(IPA: e) ]||ôe||nôe "she is not"

[(IPA: ɔ)

]||[(IPA: o) ]||ôo||nôo "you are not"

[(IPA: o)

]||[(IPA: j) ]||oi||noi "I am not"

[(IPA: o)

]||[(IPA: e) ]||oe||dhoe "she washes"

[(IPA: o)

]||[(IPA: o) ]||oo||dhoo "you wash"

[(IPA: o)

]||[(IPA: w) ]||ou||nouka "boat"

[(IPA: u)

]||[(IPA: j) ]||ui||dhui "I wash"

Phrase list

Basics

Hello. (Hindu)
Nômoshkar.
Hello. (Muslim)
Assalamualaikum (or) Slamlikum
How are you? 
(Apni) kêmon achhen? (formal)
(Tumi) kêmon achho?
(I'm) fine. 
(Ami) bhalo (achhi).
What is your name? 
Apnar nam ki? (formal)
Tomar nam ki?
My name is ______ . 
Amar nam ______ .
Nice to meet you. 
Apnar shathe porichôe hoe amar khub-i bhalo laglo. (formal)
Tomar shathe porichôe hoe amar khub-i bhalo laglo.
Please. 
Dôeakore. (formal)
Ektu.
Thank you. 
Dhonnobad. (formal)
You're welcome. 
Kichhu mone korben na. (formal)
Kichhu mone koro na.
Yes. 
Ji. (formal)
Hê.
No. 
Jina. (formal)
Na.
Excuse me. (getting attention
Ei-je!
Excuse me. (to pass by someone
Dekhi?
I'm sorry. 
Ami khub-i dukkhito.
Forgive me. 
Maf korun.
Maf kôro.
Goodbye 
Khodafez. (Muslim)
I can't speak name of language [that well]. 
(Ami) ____ [ôto bhalo] bolte pari na.
Do you speak English? 
Apni-ki Ingreji bolte paren?
Tumi-ki Ingreji bolte paro?
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Ekhane keu achhe, je Ingreji bolte paren?
Help! 
Bachao!
Look out! 
Shabdhan!
Good morning. 
Suprobhat. (highly formal)
Good evening. 
Subho shôndha. (highly formal)
Good night. 
Subho ratri. (highly formal)
I don't understand. 
(Ami) bujhi na.
Where is the toilet? 
Tôeletta kothae?

Problems

Numbers

0 Shunno
1 Êk
2 Dui
3 Tin
4 Char
5 Pãch
6 Chhôe
7 Shat
8 At
9 Nôe
10 Dôsh
11 Êgaro
12 Baro
13 Têro
14 Chouddo
15 Pônero
16 Sholo
17 Shôtero
18 Atharo
19 Unnish

20 Bish / Kuri
30 Trish
40 Chollish
50 Pônchash
60 Shat
70 Shottur
80 Ashi
90 Nobboi

100 Êk sho
1,000 Êk hajar
10,000 Dôsh hajar
100,000 Êk lakh
1,000,000 Dôsh lakh
10,000,000 Êk kuti

Time

Clock time

Duration

Days

Monday
Shombar
Tuesday
Monggolbar
Wednesday
Budhbar
Thursday
Brihoshpotibar
Friday
Shukrobar
Saturday
Shonibar
Sunday
Robibar

Months

Writing time and date

Colors

black
kalo
white
shada
red
lal
pink
golapi
orange
kômla
yellow
holud
green
shobuj
blue
nil
purple
beguni

Transportation

Bus and train

Directions

here
eikhane
there
oikhane
(on/to the) right
dan (dike)
(on/to the) left
bã (dike)
(on/to the) north
uttor (dike)
(on/to the) south
dokkhin (dike)
(on/to the) east
purbo (dike)
(on/to the) west
poshchim (dike)
straight
shoja
in front
shamne
behind
pichhe / pichhon dike
Go (___).
(___) jan. (formal)
(___) jao.
Turn around (___).
(___) Ghurun. (formal)
(___) Ghoro.
Keep going (___).
(___) Jete thakun. (formal)
(___) Jete thako.
Stop (___).
(___) Thamun. (formal)
(___) Thamo.

Taxi

Lodging

Money

Eating

Bars

Shopping

Driving

Authority

Learning more

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