Difference between revisions of "Bengali phrasebook"
Latest revision as of 08:45, 23 September 2013
Bengali is the sole official language of Bangladesh, and one of the 22 offical "scheduled" languages of India. It is also the state official language of West Bengal, and the most commonly spoken language in India's third largest city, Kolkata.
The following is a sample text in Bengali of the Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (by the United Nations):
ধারা ১: সমস্ত মানুষ স্বাধীনভাবে সমান মর্যাদা এবং অধিকার নিয়ে জন্মগ্রহণ করে। তাঁদের বিবেক এবং বুদ্ধি আছে; সুতরাং সকলেরই একে অপরের প্রতি ভ্রাতৃত্বসুলভ মনোভাব নিয়ে আচরণ করা উচিৎ।
Dhara êk: Shômosto manush shadhinbhabe shôman môrjada ebong odhikar nie jônmogrohon kôre. Tãder bibek ebong buddhi achhe; shutorang shôkoleri êke ôporer proti bhrattrittoshulôbh mônobhab nie achorôn kôra uchit.
Clause 1: All human free-manner-in equal dignity and right taken birth-take do. Their reason and intelligence is; therefore everyone-indeed one another's towards brotherhood-ly attitude taken conduct do should.
Article 1: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience. Therefore, they should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
 Pronunciation guide
The phoneme inventory of Bengali consists of 29 consonants and 14 vowels, including the seven nasalized vowels. Vowel sounds can either be independent or hooked on to the consonant in the form of diacritics.
The independent vowel is on the left, the diacritic (which is hooked on to the consonant) is on the right.
 Aspirated consonants
Aspirated consonants are pronounced with a puff of air.
 Retroflex consonants
Retroflex consonants are pronounced with the tip of the tongue flapping against the roof of the mouth.
 Aspirated retroflex consonants
Aspirated retroflex consonants are pronounced with the tip of the tongue flapping against the roof of the mouth and a puff of air.
 Phrase list
How are you?
What is your name?
My name is ______ .
Nice to meet you.
Excuse me. (getting attention)
Bhai/Bhaiya (when addressing a man)
I love you
I like you
I'm (very) sorry.
I can't speak [name of language] (that well).
Do you speak English?
Is there someone here who speaks English?
Can you help me?
I don't understand.
Where is the toilet?
 Clock time
 Bengali calendar
 Gregorian calendar
 Writing time and date
 Bus and train
(on/to the) right
(on/to the) left
(on/to the) north
(on/to the) south
(on/to the) east
(on/to the) west
Turn around (___).
Keep going (___).
Taka : Poysha
 Eating and drinking
 Present, past , future
Today = as-ke, yesterday = botho-kal(ke), tomorrow = kal-ke
 Learning more