| || |
* '''Maisel's Brauerei und Büttnerei Museum''' (Maisel's
* '''Maisel's Brauerei und Büttnerei Museum''' (Maisel's
| || |
Revision as of 19:17, 10 March 2009
Bayreuth is a festival city in Upper Franconia (Oberfranken) a region of Bavaria, Germany. It is best known for being home to the famous classical musician Richard Wagner and for hosting the Festspiele.
Frequent train services connect Bayreuth to other regions of Franconia and Northern Bavaria. Regular services exist seven days a week to and from
- Regional-Express (RE) trains once an hour (66 minutes travel time). Many times these trains separate en route, so make certain to board the correct train segment.
- As a stop on the Interregio-Express (IRE) service between Nuremberg and Dresden (49 minutes from Nuremberg, 3.5 hours from Dresden)
- Direct RE trains every two hours (2.5 hours)
- Otherwise a change in Nuremberg or Lichtenfels is necessary
- Dresden - With the IRE in 3.5 hours
- Bamberg - 1.5 hours by RE, sometimes a change in Lichtenfels is necessary
The Hauptbahnhof (main train station) is located approximately 1 km north of the city center, easily accessed by foot. Several buses also run from the train station to the central bus station in the town center (Lines 2, 3, 5, 8, 9, and 13).
Bayreuth is easily accessible on the autobahn A9, approximately 70 km north of Nuremberg and 40 km south of Hof.
The nearest airport with regular commercial service is located in Nuremberg.
The bus network around Bayreuth provides extensive coverage of the city and surrounding areas, with most buses running in 20-minute intervals. The central bus station (Zentrale Omnibus Haltestelle, ZOH) is located one block north of Maximilianstrasse near the city hall (Rathaus). The bus plan and schedule can be found at the website for BVB-Bayreuth  (in German only). Day passes (Tageskarte) are available.
Compared to larger cities, Bayreuth is relatively easy to tackle by car. The pedestrian-only area in the center of town is confined to a few streets, and parking garages are easy to find.
Biking is easy and convenient in Bayreuth. Many scenic bike paths radiate from Bayreuth into the surrounding areas.
Most sights of interest are easily reached by foot within the city. Exceptions to this are the Festspielhaus and the Eremitage, both of which are easily accessed by bus.
- Markgräfliches Opernhaus (Margravial Opera House) . Opernstr. 8, 95444 Bayreuth, tel. (09 21) 7 59 69 22, email: firstname.lastname@example.org, daily 9AM-6PM (Apr-Sept) or 10AM-4PM (Oct-Mar), 5 €. The baroque opera house, commissioned by Margravine Wilhelmine and designed by famous Giuseppe Galli Bibiena and son Carlo from Bolognese, was completed in 1748 and remained Germany's largest opera house until 1871. This ornate opera house partially drew Richard Wagner's attention to Bayreuth.
- Neues Schloss (New Palace) . Ludwigstr. 21, 95444 Bayreuth, tel. (09 21) 7 59 69 21, email: email@example.com, daily except Mon. 9AM-6PM (Apr-Sept) or 10AM-4PM (Oct-Mar), 5 €. The new residence of the Margrave Friedrich and his wife Wilhelmine after their old residence burnt down. It was designed and built by the French builder Joseph Saint-Pierre, and completed in 1754. The entrance fee includes entrance to the two museums inside: The Museum "Margravine Wilhelmine's Bayreuth" and the museum "Bayreuth Faience - Rummel Collection," featuring porcelain manufactured in Bayreuth in the 18th century. Rooms of interest include the Garden Rooms, Cedar Room, Old Music Room, and the Cabinet of Fragmented Mirrors (designed by Wilhelmine herself).
- Hofgarten (Court Garden). Behind the Neues Schloss, open 24 hours a day year round, free. The court garden of the Neues Schloss, this park provides a welcome bit of green in the middle of the city. On sunny days, you can find many residents here relaxing or exercising with a little sport.
- Eremitage/Altes Schloss (Hermitage/Old Palace) . Eremitage 1, 95448 Bayreuth, tel. (09 21) 7 59 69 37, email: firstname.lastname@example.org, daily 9AM-6PM (Apr-Sept) or 10AM-4PM (Oct 1st-15th), closed Oct. 16th to Apr 1st, 2.50 €. The old palace of Margrave Georg Wilhelm on the outskirts of town, the palace was expanded and the gardens created by Wilhelmine as a summer residence. The ornate fountains begin their waterworks on the hour from 10AM to 5PM. Guided tours are available. The Eremitage is approximately 6 km outside Bayreuth, take bus 2 or 3 to Eremitage.
- Festspielhaus (Festival House) . Festspielhügel 1-2, 95445 Bayreuth, tel. (09 21) 7 87 80, daily except Mon. 10AM and 2PM (Dec-Apr) or 10AM, 11AM, 2PM, and 3PM (Sept-Oct), 5 €. Built in 1872, this opera house still ranks among the best in the world in design and acoustics. Home to the Richard Wagner Festival every summer (see Events below). Just north of the main train station, take bus 5 to Am Festspielhaus.
- Schloss and Park Fantaisie (Garden Museum Fantaisie Palace and Park) . Bambergerstr. 3, 95488 Eckersdorf/Donndorf, tel. (09 21) 73 14 00 11, daily except Mon. 9AM-6PM (Apr-Sept) or 10AM-4PM (Oct 1st-15th), closed Oct. 16th to Apr 1st, 3 €. The 18th century palace designed by the daughter of Margrave Friedrich and Margravine Wilhelmine, features Germany's first garden design museum. Located 5 km west of Bayreuth, take bus 8231, 8433, 8446, or 8449 towards Donndorf to stop Fantaisie.
Combination tickets to the Markgräfliches Opernhaus and Neues Schloß are available for 8 €. In addition, a ticket to visit any three attractions (Kombikarte Bayreuth) is available for 10 €.
- Schlosskirche and Schlossturm (Castle Church and Tower). Schlossberglein 5, 95444 Bayreuth, tel. (09 21) 885 88, open for prearranged tours, 1 €. The court chapel and tower were also commissioned and built by Friedrich and Wilhelmine, completed in 1758. The burial vault of the Friedrich and Wilhelmine is located here. The spiral staircase in the tower features a ramp to bring supplies up to the guardroom, which has a great view over the town and to the nearby Fichtelgebirge.
- Maisel's Brauerei und Büttnerei Museum (Maisel's Brewery Museum) . Kulmbacherstr. 40, 95445 Bayreuth, tel. +49 921 / 40 12 34,
Bayreuth is home to the Richard Wagner Festival for 30 days every year in July and August, when his operas are performed at the Festspielhaus. During the festival, huge crowds flock to Bayreuth for a chance to see the performances. It is estimated that the waiting time for tickets is between five and ten years. For inquiries, contact the Tourist Information office for ideas on the best ways to obtain tickets. Sometimes (with a little luck), last minute tickets can become available.
Drink some of the local wheat beer - Hefeweizen - it is perhaps the best sipping beer in the world.
When traveling in summer, make sure not to miss the beautiful Theta beergarden. It is located in the hills above Bayreuth and it's hard to get there. But even taking a taxi would be worth it. For active people it is possible to do a very nice hike here from the Festspielhaus
Nightlife is not the thing Bayreuth is famous for. A really good place for concerts and parties is the Glashaus on the university campus.