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Revision as of 04:06, 25 June 2012
City name is in Region name.
Banteay Chhmar Temple is 65km north of Sisophon  on Highway 56. The Banteay Chhmar Community-Based Tourism (CBT)  group provides homestays, English-speaking tour guides, meals, activities, booking services and transportation resources for individuals and tour groups. In 2010, Banteay Chhmar won the ‘Hidden Treasures Cambodia’ Destination Award.
Banteay Chhmar Temple and its nine satellite temples form one the great temple complexes from the Angkorian era . The temple was constructed by King Jayavarman VII  in the late 12th century. The temple complex is one of the largest from the Angkorian era and is one of only two sites outside of Bayon Temple  bearing the enigmatic Bayon-style face towers. Banteay Chhmar Temple is currently undergoing a multi-year conservation project by Global Heritage Fund  (GHF) and the Cambodian government is in efforts to have Banteay Chhmar listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site .
Banteay Chhmar is most easily reached from Sisophon. Sisophon is at the junction of Highway 5 and Highway 6 and is a major highway that links Siem Reap, Battambang, Phnom Penh and Poipet (Thai border). There are numerous buses and taxis to/from Sisophon all day long. It should not be a problem getting to Sisophon.
From Sisophon, taxis are currently the only practical way to reach Banteay Chhmar. Taxis can be met at the Psaar Thmei (New Market) on Highway 56 (the road to Banteay Chhmar) in Sisophon. The CBT has taxis with the CBT logo on them at this taxi stand. The road to Banteay Chhmar is unpaved, but is currently undergoing improvements.
Share taxis (6 people – 4 in the back; 2 in front plus driver) are $5 per person. If you need extra legroom, you can ask to pay for 2 seats. A private taxi is $25.
In the dry season, it takes approximately 1 hour from Sisophon to Banteay Chhmar. In the rainy season, travel times can be longer depending upon the amount of rain and where it falls. The road is very rarely, if ever, completely closed.
In the unlikely event that the road is closed, Banteay Chhmar can be reached via Samraong, about 50km north. This road is in better condition, but is a much longer journey than from Sisophon. This road can also take you to the O'Smach/Chong Chom border crossing with Thailand.
The CBT will help you with making your onward travels from Banteay Chhmar.
- Private taxis and minibuses for groups can be arranged through tour operators or guesthouses in Siem Reap or Phnom Penh. You should contact the CBT if you need advice or help about these options.
- Self-drive motos can be rented in Sisophon at the Golden Crown Guesthouse ($10 / day)
- Motos with driver (motodop $10-$12) and tuk-tuks ($30 / day) can also be hired in Sisophon, though these are not the most comfortable options and not recommended.
- There are currently no buses to Banteay Chhmar
Banteay Chhmar village, the main temple and the homestays are all in close proximity and can be easily covered on foot. Most of the satellite temples can also be reached on foot, or the CBT has bicycle rentals ($1.50 / day). There are two barays (large water reservoirs). The Meborn Baray can be walked or biked to. The Pol Pot Baray (3 km) is easier to reach by moto.
- Banteay Chhmar Temple is one of Cambodia’s most important and least understood temples from the great Angkorian era. The temple is similar in style to Bayon Temple and may have originally had over 50 towers  within its main enclosure. There are some stunning bas-reliefs of Khmer domestic and military life from the Angkorian era.
By far, the most important and spectacular bas-reliefs are the two remaining images of the Avalokitsevara on the western gallery.
The temple has suffered hundreds of years of natural decay, and more recently, was subjected to egregious acts of looting.
What remains is still truly spectacular – a remote, deserted temple overgrown with trees and forest. You will experience a sense of mystical aura and have some awesome photographic opportunities.
With less than 1000 visitors a year, you will also most likely have the temple to yourself.
Temple Entrance fee is $5 per person and is good for multi-day entrance to all the satellite temples including Banteay Torp Temple. Children under 12 are free.
- Satellite Temples: There are three satellite temples worth visiting. Ta Prohm Temple is an easy walk just south of the main temple. Ta Prohm has an excellent 4-sided, Bayon-syle face tower. Samnang Tasok Temple is about 1km west of the main temple and can be reached by walking or bicycle. This rather large satellite temple also bears Bayon-style face towers and is covered in vines and jungle. Chinchem Trey Temple is a little more than 1km to the north of Banteay Chhmar Temple and looks like a walking giant. It is best reached by bicycle or moto and can be difficult to reach in the rainy season.
- Meborn Baray: Meborn Baray is a large reservoir constructed during the building of Banteay Chhmar Temple. It served as the primary water supply for the inhabitants of the time. The area now is protected from development and is home to a variety of birds. The baray stretches nearly 1,000m x 1,500m. There is a temple on the island in the middle of the baray which can be reached during the dry season. Meborn Baray is 600m from the CBT office and can reached by walking or biking.
- Pol Pot Baray: This baray was constructed during the brutal Pol Pot regime under, as you can imagine, horrific conditions. Today, the baray is an important water source for the villagers in the area. The baray is about 3km north of Banteay Chhmar and is best visited by moto, though biking may be possible during the dry season. It can be difficult to reach in the rainy season.
The CBT provides a number of visitor activities. The CBT is comprised of local community members. All CBT members are non-salaried and only receive income from providing guest services. This includes the cooks and homestay owners, as well. The CBT also saves some money from guest services in a local community fund to help with community-wide projects such as a solid waste management disposal project.
- Temple Tour with Tour Guide: The CBT has English-speaking tour guides available. They can give you a temple tour and will also help you with your homestay arrangements and transportation needs (and anything else you may need help with). $5 per group of 5.
- Traditional Music: A group of local musicians playing traditional songs and instruments. This is often performed in the temple at night during dinner (weather permitting). $10 per group.
- Rice Flattening: A traditional way of rice preparation for special occasions. You can help prepare the rice and enjoy tasting it afterwards. $10 per group.
- Ox-cart Tour: Take a 1-hour tour around Banteay Chhmar village stopping at various sites and learning about local Khmer life. $5 per group of 4.
- Kuyon (powered tractor) Trip: Kuyons can be hired to take visitors to the barays, or to Banteay Torp Temple for sightseeing and picnics. $6 per group of 10.
- Motos: Currently, the CBT does not rent motos to visitors. You can ride around Banteay Chhmar with a CBT member for $7. A trip to Banteay Torp (see below) will cost $5 and an all-day moto tour will cost $10.
- Meals: (see the Eat section)
Soieries du Mekong Silk Center
The Soieries du Mekong Silk Center is a must-see on your trip to Banteay Chhmar for its high-quality silk products, some of which is sold in Siem Reap, Phnom Penh and France. The silk center has been training young women in the art of silk weaving since 2001. You can receive a tour of the silk-making process, try some weaving yourself and buy some beautiful silk products. The silk center is open from Monday-Friday (8:30am-12pm and 1:30pm-5pm). It is on Highway 56, approximately 3/4km from the CBT office. You can also visit the affiliated Enfants du Mekong School nearby. Both are accessible by biking or walking.
There is no ATM in Banteay Chhmar. The closest ATM is in Sisophon. US Dollars, Thai Baht and Khmer Riel are all accepted in the market and by the CBT.
- Silk products from the Soieries du Mekong Silk Center.
- The CBT office has a few wooden handicrafts (sculptures, candlesticks etc.) made by local villagers. Inquire if you would to see these, or to go visit the craftsmen’s homes and shops.
- The small market area has necessities such as toothpaste, soap, shampoo and very basic medicines.
Being so far away from a major city makes dining options somewhat limited. Whatever is available in the market usually becomes the main meal of the day. There are no Tex-Mex, Italian or French nouvelle options here.
- CBT Restaurant: This is your best option. The CBT has a kitchen and restaurant area where meals can be served. The CBT cooks have been trained in food safety and hygiene. Picnics and dinner in the temple can also be arranged through the CBT. Breakfast $2; Lunch and Dinner $4. There is an extra supplement for picnics and dinner in the temple depending upon group size, location and transportation needed.
- Chan Rom Restaurant: In the market area, this is the restaurant under the big tree across from the moat and taxi stand. There is no menu. Basic Khmer food (look in the pots) and generally clean. Meals $1.00 - $2.50.
- Market stalls: There are various market stalls and sellers selling bobor (rice soup), cane juice, grilled corn, desserts and other Khmer food. Not necessarily the most hygienic choice, but worth trying, if you are on a very tight budget. Meals $0.50 - $2.
The market area starts closing down around 5pm, so eat early or, if you are not eating in the CBT restaurant, ask the Chan Rom to prepare a meal for later – they will!