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Difference between revisions of "Balinese phrasebook"

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'''Balinese''' is the local language spoken in [[Bali]], [[Indonesia]] and rarely in parts of [[Lombok]] and [[East Java]].
 
'''Balinese''' is the local language spoken in [[Bali]], [[Indonesia]] and rarely in parts of [[Lombok]] and [[East Java]].
 +
 +
It is a ''very'' tough language for non-Balinese to master, and bears no resemblance to [[Bahasa Indonesia]].
 +
 +
It is generally not necessarily for travellers to learn Balinese, as nearly every Balinese speaker speaks Indonesian as well, and many are even reasonably competent in English. Nevertheless, attempting to speak their language will almost certainly please the locals.
  
 
The language has three main registers depending on the status of those speaking:
 
The language has three main registers depending on the status of those speaking:
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*high (''basa singgih'')  
 
*high (''basa singgih'')  
  
This phrasebook will cover the low register only as that is the language spoken by the vast majority of Balinese and the only one likely to be encountered by visitors.   
+
This phrasebook will cover the low register only as that is the language spoken by the vast majority of Balinese, and the only one likely to be encountered by visitors.   
  
 
==Pronunciation guide==
 
==Pronunciation guide==
Line 37: Line 41:
  
 
===Consonants===
 
===Consonants===
{| class="wikitable IPA" style="text-align: center"
+
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center"
 
|-
 
|-
 
!
 
!
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===Basics===
 
===Basics===
 
; Hello. :  . ('' '')
 
; Hello. :  . ('' '')
 +
 
; Hello. (''informal'') :  . ('' '')
 
; Hello. (''informal'') :  . ('' '')
 +
 
; How are you? :  (''Engken kabare?'') (''Sapunapi gatra?'') (''ken ken kabare?'')
 
; How are you? :  (''Engken kabare?'') (''Sapunapi gatra?'') (''ken ken kabare?'')
 +
 
; Fine, thank you. :  . (''Iyang becik-becik kewanten.'')
 
; Fine, thank you. :  . (''Iyang becik-becik kewanten.'')
 +
 
; What is your name? :    (''Sira pesengen ragane?'')
 
; What is your name? :    (''Sira pesengen ragane?'')
; My name is ______ .   (''Tiang_____ .'')
+
 
 +
; My name is ______ :   (''Tiang_____ .'')
 +
 
 
; Nice to meet you. :  . ('' '')
 
; Nice to meet you. :  . ('' '')
 +
 
; Please. :  . ('' '')
 
; Please. :  . ('' '')
 +
 
; Thank you. :  . (''Matur suksma.'')
 
; Thank you. :  . (''Matur suksma.'')
 +
 
; You're welcome. :  . (''suksma mewali '')
 
; You're welcome. :  . (''suksma mewali '')
 +
 
; Yes. :  . (''Inggih. Patut.'')
 
; Yes. :  . (''Inggih. Patut.'')
 +
 
; No. :  . (''Tan. Nente'')
 
; No. :  . (''Tan. Nente'')
 +
 
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') :  . ('' '')
 
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') :  . ('' '')
 +
 
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') :  . ('' '')
 
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') :  . ('' '')
 +
 
; I'm sorry. :  . ('' '')
 
; I'm sorry. :  . ('' '')
 +
 
; Goodbye :  . ('' '')
 
; Goodbye :  . ('' '')
 +
 
; Goodbye (''informal'') :  . ('' '')
 
; Goodbye (''informal'') :  . ('' '')
 +
 
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. :  [ ]. ('' [ ]'')
 
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. :  [ ]. ('' [ ]'')
 +
 
; Do you speak English? :  (''Bapa bisa basa Angrit??'')
 
; Do you speak English? :  (''Bapa bisa basa Angrit??'')
 +
 
;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : ? ('' ?'')
 
;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : ? ('' ?'')
 +
 
; Help! :  ! ('' !'')
 
; Help! :  ! ('' !'')
; Look out! :  ! ('' !'')
+
 
 +
; Look out! :  ! ('' Tidak!)
 +
 
 
; Good morning. :  . (''Rahajeng semeng.'')
 
; Good morning. :  . (''Rahajeng semeng.'')
 +
 
; Good afternoon. :  . (''Rahajeng sanja.'')
 
; Good afternoon. :  . (''Rahajeng sanja.'')
; Good evening. :  . ('' '')  
+
 
 +
; Good evening. :  . (''Rahajeng peteng.'')  
 +
 
 
; Good night. :  . (''Rahajeng Wengi.'')
 
; Good night. :  . (''Rahajeng Wengi.'')
 +
 
; Good night (''to sleep'') :  . ('' '')
 
; Good night (''to sleep'') :  . ('' '')
 +
 
; I don't understand. :  . ('' '')
 
; I don't understand. :  . ('' '')
 +
 
; Where is the toilet? :  ? ('' ?'')
 
; Where is the toilet? :  ? ('' ?'')
; Where is...  ...(''?'')
 
; What is that?  (''Napi punika?'')
 
  
; Are you already married?  (''Bapa suba makurenan?'')
+
; Where is...  ...: (''Ring dija?'')
; I just came from Ubud. (''Tiang mara teka uli Ubud.'')
+
 
 +
; What is that?:  (''Napi punika?'')
 +
 
 +
; Are you already married?: (''Bapa suba makurenan?'')
 +
 
 +
; I just came from Ubud: (''Tiang mara teka uli Ubud.'')
  
 
===Problems===
 
===Problems===
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====Days====
 
====Days====
 +
Sunday:
 +
Monday:
 +
Tuesday:
 +
Wednesday:
 +
Thursday:
 +
Friday:
 +
Saturday:
  
 
====Months====
 
====Months====
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===Bars===
 
===Bars===
 +
Digek - pretty
  
 
===Shopping===
 
===Shopping===
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{{outlinephrasebook}}
 
{{outlinephrasebook}}
 
{{phrasebookguide}}
 
{{phrasebookguide}}
 +
[[WikiPedia:/Balinese_language]]
 +
{{wikipedia|Balinese_language}}

Revision as of 07:23, 6 November 2012

Balinese is the local language spoken in Bali, Indonesia and rarely in parts of Lombok and East Java.

It is a very tough language for non-Balinese to master, and bears no resemblance to Bahasa Indonesia.

It is generally not necessarily for travellers to learn Balinese, as nearly every Balinese speaker speaks Indonesian as well, and many are even reasonably competent in English. Nevertheless, attempting to speak their language will almost certainly please the locals.

The language has three main registers depending on the status of those speaking:

  • low (basa ketah)
  • middle (basa madia)
  • high (basa singgih)

This phrasebook will cover the low register only as that is the language spoken by the vast majority of Balinese, and the only one likely to be encountered by visitors.

Contents

Pronunciation guide

Vowels

Front Central Back
High (IPA: i) (IPA: u)
Mid (IPA: e) (IPA: ə) (IPA: o)
Low (IPA: a)

The official spelling denotes both (IPA: /a/)

and (IPA: /ə/)
by a.  However, a is usually pronounced (IPA: [ə])
when it ends a word, and (IPA: [ə])
occurs also in prefixes ma-, pa- and da-.

Consonants

Labial Dental Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive p b t d c ɟ k ɡ
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Fricative s h
Trill r
Lateral l
Approximant w j

Common diphthongs

Phrase list

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.


Basics

Hello. 
. ( )
Hello. (informal
. ( )
How are you? 
(Engken kabare?) (Sapunapi gatra?) (ken ken kabare?)
Fine, thank you. 
. (Iyang becik-becik kewanten.)
What is your name? 
(Sira pesengen ragane?)
My name is ______ 
(Tiang_____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
. ( )
Please. 
. ( )
Thank you. 
. (Matur suksma.)
You're welcome. 
. (suksma mewali )
Yes. 
. (Inggih. Patut.)
No. 
. (Tan. Nente)
Excuse me. (getting attention
. ( )
Excuse me. (begging pardon
. ( )
I'm sorry. 
. ( )
Goodbye 
. ( )
Goodbye (informal
. ( )
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
[ ]. ( [ ])
Do you speak English? 
(Bapa bisa basa Angrit??)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
 ? ( ?)
Help! 
 ! ( !)
Look out! 
 ! ( Tidak!)
Good morning. 
. (Rahajeng semeng.)
Good afternoon. 
. (Rahajeng sanja.)
Good evening. 
. (Rahajeng peteng.)
Good night. 
. (Rahajeng Wengi.)
Good night (to sleep
. ( )
I don't understand. 
. ( )
Where is the toilet? 
 ? ( ?)
Where is... ...
(Ring dija?)
What is that?
(Napi punika?)
Are you already married?
(Bapa suba makurenan?)
I just came from Ubud
(Tiang mara teka uli Ubud.)

Problems

Numbers

½ - sathang

0 - kosun

1 - set

2 - duu

3 - tigi

4 - empaat

5 - lina

6 - enem

7 - tujeh

8 - lapane

9 - bilane

10 - pulah

11 - belasuh

12 - duu belasuh

13 - tigu belasuh

14 - empaatu belasuh

15 - linu belasuh

20 - duu phulah

21 - duu phulahu set

30 - tigi phulah

40 - empaat phulah

50 - lina phulah

100 - raatus

200 - duu rahatus

1000 - riba

2000 - duu rhiba

10000 - pulah rhiba

Time

Clock time

Duration

Days

Sunday: Monday: Tuesday: Wednesday: Thursday: Friday: Saturday:

Months

Writing time and date

Colors

Transportation

I want to go to airport. (Tiang lakar ka airport.)

Bus and train

Directions

Taxi

Lodging

Money

Eating

Restaurant (')
Have you eaten (polite) (Sampun ngajeng?)
Which dishes are they? (Ajengan napi sane wenten?)
Do you have native Balinese dishes? (Ada ajengan Bali ane tulen?)
Do you have pineapple? (Wenten manas?)
Delicious (Jaen)

Bars

Digek - pretty

Shopping

How much is this/that ? (Ajikuda niki/nika?)

Driving

Authority

Learning more

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!


This article contains content from Wikipedia's Balinese_language article. View that page's revision history for the list of authors.

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages

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