Difference between revisions of "Balakovo"
Revision as of 08:39, 25 April 2013
The town stands on the left bank of Volga river, about 200 km north-east from Saratov, and is the largest and most developed centre in Saratov region after Saratov itself. The population is less than 200,000 people which are ethnically mainly Russians and Tatars, but also there are few representatives of the other groups such as Ukrainians, Mordovians, Kazakhs and some others.
Balakovo belongs to the huge territory which in the Middle Ages was called Dikoye Pole (wild field). Different Nomad tribes were crossing and living in that territory before it was finally occupied with Turkic tribes which were belonging to Mongolian Empire and after the decay of the Empire became independent small states. And all of those states were conquered by Russia under the rule of Ivan the Terrible in the 16th century. Officially Balakovo starts its history from the year 1762 when Russian Empress Cathrine II made an order to create settlements for old-believers. Later the Empress also sent here the families of German immigrants.
During 18th and 19th centuries Balakovo was a village which didn't belong to any aristocratic or noble family, and was part of Samara Samara province