Baja California Sur is Mexico's youngest state (formed from a federal territory in 1973), which covers the southern half of the Baja California peninsula.
Baja California Sur is generally arid, but the southernmost tip (the Cabo area) is tropical, as it lies in beneath the Tropic of Cancer and has consistently warm sea temperatures to moderate the climate.
San Javier-- a charming little village located in the mountains behind Loreto. Most Baja visitors stick to the coast and miss a lot of the charming, very rustic little villages located in the interior backcountry. There's an impressive church, a few places to eat and drink, and a basic hotel. You can drive to San Javier, but the best way to go is to hire a horse or mule for the journey from Loreto.
- Whale Watching The waters off Baja California are home to several species of great whales including Blue, Fin, Bryde's, Humpback, Orca, Sperm, and many others. This is perhaps the richest area in the world for whale and dolphin diversity.
- Diving and Snorkeling Excellent scuba, free diving, and snorkeling nearby due to the fantastic diversity of marine life. The convergence of tropical influences from the south and temperate conditions from the north bring together an amazing array of species. Local dive shops and charters are available.
- Kayaking Week-long beach camping kayak tours of the wilderness islands in the Loreto Marine National Park. Local guides, access to prime whale watching and snorkeling. 360-378-5767 or 888-589-4253, firstname.lastname@example.org Kayaking Tours from Loreto, Mexico
- Fishing This region has long been regarded as one of the best places for fishing. Marlin, sailfish, tuna, yellowtail, wahoo, roosterfish, and dorado are abundant in the blue waters surrounding the peninsula.
- Cave Paintings Various archaeological sites can be toured in the rugged mountains.
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Although generally safe, it is probably wise to camp with others or in organized campgrounds.