Help Wikitravel grow by contributing to an article! Learn how.

Difference between revisions of "Azerbaijani phrasebook"

From Wikitravel
Jump to: navigation, search
(Numbers: major makeover, capitalizing numbers isn't necessary)
(Days: major makeover)
Line 161: Line 161:
 
====Duration====
 
====Duration====
  
== Days ==
+
===Days===
  
'''Monday'''
+
; Monday : bazar ertəsi
Bazar ertəsi
+
; Tuesday : çərşəmbə axşamı
 
+
; Wednesday : çərşəmbə
'''Tuesday'''
+
; Thursday : cümə axşamı
Çərşəmbə axşamı
+
; Friday : cümə
 
+
; Saturday : şənbə
'''Wednesday'''
+
; Sunday : bazar
Çərşəmbə
+
 
+
'''Thursday'''
+
Cümə axşamı
+
 
+
'''Friday'''
+
Cümə
+
 
+
'''Saturday'''
+
Şənbə
+
 
+
'''Sunday'''
+
Bazar
+
  
 
== Months ==
 
== Months ==

Revision as of 23:12, 22 November 2010

Azerbaijani is the primary & official language of Azerbaijan. It is also the primary language in northwestern Iran, and is also spoken to a small extent in southern Dagestan (Russia), the Kvemo Kartli region of Georgia, and eastern Turkey. It is a Turkic language and is mutually intelligible with modern Turkish although a fair amount of vocabulary has been added from Russian or Persian influence in Azerbaijan and Iran respectively.

Contents

Pronunciation guide

A Language of Many Scripts
The Persian-Arabic alphabet was used amongst all Azerbaijani speakers until 1922, when the Latin alphabet was adopted (slightly different from the current one in use). In 1939, Stalin sought to cut ties between Azerbaijanis (a Turkic peoples) and Turkey and use of the Latin alphabet was forbidden thereafter under Soviet rule replaced by the Cyrillic alphabet. In Azerbaijan, the Azerbaijani language has been written in the Latin alphabet since 1991 and Cyrillic has fallen out of use. In Iran, the Persian-Arabic alphabet, with a few letters created especially for Azerbaijani, has remained in use; however, there is no standard for written Azerbaijani in terms of spelling.


Azerbaijani is written in the Latin alphabet by its 8.8 million native speakers in Azerbaijan and the souther Caucasus. Azerbaijani is written in Persian-Arabic alphabet by its estimated 24 million speakers in Iran, Iraq, & Turkey. Be careful as many Latin letters are pronounced differently from the way they are in English and a few letters share the same sound in the Persian-Arabic script!

The following letters are in Latin (Azerbaijan since 1991) & Arabic (Iran; Azerbaijan until 1922).

Aa ﺍ 
- pronounced like soft 'a' father.
Bb ﺏ 
- pronounced like 'b'.
Cc ﺝ 
- pronounced like 'J' in Japan.
Çç چ 
- pronounced like 'ch' in chat..
Dd ﺩ 
- pronounced like 'd'.
Ee ﻩ 
- pronounced like soft 'e' in Embassy.
Əə ع 
- pronounced like 'a' in fat. (This letter was represented by Ää from 1991-1992)
Ff ﻑ 
- pronounced like 'f'.
Gg گ 
- pronounced like 'g' in goal. More like g' , while Xx is English g.
Ğğ ﻍ 
- pronounced like
Hh ﺡ / ﻩ 
- pronounced like 'h'.
Xx ﺥ 
- pronounced like 'c' (or 'kh') in cartoon. More like a soft kh, while Kk is a hard k.
Iı ی 
- pronounced like hard 'i' in time.
İi ی 
- pronounced like soft 'i' in it.
Jj ژ 
- pronounced like 'j' (or 'zh') in déjà vu.
Kk ک 
- pronounced like 'k'.
Qq ﻕ 
- pronounced like 'g'
Ll ﻝ 
- pronounced like 'l'
Mm ﻡ 
- pronounced like 'm'.
Nn ﻥ 
- pronounced like 'n'.
Oo ﻭ 
- pronounced like first 'o' in October.
Öö ﻭ 
- pronounced like second 'o' in October.
Pp پ 
- pronounced like 'p'.
Rr ﺭ 
- pronounced like 'r'.
Ss ﺙ / ﺱ / ﺹ 
- pronounced like 's' in sizzle.
Şş ﺵ 
- pronounced like 'sh' in shape.
Tt ﺕ / ﻁ 
- pronounced like 't'.
Uu ﻭ 
- pronounced like 'u' in put.
Üü ﻭ 
- pronounced like 'u' (or 'yu') in mute.
Vv ﻭ 
- pronounced like 'v'.
Yy ی 
- pronounced like 'y' in year.
Zz ﺫ / ﺯ / ﺽ / ﻅ 
- pronounced like 'z' in zebra.

Vowels

There are 9 vowels: a, ı, o, u, e, ə, i, ö, ü

Phrase list

I love Baku/Azerbaijan Mən Bakını/Azərbaycanı sevirəm

Visiting Baku/Azerbaijan is my dream Bakını/Azərbaycanı görmək mənim arzumdur

Basics

Common signs

OPEN - AÇIQ 
CLOSED - BAĞLI 
ENTRANCE - GİRİŞ 
EXIT - ÇIXIŞ 
PUSH - İTƏLƏ 
PULL - DART 
TOILET - TUVALET 
MEN - KİŞİ 
WOMEN - QADIN 
FORBIDDEN - QADAĞANDIR 


Hello. 
Salam; Salam əleyküm
How are you? 
Sən necəsən?
Necəsən?
How are you? (formal)
Siz necəsiniz?;
Necəsiniz?
Fine, thank you. 
Mən yaxşıyam
Good. 
Yaxşi
Bad. 
Pis
So-so. 
Elə-belə
What is your name? (informal)
Sənin adın nədir?
What is your name? (formal)
Sizin adınız nədir?
My name is ______ . 
Mənim adım _____ .
Nice to meet you. 
Çox şadam.
Tanışlığımıza şadam.
Please. 
Zəhmət olmasa.
Mümkünsə
Thank you. 
Təşəkkür edirəm.
You're welcome. 
Buyurun
Dəyməz
You're welcome. (informal)
Buyur
Yes. (formal) 
Bəli
No. (formal) 
Yox
Yes. (informal)
No. 
Xeyr
Excuse me. (getting attention or begging pardon) 
Üzr istəyirəm
Bağışlayın
I'm sorry. 
Məni bağışlayın
Goodbye 
Sağolun
Görüşëdëk
I can't speak Azerbaijani [well]. 
Mən Azərbaycanca [yaxşı] danışa bilmirəm.
I do not understand. 
Başa düşmədim
Do you speak [English/French/Russian]? 
Siz [İngiliscə/ fransızca/rusca] danışırsınız?
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Burada İngiliscə danışan var?
Help! 
Kömək edin!
Look out! 
Ehtiyyatlı olun\ol!
Good morning. 
Sabahın xeyir.
Good afternoon. 
Gün aydın.
Good evening. 
Axşamın xeyir.
Good night. 
Gecən xeyrə.
Congratulations 
Təbriklər.

Problems

Can you help me? 
Mənə kömək edə bilərsiniz?
I feel bad. 
Mən özümü pis hiss edirəm.
I am lost. 
Mən azmışam.
Where is _____? 
______ haradadır?
How can I find hotel _____? 
Mən _____ otelinin mehmanxanasını tapa bilərəm?
Are there any vacancies tonight? 
Bu gün üçün boş, otaq varmı?
Where is the toilet (bathroom)? 
Tualet (ayaq yolu) haradadır?
Male 
kişi
Female 
qadın

Numbers

one 
bir
two 
iki
three 
üç
four 
dörd
five 
beş
six 
altı
seven 
yeddi
eight 
səkkiz
nine 
doqquz
ten 
on
eleven 
on bir
twelve 
on iki
thirteen 
on üç
fourteen 
on dörd
fifteen 
on beş
sixteen 
on altı
seventeen 
on yeddi
eighteen 
on səkkiz
nineteen 
on doqquz
twenty 
iyirmi
thirty 
otuz
fourty 
qırx
fifty 
əlli
sixty 
altmiş
seventy 
yetmiş
eighty 
səksən
ninety 
doxsan
hundred 
yüz
thousand 
min

Time

What time is it? 
(Saat neçədir?)
It's two o'clock 
(Saat ikidir?)

Clock time

It is 2
30. : Saat üçün yarısıdır.
It is 2
00. : Saat ikidir.
It is 2
50. : Saat üçə on dəqiqə qalır.

Duration

Days

Monday 
bazar ertəsi
Tuesday 
çərşəmbə axşamı
Wednesday 
çərşəmbə
Thursday 
cümə axşamı
Friday 
cümə
Saturday 
şənbə
Sunday 
bazar

Months

January Yanvar

February Fevral

March Mart

April Aprel

May May

June İyun

July İyul

August Avqust

September Sentyabr

October Oktyabr

November Noyabr

December Dekabr

Writing time and date

Colors

White Ağ, bəyaz

Black Qara

Red Qırmızı

Green Yaşıl

Blue Göy, mavi

Orange Narıncı

Grey Boz

Brown Şabalıdı, Qəhvəyi

Yellow Sarı

Rose Çəhrayı

Transportation

Nəqliyyat

Bus and train

Avtobus və qatar

Direction

İstiqamət

Taxi

Taksi

Lodging

Rent - İcarə haqqı

Lease - Kirayə

Money

Eating

Bring us a menu 
( Bizə menu gətir'.')
What's our bill 
( Bizim hesabimiz nədir?)

Bars

Shopping

Driving

Authority

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages