Avdat is an archaeological location in the Negev region of southern Israel, now preserved as a National Park and host to thousands of visitors each year, attracted by the atmospheric desert location, the quietly spectacular Nabataean ruins and insights into desert ecology and lifestyle. It is the filming location for Jesus Christ Superstar.
Avdat was the largest Nabataean settlement in the Negev, situated as a way station on the Spice Route between Petra and Gaza on the coast. The city was apparently named for the Nabataean ruler Avdat II.
Visitors to Avdat should not neglect visiting Ein Avdat, another National Park located close to the ancient Nabataean city, in which trails lead down to and through a spectacular desert gorge...WikiPedia:Avdat