Earth : Asia : Central Asia : Kazakhstan : Caspian Basin : Atyrau
Atyrau is an important railway station, and has has daily, or bi-daily, connections with many Kazakh cities, except for the north west (including Astana). International rail connections include Tashkent/Saratov, Moscow/Dushanbe and Astrakhan. There are also daily international buses to Astrakhan. Aktau is serviced daily by a 20 hour train.
Atyrau Airport (IATA: GUW) SKAT airlines  and Air Astana  both service many domestic routes from the airport. Additionally, Air Astana flies internationally to Amsterdam and Istanbul while Transaero  flies to Moscow.
The wooden fort at the mouth of the Yaik River was founded in 1645 as Nizhny Yaitzky gorodok (literally, Lower Yaik Fort) by the Russian trader Gury Nazarov, a native of Yaroslavl, who specialized in trade with Khiva and Bukhara. The fort was plundered by the Yaik Cossacks,leading the Guriev family to rebuild it in stone (1647–62). Tsar Alexis sent a garrison of Streltsy to protect the fort from Cossack incursions. Despite these efforts, the Cossack rebel Stepan Razin held the town in 1667 and 1668. The fort gradually lost its strategic significance and was demolished in 1810. Between 1708 and 1992 the city was known as Guriev. The settlement called Ust-Yaitsky fortified town was constructed by merchant Guriy Nazarov from Yaroslavl on his own money. It was built in 1640 in the mouth of the river Yaik where it flows into the Caspian Sea. Later the name of the settlement was changed to the one derived from the name of the settlement founder. The children of the founder – Mikhail, Ivan and Andrey Guryevs were the first to start fishery on the river Yaik and Emba oil extraction. Later Catherine II, in order to delete any memories of Pugachov revolt, renamed the Yaik into the Ural. Historically the river divided the city into 2 parts: “European” and “Asian”. Originally the city was constructed mainly on the “Europen” side. It greatly reminded Astrakhan. There was no Kremlin, but there was a high stone church. The city began growing in 1930s when fish cannery was constructed and the housing area - Balykshi. Later a lot of industrial plants were evacuated there during the World War II and also oil- and gas-processing plant was constructed and a housing district Zhilgorodok. All these plants were located on the opposite side of the city - “Asian” one. October 4th 1991 Guryev city administration decided to rename it into Atyrau. From Kazakh people language the word “atyrau” means the place where river flows into sea. In 1992 the city was renamed into Atyrau. Atyrau city was founded on the bank of the river but nowadays it is 25-30 km far from the river.
The main mall in Atyrau is Tamasha, and there are some good shops in Ardager. Some of the shops include, Mango, Tvoe, Incity, Kira Plastinina. Some good designer shops in here, and kids play area on the top floor Large toy store in the first floor, good japanse restaurant on the ground floor. Tamasha has items ranging from 100 Tg till 300,000 Tg. It all depends on what you buy, and which season you buy it in. In Tamasha, there are clothes shops, like United Colors of Benetton, Tvoe, Incity, Motors, Kira Plastinina, and many more. They also have a Japanese restaurant with a bar on the first floor called Yamato. They also have a price-saver grocery store, called Ideal, which is opposite to Yamato. There is Horse and yak riding. There is a carousel and a ferris wheel. There is a Russian Circus hosted there for about 2 weeks, every year. If you’re doing the activities outside then you can only use cash. But, If you’re doing activities inside the mall, then you can pay through any debit or credit card, or with cash, as you prefer. There is the kids play area on the top floor. There is also a large toy store in the first floor.
Ardager Ardager has items ranging from 100Tg till 500,000 Tg. There are clothes shops like Mango . They have an International grocery shop called Ramstore, which is very popular among the Foreigners. It has small jewelery and make-up stands, next to the escalators. It has two big beauty shops called Mon Amie, and Beauty Mania. They have some eating places like Taksim, and Baskin Robins. They also have Dream which is a bowling place, and next to it is a Karaoke place. There is Dostyk near by, which is an American village. There is a Mosque nearby and the Renaissance Hotel. The Mukhambet Square is also in walking distance. Fake pink and blue lighted Trees fill ardager with rich flamboyant colors.If you’re going to be doing activities outside then you only need cash. But, If you’re doing activities inside the mall, then you can pay through any debit or credit card, or with cash.
Cafe La Roma Cafe Pizza La Roma - Pizzeria. Delivery available. Pizza Address: Atyrau, st. Kurmangazy 5 Phone: 283 700 Fax: 283 700 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Our ‘East West’ restaurant offers buffet breakfast and lunch and ‘a la carte’ dinner. Our newly renovated Lounge Bar is a great place for a small business meeting over tea or coffee. It also offers a range of bar food as well as a wide selection of wines, domestic and imported beers and drinks. The comfortable atmosphere in Coco’s restaurant is a great place to enjoy a pleasant breakfast, a comfortable lunch, a business meeting, a romantic rendezvous or meeting with friends.Coco’s offers buffet breakfast, lunch and dinner.We offer a wide choice of alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks, cocktails, excellent coffee and desserts. Hugo’s is Chagala’s newest restaurant and bar in Atyrau. It serves a wide range of food from international favourites to Kazakh national dishes. Hugo’s offers a great location for business lunches and a meeting room is available for private hire. The second floor may also be used for afternoon meetings followed by dinner or drinks. Later on, customers can enjoy a busy night life atmosphere at the bar, which offers happy hours. O’Neills, our Irish Pub, is the place for sports fans, beer lovers and for those who appreciate Irish and European Cuisine and a bustling atmosphere. The pub makes an ideal location for a business lunch, and we offer a number of traditional dishes including “O’Neills all day breakfast” in addition to a wide variety of sandwiches and burgers. The menu also incorporates O’Neills popular wood oven pizza during the summer months. Guests will be delighted by wide assortment of premium beers and spirits as well as the regular happy hours. Petrovski is a stylish restaurant with a conventionalised pop-art interior. Its original and special atmosphere allows you to have a comfortable but lively dining experience. Rich and tasty Italian pizza and pasta, Wiener schnitzel, exotic Thai work specialties and salmon, along with classic sandwiches – all show off the culinary arts of our chefs. A quick lunch is available for the time-pressed.
Fitness, Sports and Leisure Center
There is a fitness center in the hotel complete with cardiovascular equipment and free weight. There is also two swimming pool there, one is a heated indoor swimming pool and the other is a children's pool. Sauna, steam room and solarium are also provided. there is a beauty treatment rooms and you can also have a massage. it is located at 15B Satpayev Street. It opens at 0070 to 2300 hours daily.
It is located in the Nursaya Micro district. The complex is six thousand square meters with ice area of 30 meters width and 60 meters length. For more information, call: 209355; 328834.
Atyrau Fitness Center
It is located at 1, Alipova street. it opens 0700-0000 hours on monday to firday and on weekdays, it open at 0900-0000 hours. The gym have a good selection of machines including running, cycling, steppers, multi weights and free weights. Sauna is available.
Munayshy Swimming Pool
It is located at zhilgorodok, 5, Mukanov Street. It is an olympic size pool with 8 swimming lanes, a tribune for 770 people. There is also an automatic scoreboard. They always held internationals competition in swimming.