Patio de Los Leones in the Alhambra. Andalucia is a region steeped in Moorish architecture and the Alhambra in Granada
is widely regarded as the pinaccle of Moorish architecture.
- For other places with the same name, see Andalusia (disambiguation).
Andalucia is a region in the south of Spain. It is a region of contrasts: ancient cities and deserts, amazing beaches along the Costa del Sol and Costa de la Luz and the Sierra Nevada mountain range where the highest mountain in Spain is found and also the most southerly ski resort in Europe.
Andalucia encompasses an area of 87,268 km2 with a population of just under 8 million people. It spans almost the entire south of Spain and is bordered to the west by Portugal. To the south in the Province of Cádiz at the very tip of Spain lies the British colony of Gibraltar where it is separate from North Africa by just a few miles.
Provinces of Andalucia, Spain
Andalucia is divided into eight provinces, each having the same name as its respective provincial capital city.
- Seville — the heart of flamenco and the capital and largest city of Andalucia
- Almeria — lots of medieval remains and fortresses
- Cádiz — the oldest continuously-inhabited city in the Iberian Peninsula and possibly of all of southwestern Europe
- Córdoba — used to be the capital of an Islamic caliphate in the Middle Ages
- Granada — home to the magnificent La Alhambra Palace
- Huelva — a maritime port town with the oldest football club of Spain
- Jaen — the world's capital of olive oil and a booming cultural tourism destination
- Malaga — a large harbour city right on the Costa del Sol
- Marbella — wealthy resort town on the Costa del Sol
Andalucia has a rich Moorish heritage, including many fantastic examples of Moorish architecture which were built during the eight centuries when Andalucia was the centre of the Arab population in the Iberian peninsular. The Moorish rule effectively ended in 1492AD when the Christians recaptured Granada.
Nowaday, the region is a very popular tourist destination with a lot of British and German package holidayers coming to stay in the concrete resorts on the Costa del Sol. But if you stay away from the concrete resorts you will find lots of culture, amazing scenery and great food.
Like most of the rest of Spain, Andalucia's main language is Spanish, but with a local dialect. The local dialect is somewhat similar to the Spanish spoken in parts of Latin America such as Mexico and Colombia.
Major airports: Seville(Sevilla), Malaga, Almeria, Jerez de la Frontera.
The main road routes into Andalucia are
- The E-1 A-49 from the Algarve (Portugal) to Seville
- The E-803 A-66 from Portugal and western Spain to Seville
- The E-5 A-4 from Madrid to Cordoba and then Seville
- The E-15 A-7 from Valencia and Murcia to Almeria and along the coast
Malaga has the third biggest international airport in Spain, which a lot of discount airlines fly to. From Malaga, the A-7 E-15 motorway runs westwards along the coast to Gibraltar and eastwards to Almeria and beyond. To head north from Malaga, the A-45 motorway runs to Cordoba.
There are also airports in Sevilla, Jerez de la Frontera, Granada and Almeria
Spain's railway network isn't as developed as those of many other European countries, but Algeciras, Almeria, Cadiz, Granada, Huelva, Jaen, Malaga, Cordoba and Sevilla are all served by regular train services. Spain's highspeed AVE network connects Malaga, Cordoba and Sevilla to Madrid. Some of the other smaller towns are served by less frequent services, see individual city guides for further details. For more info, see the RENFE website.
- Alsina Graells  provides bus services around Andalucia. Timetables and ticket booking available at the website.
- Moorish architecture in Granada, including the Alhambra
- Lake Negratin is situated at the foothills of Mount Jabalcón. As one of Europes largest lakes, it really is worth seeing not least for the most magnificent lunar-landscape that surrounds it. I would liken the rock formations and the colours it produces during different times of the day to those of the Grand Canyon. There is a manmade beach where you can laze the day away, a number of restaurants dotted round the lake and on a nice day you can swim or take out a pedalo boat, which might lead you to pink flamingos and various other wildlife.
- Seron is nestled on the lower slopes of the Sierra de los Filabres and is a picturesque town that cascades down the hillside. Dominated by its Castle, which sits at the very top, Seron is famous for its ham and provides a more traditional experience of Andalucian life. It is a beautiful location to start your exploration of the Filabres, or visit at the right time of year and you might find yourself submerged in a vibrant fiesta.
- Las Menas, an old mining village abandoned thirty years ago, makes an interesting stop in the Sierra de los Filabres. You can investigate old ruins crumbling amidst the most breathtaking countryside, stop for coffee and cake at the hotel and even camp for the night.
- Andaventur Granada Adventure Company, . outdoor sports in the Sierra Nevada National park and Granada province, Tandem paraglider flights, Canyoning, Hiking, Ski, Rock Climbing, Horse riding.
- Rock Climbing Company, ☎ +34 952 742 962 / +44 (0)1492 641430, . High quality rock climbing and scrambling courses in Andalucia. Courses based in Malaga province both on the coast and also inland near to the El Chorro gorge.
- Windsurfing and Kiting in Tarifa Spains southern tip
- Horse riding and Spain go hand-in-hand and with such spectacular mountain ranges at your disposal as the Sierra Nevada and Alpujarra Hills; you have a feast of beautiful Andalucian trekking land to indulge in astride your faithful friend. There are several stables situated in these areas and all offer the option to ride for an hour, a day or even as long as 7 nights. Accommodation and food are included in prices and the whole experience offers a truly magical and unique way to see this amazing part of Spain. Prices vary from 25 to 1200 EUROS and there are so many options to choose from that you will undoubtedly find something to suit your level and requirements.
- Walking and cycling holidays in rural Andalucia []
- Flamenco is the all-Andlusian art with a history stretching back over 3,000 years. The Museo del Baile Flamenco (Flamenco Dance Museum) is the ideal place to learn more about this phenomenon. Shows are offered on Friday and Saturday nights at 19:30, too. www.museoflamenco.com
- Altiplano Tipis (Altiplano Tipis), Canada SoSal 18800 Baza, Spain, ☎ +34 664835417, . Altiplano Tipis is a boutique accommodation offering where guests can experience eco-glamping (glamorous camping!) in a tipi or stay in a cave dwelling studio in the rugged, unspoilt countryside of Andalusia  From €45 a night for two people.
- CasaMasArab, lugar CasaPalma sn (Rio Grande), ☎ +34 609390990, . checkin: 4PM; checkout: noon. In the countryside. Panoramic views, sunny and shady outdoor area, design swimming pool and special architecture are some of the features of this venue. Limited but refined Mediterranean gastronomic services. €46.
- Casa Rural El Reguelo, Fuensanta de Martos, ☎ 0034 953 564211, . Three-bedroom rural house with enclosed garden and dip pool, excellent base for day trips to Granada, Cordoba, Jaen, Ubeda, Baeza and more.
- Cloud House Farm (Finca Casa Nube), 29492 Genalguacil, Malaga, Spain (2hrs from Malaga airport, 1hr from Ronda), ☎ +34 654242819, . checkin: by 21:00; checkout: 12:00. Cloud House Farm is a secluded mountain yurt hideaway located deep within the hills of the Andalucian Rio Genal Valley, close to the white washed village of Genalguacil and set against the spectacular backdrop of the Sierra Bermeja Mountain range. Set within 17 acres of mountainous cork oak forest, here you can enjoy the thrill and tranquility of sleeping under canvas in a luxurious felt lined Mongolian Ger complete with wooden deck platforms, private outdoor kitchen and shower house. £65 per night per double yurt. (36.540484,-5.249593)
When in Granada, it is advisable to avoid women who are offering plants. They will offer you a plant for free, and then when you accept it will read your palm and then demand money. If you refuse to give it to them, they will start screaming at you and it is a situation that you will generally want to avoid having to occur. Aside from this, the area is generally very safe, but one should still take the usual precautions, especially in Algeciras, Malaga, Seville, etc.