Allahabad is among the largest cities in Uttar Pradesh. Hindu mythology has it that for the Prakrishta Yaina, Lord Brahma, the creator God of the Trinity, chose a land on earth, on which the three rivers would flow in to a quiet confluence. Brahma also referred to it as Tirth Raj or the King of all pilgrimage centres. Recorded evidence also exists in the revered scriptures – the Vedas and the grand epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, as also in the Puranas – of this holy place formerly called Prayag. Allahabad stands at the confluence of two of India’s holiest rivers, the Ganga and the Yamuna. Sangam, as the confluence is called, is the venue of many sacred fairs and rituals, and attracts thousands of pilgrims throughout the year. This number swells to millions during the world-famous Kumbh Mela. An annual Magh Mela is also held in Allahabad around the Sangam areas in the month of January. (Magh is the name of month in Hindu calendar) A third mythical Saraswati river, believed to flow underground towards the Sangam, gives the confluence its other name Triveni.
Emperor Akbar founded this city in 1575 and called it by name of Illahabas, which has now become modern Allahabad. The monarch realized its strategic importance as a waterway landmark in North India and also built a magnificent fort on the banks of the holy Sangam. Over the centuries that followed, Allahabad remained on the forefront of national importance - more so, during the days of the Indian independence struggle. The chequered history of Allahabad with its religious, cultural and historical ethos also gave rise to several renowned scholars (M. N. Saha, Harishchandra, Ravindra Khattree, Amar Nath Jha), poets (Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, Mahadevi Verma, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Sumitra Nandan Panth), writers (Mahadevi Verma, Ramkumar Verma, Jagdish Gupta), thinkers (Purusottam Das Tandon), statesmen and leaders (Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlala Nehru, Murli Manohar Joshi, Amitabh Bachchan -also an actor). The city being an important cantonment during the British Raj has some beautiful remnants of colonial architecture. In the early 20th century, Allahabad University was the foremost center of learning in the country. Allahabad, today is an important city where history, culture and religion create a confluence … much like the sacred rivers that caress this God-graced land. you can see british bridge made by british government.
Best way to reach Allahabad, if you are coming from outside India, is to take a direct flight to New Delhi and then take one of the numerous connecting trains from New Delhi to Allahabad. The Kolkata Rajdhani express, though a better train, lands at a very odd hour in Allahabad (2343 hrs IST) from New Delhi which can be inconvenient for Allahabad being a really quiet place at night. Best train from New Delhi to Allahabad is the PrayagRaj Express (Train No. 2418) which leaves from New Delhi Railway Station at 2130 hrs IST and arrives in Allahabad at 0630 hrs IST next day. The train runs every day.
There is a direct flight to Allahabad offered by Jetlite (fomerly Air Sahara) and Indian Airlines from Delhi. The nearest better-connected airport is Varanasi, 120 kms away (2.5 hours by road on NH-2).
Allahabad is situated on the trunk train route from New Delhi to Kolkata and from Mumbai to Kolkata, so it is well-connected by trains. Innumerable trains stop at Allahabad. The city has four railway stations - Daragang (near the confluence of the rivers Ganga and Yamuna), Prayag (near the University), Rambagh (city centre), and Allahabad Junction (the main station). In addition, another temparary railway station known as Prayagraj (to be distinguished from Prayag) is used during important religious festivals for the better management and control of extra pilgrim traffic on those occasions.
Allahabad is on NH2 and NH27 and is, therefore, well connected by road. Several buses ply to and from nearby cities and towns.so it is a good guidebook.
Hire a cyclerickshaw. It is the cheapest, best and most widely available means of transport. You will have to haggle for the prices, though.Auto Rickshaws(3-Wheelers) are also cheap modes of travel inside the city. City buses are available on certain routes but their arrivals and deaprtures are unpredictable.
A dip in the holy Sangam of the Ganga, Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati is a must for the spiritually inclined. Other places of interest:
visit naini central jail visit sahara city
Allahabad used to have a thriving industrial suburb (Naini) till the 1980s, but then those public sector units started closing down one by one, forcing entire generations of young educated Allahabadis to migrate out of the city in search of work. Today, Allahabad is slowly inching along in its dream to be an IT hub. And, the government adminsitrative offices remain - alive and kicking.
The red-spotted guavas available in plenty (and at unbelievably cheap prices) are a major attraction. And don't forget to take away some Gangajal (holy water of the Ganges) from Sangam. It is considered pure and is a main ingredient in almost all religious ceremonies. However, from hygeine point of view, it is recommended to collect Gangajal from Ganges in Daraganj than from Sangam as Sangam is located right after the cremation area while location of Daraganj Ganges bank is about 1.5 miles before Cremation area.
There's a McDonald's in Civil Lines, but then, that is hardly Allahabadi. A Cafe Coffee Day (CCD) outlet is located in Civil Lines near Amitdeep (Maruti) showroom.
Any of teh several restaurants that dot the city.
Pubs are non-existent. A place that comes closest to being a pub is on the top floor of the Kanha Shyam hotel in Civil Lines. Some restaurants, like Hasty Tasty restaurant, Hotel Milan, Hotel Regency, and the Tourist Bungalow, all situated in Civil Lines, offer chilled beer and liquor. However, most other restaurants do not have liquor on their menu. Drinking in public is frowned upon; drinking in family rstaurants is not allowed at all.
Women need to dress conservatively else be prepared for lewd comments and stares. Other than that, the basic rules of common sense apply - do not accept food from strangers, do not flash your money etc.