Algiers (الجزائر) is the capital of Algeria.
Algiers is the capital and largest city of Algeria, and the second largest city in the Maghreb (after Casablanca), with a population of 3,354,000 within the city metropolitan area. Algiers is situated on the west side of a bay of the Mediterranean Sea. The modern part of the city is built on the level ground by the seashore; the old part, the ancient city of the deys, climbs the steep hill behind the modern town and is crowned by the casbah or citadel, 400 ft (122 m) above the sea.
The airport is the home base of the flag-carrier Air Algerie .
Air Algerie serves the most important Algerian cities (such as Oran, Annabaq, Tammanrasset, Skikda, Tlemcen, Constantine) several times daily. There also many connections to African capitals such as Bamako, Cairo, Abidjan, Dakar, Tunis, and Ouagadougo.
Air Algerie operates from Hall 1: Hall 2 is reserved for the international airlines.
Algiers Central Train Station is located near the city centre. The station offers regular services to major Algerian cities such as Oran, Annaba, Constantine, etc. SNTF (the national Algerian Train company) has made big improvements during the last years: new air-conditioned trains have been purchased and new routes launched.
Being the capital of the country most, if not all major roadways in Algeria begin and end in Algiers. So getting into Algiers is quite easy. However, the infrastructure of Algerian roadways is not highly regarded so arriving by road might not be the most desirable option. There are a number of road projects around the country that are aimed at improving the infrastructure, most notably the East-West highway running from Annaba in the east to Oran in the west, of course coming through Algiers.
La Gare Routiere, Algiers's central bus terminus, located in the commune of Hussein Dey (about 7-10 min drive from downtown), offers a plethora of bus services to most major Algerian cities and towns. It is a very cheap and efficient way to get to/from a pair of Algerian cities. Most of the coaches used are modern and air-conditioned so the rides are, more often than not, comfortable. However, there are a few old coaches still in service, so try to avoid those, for the ride won't be as pleasant.
For long distances as Algiers-Tammanrasset or Algiers-Annaba travelling by plane is recommend due the long duration.
They are regular ferry services to Algiers from Marseille, Nice, Palermo, Alicante .
To get from Tunis to Algiers you can take a plane which is the fastet but not the cheapest way an other option is to take an unofficial taxi to Annaba you can find them parking in the center of Tunis have a look at cars with Algerian license plates (They are yellow) talk to the driver and arrange with him a price to Annaba(Usally 1000-1500 DA (10-15 €). The ride will take 2 hours except long waiting times at the Tunisian/Algerian border but your patience will be rewarded with wonderfoul landscapes. After arrival in Annaba you can take a bus to Algiers (Not recommend) or a plane which is still sightly cheaper than the one from Tunis and will cost around (30-40 €) there are six daily flights to Algiers purchase the ticket at the Annaba airport.
The Algerian border is closed so the only way to get to Algiers is by flying from Casablanca or Oudja.
Algiers Public Transportation is lacking but the city is going to make improvements with the opening of the first Metro line soon , there are buses opereating within the city center and to the suburbs.
The first metro line L1 is going to open in June 2010 with a length of 9 km and 10 stations it will serve the most important places of Algiers.
Taxis are a fast and cheap way to get around in Algiers they can be found at taxi stands but negotiate the price before riding , a tip is not expected but can be given .
Buses are operating within the city center and to the Suburbs tickets can only be purchased on the bus just wait till a man with a bundle of tickets come to you the normal price for ride is 20 Dinar.
The Casbah is the ancient city, dating to the 17th century.