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'''Alexandrov''' is a city in the north-western part of [[Vladimir Oblast]]. The medieval residence of russian princes that played significant role in russian history during the reign of Ivan the Terrible. Presently, the main attraction of Alexandrov is the ancient monastery from 16th century, while the city itself is quite unremarkable and industrial.  
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'''Alexandrov''' (''Александров'') is a city in the north-western part of [[Vladimir Oblast]]. The location is known as a medieval residence of Russian princes. It was home to several important events in Russian history. The residence is now transformed into a convent and preserves noteworthy architectural sights, while the city itself is quite unremarkable.  
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
 
===Geography===
 
===Geography===
Alexandrov is located on the eastern edge of ''Klin-Dmitrov ridge'', a series of hills in the northern part of [[Moscow Oblast]]. The city stands on the banks of the tiny river Seraya, the left tributary of the Sherna that further flows into the Klyazma. The land near Alexandrov is very typical for the central part of Russia: there are vast forests, separated by small fields, and few hills. Alexandrov is an important transport hub, the crossing of the principal [[Moscow]]–[[Yaroslavl]] railway and the circular railway line around [[Moscow]] (the so-called ''Big Ring of Moscow Railway''). The M7 highway runs 25 km west from the city. A number of local roads pass through Alexandrov and offer connections to [[Kirzhach]], Kol'chugino, [[Yuryev-Polsky]], and the cities of [[Moscow Oblast]]. The population of Alexandrov is 63 thousand (2008).
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Alexandrov is located on the eastern edge of ''Klin-Dmitrov ridge'', a series of hills lying north from [[Moscow]]. The city stands on the banks of the tiny river Seraya, the left tributary of the Sherna that further flows into the Klyazma. The area near Alexandrov is very typical for the central part of Russia: it is a nearly flat land with vast forests and small fields. Alexandrov is an important transport hub, the crossing of the principal [[Moscow]]–[[Yaroslavl]] railway and the circular railway line around [[Moscow]] (the so-called ''Big Ring of Moscow Railway''). The M8 highway runs 25 km west from the city. A number of local roads pass through Alexandrov and offer connections to [[Kirzhach]], [[Kol'chugino]], [[Yuryev-Polsky]], and to the cities of [[Moscow Oblast]]. The population of Alexandrov is 63 000.
  
 
===History===
 
===History===
The settlement is known since 14th century. However, the official foundation date is 1513, when Vasili III, the Grand Prince of Moscow, built a residence, fortifications, and first stone churches on the banks of the river Seraya. At that time, the settlement was known as ''Alexandrova sloboda'' or ''Alexandrovskaya sloboda'' (''sloboda'' means an independent settlement, sometimes just outside the city walls; during the Middle ages, such settlements were exempt from taxes and duties). In 1564, Ivan the Terrible, the son and the successor of Vasili III, made Alexandrov his permanent residence. He suffered from defeats in the war with Lithuania and felt constant fear of treason. Therefore, the tsar decided to leave Moscow and to escape from the nobility in Alexandrov. This decision had two-fold consequences. On one hand, Alexandrov became the cultural center of the country: for example, one of the first printing factories appeared in the town in 1568. On the other hand, Alexandrov was the center of ''oprichnina'', the center of savageness. ''Oprichnina'' is a special army, organized in 1565 for the protection of Ivan the Terrible and for effective fighting. The warriors of this army were considered superior to other citizens and were legitimate to violate the law (rob, torture and murder) without punishment. The most known action of this army is the campaign against [[Novgorod]]. Ivan the Terrible suspected the people of [[Novgorod]] for treason and for help to Sweden. As a punishment, the city was ravaged, and some of the finest pieces of art were moved to Alexandrov. The fluorish of Alexandrov lasted for 17 years, until 1581. In the fall of 1581, Ivan the Terrible killed his son (this accident is shown in the well-known painting by Ilya Repin) and left Alexandrov forever. The town rapidly decayed and also suffered from Polish army during the Time of Troubles (1598–1613). In 1654, the former residence was transformed into a convent and later used as a place of exile. Alexandrov is oficially considered a town since 1778. At that time, it gained the regular, rectangular layout. The [[Moscow]]–[[Yaroslavl]] railway passed through the town in 1870. The active transport connections led to further development of Alexandrov. In 20th century, a number of factories appeared, including the production of TV sets (the well-known Soviet brand ''Rekord'') and other electronics, crystals and diamonds, textile, and alcohol. Presently, Alexandrov is an industrial city and a railway hub: a huge part of its territory is occupied by factories and railroads.
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[[Image:Alexandrov-sloboda.jpg|thumb|right|250px|Alexandrova Sloboda with the Cathedral of St. Trinity and the hip-roof bell-tower of the Crucifixion]]
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The settlement of Alexandrov is known since 14th century. However, the official foundation date is 1513, when Vasili III, the Grand Prince of Moscow, built a residence, fortifications, and first stone churches on the banks of the river Seraya. At that time, the settlement was known as ''Alexandrova sloboda'' or ''Alexandrovskaya sloboda'', which means that it was an independent community exempt from taxes and duties. In 1564, Ivan the Terrible, the son and the successor of Vasili III, made Alexandrov his permanent residence. He suffered from defeats in the war with Lithuania and felt constant fear of treason. Then, he decided to leave Moscow and to escape from the nobility in Alexandrov. Alexandrov shortly became the actual center of the country: for example, one of the first printing factories appeared here in 1568. However, some negative things appeared as well.
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To protect himself, Ivan the Terrible organized a special army called ''oprichnina''. This army had superior rights and did not hesitate to rob and murder others (first of all, nobility and merchants). This made Alexandrov a strange and sorrowful place where Ivan the Terrible combined orthodoxal religiousness with the savageness and depravity. The fluorish of Alexandrov lasted for 17 years, until 1581. In the fall of 1581, Ivan the Terrible killed his son (this accident is shown in the well-known painting by Ilya Repin) and left Alexandrov forever.
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The town rapidly decayed and also suffered from Polish army during the Time of Troubles (1598-1613). In 1654, the former residence was transformed into a convent and later used as a place of exile. Alexandrov is oficially considered a town since 1778. It gained the regular rectangular layout and later (1870) hosted the [[Moscow]]–[[Yaroslavl]] railway. In 20th century, Alexandrov was strongly industrialized and lost nearly all of its original buildings. The industry of the city includes the production of electronics (such as TV sets of the well-known ''Rekord'' brand), crystals and diamonds, textile, and alcohol.  
  
 
===Orientation===
 
===Orientation===
The layout of Alexandrov is somewhat irregular. The [[Moscow]]–[[Yaroslavl]] railway goes from west to east through the northern part of the city. The second railway (to [[Kirzhach]]) goes along the western boundary of the city and heads south. The railway station is found in the western part of the city, on ''Komsomol'skaya ploschad'' ('''Комсомольская площадь'''). One of the main streets, ''ulitsa Lenina'' ('''улица Ленина'''), starts from this square, heads east, and ends at the central square – ''Sovetskaya ploschad'' ('''Советская площадь'''). ''Sovetskaya ulitsa'' ('''Советская улица''') goes further east, crosses the river, and passes along the convent. The other large road, ''Krasnyi pereulok'' ('''Красный переулок''') runs from north to south. In the north, it crosses the railway and connects to the road from the M7 highway, while in the south the road to [[Kirzhach]] begins. Stone buildings are found in the central part only (between the main railway station and the river), while other parts of the city are occupied by private wooden houses.
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As you arrive to the train/bus station of Alexandrov, you will find yourself on a large square, ''Komsomol'skaya ploschad'' ('''Комсомольская площадь'''). The street running perpendicular to the railway tracks is called ''ulitsa Lenina'' ('''улица Ленина'''). It will lead you through the central part of the city and finally bring you to another square, ''Sovetskaya ploschad'' ('''Советская площадь''') with the easily recognizable Cathedral of the Nativity on it. Here the street changes its name to ''Sovetskaya ulitsa'' ('''Советская улица'''), runs downhill, crosses the river, and comes to the convent – the old Alexandrova sloboda. Following the same street after the convent, you will start a way east to [[Kol'chugino]] and [[Yuryev-Polsky]].
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Another important street is ''Krasnyi pereulok'' ('''Красный переулок''') that runs perpendicular to ulitsa Lenina. You will get to this street from the north while arriving by car from the M8 highway (from [[Moscow]], [[Yaroslavl]], and many other destinations). Following the same street in the southern direction will bring you to [[Kirzhach]].
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
Alexandrov is located on the boundary of [[Vladimir Oblast]]. Therefore, it is conveniently reached from [[Moscow Oblast]] and from [[Yaroslavl Oblast]], while the connections from [[Vladimir Oblast]] are sometimes more problematic. Alexandrov is usually visited together with [[Kirzhach]] and [[Yuryev-Polsky]] or on the way to [[Rostov Veliky]] and [[Yaroslavl]].
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Alexandrov is on the boundary of [[Vladimir Oblast]]. It is conveniently reached from [[Moscow Oblast]] and from [[Yaroslavl Oblast]], while the connections from [[Vladimir Oblast]] are less frequent. Alexandrov is usually visited together with [[Kirzhach]] and [[Yuryev-Polsky]] or on the way to [[Rostov Veliky]] and [[Yaroslavl]].
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===By plane===
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The nearest international airport is in [[Moscow]].
  
 
===By train===
 
===By train===
 
There are two railway stations in Alexandrov.  
 
There are two railway stations in Alexandrov.  
* The main station ('''Alexandrov I''') stands on the [[Moscow]]–[[Yaroslavl]] railway, in the very center of the city. This station is quite active: lots of local and long-distance trains stop or terminate here. The station building is open round-the-clock and offers a lounge. Phone numbers: +7-(49244) 24-171 (local trains), 94-310 (general information), 24-051 (station assistant).
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* The main station ('''Alexandrov I''') stands on the [[Moscow]]–[[Yaroslavl]] railway, in the very center of the city. This is a stop or a terminal station for all the local trains and for some long-distance trains as well. The station building is open round-the-clock and offers a lounge. Information: +7 (49244) 24-171 (local trains), 94-310 (general information), 24-051 (station assistant).
* The second station, '''Alexandrov II''', is minor. It is located in the western part of the city, on the railway to [[Kirzhach]]. Alexandrov II is a regular stop for some of the local trains. The station building is closed.
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* The second station, '''Alexandrov II''', is minor. It is in the western part of the city, on the railway to [[Kirzhach]]. Alexandrov II is a regular stop for some of the local trains. The station building is closed.
The trains are preferrable for travelling from [[Moscow]], [[Yaroslavl]], and [[Kirzhach]]:
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Trains are preferable for travelling from [[Moscow]], [[Yaroslavl]], and [[Kirzhach]]:
* '''From [[Moscow]]:''' local trains every hour (during the daytime, the trains run even more often). The trains depart from ''Yaroslavsky station'', and the trip takes 2 hours. Additionally, there are 2 daily express trains to [[Yaroslavl]] and one express train terminating in Alexandrov. The express trains are slightly faster, but they may require a special ticket (see [http://wikitravel.org/en/Russia#Get_around Russia:Get Around] for details). These trains pass through [[Sergiev Posad]]. A number of long-distance trains departing from ''Yaroslavsky station'' also make a stop in Alexandrov.
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* '''From [[Moscow]]:''' local trains run every hour. The trains depart from ''Yaroslavsky station'', and the trip takes 2 hours. Additionally, there are 2 daily express trains to [[Yaroslavl]] and one express train terminating in Alexandrov. The express trains are slightly faster, but they require a "long-distance" ticket (see [[Russia#Get_around|Russia:Get around]] for details). All the local trains make a stop at [[Sergiev Posad]]. A number of long-distance trains departing from ''Yaroslavsky station'' will also stop in Alexandrov.
* '''From [[Vladimir]]:''' an indirect and inconvenient connection with a change in [[Orehovo-Zuevo]] (the way takes at least 4 hours).
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* '''From [[Ivanovo]]:''' one local train runs early in the morning, while two long-distance trains to [[Moscow]] travel during the night. The trip takes five hours. On the way to Alexandrov, you will pass through [[Yuryev-Polsky]] and [[Kol'chugino]].  
* '''From [[Dmitrov]]:''' two local trains daily (2 hours).
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* '''From [[Kirzhach]]:''' local trains every 1.5-2 hours (mind the gap in the afternoon), the trip takes 40 minutes.
* '''From [[Ivanovo]]:''' one local train (early morning) and two long-distance trains (night), the trip takes five hours. All the trains pass through [[Yuryev-Polsky]].  
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* '''From [[Yaroslavl]]:''' same to Moscow, but there are just two local trains per day (travel time 4 hours) and two express trains (2.5 hours). A number of long-distance trains running in southern direction can be used as well. You will pass [[Rostov Veliky]] on your way.
* '''From [[Kirzhach]]:''' local trains every 1.5-2 hours, the trip takes 40 minutes (mind the huge gap in the afternoon).
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Additionally, there are two local trains from [[Dmitrov]]. If you travel from [[Vladimir]], take a local train to [[Orehovo-Zuevo]] and change there to another local train to Alexandrov. The whole trip will take at least 4 hours, so the direct bus connection is recommended instead.
* '''From [[Yaroslavl]]:''' two local trains and two express trains, the trip takes 4 hours and 2.5 hours, respectively. The express trains are considered long-distance and require a special ticket. A number of long-distance trains running in southern direction can be used as well. All these trains make a stop in [[Rostov Veliky]]. Additionally, there is one more local train from Rostov to Alexandrov.
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===By bus===
 
===By bus===
The bus station is located on the square near the main railway station. The building is open from 5:00 till 21:15. Phone numbers: +7-(49244) 24-055, 20-641, 20-357.
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The bus station is on the square near the main railway station. The building is open from 5:00 till 21:15. Information: +7 (49244) 24-055 (station assistant), 20-357 (local bus company).
 
* '''From [[Moscow]]:''' 3 buses per day (# 676), departing from ''VDNH metro station''. The trip takes about two hours (mind longer trips during rush hours).
 
* '''From [[Moscow]]:''' 3 buses per day (# 676), departing from ''VDNH metro station''. The trip takes about two hours (mind longer trips during rush hours).
* '''From [[Vladimir]]:''' 6 buses per day (3.5 hours).
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* '''From [[Vladimir]]:''' 6 buses per day via [[Kol'chugino]] (3.5 hours).
* '''From [[Kirzhach]]:''' 5 buses per day.
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* '''From [[Yuryev-Polsky]]:''' 2 buses per day (2 hours).
 
* '''From [[Yuryev-Polsky]]:''' 2 buses per day (2 hours).
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Additionally, there are several daily buses from [[Kirzhach]]. The town of [[Kol'chugino]] is another convenient transit point with buses to Alexandrov departing every 2-3 hours.
  
 
===By car===
 
===By car===
* '''From [[Moscow]]:''' M7 highway towards [[Yaroslavl]], then a local road from the village ''Dvoriki'' (130 km; 50 km from [[Sergiev Posad]]).
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Alexandrov has road connections to the neighboring towns of [[Kirzhach]] (37 km) and [[Kol'chugino]] (40 km). From [[Kol'chugino]], you can further reach [[Yuryev-Polsky]] (77 km) or [[Vladimir]] (120 km, via ''Stavrovo'').  
* '''From [[Vladimir]]:''' via ''Stavrovo'', ''Kol'chugino'' (120 km).
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* '''From [[Dmitrov]]:''' 90 km along A108, M8, and a local road from the village ''Dvoriki''.
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* '''From [[Kirzhach]]:''' local road (37 km).
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* '''From [[Yaroslavl]]:''' M7 highway towards [[Moscow]], then a local road from the village ''Dvoriki'' (190 km; 140 km from [[Rostov Veliky]], 70 km from [[Pereslavl-Zalessky]]).
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* '''From [[Yuryev-Polsky]]:''' local roads via ''Kol'chugino'' (77 km).
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In the city, the roads are quite bad: there are numerous pits and poor road marking. The parking space is available all round the city.
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[[Moscow Oblast]] and [[Yaroslavl Oblast]] can be reached via the 25-km connecting road that joins the M8 highway in the village ''Dvoriki''. The alternative way to [[Moscow Oblast]] is the road to ''Strunino'' and further to A108. The northern road to M8 (via ''Lukyantsevo'') is not recommended due to the poor quality.
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* '''From [[Moscow]]:''' take M8 highway towards [[Yaroslavl]], then turn right in the village ''Dvoriki'' (130 km; 50 km from [[Sergiev Posad]]).
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* '''From [[Vladimir]]:''' take M7 highway towards [[Moscow]], then turn right,  via ''Stavrovo'' and [[Kol'chugino]] (120 km).
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* '''From [[Yaroslavl]]:''' take M8 highway towards [[Moscow]], then turn left in the village ''Dvoriki'' (190 km; 140 km from [[Rostov Veliky]], 70 km from [[Pereslavl-Zalessky]]).
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The parking space is available all round the city.
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
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==See==
 
==See==
 
===Alexandrova sloboda===
 
===Alexandrova sloboda===
Alexandrova sloboda is the eldest part of the city, the former residence of russian princes. The spot is sometimes called Alexandrov Kremlin, although oficially it is the Assumption convent (Успенский монастырь). Presently, the territory is jointly used by the convent and the museum. The walls and the towers are from 17th century, while parts of the ramparts outside the walls represent original fortifications from the prince residence of 16th century. The buildings of the convent show remarkable examples of russian architecture:
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Alexandrova sloboda is the eldest part of the city and the former residence of Russian princes. Presently, it is the '''Assumption convent''' (''Успенский монастырь'') jointly operated by the Russian orthodoxal church and the museum. Sloboda is the must-see attraction in the whole city: come here to feel the quiet of ancient walls and churches and to learn something about russian history. The present white-painted stone walls were built in 17th century and follow the general style of medieval Russian fortresses. Original ramparts from 16th century can be seen outside the walls. Inside the convent, you find several remarkable buildings:
* '''Cathedral of St. Trinity''' (Троицкий собор) was built in 1513. The cathedral is rather conservative in its shape and decorations. It resembles the ancient constructions of [[Vladimir]], [[Bogolyubovo]], and [[Yuryev-Polsky]]. There are few stone carvings, while the shape of the building is slightly distorted by later galleries. Nevertheless, the cathedral of St. Trinity looks like a trace of ancient russian architecture within the later structure. Some people even claim an earlier foundation date of the cathedral, because the 16th century traditions normally implied more ornate buildings. The interior of the cathedral preserves a number of original frescos from 16th century, while the other notable element are the iron gates. The gate in the southern portal was brought from [[Novgorod]] during the punitive expedition of Ivan the Terrible in 1570. The other ancient gate is installed in the western portal, the origin of this gate is still disputed. Both the gates date back to 14th century and show well-preserved forged images. The gates are a unique example of ancient russian wrought iron crafts.
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[[Image:Alexandrov-StTrinity.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Cathedral of St. Trinity]]
* '''Church of the Intercession''' (Покровская церковь). This hip-roof church was originally built in 16th century. It is the first hip-rood church in Russia. Later on, in 17th cenutry, a refectory building and a bell-tower were added; these reconstructions changed the appearance of the church. The inner walls present a number of frescos from 16th century. A more unusual and remarkable element are the frescos inside the hip. In general, painting the inner part of the hip was uncommon for the russian tradition, and the church hips were not common as well: this feature was usually reserved for bell-towers. The specific shape of the hip strongly affects the impression of paintings, while their dark color is also somewhat unusual.
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* '''Cathedral of St. Trinity''' (''Троицкий собор'') built in 1513. The cathedral is rather conservative in its shape and decorations. It resembles the ancient churches of [[Vladimir]], [[Bogolyubovo]], and [[Yuryev-Polsky]], however the stone carvings are few. Inside the cathedral, you find some original frescos from 16th century and two iron gates. The gate in the southern portal was brought from [[Novgorod]] during the punitive expedition of Ivan the Terrible in 1570. The other ancient gate is installed in the western portal and also originates from [[Novgorod]]. The gates reveal fine carvings depicting biblical stories. Both gates date back to 14th century and evidence the skill of russian craftsmen. The cathedral belongs to the church. Entrance is free.
* '''Bell-tower of the Crucifixion''' (Распятская колокольня) – an unusual building from the middle of 16th century, the time of Ivan the Terrible. The bell-tower was constructed on the spot of an earlier church: the original church was simply covered with the new building. This building is a strange combination of different elements: semi-round ''kokoshniki'' are typical for churches, while the hip-type roof is a standard for 17th century bell-towers. Additionally, there is a stone building attached to the bell-tower. This is the so-called '''Marfa's Chambers''', the place of imprisonemnt of princess Marfa, the daughter of Tsar Alexey Michailovich.  
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* '''Church of the Intercession''' (''Покровская церковь'') – the hip-roof church originally built in 16th century. It is the first hip-roof church in Russia. You will hardly feel its beauty from the outside, because this church was the very first attempt to incorporate the hip, a new element in 16th century Russian architecture. Moreover, later annexes, the refectory chamber and the bell tower, also changed the appearance of the building. Still, its interior remains unique due to the wall paintings (frescos) inside the hip. Hips instead of domes are a distinctive, but not very common, feature in Russian architecture. Hips were popular in 16th and 17th centuries, while later traditions restricted the hips to only bell towers. Painting the hips from inside was uncommon even for the medieval tradition. The frescos are painted in dark color and converge to the image of Our Lord in the apex. Overall, they look mystical and awesome. The church was originally attached to the prince palace as an in-house church. The present building of the refectory chamber stands on the spot of the former palace, so in the basement you can still see carved portals and original stone-work from 16th century. The Church of the Intercession is a part of the museum. Tickets are sold at the entrance.
* '''Church of the Assumption''' (Успенская церковь) is a regular building in the style of 16th–17th centuries. The church was originally constructed around 1525. However, the reconstructions followed in 1570s and in the 17th century: galleries were modified, and the bell-tower was added. Presently, the church is used by the museum.
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* '''Bell-tower of the Crucifixion''' (Распятская колокольня) – an unusual building from the middle of 16th century, the time of Ivan the Terrible. This bell-tower is an example of advanced hip-roof architecture with a pointed hip and numerous semi-round ''kokoshniki'' below it (yet the tower is just 40 years younger than the church of the Intercession). The adjoining stone building is known as '''Marfa's Chambers''', the place of imprisonment of princess Marfa, the daughter of Tsar Alexey Michailovich. The museum ticket allows to climb the bell-tower and enjoy panoramic views of Alexandrov.
* '''Further buildings:''' ''church of Theodore Stratelates'' (надвратная церковь Феодора Стратилата: 1682, over-the-gate), ''church of the Presentation'' (церковь Сретения Господня: 1682, a small stocky building in russian style), ''living chamber'' (келейный корпус: 1682, rebuilt in 19th century), and a number of small buildings from 18th – 19th century. All these buildings are rather unremarkable.
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* '''Church of the Assumption''' (Успенская церковь) is a regular building in the style of 16th–17th centuries. The church was originally constructed around 1525. However, the reconstructions in 1570s and in the 17th century modified the galleries and added the bell-tower. Presently, this church is a part of the museum.
<see name="Museum" alt="музей-заповедник &quot;Александрова Слобода&quot;" address="Музейный пер. 20" directions="" phone="+7-(49244)-2-80-73 (information), 2-03-97 (excursions), 2-17-74 (secretary)" email="muzeum@rambler.ru" fax="" url="http://www.kreml.alexandrov.ru/mainmenu-english.html" hours="T&ndash;Su, 09.00&ndash;17.00 (on Friday, till 16.00)" price=""> The museum includes more than ten different exhibitions and a number of "interactive excursions" &ndash; special programs that will probably help you to feel the atmosphere of the place (normally, these excursions should be booked in advance). There is a single type of the entrance ticket that covers all the exhibitions. The entrance to the convent is free. The full list of the exhibitions is available at the web site, while the principal displays are listed below: </see>
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* '''Further buildings:''' ''church of Theodore Stratelates'' (надвратная церковь Феодора Стратилата: 1682, over-the-gate), ''church of the Presentation'' (церковь Сретения Господня: 1682, a small stocky building in russian style), ''living chamber'' (келейный корпус: 1682, rebuilt in 19th century), and a number of small buildings from 18th &ndash; 19th centuries. These buildings are pretty regular, since they were constructed after the decay of the prince residence, as regular churches and houses in a regular monastery.
* '''Alexandrova sloboda: legends and facts''' &ndash; an exhibition on the mysteries of Alexandrov: the library of Ivan the Terrible, the first flight of the human with wooden wings, and the death of Ivan the Terrible.
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<see name="Museum" alt="музей-заповедник &quot;Александрова Слобода&quot;" address="Музейный пер. 20" directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;28-073 (information), 20-397 (excursions), 21-774 (secretary)" email="muzeum@rambler.ru" fax="" url="http://www.kreml.alexandrov.ru/mainmenu-english.html" hours="T&ndash;Su, 09.00&ndash;17.00 (on Friday, till 16.00)" price="Entrance fee: 15&ndash;30 rubles for each exhibition, about 150 rubles for the whole museum"></see>
* '''Church of the Intercession''' &ndash; unique frescos painted inside the hip.
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* '''Dining hall''' &ndash; the 16th century tableware.
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The museum includes seven basic exhibitions. Additionally, it offers a number of scenic "interactive excursions" that reconstruct the medieval atmosphere and show some old russian traditions, however, in a very imitation way. Among the exhibitions, you find
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* '''Palace of Ivan the Terrible''' &ndash; the reconstruction of the prince palace.
 
* '''Treasures from three centuries''' &ndash; the collection of old books, icons, textile, and embroidery.
 
* '''Treasures from three centuries''' &ndash; the collection of old books, icons, textile, and embroidery.
* '''Tsar court in Alexandrova sloboda''' &ndash; the history of the tsar residence and oprichnina.
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* '''Tsar court in Alexandrova sloboda''' &ndash; the history of the prince residence and oprichnina.
Most of the exhibitions are pretty regular. The most interesting one is probably the church of the Intercession with its wall paintings.
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The must-see exhibition is one in the church of the Intercession (Tsar court in Alexandrova sloboda). Here you find the ivory carved throne of Ivan the Terrible and other original items from 16th century. You will also enter the church and watch the unique wall paintings inside the hip. Downstairs in the same building, one finds the original basement of the prince palace. Other exhibitions are fairly regular.
  
 
===Churches===
 
===Churches===
* <see name="Cathedral of the Nativity" alt="Собор Рождества Христова" address="Советский пер. 11" directions="near the Cathedral square" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">The cathedral was built in 1696 and rebuilt in the middle of 19th century. The present appearance of the building is rather unusual and can be referred to russian style.</see>
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[[Image:Nativity-cathedral.jpg|thumb|right|240px|Cathedral of the Nativity]]
* <see name="Church of Bogolyubobo Icon of Our Lady" alt="церковь Боголюбской иконы Божьей матери" address="Красный пер. 11" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">A regular church from 1800 in classicism style.</see>
+
* <see name="Cathedral of the Nativity" alt="Собор Рождества Христова" address="Советский пер. 11" directions="near the Cathedral square" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">The cathedral was built in 1696 and rebuilt in the middle of 19th century. The present appearance reminds the neo-Byzantine style and, to some extent, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in [[Moscow]]. To continue this comparison, the cathedral in Alexandrov has just one dome due to the low significance of Alexandrov in 19th century. The cathedral is rather unusual, yet it is not really nice.</see>
 +
* <see name="Church of Bogolyubobo Icon of Our Lady" alt="церковь Боголюбской иконы Божьей матери" address="Красный пер. 11" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">A regular church in classicism style from 1800.</see>
 
* <see name="Church of St. Seraphim of Sarov" alt="церковь Серафима Саровского" address="Вокзальная ул. 8" directions="near the main railway station" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">A russian revival building from 1904.</see>
 
* <see name="Church of St. Seraphim of Sarov" alt="церковь Серафима Саровского" address="Вокзальная ул. 8" directions="near the main railway station" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">A russian revival building from 1904.</see>
 
* <see name="Church of the Transfiguration" alt="Преображенская церковь" address="Садово-Огородная ул. 2а" directions="behind the convent" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">A baroque-style church from 1743, rebuilt in the beginning of 19th century.</see>
 
* <see name="Church of the Transfiguration" alt="Преображенская церковь" address="Садово-Огородная ул. 2а" directions="behind the convent" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">A baroque-style church from 1743, rebuilt in the beginning of 19th century.</see>
  
 
===Secular buildings===
 
===Secular buildings===
* <see name="Estate of Pervushin" alt="усадьба Первушина" address="ул. Советская, 16" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">The main building and two small adjoining buildings  from the middle of 19th century (neoclassicism style). Presently, the estate houses the art museum.</see>
+
[[Image:Pervushin-alexandrov.jpg|thumb|right|240px|Pervushin's estate]]
* <see name="House of the imperial stud farm" alt="здание императорского конного завода" address="ул. Революции, 45" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></see>
+
* <see name="Ivanov's house" alt="дом трактирщика Иванова Е.Н." address="ул. Красной молодёжи, 7" directions="near Sovetskaya ploschad'" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">A nice building in art nouveau style (1912-1914). Presently, the city administration.</see>
* <see name="House of the inn-keeper Ivanov" alt="дом трактирщика Иванова Е.Н." address="ул. Красной молодёжи, 7" directions="near the Cathedral square" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">An interesting building in art nouveau style (1912-1914). Presently, the city administration.</see>
+
* <see name="Pervushin's estate" alt="усадьба Первушина" address="ул. Советская, 16" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">The remarkable classicism-style building from the middle of 19th century. It is combined of two parts, which are made of different materal (stone in the right and wood in the left), yet decorated in a very similar way.</see>
* <see name="Railway station" alt="" address="Комсомольская пл" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">The station building (1870) is a nice example of railway buildings from late 19th century.</see>
+
* <see name="Railway station" alt="" address="Комсомольская пл" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">The original station building from 1870, a nice example of Russian railway architecture.</see>
* <see name="Trading rows" alt="Торговые ряды" address="ул. Советская, 5" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Small building from late 18th century.</see>
+
In the city center, you will find further old buildings from 18th&ndash;19th centuries (note the street names: Советская, Первомайская, Военная, Ленина, Революции, Красной Молодёжи). All of them are, however, unremarkable.
  
 
===Museums===
 
===Museums===
* <see name="Art museum" alt="Александровский художественный музей" address="ул. Советская, 16" directions="" phone="+7-(49244)-2-43-89, 2-13-82, 2-16-04" email="" fax="" url="http://www.museum.ru/m1449" hours="Daily, 10.00&ndash;18.00" price="">The collection of provincial russian art from late 19th &ndash; 20th century. The paintings are pretty regular and not very interesting. The main reason for visiting the museum is to see the interior of the old building that once belonged to a merchant Pervushin.</see>
+
* <see name="Museum of Marina and Anastasia Tsvetaevas" alt="Александровский литературно-художественный музей Марины и Анастасии Цветаевой" address="at the junction of Военная ул. and Военный пер." directions="south from ulitsa Lenina" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;24-279, 26-674, 25-693" email="" fax="" url="" hours="W&ndash;Su, 8.30&ndash;17.00" price="Entrance fee: 60 rubles">The museum occupies the original wooden building where Anastasiya Tsvetaeva, a Russian writer, lived in 1915-1917. Her sister Marina Tsvetaeva, a famous poetess, visited this house and wrote some of her well-known poems here. The managers of the museum do their best to guide every visitor. In fact, visiting the museum without a guide is just impossible, because there are no exhibits to watch. The whole museum is an elegantly furnished room with photos on the walls and an imitation of the footbridge in the middle. The guide will readily tell you about the Tsvetaevas family and also show an exhibition "Alexandrov &ndash; the center of 101st kilometer" about people who were prohibited to live in Moscow during the Soviet times and stayed in Alexandrov. The museum is a local cultural center: it hosts musical and poetical performances, books about Marina Tsvetaeva are also sold here.</see>
* <see name="Museum of Marina Tsvetaeva and Anastasia Tsvetaeva" alt="Александровский литературно-художественный музей Марины и Анастасии Цветаевой" address="Военная ул. 6" directions="south from Sovetskaya square" phone="+7-(49244)-2-42-79, 2-66-74, 2-56-93" email="" fax="" url="http://www.cvetaeva.alexnet.ru/main.php" hours="W&ndash;Su, 8.30&ndash;17.00" price="">The original wooden building where Anastasiya Tsvetaeva, a Russian writer, lived in 1915-1917. Her sister Marina Tsvetaeva, a famous poetess, visited this house and spent here the summer of 1916 &ndash; the period of fruiful poetical work, known as ''Alexandrov summer'' (Александровское лето). The museum presents the history of Tsvetaev's family along with the information on other famous people who lived in Alexandrov in 20th century. The specific role of the city during this period is caused by its position &ndash; about 100 km away from Moscow. During the Soviet time, people released from the prison were prohibited to live in Moscow or within 100 km from Moscow, thus leading to the phenomenon of ''101st kilometer''. The cities lying beyond the 101st kilometer from Moscow were occupied by intellectuals, previously imprisoned for political reasons. Alexandrov was one of such cities, the place of residence for many cultural workers.</see>
+
<!--
* <see name="Museum of Stone" alt="Музей рукотворного камня" address="Институтская ул. 1" directions="south from the railway station" phone="+7-(49244)-9-25-46" email="" fax="" url="" hours="M&ndash;Fr, 8.00&ndash;17.00; excursions can also be booked for the weekend" price="">This museum is attached to the ''institute of synthetic crystals'' where artificial crystals of diamond, sapphire, quartz and other minerals are produced. The exposition shows natural and artifical stones, the production technology, and the resulting jewelry. The artifical stones can be purchased in the museum shop. </see>
+
* <see name="Museum of artificial stone" alt="Музей рукотворного камня" address="Институтская ул. 1" directions="south from the railway station" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;92-546" email="" fax="" url="" hours="M&ndash;Fr, 8.00&ndash;17.00; excursions can also be booked for the weekend" price="">The museum is attached to the ''institute of synthetic crystals'' where artificial crystals of diamond, sapphire, quartz and other minerals are produced. The exhibition includes natural and artifical stones, the production technology, and the resulting jewelry. The museum shop offers stones produced in the institute. </see>
 +
-->
 +
* <see name="Pervushin's house" alt="Усадьба купца Первушина" address="ул. Советская, 16" directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;24-389, 21-382, 21-604" email="" fax="" url="http://www.museum.ru/m1449" hours="Daily, 10.00&ndash;18.00" price="">The museum reconstructs the old merchant's life. The museum staff act as the family of Pervushin, the 19th century russian merchant originating from Alexandrov. They will tell you about russian traditions and the history of the house, offer tea and local drinks. The interior is not original. This is however compensated by an inofficial (non-museum) atmosphere, the chance to see things in detail and to touch them. Art exhibition (another branch of the museum) can be found in the neighboring building (Советская ул. 5).</see>
 +
The museums of Alexandrov are not very exciting. Aritificial stones are really unusual, while the two other museums try to compensate the lack of exhibits by the intensive (and even useless) guidance. The reconstruction of the 19th century life is rather common for russian museums and can be found elsewhere. To learn more about Marina Tsvetaeva, visit the museums in [[Moscow]], [[Ivanovo]], and [[Tarusa]].
  
 
==Do==
 
==Do==
 +
* <do name="Drama theater" alt="Александровский муниципальный театр драмы" address="Институтская ул. 6" directions="south from the railway station" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;23-600, 24-769" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></do>
 +
* <do name="Saturn cinema" alt="Кинотеатр Сатурн" address="Советская пл." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;30-413" email="" fax="" url="http://www.kinosaturn.ru/index.html" hours="" price="">A large entertainment center with a cinema, a night club, and a sushi bar.</do>
 +
* <do name="Yuzhnyi cinema" alt="Кинотеатр Южный" address="ул. Королёва, 6" directions="south from the city center" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;61-072, 67-578" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></do>
  
 
==Buy==
 
==Buy==
 +
In the city center, you find two large food supermarkets:
 +
* '''Paterson''' (Патэрсон) &ndash; Красный пер. 2 (open daily, 08.00&ndash;22.00)
 +
* '''Pyatyorochka''' (Пятёрочка) &ndash; ул. Ленина, 1
 +
Note also smaller shops at the following streets: Ленина, Советская, Революции.
 +
 +
''Souvenirs'' are sold at Alexandrova sloboda: near the entrance and inside the convent.
 +
 +
===Banks===
 +
* '''Moscow Industrial Bank''' &ndash; Красный пер. 21
 +
* '''Sberbank''':
 +
** Октябрьская ул. 2
 +
** ул. Революции, 24
 +
** ул. Революции, 36 (central office)
 +
** Советский пер. 33 — south from Sovetskaya ploschad'
 +
Bank offices are equipped with ATMs. There are more ATMs throughout the city:
 +
* '''Sberbank''':
 +
** Красный пер. 21
 +
** ул. Ленина, 13
 +
** ул. Ленина, 18
 +
** Октябрьская ул. 6 &ndash; near the railway station, 24/7
 +
* '''Moscow Industrial Bank''':
 +
** Институтская ул. 1 &ndash; south-east from the railway station, 24/7
 +
** Красный пер. 2
 +
** ул. Ленина, 13
 +
** Октябрьская ул. 5, стр. 6
 +
** Советская ул. 4
  
 
==Eat==
 
==Eat==
 +
===City center===
 +
* <eat name="Alexandria" alt="кафе Александрия" address="Казарменный пер. 1" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></eat>
 +
* <eat name="Alexandrov" alt="ресторан Александров" address="ул. Революции, 59" directions="north from Sovetskaya ploschad'" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.goodhotels.ru/al_3.php" hours="" price="">A restaurant at the hotel.</eat>
 +
* <eat name="Attic" alt="кафе Чердачок" address="ул. Ленина, 13" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">A small cafe on the second floor of the trade center, the limited range of food (canteen-type).</eat>
 +
* <eat name="Bungalow" alt="суши-бар Бунгало" address="ул. Ленина, 22" directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;22-683" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">A sushi bar.</eat>
 +
* <eat name="Cheburechnaya" alt="Чебуречная" address="ул. Ленина, 62" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Fast food that offers ''chebureki'' (a kind of small pies with meat), pancakes, and grilled meat.</eat>
 +
* <eat name="Gusli" alt="ресторан Гусли" address="Советский пер. 33" directions="south from Sovetskaya ploschad'" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;63-405, +7&nbsp;(920)&nbsp;930-12-12" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">A restaurant decorated in Russian style.</eat>
 +
* <eat name="Person" alt="кафе Персона" address="ул. Ленина, 26" directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;27-981" email="" fax="" url="" hours="10.00&ndash;22.00" price=""></eat>
 +
* <eat name="Pizza land" alt="пиццерия Пиццалэнд" address="ул. Ленина, 20а" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Pizza-based fast food.</eat>
 +
* <eat name="Soviet union = USSR" alt="кофейня СССР" address="ул. Ленина, 13/5" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://club-su.ru/kaliyan.php" hours="9.00&ndash;22.00" price="Сoffee: 50&ndash;100 rubles">A coffee house with a good choice of tea, coffee, alcoholic drinks, cocktails, and desserts. Food is limited to pancakes and omlettes. The room is furnished with various symbols from Soviet times.</eat>
 +
* <eat name="Sushi-bar" alt="" address="Советская пл" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.kinosaturn.ru/susi/index.html" hours="15.00&ndash;24.00" price="Main dishes: 150&ndash;250 rubles">A restaurant of Japanese and European cuisine (which means a sushi bar with meat food, or the other way around) at the ''Saturn'' cinema.</eat>
 +
* <eat name="Troika" alt="ресторан Тройка" address="ул. Революции, 45" directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;29-765" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Yet another restaurant.</eat>
 +
 +
===Outskirts===
 +
* <eat name="Cosa nostra" alt="" address="г. Струнино, ул. Суворова, 22" directions="the town ''Strunino'', 10 km west from Alexandrov" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;42-955" email="" fax="" url="http://www.cosanostra.su/" hours="" price="Main dishes: 200&ndash;300 rubles">A nice pizzeria serving pizza, pasta, soups, salads, as well as traditional fish and meat dishes. Free Wi-Fi.</eat>
 +
* <eat name="Larsen" alt="ресторан Ларсен" address="ул. Королёва, 1" directions="southern part of the city, the road to Kirzhach" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;64-728, +7&nbsp;(495)&nbsp;510-29-93" email="" fax="" url="" hours="Su&ndash;Th, 10.00&ndash;1.00; Fr, Sa, 10.00&ndash;4.00" price="">A restaurant at the hotel.</eat>
 +
* <eat name="Russian Versailles" alt="ресторан Русский Версаль" address="ул. Фабрика Калинина, 20" directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(920)&nbsp;902-72-69" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></eat>
 +
 +
While there are many places to eat, finding a really nice place can be difficult. Locals will often advise going to the neighboring town of Strunino (Coza Nostra), because most of the restaurants of Alexandrov suffer from typical russian problems (unfrienfly waiters, loud music and drunk people during the evening hours). If you are not too hungry, try the '''Soviet union''' coffee house, which seems to follow reasonable standards of quality. For a fast food, '''cheburechnaya''' will perfectly suffice.
  
 
==Drink==
 
==Drink==
 +
Try alcoholic drinks produced by the local factory [http://www.alvz.ru/]. Vodka, fruit spirits (''nastoyki''), and cognac are sold in food stores throughout the city.
 +
 +
===Night clubs===
 +
* <drink name="Saturn" alt="Сатурн" address="Советская пл" directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;30-413" email="" fax="" url="http://www.kinosaturn.ru/club/index.html" hours="" price=""></drink>
 +
* <drink name="Yubileyniy" alt="ДК Юбилейный" address="ул. Свердлова, 37" directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;23-900" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></drink>
  
 
==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
 +
* <sleep name="Alexandrov" alt="гостиница Александров" address="ул. Революции, 59" directions="north from Sovetskaya ploschad'" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;31-483" email="" fax="" url="http://www.goodhotels.ru/hotel_alexandrov.php" checkin="" checkout="" price="Room for 2 with shared/private bathroom: 1000/2200 rubles">The largest hotel of the city. Rooms were recently renovated and offer the accommodation of different quality: shared bathroom, private bathroom, or two-room suites. Breakfast included, guarded parking, restaurant.</sleep>
 +
* <sleep name="Island" alt="отель Остров" address="Военная ул. 9" directions="south from Sovetskaya ploschad'" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;31-505" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="">A modern mini-hotel, rooms with private bathroom. Breakfast included, guarded parking, restaurant.</sleep>
 +
* <sleep name="Larsen" alt="гостиница Ларсен" address="ул. Королёва, 1" directions="southern part of the city, the road to Kirzhach" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;64-728, +7&nbsp;(495)&nbsp;510-29-93" email="info@grc-larsen.ru" fax="" url="http://www.grc-larsen.ru/" checkin="" checkout="" price="Double room/suite: 3000 rubles">A modern hotel with a variety of additional services (restaurant, billiard, sport club, barbershop). Rooms are equipped with a bathroom and air-conditioned, suites also offer internet access. Breakfast included, parking available.</sleep>
 +
* <sleep name="Vedrussiya" alt="гостиница Ведруссия" address="Институтская ул.?" directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;31-139" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Double room with shared/private bathroom: /1300 rubles">A basic accommodation in the ugly part of the city. No breakfast, no parking, no cafe. A limited range of food and drinks is served to the rooms.</sleep>
 +
* <sleep name="Vita" alt="гостиница Вита" address="Вокзальная ул. 1" directions="near the railway station" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;94-597" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Double room: from 1300 rubles">A mini-hotel offering basic accommodation. Rooms (shared or private bathroom) are noisy due to the trains. No breakfast, guarded parking.</sleep>
  
 
==Contact==
 
==Contact==
 +
===Post office===
 +
The postal code of Alexandrov is 60165*. Offices in the city center:
 +
* <listing name="Central post office" alt="601650" directions="" address="ул. Ленина, 28" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;21-606, 25-871, 21-675" email="" fax="" url="" hours="M&ndash;Fr, 8.00&ndash;22.00; Sa, 8.00&ndash;18.00; Su, 8.00&ndash;14.00" price=""></listing>
 +
* <listing name="Post office # 2" alt="601652" directions="east from the convent" address="Кольчугинская ул. 5" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;22-695" email="" fax="" url="" hours="M&ndash;Sa, 9.00&ndash;20.00" price=""></listing>
 +
* <listing name="Post office # 4" alt="601654" directions="" address="Вокзальная ул. 1" phone="+7&nbsp;(49244)&nbsp;20-483" email="" fax="" url="" hours="M&ndash;Sa, 9.00&ndash;20.00" price=""></listing>
 +
 +
===Internet access===
 +
Internet connection should be available at the post offices.
  
 
==Get out==
 
==Get out==
 +
===Local destinations===
 +
* '''Arsaki''' (Арсаки) &ndash; the village 20 km west from Alexandrov. The location is known for the monk's settlement (''Смоленско-Зосимова пустынь''), a 17th century side settlement (''skit'') of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius ([[Sergiev Posad]]). Arsaki keeps nice examples of red-brick churches in russian revival style from late 19th century. The buildings belong to the church, but they are located inside the military territory. Entering this territory requires an ID and is likely problematic for non-residents.
 +
** ''Get in:'' local trains to [[Moscow]] or [[Dmitrov]] (every hour).
 +
* '''Bol'shoe Karinskoe''' (Большое Каринское) &ndash; the village 4 km south-west from Alexandrov (N56&deg; 22.427', E38&deg; 39.997'). The field near the village (''Каринское поле'') is a place of the battle between Russian and Polish troops in 1609, during the Time of Troubles. The monument commemorates this event.
 +
** ''Get in:'' buses and minibuses to Strunino (every hour). Note that the bus should follow "via Karinskoe". There is an alternative route taking a different road.
 +
* '''Karabanovo''' (Карабаново) &ndash; the unremarkable industrial town 10 km south from Alexandrov. The red-brick industrial building from early 20th century, the constructivist building  of the club, and the war memorial &ndash; it is likely all to see here.
 +
** ''Get in:'' local trains to [[Kirzhach]], buses or minibuses every 15-30 minutes.
 +
* '''Lizunovo''' (Лизуново) &ndash; the village 20 km south-west from Alexandrov. The museum of Alexei Musatov, a Soviet writer.
 +
** ''Get in:'' no public transport.
 +
* '''Lukyantsevo''' (Лукьянцево) &ndash; the village 15 km north from Alexandrov (N56.5045&deg;, E38.7132&deg;). The late 16th century monastery (''Свято-Лукианова мужская пустынь'') preserves three russian-style buildings from late 17th &ndash; early 18th century: ''church of the Nativity of the Theotokos'', ''church of the Epiphany'', and ''church of Ekaterina''.
 +
** ''Get in:'' three buses daily.
 +
* '''Mahra''' (Махра) &ndash; the ''convent of St. Trinity'' (Свято-Троицкий Стефано-Махрищский женский монастырь) [http://www.stefmon.ru/], 15 km south from Alexandrov (N56.2705&deg;, E38.6804&deg;). The convent dates back to 14th century, but its present appearance is very recent, because most of the buildings were destroyed during the Soviet period. The original buildings are the baroque-style ''church of Sergiy Radonezhsky'' (over-the-gate) and the ''church of Peter and Paul'', both from late 18th century. You will also find a refectory building and living halls from late 19th century. The largest and the most impressive ''church of St. Stephan'' was rebuilt in 1997. The territory of the convent is well decorated and looks very picturesque during the summertime.
 +
** ''Get in:'' buses every two hours.
 +
* '''Strunino''' (Струнино) &ndash; the unremarkable town 10 km west from Alexandrov. Note the pretty regular church of Transfiguration (1893-1898), the ravaged red-brick industrial building from early 20th century, and few buildings in constructivism style.
 +
** ''Get in:'' local trains to [[Moscow]], buses every 20-30 minutes.
  
{{IsPartOf|Vladimir Oblast}}
+
===Further destinations===
{{outline}}
+
* '''[[Kirzhach]]''' &ndash; the small town interesting for its 16th century monastery.
 +
* '''[[Kol'chugino]]''' &ndash; one of the relatively new towns of the region. It lacks any important tourist attractions, yet the services (hotels and restaurants) may be useful.
 +
* '''[[Rostov Veliky]]''' &ndash; one of the main destinations of the [[Golden Ring]], the ancient town with numerous remarkable monuments.
 +
* '''[[Sergiev Posad]]''' &ndash; the well-known destination with a huge ancient convent, one of the most important religious places in Russia.
 +
* '''[[Yuryev-Polsky]]''' &ndash; the ancient town with a unique 13th century cathedral and sleepy provincial atmosphere.
 +
 
 +
{{IsIn|Vladimir_Oblast}}
 +
 
 +
{{routebox
 +
| image1=Trans-Siberian Railway icon.png
 +
| imagesize1=100
 +
| directionl1=W
 +
| majorl1=[[Moscow]]
 +
| minorl1=[[Sergiev Posad]]
 +
| directionr1=E
 +
<!--| minorr1=[[Rostov Veliky]]-->
 +
| majorr1=[[Yaroslavl]]
 +
}}
 +
{{guidecity}}
 
{{cityguide}}
 
{{cityguide}}
  
 
{{related|Golden Ring}}
 
{{related|Golden Ring}}
 +
 +
[[ru:Александров]]
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[[wts:Category:Aleksandrov]]
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[[wikipedia:Alexandrov (town)]]
 
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Latest revision as of 12:38, 3 September 2012

Alexandrov (Александров) is a city in the north-western part of Vladimir Oblast. The location is known as a medieval residence of Russian princes. It was home to several important events in Russian history. The residence is now transformed into a convent and preserves noteworthy architectural sights, while the city itself is quite unremarkable.

Understand[edit]

Geography[edit]

Alexandrov is located on the eastern edge of Klin-Dmitrov ridge, a series of hills lying north from Moscow. The city stands on the banks of the tiny river Seraya, the left tributary of the Sherna that further flows into the Klyazma. The area near Alexandrov is very typical for the central part of Russia: it is a nearly flat land with vast forests and small fields. Alexandrov is an important transport hub, the crossing of the principal MoscowYaroslavl railway and the circular railway line around Moscow (the so-called Big Ring of Moscow Railway). The M8 highway runs 25 km west from the city. A number of local roads pass through Alexandrov and offer connections to Kirzhach, Kol'chugino, Yuryev-Polsky, and to the cities of Moscow Oblast. The population of Alexandrov is 63 000.

History[edit]

Alexandrova Sloboda with the Cathedral of St. Trinity and the hip-roof bell-tower of the Crucifixion

The settlement of Alexandrov is known since 14th century. However, the official foundation date is 1513, when Vasili III, the Grand Prince of Moscow, built a residence, fortifications, and first stone churches on the banks of the river Seraya. At that time, the settlement was known as Alexandrova sloboda or Alexandrovskaya sloboda, which means that it was an independent community exempt from taxes and duties. In 1564, Ivan the Terrible, the son and the successor of Vasili III, made Alexandrov his permanent residence. He suffered from defeats in the war with Lithuania and felt constant fear of treason. Then, he decided to leave Moscow and to escape from the nobility in Alexandrov. Alexandrov shortly became the actual center of the country: for example, one of the first printing factories appeared here in 1568. However, some negative things appeared as well.

To protect himself, Ivan the Terrible organized a special army called oprichnina. This army had superior rights and did not hesitate to rob and murder others (first of all, nobility and merchants). This made Alexandrov a strange and sorrowful place where Ivan the Terrible combined orthodoxal religiousness with the savageness and depravity. The fluorish of Alexandrov lasted for 17 years, until 1581. In the fall of 1581, Ivan the Terrible killed his son (this accident is shown in the well-known painting by Ilya Repin) and left Alexandrov forever.

The town rapidly decayed and also suffered from Polish army during the Time of Troubles (1598-1613). In 1654, the former residence was transformed into a convent and later used as a place of exile. Alexandrov is oficially considered a town since 1778. It gained the regular rectangular layout and later (1870) hosted the MoscowYaroslavl railway. In 20th century, Alexandrov was strongly industrialized and lost nearly all of its original buildings. The industry of the city includes the production of electronics (such as TV sets of the well-known Rekord brand), crystals and diamonds, textile, and alcohol.

Orientation[edit]

As you arrive to the train/bus station of Alexandrov, you will find yourself on a large square, Komsomol'skaya ploschad (Комсомольская площадь). The street running perpendicular to the railway tracks is called ulitsa Lenina (улица Ленина). It will lead you through the central part of the city and finally bring you to another square, Sovetskaya ploschad (Советская площадь) with the easily recognizable Cathedral of the Nativity on it. Here the street changes its name to Sovetskaya ulitsa (Советская улица), runs downhill, crosses the river, and comes to the convent – the old Alexandrova sloboda. Following the same street after the convent, you will start a way east to Kol'chugino and Yuryev-Polsky.

Another important street is Krasnyi pereulok (Красный переулок) that runs perpendicular to ulitsa Lenina. You will get to this street from the north while arriving by car from the M8 highway (from Moscow, Yaroslavl, and many other destinations). Following the same street in the southern direction will bring you to Kirzhach.

Get in[edit]

Alexandrov is on the boundary of Vladimir Oblast. It is conveniently reached from Moscow Oblast and from Yaroslavl Oblast, while the connections from Vladimir Oblast are less frequent. Alexandrov is usually visited together with Kirzhach and Yuryev-Polsky or on the way to Rostov Veliky and Yaroslavl.

By plane[edit]

The nearest international airport is in Moscow.

By train[edit]

There are two railway stations in Alexandrov.

  • The main station (Alexandrov I) stands on the MoscowYaroslavl railway, in the very center of the city. This is a stop or a terminal station for all the local trains and for some long-distance trains as well. The station building is open round-the-clock and offers a lounge. Information: +7 (49244) 24-171 (local trains), 94-310 (general information), 24-051 (station assistant).
  • The second station, Alexandrov II, is minor. It is in the western part of the city, on the railway to Kirzhach. Alexandrov II is a regular stop for some of the local trains. The station building is closed.

Trains are preferable for travelling from Moscow, Yaroslavl, and Kirzhach:

  • From Moscow: local trains run every hour. The trains depart from Yaroslavsky station, and the trip takes 2 hours. Additionally, there are 2 daily express trains to Yaroslavl and one express train terminating in Alexandrov. The express trains are slightly faster, but they require a "long-distance" ticket (see Russia:Get around for details). All the local trains make a stop at Sergiev Posad. A number of long-distance trains departing from Yaroslavsky station will also stop in Alexandrov.
  • From Ivanovo: one local train runs early in the morning, while two long-distance trains to Moscow travel during the night. The trip takes five hours. On the way to Alexandrov, you will pass through Yuryev-Polsky and Kol'chugino.
  • From Kirzhach: local trains every 1.5-2 hours (mind the gap in the afternoon), the trip takes 40 minutes.
  • From Yaroslavl: same to Moscow, but there are just two local trains per day (travel time 4 hours) and two express trains (2.5 hours). A number of long-distance trains running in southern direction can be used as well. You will pass Rostov Veliky on your way.

Additionally, there are two local trains from Dmitrov. If you travel from Vladimir, take a local train to Orehovo-Zuevo and change there to another local train to Alexandrov. The whole trip will take at least 4 hours, so the direct bus connection is recommended instead.


By bus[edit]

The bus station is on the square near the main railway station. The building is open from 5:00 till 21:15. Information: +7 (49244) 24-055 (station assistant), 20-357 (local bus company).

  • From Moscow: 3 buses per day (# 676), departing from VDNH metro station. The trip takes about two hours (mind longer trips during rush hours).
  • From Vladimir: 6 buses per day via Kol'chugino (3.5 hours).
  • From Yuryev-Polsky: 2 buses per day (2 hours).

Additionally, there are several daily buses from Kirzhach. The town of Kol'chugino is another convenient transit point with buses to Alexandrov departing every 2-3 hours.

By car[edit]

Alexandrov has road connections to the neighboring towns of Kirzhach (37 km) and Kol'chugino (40 km). From Kol'chugino, you can further reach Yuryev-Polsky (77 km) or Vladimir (120 km, via Stavrovo).

Moscow Oblast and Yaroslavl Oblast can be reached via the 25-km connecting road that joins the M8 highway in the village Dvoriki. The alternative way to Moscow Oblast is the road to Strunino and further to A108. The northern road to M8 (via Lukyantsevo) is not recommended due to the poor quality.

The parking space is available all round the city.

Get around[edit]

The central part of the city is rather small and easily explored by foot. The convent and the train station are found on the opposite sides of the city center (about 20 min walk). A number of city bus routes are available: in particular, buses # 4 and 7 run between the station and the convent.

See[edit][add listing]

Alexandrova sloboda[edit]

Alexandrova sloboda is the eldest part of the city and the former residence of Russian princes. Presently, it is the Assumption convent (Успенский монастырь) jointly operated by the Russian orthodoxal church and the museum. Sloboda is the must-see attraction in the whole city: come here to feel the quiet of ancient walls and churches and to learn something about russian history. The present white-painted stone walls were built in 17th century and follow the general style of medieval Russian fortresses. Original ramparts from 16th century can be seen outside the walls. Inside the convent, you find several remarkable buildings:

Cathedral of St. Trinity
  • Cathedral of St. Trinity (Троицкий собор) built in 1513. The cathedral is rather conservative in its shape and decorations. It resembles the ancient churches of Vladimir, Bogolyubovo, and Yuryev-Polsky, however the stone carvings are few. Inside the cathedral, you find some original frescos from 16th century and two iron gates. The gate in the southern portal was brought from Novgorod during the punitive expedition of Ivan the Terrible in 1570. The other ancient gate is installed in the western portal and also originates from Novgorod. The gates reveal fine carvings depicting biblical stories. Both gates date back to 14th century and evidence the skill of russian craftsmen. The cathedral belongs to the church. Entrance is free.
  • Church of the Intercession (Покровская церковь) – the hip-roof church originally built in 16th century. It is the first hip-roof church in Russia. You will hardly feel its beauty from the outside, because this church was the very first attempt to incorporate the hip, a new element in 16th century Russian architecture. Moreover, later annexes, the refectory chamber and the bell tower, also changed the appearance of the building. Still, its interior remains unique due to the wall paintings (frescos) inside the hip. Hips instead of domes are a distinctive, but not very common, feature in Russian architecture. Hips were popular in 16th and 17th centuries, while later traditions restricted the hips to only bell towers. Painting the hips from inside was uncommon even for the medieval tradition. The frescos are painted in dark color and converge to the image of Our Lord in the apex. Overall, they look mystical and awesome. The church was originally attached to the prince palace as an in-house church. The present building of the refectory chamber stands on the spot of the former palace, so in the basement you can still see carved portals and original stone-work from 16th century. The Church of the Intercession is a part of the museum. Tickets are sold at the entrance.
  • Bell-tower of the Crucifixion (Распятская колокольня) – an unusual building from the middle of 16th century, the time of Ivan the Terrible. This bell-tower is an example of advanced hip-roof architecture with a pointed hip and numerous semi-round kokoshniki below it (yet the tower is just 40 years younger than the church of the Intercession). The adjoining stone building is known as Marfa's Chambers, the place of imprisonment of princess Marfa, the daughter of Tsar Alexey Michailovich. The museum ticket allows to climb the bell-tower and enjoy panoramic views of Alexandrov.
  • Church of the Assumption (Успенская церковь) is a regular building in the style of 16th–17th centuries. The church was originally constructed around 1525. However, the reconstructions in 1570s and in the 17th century modified the galleries and added the bell-tower. Presently, this church is a part of the museum.
  • Further buildings: church of Theodore Stratelates (надвратная церковь Феодора Стратилата: 1682, over-the-gate), church of the Presentation (церковь Сретения Господня: 1682, a small stocky building in russian style), living chamber (келейный корпус: 1682, rebuilt in 19th century), and a number of small buildings from 18th – 19th centuries. These buildings are pretty regular, since they were constructed after the decay of the prince residence, as regular churches and houses in a regular monastery.

Museum (музей-заповедник "Александрова Слобода"), Музейный пер. 20, +7 (49244) 28-073 (information), 20-397 (excursions), 21-774 (secretary) (), [1]. T–Su, 09.00–17.00 (on Friday, till 16.00). Entrance fee: 15–30 rubles for each exhibition, about 150 rubles for the whole museum.  edit

The museum includes seven basic exhibitions. Additionally, it offers a number of scenic "interactive excursions" that reconstruct the medieval atmosphere and show some old russian traditions, however, in a very imitation way. Among the exhibitions, you find

  • Palace of Ivan the Terrible – the reconstruction of the prince palace.
  • Treasures from three centuries – the collection of old books, icons, textile, and embroidery.
  • Tsar court in Alexandrova sloboda – the history of the prince residence and oprichnina.

The must-see exhibition is one in the church of the Intercession (Tsar court in Alexandrova sloboda). Here you find the ivory carved throne of Ivan the Terrible and other original items from 16th century. You will also enter the church and watch the unique wall paintings inside the hip. Downstairs in the same building, one finds the original basement of the prince palace. Other exhibitions are fairly regular.

Churches[edit]

Cathedral of the Nativity
  • Cathedral of the Nativity (Собор Рождества Христова), Советский пер. 11 (near the Cathedral square). The cathedral was built in 1696 and rebuilt in the middle of 19th century. The present appearance reminds the neo-Byzantine style and, to some extent, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow. To continue this comparison, the cathedral in Alexandrov has just one dome due to the low significance of Alexandrov in 19th century. The cathedral is rather unusual, yet it is not really nice.  edit
  • Church of Bogolyubobo Icon of Our Lady (церковь Боголюбской иконы Божьей матери), Красный пер. 11. A regular church in classicism style from 1800.  edit
  • Church of St. Seraphim of Sarov (церковь Серафима Саровского), Вокзальная ул. 8 (near the main railway station). A russian revival building from 1904.  edit
  • Church of the Transfiguration (Преображенская церковь), Садово-Огородная ул. 2а (behind the convent). A baroque-style church from 1743, rebuilt in the beginning of 19th century.  edit

Secular buildings[edit]

Pervushin's estate
  • Ivanov's house (дом трактирщика Иванова Е.Н.), ул. Красной молодёжи, 7 (near Sovetskaya ploschad'). A nice building in art nouveau style (1912-1914). Presently, the city administration.  edit
  • Pervushin's estate (усадьба Первушина), ул. Советская, 16. The remarkable classicism-style building from the middle of 19th century. It is combined of two parts, which are made of different materal (stone in the right and wood in the left), yet decorated in a very similar way.  edit
  • Railway station, Комсомольская пл. The original station building from 1870, a nice example of Russian railway architecture.  edit

In the city center, you will find further old buildings from 18th–19th centuries (note the street names: Советская, Первомайская, Военная, Ленина, Революции, Красной Молодёжи). All of them are, however, unremarkable.

Museums[edit]

  • Museum of Marina and Anastasia Tsvetaevas (Александровский литературно-художественный музей Марины и Анастасии Цветаевой), at the junction of Военная ул. and Военный пер. (south from ulitsa Lenina), +7 (49244) 24-279, 26-674, 25-693. W–Su, 8.30–17.00. The museum occupies the original wooden building where Anastasiya Tsvetaeva, a Russian writer, lived in 1915-1917. Her sister Marina Tsvetaeva, a famous poetess, visited this house and wrote some of her well-known poems here. The managers of the museum do their best to guide every visitor. In fact, visiting the museum without a guide is just impossible, because there are no exhibits to watch. The whole museum is an elegantly furnished room with photos on the walls and an imitation of the footbridge in the middle. The guide will readily tell you about the Tsvetaevas family and also show an exhibition "Alexandrov – the center of 101st kilometer" about people who were prohibited to live in Moscow during the Soviet times and stayed in Alexandrov. The museum is a local cultural center: it hosts musical and poetical performances, books about Marina Tsvetaeva are also sold here. Entrance fee: 60 rubles.  edit
  • Pervushin's house (Усадьба купца Первушина), ул. Советская, 16, +7 (49244) 24-389, 21-382, 21-604, [2]. Daily, 10.00–18.00. The museum reconstructs the old merchant's life. The museum staff act as the family of Pervushin, the 19th century russian merchant originating from Alexandrov. They will tell you about russian traditions and the history of the house, offer tea and local drinks. The interior is not original. This is however compensated by an inofficial (non-museum) atmosphere, the chance to see things in detail and to touch them. Art exhibition (another branch of the museum) can be found in the neighboring building (Советская ул. 5).  edit

The museums of Alexandrov are not very exciting. Aritificial stones are really unusual, while the two other museums try to compensate the lack of exhibits by the intensive (and even useless) guidance. The reconstruction of the 19th century life is rather common for russian museums and can be found elsewhere. To learn more about Marina Tsvetaeva, visit the museums in Moscow, Ivanovo, and Tarusa.

Do[edit][add listing]

  • Drama theater (Александровский муниципальный театр драмы), Институтская ул. 6 (south from the railway station), +7 (49244) 23-600, 24-769.  edit
  • Saturn cinema (Кинотеатр Сатурн), Советская пл., +7 (49244) 30-413, [3]. A large entertainment center with a cinema, a night club, and a sushi bar.  edit
  • Yuzhnyi cinema (Кинотеатр Южный), ул. Королёва, 6 (south from the city center), +7 (49244) 61-072, 67-578.  edit

Buy[edit][add listing]

In the city center, you find two large food supermarkets:

  • Paterson (Патэрсон) – Красный пер. 2 (open daily, 08.00–22.00)
  • Pyatyorochka (Пятёрочка) – ул. Ленина, 1

Note also smaller shops at the following streets: Ленина, Советская, Революции.

Souvenirs are sold at Alexandrova sloboda: near the entrance and inside the convent.

Banks[edit]

  • Moscow Industrial Bank – Красный пер. 21
  • Sberbank:
    • Октябрьская ул. 2
    • ул. Революции, 24
    • ул. Революции, 36 (central office)
    • Советский пер. 33 — south from Sovetskaya ploschad'

Bank offices are equipped with ATMs. There are more ATMs throughout the city:

  • Sberbank:
    • Красный пер. 21
    • ул. Ленина, 13
    • ул. Ленина, 18
    • Октябрьская ул. 6 – near the railway station, 24/7
  • Moscow Industrial Bank:
    • Институтская ул. 1 – south-east from the railway station, 24/7
    • Красный пер. 2
    • ул. Ленина, 13
    • Октябрьская ул. 5, стр. 6
    • Советская ул. 4

Eat[edit][add listing]

City center[edit]

  • Alexandria (кафе Александрия), Казарменный пер. 1.  edit
  • Alexandrov (ресторан Александров), ул. Революции, 59 (north from Sovetskaya ploschad'), [4]. A restaurant at the hotel.  edit
  • Attic (кафе Чердачок), ул. Ленина, 13. A small cafe on the second floor of the trade center, the limited range of food (canteen-type).  edit
  • Bungalow (суши-бар Бунгало), ул. Ленина, 22, +7 (49244) 22-683. A sushi bar.  edit
  • Cheburechnaya (Чебуречная), ул. Ленина, 62. Fast food that offers chebureki (a kind of small pies with meat), pancakes, and grilled meat.  edit
  • Gusli (ресторан Гусли), Советский пер. 33 (south from Sovetskaya ploschad'), +7 (49244) 63-405, +7 (920) 930-12-12. A restaurant decorated in Russian style.  edit
  • Person (кафе Персона), ул. Ленина, 26, +7 (49244) 27-981. 10.00–22.00.  edit
  • Pizza land (пиццерия Пиццалэнд), ул. Ленина, 20а. Pizza-based fast food.  edit
  • Soviet union = USSR (кофейня СССР), ул. Ленина, 13/5, [5]. 9.00–22.00. A coffee house with a good choice of tea, coffee, alcoholic drinks, cocktails, and desserts. Food is limited to pancakes and omlettes. The room is furnished with various symbols from Soviet times. Сoffee: 50–100 rubles.  edit
  • Sushi-bar, Советская пл, [6]. 15.00–24.00. A restaurant of Japanese and European cuisine (which means a sushi bar with meat food, or the other way around) at the Saturn cinema. Main dishes: 150–250 rubles.  edit
  • Troika (ресторан Тройка), ул. Революции, 45, +7 (49244) 29-765. Yet another restaurant.  edit

Outskirts[edit]

  • Cosa nostra, г. Струнино, ул. Суворова, 22 (the town ''Strunino'', 10 km west from Alexandrov), +7 (49244) 42-955, [7]. A nice pizzeria serving pizza, pasta, soups, salads, as well as traditional fish and meat dishes. Free Wi-Fi. Main dishes: 200–300 rubles.  edit
  • Larsen (ресторан Ларсен), ул. Королёва, 1 (southern part of the city, the road to Kirzhach), +7 (49244) 64-728, +7 (495) 510-29-93. Su–Th, 10.00–1.00; Fr, Sa, 10.00–4.00. A restaurant at the hotel.  edit
  • Russian Versailles (ресторан Русский Версаль), ул. Фабрика Калинина, 20, +7 (920) 902-72-69.  edit

While there are many places to eat, finding a really nice place can be difficult. Locals will often advise going to the neighboring town of Strunino (Coza Nostra), because most of the restaurants of Alexandrov suffer from typical russian problems (unfrienfly waiters, loud music and drunk people during the evening hours). If you are not too hungry, try the Soviet union coffee house, which seems to follow reasonable standards of quality. For a fast food, cheburechnaya will perfectly suffice.

Drink[edit][add listing]

Try alcoholic drinks produced by the local factory [8]. Vodka, fruit spirits (nastoyki), and cognac are sold in food stores throughout the city.

Night clubs[edit]

  • Saturn (Сатурн), Советская пл, +7 (49244) 30-413, [9].  edit
  • Yubileyniy (ДК Юбилейный), ул. Свердлова, 37, +7 (49244) 23-900.  edit

Sleep[edit][add listing]

  • Alexandrov (гостиница Александров), ул. Революции, 59 (north from Sovetskaya ploschad'), +7 (49244) 31-483, [10]. The largest hotel of the city. Rooms were recently renovated and offer the accommodation of different quality: shared bathroom, private bathroom, or two-room suites. Breakfast included, guarded parking, restaurant. Room for 2 with shared/private bathroom: 1000/2200 rubles.  edit
  • Island (отель Остров), Военная ул. 9 (south from Sovetskaya ploschad'), +7 (49244) 31-505. A modern mini-hotel, rooms with private bathroom. Breakfast included, guarded parking, restaurant.  edit
  • Larsen (гостиница Ларсен), ул. Королёва, 1 (southern part of the city, the road to Kirzhach), +7 (49244) 64-728, +7 (495) 510-29-93 (), [11]. A modern hotel with a variety of additional services (restaurant, billiard, sport club, barbershop). Rooms are equipped with a bathroom and air-conditioned, suites also offer internet access. Breakfast included, parking available. Double room/suite: 3000 rubles.  edit
  • Vedrussiya (гостиница Ведруссия), Институтская ул.?, +7 (49244) 31-139. A basic accommodation in the ugly part of the city. No breakfast, no parking, no cafe. A limited range of food and drinks is served to the rooms. Double room with shared/private bathroom: /1300 rubles.  edit
  • Vita (гостиница Вита), Вокзальная ул. 1 (near the railway station), +7 (49244) 94-597. A mini-hotel offering basic accommodation. Rooms (shared or private bathroom) are noisy due to the trains. No breakfast, guarded parking. Double room: from 1300 rubles.  edit

Contact[edit]

Post office[edit]

The postal code of Alexandrov is 60165*. Offices in the city center:

  • Central post office (601650), ул. Ленина, 28, +7 (49244) 21-606, 25-871, 21-675. M–Fr, 8.00–22.00; Sa, 8.00–18.00; Su, 8.00–14.00.  edit
  • Post office # 2 (601652), Кольчугинская ул. 5 (east from the convent), +7 (49244) 22-695. M–Sa, 9.00–20.00.  edit
  • Post office # 4 (601654), Вокзальная ул. 1, +7 (49244) 20-483. M–Sa, 9.00–20.00.  edit

Internet access[edit]

Internet connection should be available at the post offices.

Get out[edit]

Local destinations[edit]

  • Arsaki (Арсаки) – the village 20 km west from Alexandrov. The location is known for the monk's settlement (Смоленско-Зосимова пустынь), a 17th century side settlement (skit) of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius (Sergiev Posad). Arsaki keeps nice examples of red-brick churches in russian revival style from late 19th century. The buildings belong to the church, but they are located inside the military territory. Entering this territory requires an ID and is likely problematic for non-residents.
  • Bol'shoe Karinskoe (Большое Каринское) – the village 4 km south-west from Alexandrov (N56° 22.427', E38° 39.997'). The field near the village (Каринское поле) is a place of the battle between Russian and Polish troops in 1609, during the Time of Troubles. The monument commemorates this event.
    • Get in: buses and minibuses to Strunino (every hour). Note that the bus should follow "via Karinskoe". There is an alternative route taking a different road.
  • Karabanovo (Карабаново) – the unremarkable industrial town 10 km south from Alexandrov. The red-brick industrial building from early 20th century, the constructivist building of the club, and the war memorial – it is likely all to see here.
    • Get in: local trains to Kirzhach, buses or minibuses every 15-30 minutes.
  • Lizunovo (Лизуново) – the village 20 km south-west from Alexandrov. The museum of Alexei Musatov, a Soviet writer.
    • Get in: no public transport.
  • Lukyantsevo (Лукьянцево) – the village 15 km north from Alexandrov (N56.5045°, E38.7132°). The late 16th century monastery (Свято-Лукианова мужская пустынь) preserves three russian-style buildings from late 17th – early 18th century: church of the Nativity of the Theotokos, church of the Epiphany, and church of Ekaterina.
    • Get in: three buses daily.
  • Mahra (Махра) – the convent of St. Trinity (Свято-Троицкий Стефано-Махрищский женский монастырь) [12], 15 km south from Alexandrov (N56.2705°, E38.6804°). The convent dates back to 14th century, but its present appearance is very recent, because most of the buildings were destroyed during the Soviet period. The original buildings are the baroque-style church of Sergiy Radonezhsky (over-the-gate) and the church of Peter and Paul, both from late 18th century. You will also find a refectory building and living halls from late 19th century. The largest and the most impressive church of St. Stephan was rebuilt in 1997. The territory of the convent is well decorated and looks very picturesque during the summertime.
    • Get in: buses every two hours.
  • Strunino (Струнино) – the unremarkable town 10 km west from Alexandrov. Note the pretty regular church of Transfiguration (1893-1898), the ravaged red-brick industrial building from early 20th century, and few buildings in constructivism style.
    • Get in: local trains to Moscow, buses every 20-30 minutes.

Further destinations[edit]

  • Kirzhach – the small town interesting for its 16th century monastery.
  • Kol'chugino – one of the relatively new towns of the region. It lacks any important tourist attractions, yet the services (hotels and restaurants) may be useful.
  • Rostov Veliky – one of the main destinations of the Golden Ring, the ancient town with numerous remarkable monuments.
  • Sergiev Posad – the well-known destination with a huge ancient convent, one of the most important religious places in Russia.
  • Yuryev-Polsky – the ancient town with a unique 13th century cathedral and sleepy provincial atmosphere.




Routes through Alexandrov
MoscowSergiev Posad  W noframe E  Yaroslavl


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