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'''Albanian''' is the national language of [[Albania]]. It is an official language of [[Kosovo]] and spoken by the majority of the population as a native tongue. Albanian also enjoys regional status in the [[Republic of Macedonia]].
 
'''Albanian''' is the national language of [[Albania]]. It is an official language of [[Kosovo]] and spoken by the majority of the population as a native tongue. Albanian also enjoys regional status in the [[Republic of Macedonia]].
  
Albanian is an easy language to know and learn since most of their letters does not change sounds as other languages do so you'll get the same sounds all the time.
+
Albanian has two main dialects, '''Gheg''' and '''Tosk''', or the northern and southern dialects. The official standard is based on Tosk dialect since 1940s (both in Albania and in Kosovo, though the latter completely falls within the borders of northern dialect), which is reported to be a "softer" version of the language by native speakers. While the two dialects are mutually intelligible, a number of differences between each other exist.
 +
 
 +
Albanian is an easy language to know and learn since most of their letters do not change sounds as they do in many other languages.
  
 
==Pronunciation guide==
 
==Pronunciation guide==
 
   
 
   
Albanian is written as it's pronunced. The Albanian alphabet consists of 36 letters of the Latin script. The alphabet was standardized in 1909. Albanian is a branch of Indo-European and considered to be the only language derived from the extinct Illyrian language. Albanian also is spoken in Greece, Italy, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, South Serbia, and Turkey.
+
Albanian is written as it is pronounced. The Albanian alphabet consists of 36 letters of the Latin script. The alphabet was standardised in 1909. Albanian is a branch of Indo-European and is considered to be the only language derived from the extinct Illyrian language. Albanian also is spoken in Greece, Italy, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, South Serbia, and Turkey.
  
 
===Stress===
 
===Stress===
  
For the vast majority of words, the main '''stress''' falls on the last word of a phrase, on the last stem of a compound word and on the last syllable of a word.  
+
For the vast majority of words, the main '''stress''' falls on the last word of a phrase, on the last stem of a compound word, and on the last syllable of a word.  
  
 
===Vowels===
 
===Vowels===
Line 18: Line 20:
 
; Oo :  'o' as in "obey"
 
; Oo :  'o' as in "obey"
 
; Uu : 'oo' as in "moon"
 
; Uu : 'oo' as in "moon"
; Ëë : 'u' as in "up" or 'a' in "above" [ silent at times the end of a word ]
+
; Ëë : 'u' as in "up" or 'a' in "above" (it is silent at times at the end of a word)
; Yy : Y is pronounced like the French U or the German Ü. To pronounce the sound, place your mouth in the position you would when you say oo, but say ee instead. The closest sound in English is 'ue' in "blue" or 'ew' in "flew"
+
; Yy : 'y' as the French 'u' or the German 'ü'. To pronounce the sound, place your mouth in the position you would when you say 'oo' as in "moon", but say 'ee' as in "feet" instead. The closest sound in British English as is 'ue' in "blue" or 'ew' as in "flew".
  
 
===Consonants===
 
===Consonants===
 
   
 
   
; Bb : 'b' as in "banana"          
+
; Bb : 'b' as in "banana"
; Cc : 'ts' as in "wits"                  
+
; Cc : 'ts' as in "wits"
; Çç : 'ch' as in "chair"                  
+
; Çç : 'ch' as in "chair"
; Dd : 'd' as in "dentist"              
+
; Dd : 'd' as in "dentist"
; Dhdh : 'th' as in "that"                              
+
; Dhdh : 'th' as in "that"
; Ff : 'f' as in "film"                  
+
; Ff : 'f' as in "film"
; Gg : 'g' as in "great" (At times the 'g' will give off a throaty sound)                  
+
; Gg : 'g' as in "great" (sometimes giving off a throaty sound)
; Gjgj : 'dge' as in "dodge" [you'll get by with a 'j' sound]                  
+
; Gjgj : 'dge' as in "dodge" or 'j' in "jet"
; Hh : 'h' as in "helicopter" [slightly aspirated]                                  
+
; Hh : 'h' as in "helicopter" (slightly aspirated]
; Jj : 'y' as in "year"                    
+
; Jj : 'y' as in "year"
; Kk : 'k' as in "bank"                    
+
; Kk : 'k' as in "bank"
; Ll : 'l' as in "milk"                    
+
; Ll : 'l' as in "milk"
; Llll : 'll' as in "mill" (As pronounced in Great Britain)                    
+
; Llll : 'll' as in "balloon" or "mill" (as pronounced in [[Great Britain]])
; Mm : 'm' as in "mother"              
+
; Mm : 'm' as in "mother"
 
; Nn : 'n' as in "nest"
 
; Nn : 'n' as in "nest"
; Njnj : 'ni' as in "onion"
+
; Njnj : 'ni' as in "onion" (same as the Spanish 'ñ' sound)
 
; Pp : 'p' as in "problem"
 
; Pp : 'p' as in "problem"
; Qq : 'ch' as in "chat" ['q' sound only for foreign words]
+
; Qq : hard 'ch' as in "a'''ctu'''ally" (as in "quick" only for foreign words)
; Rr : 'r' as in "rico" ( trilled )
+
; Rr : 'r' as in "rico" (trilled)
; Rrrr : 'rr' as in "hurrah" ( strongly trilled )
+
; Rrrr : 'rr' as in Spanish "perro" (strongly trilled)
 
; Ss : 's' as in "hospital"
 
; Ss : 's' as in "hospital"
 
; Shsh : 'sh' as in "ship"
 
; Shsh : 'sh' as in "ship"
Line 51: Line 53:
 
; Xhxh : 'j' as in "jump"
 
; Xhxh : 'j' as in "jump"
 
; Zz : 'z' as in "zero"
 
; Zz : 'z' as in "zero"
; Zhzh : as in "pleasure"
+
; Zhzh : 's' as in "pleasure"
  
 
===Common diphthongs===
 
===Common diphthongs===
 
   
 
   
; io : the 'io' in "million"
+
; io : 'io' as in "million"
 +
; ua : 'ua' as in 'iguana'
  
====Other Sounds====
+
===Other Sounds===
 +
 
 +
; oj : 'oy' as in "boy"
 +
; aj : 'i' as in "night"
 +
; ej : 'ay' as in "play"
 
   
 
   
 
; tje : [tyeh] like the Spanish word 'tie' in "tiesto"
 
; tje : [tyeh] like the Spanish word 'tie' in "tiesto"
; nju : [nyoo] similar to the word "new"
+
; nje : [nyeh] like the Spanish word 'ñe' in "muñeco"
; njo : [nyoh]
+
; nju : [nyoo] like the English word "new"
 +
; njo : [nyoh] like the Spanish word "moño"
 
; aja : [ayah]/[aia] like the Italian word 'aia' in "baia"
 
; aja : [ayah]/[aia] like the Italian word 'aia' in "baia"
 
; vje : [vyeh] like the Spanish word 'vie' in "viejo"
 
; vje : [vyeh] like the Spanish word 'vie' in "viejo"
; lje : [lyeh]  
+
; lje : [lyeh] like the Italian word "moglie"
 
; dja : [dyah] like the Spanish word "día"
 
; dja : [dyah] like the Spanish word "día"
 +
; rja : [ryah] like the 'ria' in "Maria"
  
 
==Phrase list==
 
==Phrase list==
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===Basics===
 
===Basics===
  
; Hello. : Tungjatjeta. (''toon-jah-tyeh-TAH'')
+
{{infobox|Common signs|
; Hello. (''informal'') : Tung. (''toong'')
+
; OPEN : HAPUR (''HAH-poor'')
; How are you? : Si jeni? (''see yeh-NEE?'')
+
; CLOSED : MBYLLUR (''MBEW-lloor'')
; Well, thanks. : Jam mirë, faleminderit. (''yahm-MEER, fah-lehm-meen-deh-REET'')
+
; ENTRANCE : HYRJA (''HEWR-yah'')
; Mrs./Madam : Zonja (''zoh-NYAH'')
+
; EXIT : DALJE (''DAH-lyeh'')
 +
; PUSH : SHTYJE (''SHTEW-yeh'')
 +
; PULL : NDUKJE (''NDOO-kyeh'')
 +
; TOILET : TUALET (''twah-LEHT'')
 +
; MEN : BURRA (''BOO-rrah'')
 +
; WOMEN : GRATË (''GRA-tuh'')
 +
; FORBIDDEN : NDALUAR (''ndah-LOO-ahr'')}}
 +
 
 +
; Hello. : Tungjatjeta. (''toon-jah-TYEH-tah'')
 +
; Hello. (''informal'') : Tung. (''TOONG'')
 +
; How are you? : Si jeni? (''see YEH-nee?'')
 +
; Well, thanks. : Jam mirë, faleminderit. (''yahm-MEER, fah-lehm-meen-DEH-reet'')
 +
; Mrs./Madam : Zonjë (''ZOH-nyuh'')
 
; Mr./Sir : Zotëri (''zoh-teh-REE'')
 
; Mr./Sir : Zotëri (''zoh-teh-REE'')
; Miss : Zonjushë (''zoh-nyoo-SHAH'')
+
; Miss : Zonjushë (''zoh-NYOO-shuh'')
; What is your name? : Si e ke emrin? (''see keh ahm-REEN?'')
+
; What is your name? : Si e ke emrin? (''see keh EHM-reen?'')
; My name is ______ . : Quhem______ . (''choo-HEHM_____ .'')
+
; My name is ______ . : Quhem______ . (''CHYOO-hem_____ .'')
; Pleased to meet you. : Më vjen mirë. (''muh vyehn meer'')
+
; Pleased to meet you. : Më vjen mirë. (''muh VYEHN MEER'')
; Please. : Ju lutem. (''yoo loo-TEHM'')
+
; Please. : Ju lutem. (''yoo LOO-tehm'')
; Thank you. : Faleminderit. (''fah-lehm-meen-deh-REET'')
+
; Thank you. : Faleminderit. (''fah-lehm-meen-DEH-reet'')
; You're welcome. : S'ka përse. (''suh'kah puhrs'')
+
; You're welcome. : S'ka përse. (''skah purr-SEH'')
 
; Yes. : Po. (''poh'')
 
; Yes. : Po. (''poh'')
; No. : Jo. (''yah'')
+
; No. : Jo. (''yoh'')
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : Më falni. (''mah fahl-NEE'')
+
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : Më falni. (''mah FAHL-nee'')
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : Më falni. (''mah fahl-NEE'')
+
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : Më falni. (''mah FAHL-nee'')
; Forgive (me). : Falni (''fahl-NEE'')
+
; Forgive (me). : Falni (''FAHL-nee'')
; I'm sorry. : Më vjen keq. (''mah vyehn ketch'')
+
; I'm sorry. : Më vjen keq. (''mah VYEHN ketch'')
; Goodbye : Mirupafshim. (''mee-roo-pahf-SHEEM'')
+
; Goodbye : Mirupafshim. (''mee-roo-PAHF-sheem'')
; Goodbye (''informal'') : Shëndet. (''shahn-DEHT'')
+
; Goodbye (''informal'') : Shëndet. (''shuhn-DEHT'')
; Do you speak English? : A flisni Anglisht? (''ah flees-NEE ahn-GLEESHT'')
+
; Do you speak English? : A flisni Anglisht? (''ah FLEES-nee ahn-GLEESHT'')
; Does anyone speak English? : A flet njeri anglisht? (''ah fleht nyeh-REE ahn-GLEESHT?'')
+
; Does anyone speak English? : A flet njeri anglisht? (''ah FLEHT NYEH-ree ahn-GLEESHT?'')
 
; Help! : Ndihmë! (''ndeem!'')
 
; Help! : Ndihmë! (''ndeem!'')
; Good morning. : Mirëmëngjes. (''myehr-mehn-JEHS'')
+
; Good morning. : Mirëmëngjes. (''meer-muhn-JEHS'')
; Good afternoon/Good day. : Mirëdita. (''myehr-dee-TAH'')
+
; Good afternoon/Good day. : Mirëdita. (''meer-DEE-tah'')
; Good evening. : Mirëmbrëma. (''myehrm-breh-MAH'')
+
; Good evening. : Mirëmbrëma. (''meerm-BRUH-mah'')
; Good night. : Natën e mirë. (''nah-TEHN eh meer'')
+
; Good night. : Natën e mirë. (''NAH-tehn eh MEER'')
 
; I don't understand. : Nuk kuptoj. (''nook koop-TOY'')
 
; I don't understand. : Nuk kuptoj. (''nook koop-TOY'')
; Where are the toilets? : Ku është Nevetorja? (''koo ahsht neh-veh-toh-RYAH?'')
+
; I understand. : Kuptoj. (''koop-TOY'')
 +
; Where are the toilets? : Ku është nevojtorja? (''koo uhsht neh-voy-TOHR-yah?'')
  
 
===Problems===
 
===Problems===
 
   
 
   
 
; Help! : Ndihmë! (''ndeem!'')
 
; Help! : Ndihmë! (''ndeem!'')
; Go away! : Largohu! (''lahr-goh-HOO!'')
+
; Go away! : Largohu! (''lahr-GOH-hoo!'')
; Thief! : Hajdut! (''hai-DOOT!'')
+
; Thief! : Hajdut! (''hi-DOOT!'')
; Stop! Thief! : Ndalimi! Hajdut! (''ndah-lee-MEE hai-DOOT'')
+
; Stop! Thief! : Ndalimi! Hajdut! (''ndah-LOO-nee hi-DOOT'')
 
; I'm lost. : Kam humbur rrugën. (''kam HOOM-boor RROO-guhn'')
 
; I'm lost. : Kam humbur rrugën. (''kam HOOM-boor RROO-guhn'')
; Could you help me please? : A mund të më ndihmoni ju lutem? (''ah moond tuh muh NDEE-moh-nee yoo LOO-tehm?'')
+
; Could you help me please? : A mund të më ndihmoni ju lutem? (''ah MOOND tuh muh ndee-MOH-nee yoo LOO-tehm?'')
; Leave me alone! : Më lini të qetë!  (''mah lee-NEE tah cheht'')
+
; Leave me alone! : Më lini të qetë!  (''muh LEE-nee tuh CHEHT'')
; Don't touch me! : Mos më prek! (''mohs mah prehk'')
+
; Don't touch me! : Mos më prek! (''moss muh prehk'')
; Call the police! : Tërhiqni vëmendjen e policisë!  (''tahr-hee-CHNEE vah-mehn-JEHN eh poh-lee-TSEES'')  
+
; Call the police! : Tërhiqni vëmendjen e policisë!  (''tuhr-HEECH-nee vuh-MEND-yen eh poh-lee-TSEES'')  
; Police! : Policia!  (''poh-lee-SYAH'')
+
; Police! : Policia!  (''poh-lee-TSEE-yah'')
; I need your help. : Unë kam nevojë për ndihmën tuaj. (''oon kahm neh-VOY pehr ndih-MAN tway'')  
+
; I need your help. : Unë kam nevojë për ndihmën tuaj. (''oon kahm neh-VOY puhr NDEE-uhn TOO-eye'')  
; It's an emergency. : Është një rast urgjent.  (''ahsht nyah rahst oor-JEHNT'')
+
; It's an emergency. : Është një rast urgjent.  (''uhsht nyuh RAHST oor-JEHNT'')
; I'm lost. : Unë jam i humbur. (''oon yahm ee hoom-BOOR'')
+
; I'm lost. : Unë jam i humbur. (''oon yahm ee HOOM-boor'')
; I lost my bag. : Kam humbur çanta ime.  (''kahm hoom-BOOR chahn-TAH ee-MEH'')
+
; I lost my bag. : Kam humbur çanten time.  (''kahm HOOM-boor CHAHN-ten TEE-meh'')
; I lost my wallet. : Kam humbur portofolin tim.  (''kahm hoom-BOOR pohr-toh-foh-LEEN teem'')
+
; I lost my wallet. : Kam humbur portofolin tim.  (''kahm HOOM-boor pohr-toh-FOH-leen teem'')
; I'm sick/ill. : Unë jam i sëmurë.  (''yahm ee smoor'')
+
; I'm sick/ill. : Unë jam i sëmurë.  (''oon yahm ee suh-MOOR'')
; I've been injured. : Unë kam qenë plagosur. (''oon kahm chehn plah-goh-SOOR'')
+
; I've been injured. : Unë kam qenë plagosur. (''oon kahm chehn plah-GOH-soor'')
; I need a doctor. : Unë kam nevojë për një doktor.  (''oon kahm neh-VOY pehr nyeh dohk-TOHR'')
+
; I need a doctor. : Unë kam nevojë për një doktor.  (''oon kahm neh-VOY puhr nyuh dohk-TOHR'')
; Can I use your phone? : Mund të përdorni telefonin tuaj? (''moond teh puhr-dohr-NEE teh-leh-foh-NEEN twai?'')
+
; Can I use your phone? : Mund të përdorni telefonin tuaj? (''moond teh puhr-DOHR-nee teh-leh-FOH-nee TOO-eye?'')
  
 
===Numbers===
 
===Numbers===
Line 154: Line 176:
 
; 80 : tetëdhjetë (''teht-THYEHT'')
 
; 80 : tetëdhjetë (''teht-THYEHT'')
 
; 90 : nëntëdhjetë (''nahn-tah-THYEH-tah'')  
 
; 90 : nëntëdhjetë (''nahn-tah-THYEH-tah'')  
; 100 : njëqind (''NYUH-keend'')  
+
; 100 : njëqind (''nyah-CHEEND'')
 +
; 200 : dyqind (''dew-CHEEND'')
 +
; 300 : treqind (''treh-CHEEND'')
 +
; 400 : katërqind (''kah-tuhr-CHEEND'')
 +
; 500 : pesëqind (''peh-suh-CHEEHD'')
 +
; 600 : gjashtëqind (''jahsh-tuh-CHEEND'')
 +
; 700 : shtatëqind (''shtah-tuh-CHEEND'')
 +
; 800 : tetëqind (''teh-tuh-CHEEND'')
 +
; 900 : nëntëqind (''nuhn-tuh-CHEEND'')  
 
; 1000 : njëmijë (''NYUH-mee-yuh'')
 
; 1000 : njëmijë (''NYUH-mee-yuh'')
 
; one million : një milion (''nyeh mee-LYOHN'')
 
; one million : një milion (''nyeh mee-LYOHN'')
 +
; 1,000,000,000 milliard (''MILL-YARD'') one billion in UK, one trillion in USA
  
 
===Time===
 
===Time===
  
; now : tani (''TAH-nee'')
+
; now : tani (''tah-NEE'')
; later : më vonë (''meh vohn'')
+
; later : më vonë (''mah vohn'')
; before : më parë (''meh pahr'')  
+
; before : më parë (''mah pahr'')  
; morning : nadje (''NAH-dyeh'')
+
; morning : nadje (''nah-DYEH'')
 
; noon : mesditë (''mehs-DEET'')  
 
; noon : mesditë (''mehs-DEET'')  
; afternoon : pas dreke (''pahs DREH-keh'')
+
; afternoon : pas dreke (''pahs dreh-KEH'')
; evening : mbrëmje (''mbreh-MYEH'')
+
; evening : mbrëmje (''mbrah-MYEH'')
 
; night : natë (''naht'')
 
; night : natë (''naht'')
 
; midnight : mesnatë (''mehs-NAHT'')
 
; midnight : mesnatë (''mehs-NAHT'')
Line 172: Line 203:
 
====Clock time====
 
====Clock time====
  
; one o'clock AM : një e natës (''nyeh eh naht'')  
+
; one o'clock AM : një e natës (''nyeh eh nah-TAHS'')  
; two o'clock AM : dy e natës (''die eh naht'')
+
; two o'clock AM : dy e natës (''die eh nah-TAHS'')
; one o'clock PM : një pasdite (''nyeh pahs-DEE-teh'')
+
; one o'clock PM : një pasdite (''nyeh pahs-dee-TEH'')
; two o'clock PM : dy pasdite (''die pahs-DEE-teh'')
+
; two o'clock PM : dy pasdite (''dew pahs-dee-TEH'')
  
  
Line 255: Line 286:
 
; van : furgon (''foor-GOHN'')
 
; van : furgon (''foor-GOHN'')
 
; truck : kamion (''kah-MYOHN'')
 
; truck : kamion (''kah-MYOHN'')
; trolley : karrocë (''kahr-ROHTS'')
+
; trolley bus : trolejbus (''troh-lay-BOOS'')  
 
; tram : tramvaji (''trahm-VAI'')
 
; tram : tramvaji (''trahm-VAI'')
 
; train : treni (''treh-NEE'')
 
; train : treni (''treh-NEE'')
Line 265: Line 296:
 
; bicycle : biçikletë (''bee-chee-KLEHT'')
 
; bicycle : biçikletë (''bee-chee-KLEHT'')
 
; motorcycle : motor/motorçikletë (''moh-TOHR/moh-tohr-chee-KLEHT'')
 
; motorcycle : motor/motorçikletë (''moh-TOHR/moh-tohr-chee-KLEHT'')
; carriage : topi (''toh-PEE'')
+
; carriage : karrocë (''kahr-ROHTS'')
 
; Could I rent a______? : Mund të marr me qira një______? (''moond teh mahrr meh gee-RAH nyeh...?'')
 
; Could I rent a______? : Mund të marr me qira një______? (''moond teh mahrr meh gee-RAH nyeh...?'')
 
; How much are your rates? : Sa janë tarifat tuaja? (''sah yahn tah-ree-FAHT twah-YAH?'')
 
; How much are your rates? : Sa janë tarifat tuaja? (''sah yahn tah-ree-FAHT twah-YAH?'')
Line 381: Line 412:
 
; supper/dinner : darkë (''dahrk'')
 
; supper/dinner : darkë (''dahrk'')
 
; I want _____. : Dua _____. (''dwah....'')
 
; I want _____. : Dua _____. (''dwah....'')
 +
; spoon : lugë (''loog'')
 +
; fork : pirun (''pee-ROON'')
 +
; knife : thikë (''theek'')
 +
; plate : pjatë (''pyaht'')
 +
; glass (drinking) : gotë (''goht'')
 +
; cup : filxhan (''feel-JAHN'')
 +
; saucer : pjatëz (''pyah-TAHZ'')
 +
; bowl : tas (''tahs'')
 +
; napkin : pecetë (''peh-TSEHT'')
 
; I want a dish containing _____. : Unë dua një pjatë që përmban _____. (''oon dwah nyah pyaht chuh puhrm-BAHN...'')
 
; I want a dish containing _____. : Unë dua një pjatë që përmban _____. (''oon dwah nyah pyaht chuh puhrm-BAHN...'')
 
; chicken : mish pule (''meesh poo-LEH'')
 
; chicken : mish pule (''meesh poo-LEH'')
 
; beef : mish lope (''meesh loh-PEH'')
 
; beef : mish lope (''meesh loh-PEH'')
; fish : fish (''...'')
+
; fish : peshk (''pehshk'')
; ham : ham (''...'')
+
; ham : proshutë (''proh-SHOOT'')
; sausage : sausage (''...'')
+
; sausage : sallam (''sah-LLAHM'')
; cheese : cheese (''...'')
+
; cheese : djathë (''dyahth'')
; eggs : eggs (''...'')
+
; eggs : vezë (''vehz'')
; salad : salad (''...'')
+
; salad : sallatë (''sah-LLAHT'')
; (fresh) vegetables : (fresh) vegetables (''...'')
+
; (fresh) vegetables : (të freskëta) perimeve (''(tah frehs-kuh-TAH) peh-ree-mee-VEH'')
; (fresh) fruit : (fresh) fruit (''...'')
+
; (fresh) fruit : (të freskëta) fruta (''(tah frehs-kuh-TAH) froo-TAH'')
; bread : bread (''...'')
+
; bread : bukë (''book'')
; toast : toast (''...'')
+
; toast : dolli (''doh-LLEE'')
; noodles : noodles (''...'')
+
; noodles : petë (''peht'')
; rice : rice (''...'')
+
; rice : oriz (''oh-REEZ'')
; beans : beans (''...'')
+
; beans : fasule (''fah-soo-LEH'')
; May I have a glass of _____? : May I have a glass of _____? (''...'')
+
; May I have a glass of _____? : Mund të kem një gotë _____? (''moond tah kehm nyah goht....?'')
; May I have a cup of _____? : May I have a cup of _____? (''...'')
+
; May I have a cup of _____? : Mund të kem një filxhan të _____? (''moond tah kehm nyah feel-JAHN tah....?'')
 
; May I have a bottle of _____? : Mund të kem një shishe _____? (''moond tuh kehm nyah shee-SHEH...?'')
 
; May I have a bottle of _____? : Mund të kem një shishe _____? (''moond tuh kehm nyah shee-SHEH...?'')
 
; coffee : kafe (''kah-FEH'')
 
; coffee : kafe (''kah-FEH'')
Line 436: Line 476:
 
'''A pint, please.'''  
 
'''A pint, please.'''  
  
Një birre, ju lutem).
+
Një pintë, ju lutem (''nyah peen-TUH, yoo loo-TEHM'')
  
 
'''A bottle, please'''.  
 
'''A bottle, please'''.  
Line 492: Line 532:
 
; OK, I'll take it. : Mirë, unë do të marrë atë. (''meer, oon doh tuh mahrr aht'')
 
; OK, I'll take it. : Mirë, unë do të marrë atë. (''meer, oon doh tuh mahrr aht'')
 
; Can I have a bag? : Më jepni një qese? (''muh yehp-NEE nyah cheh-SEH?'')
 
; Can I have a bag? : Më jepni një qese? (''muh yehp-NEE nyah cheh-SEH?'')
; Do you ship (overseas)? : Do you ship (overseas)? (''...'')
+
; Do you ship (overseas)? : A keni anije (jashtë)? (''ah keh-NEE ah-NYEH (yahsht)'')
; I need... : I need... (''...'')
+
; I need... : Unë kam nevojë për... (''oo-NAH kahm neh-voy puhr....'')
; ...toothpaste. : ...toothpaste. (''...'')
+
; ...toothpaste. : ...pastë dhëmbësh. (''pahs-TAH thahm-BASH'')
; ...a toothbrush. : ...a toothbrush. (''...'')
+
; ...a toothbrush. : ...një furçë dhëmbësh. (''nyah foor-CHAH thahm-BASH'')
; ...tampons. : ...tampons. (''...'')
+
; ...tampons. : ...tampona. (''tahm-poh-NAH'')
; ...soap. : ...soap. (''...'')
+
; ...feminine napkins : ...napkins femëror (''nahp-KEENS feh-muh-ROHR'')
; ...shampoo. : ...shampoo. (''...'')  
+
; ...soap. : ...sapun (''sah-POON'')
; ...pain reliever. (''e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen'') : ...pain reliever. (''...'')
+
; ...shampoo. : ...shampo (''shahm-POH'')  
 +
; ...pain reliever. (''e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen'') : ...reliever dhimbje. (''reh-lyeh-VEHR theem-BYEH'')
 
; ...cold medicine. : ...mjekësi të ftohtë. (''myeh-kuh-SEE tuh ftoh-TAH'')
 
; ...cold medicine. : ...mjekësi të ftohtë. (''myeh-kuh-SEE tuh ftoh-TAH'')
 
; ...stomach medicine. : ...ilaç stomaku. (''ee-LAHCH stoh-mah-KOO'')
 
; ...stomach medicine. : ...ilaç stomaku. (''ee-LAHCH stoh-mah-KOO'')
 
; ...a razor. : ...një brisk. (''nyah breesk'')
 
; ...a razor. : ...një brisk. (''nyah breesk'')
 +
; ...shaving cream : ...krem rroje (''krehm rroh-YEH'')
 +
; ...deodorant. : ...deodorant. (''deh-oh-doh-RAHNT'')
 
; ...an umbrella. : ...një çadër. (''nyah chah-DAHR'')
 
; ...an umbrella. : ...një çadër. (''nyah chah-DAHR'')
 
; ...sun tan lotion. : ...tan dielli locion (''tahn dyeh-LLEE loh-TSYOHN'')
 
; ...sun tan lotion. : ...tan dielli locion (''tahn dyeh-LLEE loh-TSYOHN'')
 +
; ...perfume : ...parfum (''pahr-FOOM'')
 
; ...a postcard. : ...një kartolinë (''nyah kahr-toh-lee-NAH'')
 
; ...a postcard. : ...një kartolinë (''nyah kahr-toh-lee-NAH'')
 
; ...postage stamps. : ...pulla postare. (''poo-LLAH pohs-tah-REH'')
 
; ...postage stamps. : ...pulla postare. (''poo-LLAH pohs-tah-REH'')
Line 510: Line 554:
 
; ...writing paper. : ...shkruar. (''shkrwahr'')
 
; ...writing paper. : ...shkruar. (''shkrwahr'')
 
; ...a pen. : ...stilolaps (''stee-loh-LAHPS'')
 
; ...a pen. : ...stilolaps (''stee-loh-LAHPS'')
 +
; ...a pencil : ...laps (''lahps'')
 
; ...English-language books. : ...Anglisht-libra gjuhe. (''ahn-GLEESHT-lee-BRAH joo-HEH'')
 
; ...English-language books. : ...Anglisht-libra gjuhe. (''ahn-GLEESHT-lee-BRAH joo-HEH'')
 
; ...English-language magazines. : ...revista gjuhën angleze. (''reh-vees-TAH joo-HAHN ahn-gleh-ZEH'')
 
; ...English-language magazines. : ...revista gjuhën angleze. (''reh-vees-TAH joo-HAHN ahn-gleh-ZEH'')
Line 563: Line 608:
 
; Where are the toilets? : Ku jane banjot? (''koo yah-NEH bah-NYOHT?'')
 
; Where are the toilets? : Ku jane banjot? (''koo yah-NEH bah-NYOHT?'')
  
 +
===Learning more===
  
 +
* [http://www.albanianlanguage.net/ Robert Elsie Albanian Language]
 +
* [http://learnalbanianlanguage.com/default.aspx International Albanian Language Course]
 +
* [http://www.albanian.com/main/culture/language/index.html Albanian Language]
  
 +
 +
 +
[[nl:Taalgids Albanees]]
 
[[sv:Albansk parlör]]
 
[[sv:Albansk parlör]]
 +
 +
{{guidephrasebook}}
 +
{{phrasebookguide}}

Revision as of 12:00, 10 December 2012

Albanian is the national language of Albania. It is an official language of Kosovo and spoken by the majority of the population as a native tongue. Albanian also enjoys regional status in the Republic of Macedonia.

Albanian has two main dialects, Gheg and Tosk, or the northern and southern dialects. The official standard is based on Tosk dialect since 1940s (both in Albania and in Kosovo, though the latter completely falls within the borders of northern dialect), which is reported to be a "softer" version of the language by native speakers. While the two dialects are mutually intelligible, a number of differences between each other exist.

Albanian is an easy language to know and learn since most of their letters do not change sounds as they do in many other languages.

Contents

Pronunciation guide

Albanian is written as it is pronounced. The Albanian alphabet consists of 36 letters of the Latin script. The alphabet was standardised in 1909. Albanian is a branch of Indo-European and is considered to be the only language derived from the extinct Illyrian language. Albanian also is spoken in Greece, Italy, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, South Serbia, and Turkey.

Stress

For the vast majority of words, the main stress falls on the last word of a phrase, on the last stem of a compound word, and on the last syllable of a word.

Vowels

Аа 
'a' as in "far"
Ee 
'e' as in "elephant"
Ii 
'ee' as in "feet"
Oo 
'o' as in "obey"
Uu 
'oo' as in "moon"
Ëë 
'u' as in "up" or 'a' in "above" (it is silent at times at the end of a word)
Yy 
'y' as the French 'u' or the German 'ü'. To pronounce the sound, place your mouth in the position you would when you say 'oo' as in "moon", but say 'ee' as in "feet" instead. The closest sound in British English as is 'ue' in "blue" or 'ew' as in "flew".

Consonants

Bb 
'b' as in "banana"
Cc 
'ts' as in "wits"
Çç 
'ch' as in "chair"
Dd 
'd' as in "dentist"
Dhdh 
'th' as in "that"
Ff 
'f' as in "film"
Gg 
'g' as in "great" (sometimes giving off a throaty sound)
Gjgj 
'dge' as in "dodge" or 'j' in "jet"
Hh 
'h' as in "helicopter" (slightly aspirated]
Jj 
'y' as in "year"
Kk 
'k' as in "bank"
Ll 
'l' as in "milk"
Llll 
'll' as in "balloon" or "mill" (as pronounced in Great Britain)
Mm 
'm' as in "mother"
Nn 
'n' as in "nest"
Njnj 
'ni' as in "onion" (same as the Spanish 'ñ' sound)
Pp 
'p' as in "problem"
Qq 
hard 'ch' as in "actually" (as in "quick" only for foreign words)
Rr 
'r' as in "rico" (trilled)
Rrrr 
'rr' as in Spanish "perro" (strongly trilled)
Ss 
's' as in "hospital"
Shsh 
'sh' as in "ship"
Tt 
't' as in "telephone"
Thth 
'th' as in "things"
Vv 
'v' as in "village"
Xx 
'ds' as in "kids"
Xhxh 
'j' as in "jump"
Zz 
'z' as in "zero"
Zhzh 
's' as in "pleasure"

Common diphthongs

io 
'io' as in "million"
ua 
'ua' as in 'iguana'

Other Sounds

oj 
'oy' as in "boy"
aj 
'i' as in "night"
ej 
'ay' as in "play"
tje 
[tyeh] like the Spanish word 'tie' in "tiesto"
nje 
[nyeh] like the Spanish word 'ñe' in "muñeco"
nju 
[nyoo] like the English word "new"
njo 
[nyoh] like the Spanish word "moño"
aja 
[ayah]/[aia] like the Italian word 'aia' in "baia"
vje 
[vyeh] like the Spanish word 'vie' in "viejo"
lje 
[lyeh] like the Italian word "moglie"
dja 
[dyah] like the Spanish word "día"
rja 
[ryah] like the 'ria' in "Maria"

Phrase list

Basics

Common signs

OPEN 
HAPUR (HAH-poor)
CLOSED 
MBYLLUR (MBEW-lloor)
ENTRANCE 
HYRJA (HEWR-yah)
EXIT 
DALJE (DAH-lyeh)
PUSH 
SHTYJE (SHTEW-yeh)
PULL 
NDUKJE (NDOO-kyeh)
TOILET 
TUALET (twah-LEHT)
MEN 
BURRA (BOO-rrah)
WOMEN 
GRATË (GRA-tuh)
FORBIDDEN 
NDALUAR (ndah-LOO-ahr)


Hello. 
Tungjatjeta. (toon-jah-TYEH-tah)
Hello. (informal
Tung. (TOONG)
How are you? 
Si jeni? (see YEH-nee?)
Well, thanks. 
Jam mirë, faleminderit. (yahm-MEER, fah-lehm-meen-DEH-reet)
Mrs./Madam 
Zonjë (ZOH-nyuh)
Mr./Sir 
Zotëri (zoh-teh-REE)
Miss 
Zonjushë (zoh-NYOO-shuh)
What is your name? 
Si e ke emrin? (see keh EHM-reen?)
My name is ______ . 
Quhem______ . (CHYOO-hem_____ .)
Pleased to meet you. 
Më vjen mirë. (muh VYEHN MEER)
Please. 
Ju lutem. (yoo LOO-tehm)
Thank you. 
Faleminderit. (fah-lehm-meen-DEH-reet)
You're welcome. 
S'ka përse. (skah purr-SEH)
Yes. 
Po. (poh)
No. 
Jo. (yoh)
Excuse me. (getting attention
Më falni. (mah FAHL-nee)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Më falni. (mah FAHL-nee)
Forgive (me). 
Falni (FAHL-nee)
I'm sorry. 
Më vjen keq. (mah VYEHN ketch)
Goodbye 
Mirupafshim. (mee-roo-PAHF-sheem)
Goodbye (informal
Shëndet. (shuhn-DEHT)
Do you speak English? 
A flisni Anglisht? (ah FLEES-nee ahn-GLEESHT)
Does anyone speak English? 
A flet njeri anglisht? (ah FLEHT NYEH-ree ahn-GLEESHT?)
Help! 
Ndihmë! (ndeem!)
Good morning. 
Mirëmëngjes. (meer-muhn-JEHS)
Good afternoon/Good day. 
Mirëdita. (meer-DEE-tah)
Good evening. 
Mirëmbrëma. (meerm-BRUH-mah)
Good night. 
Natën e mirë. (NAH-tehn eh MEER)
I don't understand. 
Nuk kuptoj. (nook koop-TOY)
I understand. 
Kuptoj. (koop-TOY)
Where are the toilets? 
Ku është nevojtorja? (koo uhsht neh-voy-TOHR-yah?)

Problems

Help! 
Ndihmë! (ndeem!)
Go away! 
Largohu! (lahr-GOH-hoo!)
Thief! 
Hajdut! (hi-DOOT!)
Stop! Thief! 
Ndalimi! Hajdut! (ndah-LOO-nee hi-DOOT)
I'm lost. 
Kam humbur rrugën. (kam HOOM-boor RROO-guhn)
Could you help me please? 
A mund të më ndihmoni ju lutem? (ah MOOND tuh muh ndee-MOH-nee yoo LOO-tehm?)
Leave me alone! 
Më lini të qetë! (muh LEE-nee tuh CHEHT)
Don't touch me! 
Mos më prek! (moss muh prehk)
Call the police! 
Tërhiqni vëmendjen e policisë! (tuhr-HEECH-nee vuh-MEND-yen eh poh-lee-TSEES)
Police! 
Policia! (poh-lee-TSEE-yah)
I need your help. 
Unë kam nevojë për ndihmën tuaj. (oon kahm neh-VOY puhr NDEE-uhn TOO-eye)
It's an emergency. 
Është një rast urgjent. (uhsht nyuh RAHST oor-JEHNT)
I'm lost. 
Unë jam i humbur. (oon yahm ee HOOM-boor)
I lost my bag. 
Kam humbur çanten time. (kahm HOOM-boor CHAHN-ten TEE-meh)
I lost my wallet. 
Kam humbur portofolin tim. (kahm HOOM-boor pohr-toh-FOH-leen teem)
I'm sick/ill. 
Unë jam i sëmurë. (oon yahm ee suh-MOOR)
I've been injured. 
Unë kam qenë plagosur. (oon kahm chehn plah-GOH-soor)
I need a doctor. 
Unë kam nevojë për një doktor. (oon kahm neh-VOY puhr nyuh dohk-TOHR)
Can I use your phone? 
Mund të përdorni telefonin tuaj? (moond teh puhr-DOHR-nee teh-leh-FOH-nee TOO-eye?)

Numbers

zero (zeh-ROH)
një (nyeh)
dy (doo)
tre (trehh)
katër (kah-TAHR)
pesë (pehs)
gjashtë (jahsht)
shtatë (shtaht)
tetë (teht)
nëntë (nahnt)
10 
dhjetë (thyeht)
11 
njëmbëdhjetë (nyehm-behd-THYEHT)
12 
dymbëdhjetë (dewm-bah-THYEHT)
13 
trembëdhjetë (trehm-bah-thyeh-TAH)
14 
katërmbëdhjetë (kah-tuhrm-bah-thyeh-TAH)
15 
pesëmbëdhjetë (peh-sahm-bah-thyeh-TAH)
16 
gjashtëmbëdhjetë (jahsh-tahm-bah-thyeh-TAH)
17 
shtatëmbëdhjetë (shtah-tuhm-buh-thyeh-TAH)
18 
tetëmbëdhjetë (teh-tuhm-buh-thyeh-TAH)
19 
nëntëmbëdhjetë (nuhn-tuhm-buh-thyeh-TAH)
20 
njëzet (nyeh-ZEHT)
30 
tridhjetë (tree-THYEHT)
40 
dyzet (doo-ZEHT)
50 
pesëdhjetë (pehs-THYEHT)
60 
gjashtëdhjetë (jahsht-THYEHT)
70 
shtatëdhjetë (shtaht-THYEHT)
80 
tetëdhjetë (teht-THYEHT)
90 
nëntëdhjetë (nahn-tah-THYEH-tah)
100 
njëqind (nyah-CHEEND)
200 
dyqind (dew-CHEEND)
300 
treqind (treh-CHEEND)
400 
katërqind (kah-tuhr-CHEEND)
500 
pesëqind (peh-suh-CHEEHD)
600 
gjashtëqind (jahsh-tuh-CHEEND)
700 
shtatëqind (shtah-tuh-CHEEND)
800 
tetëqind (teh-tuh-CHEEND)
900 
nëntëqind (nuhn-tuh-CHEEND)
1000 
njëmijë (NYUH-mee-yuh)
one million 
një milion (nyeh mee-LYOHN)
1,000,000,000 milliard (MILL-YARD) one billion in UK, one trillion in USA

Time

now 
tani (tah-NEE)
later 
më vonë (mah vohn)
before 
më parë (mah pahr)
morning 
nadje (nah-DYEH)
noon 
mesditë (mehs-DEET)
afternoon 
pas dreke (pahs dreh-KEH)
evening 
mbrëmje (mbrah-MYEH)
night 
natë (naht)
midnight 
mesnatë (mehs-NAHT)

Clock time

one o'clock AM 
një e natës (nyeh eh nah-TAHS)
two o'clock AM 
dy e natës (die eh nah-TAHS)
one o'clock PM 
një pasdite (nyeh pahs-dee-TEH)
two o'clock PM 
dy pasdite (dew pahs-dee-TEH)


Duration

_____ minute(s) 
_____ minutë/a (mee-NOOT/ah)
_____ hour(s) 
_____ orë (ohr)
_____ day(s) 
_____ ditë (diht)
_____ week(s) 
_____ javë (yahv)
_____ month(s) 
_____ muaj (mwai)
_____ year(s) 
_____ vit/e (viht/eh)

Days

today 
sot (soht)
yesterday 
dje (dyeh)
tomorrow 
nesër (nehsr)
day after tomorrow 
pasnesër (pahs-NEHSR)
this week 
këtë javë (keht yahv)
last week 
javës që kaloi (yah-VEHS cheh kah-LOI)
next week 
javës që vjen (yah-VEHS cheh vien)
Sunday 
e diel (eh dyehl)
Monday 
e hënë (eh hah-NAH)
Tuesday 
e martë (eh mahr-TAH)
Wednesday 
e mërkurë (eh mehr-koo-RAH)
Thursday 
e enjte (eh ayn-TEH)
Friday 
e premte (eh prehm-TEH)
Saturday 
e shtunë (eh shtoo-NAH)

Months

January 
janar (yah-NAHR)
February 
shkurt (sh-KOORT)
March 
mars (mahrs)
April 
prill (pree-AHL)
May 
maj (mai)
June 
qershor (cheh-SHOHR)
July 
korrik (kohr-REEK)
August 
gusht (goosht)
September 
shtator (shtah-TOHR)
October 
tetor (teh-TOHR)
November 
nëntor (nehn-TOHR)
December 
dhjetor (thyeh-TOHR)

Seasons

summer 
vera (veh-RAH)
spring 
pranverë (prahn-veh-RAH)
autumn 
vjeshtë (vyehsh-TAH)
winter 
dimër (dee-MEHR)

Writing time and date

Albania uses the 24 hour clock.

What date is it today? 
Çfarë data është sot? (chfahr dah-TAH ahsht soht?)
What time is it? 
Sa është ora? (sah ahsht oh-RAH?)
It's....am/pm. 
Ora është....para dreke/pas dreke. (oh-RAH ahsht pah-RAH dreh-KEH/pahs dreh-KEH)

Colors

black 
zi (zee)
white 
bardhë (barth)
gray 
gri (gree)
red 
kuq (kooch)
blue 
blu (bloo)
yellow 
verdhë (vehrth)
green 
jeshile (yeh-shee-LEH)
orange 
portokalli (pohr-toh-kahl-LEE)
purple 
purpurt (poor-POORT)
brown 
kafe (kah-FEH)
pink 
rozë (rohz)

Transportation

car 
makina (mah-kee-NAH)
taxi 
taksi (tahk-SEE)
bus 
autobus (ow-toh-BOOS)
van 
furgon (foor-GOHN)
truck 
kamion (kah-MYOHN)
trolley bus 
trolejbus (troh-lay-BOOS)
tram 
tramvaji (trahm-VAI)
train 
treni (treh-NEE)
subway 
metro (meh-TROH)
ship 
anija (ah-NYAH)
boat 
varkë (vahrk)
helicopter 
helikopter (heh-lee-kohp-TEHR)
airplane/airline 
avion/linjë ajrore (ah-VYOHN/lee-NYEH ai-roh-REH)
bicycle 
biçikletë (bee-chee-KLEHT)
motorcycle 
motor/motorçikletë (moh-TOHR/moh-tohr-chee-KLEHT)
carriage 
karrocë (kahr-ROHTS)
Could I rent a______? 
Mund të marr me qira një______? (moond teh mahrr meh gee-RAH nyeh...?)
How much are your rates? 
Sa janë tarifat tuaja? (sah yahn tah-ree-FAHT twah-YAH?)


Bus and train

How much is a ticket to _____? 
Sa kushton një biletë për në _____? (sah koosh-TOHN nyeh pehr neh?)
One ticket to _____, please. 
Një biletë për në _____, ju lutem. (nyeh bee-LEHT pehr neh, yoo loo-TEHM)
Where does this train/bus go? 
Ku shkon ky tren/autobus? (koo shkohn kee trehn/ow-toh-BOOS?)
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
Ku është treni/autobusi për _____? (koo ehsht treh-NIH/ow-toh-boo-SEE pehr?)
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
A ndalon ky tren/autobus në _____? (ah ndah-LOHN kee trehn/ow-toh-BOOS neh?)
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
Kur niset treni/autobusi për _____? (koor nee-SEHT treh-NEE/ow-toh-boo-SEE pehr?)
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
Kur do të mbërrijë ky tren/autobus në _____? (koor doh teh mbehr-RYEH kee trehn/ow-toh-BOOS neh?)

Directions

How do I get to _____ ? 
Si mund të shkohet _____ ? (seh moond tuh sh-koh-HEHT?)
...to the train station? 
...tek stacioni i trenit? (tehk stah-tsyoh-NEE ee treh-NEET?)
...to the bus station? 
...tek stacioni i autobusit? (tehk stah-tsyoo-NEE ee ow-toh-boo-SEET?)
...to the airport? 
...tek aeroporti? (tehk ah-eh-roh-pohr-TEE)
...downtown? 
...në qendër? (nehh chehn-DEHR?)
...the youth hostel? 
...tek hosteli i të rinjve? (tehk hohs-teh-LEE ee tehh ree-nvyeh?)
...the _____ hotel? 
...tek hoteli ____? (tehk hohs-teh-LEE?)
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
...tek ambasada amerikane/kanadeze/australiane/angleze? (tehk ahm-bah-sah-DAH ah-meh-ree-kah-NEE/kah-nah-deh-ZEH/ows-trah-lyah-NEH/ahn-gleh-ZEH?)
Where are there a lot of... 
Ku ka shumë (koo kuh shoom)
...hotels? 
...hotele? (hoh-teh-LEH?)
...restaurants? 
...restorante? (rehs-toh-rahn-TEH)
...bars? 
...bare? (bah-REH)
...sites to see? 
...vënde për të parë? (vuhn-DEH pehr tuh pahr?)
Can you show me on the map? 
A mund të më tregoni në hartë? (ah moond tuh mah treh-goh-NEE nuh hahrt)
street 
rruga (rroo-GAH)
road/avenue 
rrugë (rroog)
boulevar 
bulevard (boo-leh-VAHRD)
highway 
autostradë (ow-toh-STRAHD)
alley 
rrugicë (rroo-GEETS)
Turn left. 
Kthehu majtas. (ktheh-HUH mai-TAHS)
Turn right. 
Kthehu djathtas. (ktheh-HUH dyahth-TAHS)
left 
majtas (mai-TAHS)
right 
djathtas (dyahth-TAHS)
straight ahead 
drejt (drayt)
towards the _____ 
drejt _____ (drayt)
past the _____ 
pas _____ (pahs)
before the _____ 
para _____ (pah-RAH)
Watch for the _____. 
Shiko për _____. (shee-KOH pehr)
intersection 
udhëkryqi (oo-theh-kroo-CHEE)
north 
veri (veh-REE)
south 
jug (yuhg)
east 
lindje (leen-DYEH)
west 
perëndim (peh-r'n-DEEM)
uphill 
e përpjetë (pehr-PYEHT) or malore (mah-loh-REH)
downhill 
tatëpjetë (tah-t'-PYEHT)

Taxi

Taxi! 
Taksi! (tahk-SEE)
Take me to _____, please. 
Më çoni tek ____, ju lutem. (mah choh-NEE tehk...,yoo loo-TEHM)
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
Sa kushton për të shkuar tek _____? (sah koosh-TOHN pehr tah sh-KWAHR tek)
Take me there, please. 
Më çoni atje, ju lutem. (mah choh-NEE ah-TYEH, yoo loo-TEHM)

Lodging

Do you have any rooms available? 
Keni dhoma të lira? (keh-NEE thoh-MAH teh lee-RAH?)
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
Sa kushton një dhomë për një njeri/dy njerëz? (sah koosh-TOHN nyeh thohm pehr nyeh nyeh-REE/doo nyeh-REHZ?)
Does the room come with... 
A ka dhoma ... (ah kah thoh-MAH)
...bedsheets? 
...çarçafë? (chahr-CHAHF?)
...a bathroom? 
...banjo? (bah-NYOH?)
...a telephone? 
...telefon? (teh-leh-FOHN?)
...a TV? 
...televizor? (teh-leh-vee-ZOHR?)
May I see the room first? 
Mund ta shoh dhomën? (moond tah shoh thoh-MAHN?)
Do you have anything quieter? 
Keni ndonjë dhomë më të qetë? (keh-NEE ndoh-NYAH thohm mah tah cheht?)
...bigger? 
...më të madhe? (mah tah mah-THEH?)
...cleaner? 
...më të pastër? (mah tah pahs-TAHR?)
...cheaper? 
...më të lirë? (mah tah leer?)
OK, I'll take it. 
Dakord, do ta marr. (dah-KOHRD, doh tah mahrr)
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
Do të rri për _____ natë/netë. (doht rrih pehr...naht/NEH-tah)
Can you suggest another hotel? 
Mund të më këshilloni një hotel tjetër? (moond tah mah K'SHIHL-loh-nih nyeh HOH-tehl TYEH-tahr?)
Do you have a safe? 
Keni kasafortë? (keh-NEE kah-sah-FOHRT?)
...lockers? 
...kasafortë personale? (kah-sah-FOHRT pehr-soh-nah-LEH?)
Is breakfast/supper included? 
A përfshihet mëngjesi/darka? (ah pahrf-shee-HEHT mehn-JEH-see/dahr-KAH?)
What time is breakfast/supper? 
Në çfarë ore jepet mëngjesi/darka? (nah chfahr oh-REH yeh-PEHT mehn-JEH-see/dahr-KAH?)
Please clean my room. 
Ju lutem, ma pastroni dhomën. (yoo loo-TEHM, mah pahs-troh-NEE thohm)
Can you wake me at _____? 
A mund të më zgjoni në _____? (ah moond tah mah zgoy-oh-NEE nah...?)
I want to check out. 
Dua të bëj pagesën. (dwoh tah bay pah-geh-SEHN) or Dua të liroj dhomën. (dwoh tah lee-ROY thoh-MAHN)

Money

The Albanian currency is Lëkk [luhkk]. And Albanians count money according to the old money count, i.e. 1 new Lëkk equals 10 old Lëkk. In supermarkets they will show the prices in new Lëkk, but in openmarkets or orally people will say or ask 10 times more than the neccesary price. If you are asked to pay 1000 (one thousand) Lëkk, you need to pay only 100 Lëkk. This is only if they ask you in Albanian, and it is better to clarify do they mean new or old Lëkk.

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
A ju të pranoni Amerikan/Australiane/dollarë kanadez? (ah yoo tah prah-noh-NEE ah-meh-ree-KAHN/ows-trah-lyah-NEH/dohl-LAHR kah-nah-DEHZ?)
Do you accept British pounds? 
A ju të pranoni paund britanik? (ah yoo tah prah-noh-NEE pownd bree-tah-NEEK?)
Do you accept credit cards? 
Mos ju pranoni kartat e kreditit? (mohs yoo prah-noh-NEE kahr-TAHT eh kreh-dee-TEET?)
Can you change money for me? 
A mund të ndryshojnë para për mua? (ah moond tuh ndrew-shoy-NAH pah-RAH pehr mwah?)
Where can I get money changed? 
Ku mund të merrni para ndryshuar? (koo moond tuh mehrr-NEE pah-RAH ndrew-SHWAHR?)
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
Mund të ndryshojë kontrolloni një udhëtimi për mua? (moond tuh ndrew-shoy-UH kohn-trohl-LOH-nee nyah oo-theh-tee-MEE pehr mwah?)
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
Ku mund të gjej kontrolloni një udhëtimi ndryshuar? (koo moond tuh kohn-trohl-LOH-nee nyah oo-theh-tee-MEE ndrew-SHWAHR?)
What is the exchange rate? 
Cili është kursi i këmbimit valutor? (tsee-LEE ahsh-TAH koor-SEE ee kahm-bee-MEET vah-loo-TOHR?)
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
Ku është një makinë automatike e parave? (koo ahsh-TAH nyah mah-kee-NAH ow-toh-mah-tee-KEH eh pah-rah-VEH?)

Eating

A table for one person/two people, please. 
Një tavolinë për një person/dy njerëz, ju lutem. (nyah tah-voh-lee-NAH pehr nyah pehr-SOHN/dew nyeh-RAHZ, yoo loo-TEHM)
Can I look at the menu, please? 
A mund ta shikojmë në menu, ju lutem? (ah moond tah shee-koy-MAH nuh meh-NOO, yoo loo-TEHM?)
Can I look in the kitchen? 
Mund të shikoni në kuzhinë? (moond tah shee-koh-NEE nah koo-zhee-NAH?)
Is there a house specialty? 
A ka ndonjë specialitet shtëpi? (ah kah ndoh-NYAH speh-tsyah-lee-TEHT shtah-PEE?)
Is there a local specialty? 
A ka ndonjë specialitet lokale? (ah kah ndoh-NYAH speh-tsyah-lee-TEHT loh-kah-LEH?)
I'm a vegetarian. 
Unë jam vegjetarian. (oo-NAH yahm veh-jeh-tah-RYAHN)
I don't eat pork. 
Unë nuk ha mish derri. (oo-NAH nook hah meesh deh-RREE)
I don't eat beef. 
Unë nuk ha mish lope. (oo-NAH nook hash meesh loh-PEH)
I only eat kosher food. 
Unë ha vetëm ushqime drejtë. (oo-NAH hah veh-TAHM oo-shchee-MEH dray-TAH)
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
Mund të bëni atë "lite", ju lutem? (moond tah bah-NEE ah-TAH "lite", yoo loo-TEHM?)
fixed-price meal 
fiks-vakt çmim (feeks-vahkt chmeem)
a la carte 
a la carte (ah lah kahrt)
breakfast 
mëngjesi (mahn-jeh-SEE)
lunch 
drekë (dreh-KAH)
tea (meal
çaj (chai)
supper/dinner 
darkë (dahrk)
I want _____. 
Dua _____. (dwah....)
spoon 
lugë (loog)
fork 
pirun (pee-ROON)
knife 
thikë (theek)
plate 
pjatë (pyaht)
glass (drinking) 
gotë (goht)
cup 
filxhan (feel-JAHN)
saucer 
pjatëz (pyah-TAHZ)
bowl 
tas (tahs)
napkin 
pecetë (peh-TSEHT)
I want a dish containing _____. 
Unë dua një pjatë që përmban _____. (oon dwah nyah pyaht chuh puhrm-BAHN...)
chicken 
mish pule (meesh poo-LEH)
beef 
mish lope (meesh loh-PEH)
fish 
peshk (pehshk)
ham 
proshutë (proh-SHOOT)
sausage 
sallam (sah-LLAHM)
cheese 
djathë (dyahth)
eggs 
vezë (vehz)
salad 
sallatë (sah-LLAHT)
(fresh) vegetables 
(të freskëta) perimeve ((tah frehs-kuh-TAH) peh-ree-mee-VEH)
(fresh) fruit 
(të freskëta) fruta ((tah frehs-kuh-TAH) froo-TAH)
bread 
bukë (book)
toast 
dolli (doh-LLEE)
noodles 
petë (peht)
rice 
oriz (oh-REEZ)
beans 
fasule (fah-soo-LEH)
May I have a glass of _____? 
Mund të kem një gotë _____? (moond tah kehm nyah goht....?)
May I have a cup of _____? 
Mund të kem një filxhan të _____? (moond tah kehm nyah feel-JAHN tah....?)
May I have a bottle of _____? 
Mund të kem një shishe _____? (moond tuh kehm nyah shee-SHEH...?)
coffee 
kafe (kah-FEH)
tea (drink
çaj (chai)
juice 
lëng (lung)
(bubbly) water 
(flluska) ujë ((flloos-KAH oo-EE)
water 
ujë (oo-EE)
beer 
birra (bee-RRAH)
red/white wine 
i kuq/verë e bardhë (ee kooch/vehr eh barth)
May I have some _____? 
Mund të ketë disa _____? (moond tah keht dee-SAH)
salt 
kripë (kree-PAH)
black pepper 
piper i zi (pee-PEHR ee zee)
butter 
gjalpë (jahlp)
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
Më falni, kamerier? (mah fahl-NEE, kah-meh-RYEHR?)
I'm finished. 
Unë jam i mbaruar. (oo-NAH yahm ee mbah-RWAHR)
It was delicious. 
Ishte e shijshme. (eesh-TEH eh shee-SHMEH)
Please clear the plates. 
Ju lutemi të qartë pllaka. (yoo loo-teh-MEE tah chahr-TAH pllah-KAH)
The check, please. 
Kontrolloni, ju lutem. (kohn-trohl-loh-NEE, yoo loo-TEHM)

Bars

Do you serve alcohol?

A të shërbejë alkool? (ah tah shahr-beh-YEH ahl-KOHHL?)

Is there table service?

A ka shërbim tryezë? (ah kah shar-BEEM trew-eh-ZAH?)

A beer/two beers, please.

Një birre/dy birra , ju lutem. (nyah beer-RAH/dew beer-RAH, yoo loo-TEHM)

A glass of red/white wine, please.

Një gotë e kuqe/verë e bardhë, ju lutem (nyah goh-TAH eh koo-CHEH/veh-RAH eh bahr-THAH, yoo loo-TEHM)

A pint, please.

Një pintë, ju lutem (nyah peen-TUH, yoo loo-TEHM)

A bottle, please.

Një shishe, ju lutem. (nyah shee-SHEH, yoo loo-TEHM)

whiskey

Uiski (wees-KEE)

vodka

votka (voht-KAH)

water

ujë (oo-EE)

orange juice

lëng portokalli (lung pohr-toh-kah-LLEE)

Coke (soda)

Koka-kola (koh-KAH-koh-LAH)

Do you have any bar snacks?

A keni ndonje snack bar (ah keh-NEE ndoh-NYEH snahk bahr)

One more, please.

Një tjeter, ju lutem. (nyah tyeh-TEHR, yoo loo-TEHM)

Another round, please.

Një tjetër raund, ju lutem. (nyah tyeh-TAHR round, yoo loo-TEHM)

When is closing time?

Kur është koha e mbylljes? (koor ahsh-TAH koh-HAH eh mbewl-LYEHS?)

Shopping

Do you have this in my size? 
A keni këtë në numrin tim? (ah keh-NEE kah-TAH nah noom-REEN teem?)
How much is this? 
Sa është kjo? (sah ahsh-TAH kyoh?)
That's too expensive. 
Kjo është shumë e shtrenjtë. (kyoh ahsh-TAH shoo-MAH eh shtreh-nyeh-TAH)
Would you take _____? 
A do të merrni _____? (ah doh tah mehrr-NEE....?)
expensive 
i shtrenjtë (ee shtreh-nyeh-TAH)
cheap 
i lirë (ee lee-RAH)
I can't afford it. 
Unë nuk mund ta përballojë atë. (oo-NAH nook moond tah pahr-bah-loy-TAH ah-TAH)
I don't want it. 
Unë nuk e dua atë. (oo-NAH nook eh dwah aht)
You're cheating me. 
Ju jeni mashtrojnë mua. (yoo yeh-NEE mahsh-troy-NAH mwah)
I'm not interested. 
Unë nuk jam i interesuar. (oo-NAH nook yahm ee een-teh-reh-SWAHR)
OK, I'll take it. 
Mirë, unë do të marrë atë. (meer, oon doh tuh mahrr aht)
Can I have a bag? 
Më jepni një qese? (muh yehp-NEE nyah cheh-SEH?)
Do you ship (overseas)? 
A keni anije (jashtë)? (ah keh-NEE ah-NYEH (yahsht))
I need... 
Unë kam nevojë për... (oo-NAH kahm neh-voy puhr....)
...toothpaste. 
...pastë dhëmbësh. (pahs-TAH thahm-BASH)
...a toothbrush. 
...një furçë dhëmbësh. (nyah foor-CHAH thahm-BASH)
...tampons. 
...tampona. (tahm-poh-NAH)
...feminine napkins 
...napkins femëror (nahp-KEENS feh-muh-ROHR)
...soap. 
...sapun (sah-POON)
...shampoo. 
...shampo (shahm-POH)
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
...reliever dhimbje. (reh-lyeh-VEHR theem-BYEH)
...cold medicine. 
...mjekësi të ftohtë. (myeh-kuh-SEE tuh ftoh-TAH)
...stomach medicine. 
...ilaç stomaku. (ee-LAHCH stoh-mah-KOO)
...a razor. 
...një brisk. (nyah breesk)
...shaving cream 
...krem rroje (krehm rroh-YEH)
...deodorant. 
...deodorant. (deh-oh-doh-RAHNT)
...an umbrella. 
...një çadër. (nyah chah-DAHR)
...sun tan lotion. 
...tan dielli locion (tahn dyeh-LLEE loh-TSYOHN)
...perfume 
...parfum (pahr-FOOM)
...a postcard. 
...një kartolinë (nyah kahr-toh-lee-NAH)
...postage stamps. 
...pulla postare. (poo-LLAH pohs-tah-REH)
...batteries. 
...bateri. (bah-teh-REE)
...writing paper. 
...shkruar. (shkrwahr)
...a pen. 
...stilolaps (stee-loh-LAHPS)
...a pencil 
...laps (lahps)
...English-language books. 
...Anglisht-libra gjuhe. (ahn-GLEESHT-lee-BRAH joo-HEH)
...English-language magazines. 
...revista gjuhën angleze. (reh-vees-TAH joo-HAHN ahn-gleh-ZEH)
...an English-language newspaper. 
...një gazetë në gjuhën angleze. (nyah gah-zeh-TAH nah yoo-HAHN ahn-gleh-ZEH)
...an English-Albanian dictionary. 
...një fjalor anglisht-shqip. (nyah fyah-LOHR ahn-GLEESHT-sh-CHEEP)

Driving

You need to remember that most of the road signs are in picture form and not by words like they do in America. Some such as the common 'STOP' sign shall be seen in major cities in Albania. But get a European road guide that would show which road signs you wish to know.

I want to rent a car. 
Dua të marr me qira një makinë (dwah tah mahrr meh chee-RAH nyah mah-kee-NAH)
Can I get insurance? 
Mund të merrni sigurim? (moond tah mehrr-NEE see-goo-REEM?)
stop (on a street sign
STOP (stohp)
one way 
një mënyrë (nyah mah-new-RAH)
yield 
Hapni rrugën (hahp-NEE rroo-GAHN)
no parking 
ka parkim (kah pahr-KEEM)
speed limit 
limit shpejtësie (lee-MEET shpay-tah-SYEH)
gas (petrol) station 
stacion benzine (stah-TSYOHN behn-zee-NEH)
petrol 
benzinë (behn-zee-NAH)
diesel 
dizel (dee-ZEHL)

Authority

I haven't done anything wrong. 
S'kam bërë asgjë të keqe. (suh'kahm bah-RAH ahs-JAH tah keh-CHEH)
It was a misunderstanding. 
Ishte keqkuptim. (eesh-TEH kehch-koop-TEEM)
Where are you taking me? 
Ku po më çoni? (koo poh mah choh-NEE?)
Am I under arrest? 
Jam nën arrest? (yahm nahn ah-RREHST?)
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
Jam një shtetas(e) amerikan(e)/australian(e)/anglez(e)/kanadez(e). (yahm nyah shteh-TAHS(eh) ah-meh-ree-KAHN(eh)/ ows-trah-LYAHN(eh)/ ahn-GLEHZ(e)/ kah-nah-DEHZ(eh))
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
Dua të flas me ambasadën amerikane/australiane/angleze/kanadeze. (dwah tah flahs meh ahm-bah-sah-DAHN ah-meh-ree-kah-NEH/ows-trah-lyah-NEH/ahn-gleh-ZEH/kah-nah-deh-ZEH)
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
Dua të flas me një avokat. (dwah tah flahs meh nyah ah-voh-KAHT)
Can I just pay a fine now? 
A mundem thjesht të paguaj gjobën tani? (ah moon-DEHM thyehsht tah pah-GWAI joh-BAHN tah-NEE?)

Emergencies

Help! 
Ndihmë! (ndeeh-MAH)
Look out! 
Kujdes! (kui-DEHS)
Fire! 
Zjarri! (zyah-RREE)
Go away! 
Largohu! (lahr-goh-HOO)
Thief! 
Hajdut! (hai-DOOT)
Stop thief! 
Hajdut Stop! (hai-DOOT stohp)
Call the police! 
Tërhiqni vëmendjen e policisë! (tahr-hee-chnee vah-mehn-DYEHN eh poh-lee-tsee-SAH)
Where is the police station? 
Ku është stacioni i policisë? (koo ahsh-TAH stah-tsyoh-NEE ee poh-lee-TSEE-SAH?)
May you help me please? 
Ju mund të ndihmoni ju lutem? (yoo moond tah ndeeh-moh-NEE yoo loo-TEHM?)
Could I use your telephone? 
Mund të përdorni telefonin tuaj? (moond tah pahr-dohr-NEE teh-leh-foh-NEEN twai?)
There's been an accident! 
Ka qenë një aksident! (kah cheh-NAH nyah ahk-see-DEHNT)
Call a... 
Thërrisni një... (thah-rreesh-NEE nyah....)
...doctor! 
doktor! (dohk-TOHR)
...an ambulance! 
një ambulancë! (nyah ahm-boo-lahn-TSAH)
I need medical attention! 
Unë kam nevojë për kujdes mjekësor! (oo-NAH kahm neh-VOY pehr kui-DEHS myeh-kah-SOHR)
I'm ill. 
Unë jam i sëmurë. (oo-NAH yahm ee sah-moo-RAH)
I'm lost. 
Unë jam i humbur. (oo-NAH yahm ee huhm-BOOR)
I've been raped! 
Unë kam qenë përdhunuar! (oo-NAH kahm cheh-NAH pahr-thoo-NWAHR!)
Where are the toilets? 
Ku jane banjot? (koo yah-NEH bah-NYOHT?)

Learning more

This is a guide phrasebook. It covers all the major topics for traveling without resorting to English. But please Plunge forward and help us make it a star!

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