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Difference between revisions of "Abkhaz phrasebook"

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(Numbers)
(Basics)
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; Thank you. :  . ('' '')
 
; Thank you. :  . ('' '')
 
; You're welcome. :  . ('' '')
 
; You're welcome. :  . ('' '')
; Yes. : . ('' '')
+
; Yes: Ayey, ayow
; No. : . ('' '')
+
; No: Mamo, map
 
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') :  . ('' '')
 
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') :  . ('' '')
 
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') :  . ('' '')
 
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') :  . ('' '')
Line 94: Line 94:
 
; Help! :  ! ('' !'')
 
; Help! :  ! ('' !'')
 
; Look out! :  ! ('' !'')
 
; Look out! :  ! ('' !'')
; Good morning. :Уа, Шьыжьы бзиа. (''Ua, şíğí bzia. '')
+
; Good morning: Şıjıbzia
; Good evening. : . ('' '')
+
; Good evening!: Xuılıbzia
; Good night. : . ('' '')
+
; Good night: Tsaxıbzia
 
; Good night (''to sleep'') :  . ('' '')
 
; Good night (''to sleep'') :  . ('' '')
 
; I don't understand. :  . ('' '')
 
; I don't understand. :  . ('' '')

Revision as of 23:22, 22 January 2013

Abkhaz (Аҧсуа бызшәа) is a Caucasian language spoken primilarily in Abkhazia. It is an extremely difficult language to read, which requires a lot of palatalization.

Contents

Pronounciation Guide

In the alphabet, whilst coming across a 'ә' letter, you need to palatalized it. To do this, round your lips as if you are trying to whistle, and utter the letter you are trying to say. There are many occassions where you are going to encounter this, and below is the alphabet from where it is present. Like Russian, when a reader comes across a 'ь', you need to prounounce the word heavily.

А а 
'a' as in "air"
Б б
'b' as in "bar"
В в
'v' as in "vent"
Г г
'g' as in "game"
Гь гь
Hard 'g'
Гә гә
Palatalized 'g'
Ӷ ӷ
'gh' as in "gamble"
Ӷь ӷь
Hard 'gh'
Ӷә ӷә
Palatalized 'gh'
Ӷә ӷә
Palatalized 'gh'
Д д
'd' as in 'dangle'
Дә дә
Palatalized 'd'
Е е
'e' as in 'everybody'
Ж ж
'zh' like 'leisure'
Жь жь
Hard 'zh'
Жә жә
Palatalized 'zh'
З з
'z' as in 'zebra'
Ӡ ӡ
'dz' like 'pizza'
Ӡә ӡә
Palatalized 'dz'
И и
'ee' as in 'eel'
К к
'k' as in 'cancer'
Кь кь
Hard 'k'
Кә кә
Palatilized 'k'
Қ қ
'q' as in 'qatar'
Қь қь
Hard 'q'
Қә қә
Palatalized 'q'
Ҟ ҟ
'q' as in 'qatar'
Ҟьҟь
Hard 'q'
Ҟә ҟә
Palatalized 'q'
Л л
'l' as in 'leg'
М м
'm' as in 'meet'
Н н
'n' as in 'nod'
О о
'o' as in 'orange'
П п
'p' as in 'peel'
Ҧ ҧ
Hard 'p'
Р р
'r' as in 'ring'
С с
's' as in 'sea'
Т т
't' as in 'tea'
Тә тә
Hard 't'
Ҭҭ
'th' as in 'thanks'
Ҭә ҭә
Palatalized 'th'
У у
'u' like 'pool'
ф Ф 
'f' as in 'find'
Х х
'kh' like cage
Хь хь 
Hard 'kh'
Хә хә
Palatalized 'kh'
Ҳ ҳ
'h' as in 'hello'
Ҳә ҳә
Palatalized 'h'
Ц ц
'ts' as in lets
Цә цә
Palatalized 'ts'

Phrase list

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.


Basics

Common signs

OPEN 
CLOSED 
ENTRANCE 
EXIT 
PUSH 
PULL 
TOILET 
MEN 
WOMEN 
FORBIDDEN 


Hello. 
Бзиа збаша. (Bzia zbaşa )
Hello. (informal
. ( )
How are you? 
Ушҧаҟоу? (Uşpakou ?)
Fine, thank you. 
. ( )
What is your name? 
 ? ( ?)
My name is ______ . 
______ . ( _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
. ( )
Please. 
. ( )
Thank you. 
. ( )
You're welcome. 
. ( )
Yes
Ayey, ayow
No
Mamo, map
Excuse me. (getting attention
. ( )
Excuse me. (begging pardon
. ( )
I'm sorry. 
. ( )
Goodbye 
. ( )
Goodbye (informal
. ( )
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
[ ]. ( [ ])
Do you speak English? 
 ? ( ?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
 ? ( ?)
Help! 
 ! ( !)
Look out! 
 ! ( !)
Good morning
Şıjıbzia
Good evening!
Xuılıbzia
Good night
Tsaxıbzia
Good night (to sleep
. ( )
I don't understand. 
. ( )
Where is the toilet? 
 ? ( ?)

Problems

Leave me alone. 
. ( .)
Don't touch me! 
 ! ( !)
I'll call the police. 
. ( .)
Police! 
 ! ( !)
Stop! Thief! 
 ! ! ( ! !)
I need your help. 
. ( .)
It's an emergency. 
. ( .)
I'm lost. 
. ( .)
I lost my bag. 
. ( .)
I lost my wallet. 
. ( .)
I'm sick. 
. ( .)
I've been injured. 
. ( .)
I need a doctor. 
. ( .)
Can I use your phone? 
 ? ( ?)

Numbers

1 - ak'ı

2 - üba

3 - xpa

4 - pşba

5 - xuba

6 - fba

7 - bıĵba

8 - aaba

9 - juba

10 - juaba

20 - üajua

30 - üajuijuaba

40 - üınüajua

50 - üınüajui juaba

60 - xınüajua

70 - xınüajui juaaba

80 - pşınüajua

90 - pşınüajui juwaba

100 - şuk'ı

200 - üışu

300 - xışu

400 - pşışu

500 - xuışu

600 - fışu

700 - bıjşuı

800 - aaşuı

900 - juşuı

1000 - zkîı

Time

now 
( )
later 
( )
before 
( )
morning 
( )
afternoon 
( )
evening 
( )
night 
( )

Clock time

one o'clock AM 
( )
two o'clock AM 
( )
noon 
( )
one o'clock PM 
( )
two o'clock PM 
( )
midnight 
( )

Duration

_____ minute(s) 
( )
_____ hour(s) 
( )
_____ day(s) 
( )
_____ week(s) 
( )
_____ month(s) 
( )
_____ year(s) 
( )

Days

today 
( )
yesterday 
( )
tomorrow 
( )
this week 
( )
last week 
( )
next week 
( )
Sunday 
( )
Monday 
( )
Tuesday 
( )
Wednesday 
( )
Thursday 
( )
Friday 
( )
Saturday 
( )

Months

January 
Ajırnıhua
February 
Juabran
March 
Xuajuk'ıra
April 
Mş'apımza
May 
Lats'ara
June 
Raşuara
July 
Pxınguı
August 
Nanhua
September 
Çuıbbra
October 
Jtaara
November 
Abts'ara
December 
Pxınç'k'uın

Writing time and date

Colors

black 
white 
gray 
red 
blue 
yellow 
green 
orange 
purple 
pink 
brown 

Transportation

Bus and train

How much is a ticket to _____? 
( )
One ticket to _____, please. 
( )
Where does this train/bus go? 
( )
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
( )
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
( )
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
( )
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
( )

Directions

How do I get to _____ ? 
( )
...the train station? 
( )
...the bus station? 
( )
...the airport? 
( )
...downtown? 
( )
...the youth hostel? 
( )
...the _____ hotel? 
( )
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
( )
Where are there a lot of... 
( )
...hotels? 
( )
...restaurants? 
( )
...bars? 
( )
...sites to see? 
( )
Can you show me on the map? 
( )
street 
( )
Turn left. 
( )
Turn right. 
( )
left 
( )
right 
( )
straight ahead 
( )
towards the _____ 
( )
past the _____ 
( )
before the _____ 
( )
Watch for the _____. 
( )
intersection 
( )
north 
( )
south 
( )
east 
( )
west 
( )
uphill 
( )
downhill 
( )

Taxi

Taxi! 
( )
Take me to _____, please. 
( )
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
( )
Take me there, please. 
( )

Lodging

Do you have any rooms available? 
( )
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
( )
Does the room come with... 
( )
...bedsheets? 
( )
...a bathroom? 
( )
...a telephone? 
( )
...a TV? 
( )
May I see the room first? 
( )
Do you have anything quieter? 
( )
...bigger? 
( )
...cleaner? 
( )
...cheaper? 
( )
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
( )
Can you suggest another hotel? 
( )
Do you have a safe? 
( )
...lockers? 
( )
Is breakfast/supper included? 
( )
What time is breakfast/supper? 
( )
Please clean my room. 
( )
Can you wake me at _____? 
( )
I want to check out. 
( )

Money

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
( )
Do you accept British pounds? 
( )
Do you accept Euros? 
( )
Do you accept credit cards? 
( )
Can you change money for me? 
( )
Where can I get money changed? 
( )
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
( )
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
( )
What is the exchange rate? 
( )
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
( )

Eating

A table for one person/two people, please. 
( )
Can I look at the menu, please? 
( )
Can I look in the kitchen? 
( )
Is there a house specialty? 
( )
Is there a local specialty? 
( )
I'm a vegetarian. 
( )
I don't eat pork. 
( )
I don't eat beef. 
( )
I only eat kosher food. 
( )
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
( )
fixed-price meal 
( )
a la carte 
( )
breakfast 
( )
lunch 
( )
tea (meal
( )
supper 
( )
I want _____. 
( )
I want a dish containing _____. 
( )
chicken 
( )
beef 
( )
fish 
( )
ham 
( )
sausage 
( )
cheese 
( )
eggs 
( )
salad 
( )
(fresh) vegetables 
( )
(fresh) fruit 
( )
bread 
( )
toast 
( )
noodles 
( )
rice 
( )
beans 
( )
May I have a glass of _____? 
( )
May I have a cup of _____? 
( )
May I have a bottle of _____? 
( )
coffee 
( )
tea (drink
( )
juice 
( )
(bubbly) water 
( )
(still) water 
( )
beer 
( )
red/white wine 
( )
May I have some _____? 
( )
salt 
( )
black pepper 
( )
butter 
( )
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
( )
I'm finished. 
( )
It was delicious. 
( )
Please clear the plates. 
( )
The check, please. 
( )

Bars

Do you serve alcohol? 
( )
Is there table service? 
( )
A beer/two beers, please. 
( )
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
( )
A pint, please. 
( )
A bottle, please. 
( )
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
( )
whiskey 
( )
vodka 
( )
rum 
( )
water 
( )
club soda 
( )
tonic water 
( )
orange juice 
( )
Coke (soda
( )
Do you have any bar snacks? 
( )
One more, please. 
( )
Another round, please. 
( )
When is closing time? 
( )
Cheers! 
( )

Shopping

Do you have this in my size? 
( )
How much is this? 
( )
That's too expensive. 
( )
Would you take _____? 
( )
expensive 
( )
cheap 
( )
I can't afford it. 
( )
I don't want it. 
( )
You're cheating me. 
( )
I'm not interested. 
(..)
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
Can I have a bag? 
( )
Do you ship (overseas)? 
( )
I need... 
( )
...toothpaste. 
( )
...a toothbrush. 
( )
...tampons. 
. ( )
...soap. 
( )
...shampoo. 
( )
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
( )
...cold medicine. 
( )
...stomach medicine. 
... ( )
...a razor. 
( )
...an umbrella. 
( )
...sunblock lotion. 
( )
...a postcard. 
( )
...postage stamps. 
( )
...batteries. 
( )
...writing paper. 
( )
...a pen. 
( )
...English-language books. 
( )
...English-language magazines. 
( )
...an English-language newspaper. 
( )
...an English-English dictionary. 
( )

Driving

I want to rent a car. 
( )
Can I get insurance? 
( )
stop (on a street sign
( )
one way 
( )
yield 
( )
no parking 
( )
speed limit 
( )
gas (petrol) station 
( )
petrol 
( )
diesel 
( )

Authority

I haven't done anything wrong. 
( )
It was a misunderstanding. 
( )
Where are you taking me? 
( )
Am I under arrest? 
( )
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
( )
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
( )
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
( )
Can I just pay a fine now? 
( )
This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

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