Þingvellir National Park
Þingvellir was the original site of the Alþingi, arguably the world's oldest parliament, founded in the year 930.
North American and Europe have been drifting apart – metaphorically – for many years. It's been happening here – literally – for ages. Iceland sits at the juncture of the North American and European continental plates, which are moving apart at a speed of a couple centimeters per year. Þingvellir straddles that fissure, and the landscape is cracked like the surface of a huge piece of brittle rubber that's being pulled in opposing directions.
Flora and fauna
The national park is an easy one hour trip from the capital Reykjavík. If driving from Reykjavík it is necessary to drive to route 1 via Mosfellsbaer. From there it is possible to access route 36 which runs through Þingvellir. The park is open 24 hours.
Entrance into the park is free of charge. Fishing permits are sold in the Service Centre and cost 1,000 kr for the day.
A small café is in the Service Centre which sells hot dogs, soft drinks, sandwiches, cookies, ice cream and candy. The hotel has a restaurant and a café and is conveniently located on the outskirts of the main attraction, the old parliament site. Note that the cafe/book-shop is located a few kilometers past the visitor information center (if coming from the direction of Reykjavik).