The city is located on the south bank of Dardanelles Strait (Turkish: Çanakkale Boğazı) and is 320 km from Istanbul, 325 km from Izmir and 653 km from Ankara.
The city was called "Hellespontos" or "Dardanelles" in ancient times, and there has been evidence of a settlement in the Canakkale area since B.C. 3000. As the city is located on the Dardanelles/Canakkale Strait, one of the two major water passages connecting the Mediterranean and Black Sea, the area is rich in history and culture. The site of the historical city of Troy is close to Canakkale.
During World War 1, Canakkale and the Canakkale Strait was the stage of a year-long battle between the United Kingdom, France and the Ottoman Empire. From April 1915 to January 1916, a joint British and French operation was mounted to capture the Ottoman capital of Constantinople (now Istanbul). The attempt failed, but not without heavy casualties on both sides.
There are buses from Istanbul at any time, day or night. Just go to Istanbul's otogar, and look for 'Canakkale' signs on the windowpanes of bus company offices. It takes five and a half to six hours to get from Istanbul to Canakkale. Kamil Koç (İstanbul Otogar, Bayrampaşa-Esenler, ☎ 444-0-562 (non-prefixed country-wide except cell-phones from which you should dial +90 212 444-0-562); +90 212 658-20-00 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . ) is one of the bus companies transporting passengers for 35 TL pp between Istanbul and Çanakkale. Truva Turizm (İstanbul Otogar no: 137, Bayrampaşa-Esenler, ☎ +90 212 658-33-86 (email@example.com, fax: +90 212 658-33-89), . ) covers the same route for 39 TL pp, or 35 TL if the ticket is bought online through their website, but you will need Turkish language skills for that. The busy Canakkale bus station also has several daily connections with most major Turkish destinations, such as Edirne and Izmir.
Most buses drop their passengers off just next to ferry harbour—which is conveniently located in the city centre—after crossing the Straits by ferry.
Either from the Anatolia (Asian part of Turkey) or the European side; the only way to get to Canakkale is by highway.
Passengers from Istanbul must be aware that, under bad weather conditions, the sea-traffic in the strait is limited or cancelled, and crossing the strait may become impossible.
The most of places in Canakkale are on a walking distance. There is a Tourist Information office in several meters from ferryboat station (at the right part if you getting from ferry). You can pick up a free tourist map of Canakkale and surrounding areas, also you can check for the schedule of buses to Troy and ferry to Bozcaada.
Archaeological Museum (Arkeoloji Müzesi), İzmir Caddesi (on the highway to Izmir, about 30 min away from the ferry harbour on foot. Minibuses are also available), ☎ +90 286 217-65-65 (fax: +90 286 217-11-05), . Tu-Su 8:30AM-12:30PM 1:30PM-5:30PM. Artifacts excavated from archaeological sites in the countryside surrounding Çanakkale, mostly amphorae and pottery, is among the exhibited in this museum.
Naval Museum (Deniz Müzesi), Fevzipaşa Mahallesi, Çimenlik Sokak (on the waterfront, just west of ferry harbour), ☎ +90 286 213-17-30 (fax: +90 286 212-77-30), . Tu-W F-Su 9AM-noon 1PM-5PM. The museum positioned around (and including) the Çimenlik Castle (Çimenlik Kalesi, also known as Kale-i Sultaniye) which dates back to 1461. A replica of a minelayer named Nusret that was employed in the naval battle of Dardanelles and photos taken during the period is among the exhibition of the museum.
Trojan Horse — the one that is used in the movie Troy, donated to the city. Now located two minutes' walk east of ferry harbour, on the waterfront.
One thing not to miss while in Çanakkale is atom, which is the usual döner in half a bread plus an omelette added in. There are lots of buffets making it in the cluster of shops located just across the street from ferry harbor. Totally local, so don't expect to find it in anywhere else.
Restaurant Damak Tadi, Yali Cad. 20, 17000 Canakkale. small place, tasty food. Close to the justice building and the Naval Musesum.
Peynir Helvasi. a special dessert made of cheese, yolk, semolina and sugar. Husmenoglu is a patisserie famous with that dessert
Hotel Kervansaray, Fetvane Sokak 13, ☎ 217 8792, . Nice hotel close to waterfront. Comfortable rooms, helpful staff and lovely courtyard.
The region around Çanakkale has a wealth of sights.
Troy (Truva or Troya in Turkish) — an archaeological site about 30 km away. Ruins of the legendary city with the (re-constructed) wooden horse.
Gokceada (Imbros) and Bozcaada (Tenedos) — two of the biggest islands of Turkey, also the only significant Turkish islands in the Aegean Sea, are nearby.
Gallipoli is on the opposite banks of Dardanelles Strait. Take a tour with Crowded House Hotel - they will meet you as you diemberk on the ferry in Eceabat.
Kilitbahir, another village just opposite the city across Dardanelles on the Gallipoli Peninsula, is known for its extremely well preserved castle (that one which is the most obvious landmark seen from the city when illimunated at night). The village has very frequent ferry services (by private, smaller-sized boats) from Çanakkale, which depart from near Naval Museum and is a convenient point for visits onward to the southern, and decidedly less visited WWI monuments of Gallipoli, such as Cape Helles.
Abydos. An ancient city where the story of Hero and Leander takes place.
Assos (also known as Behramkale; about 100 km to south) is a historically-important, pleasant seaside village.
Along the Troad Coast — an itinerary south of Çanakkale combining visits to Troy, Assos, and a number of other historical sites along the Aegean coast.