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Moquegua (Regione)

Da Wikitravel.

Moquega [1] è una regione amministrativa sulla fascia costiera meridionale del Perú.

Regioni amministrative[Modifica sezione]

Città[Modifica sezione]

  • Moquegua -- capoluogo regionale
  • Ilo -- un porto in costante crescita

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The territory of present-day Moquegua Region was already inhabited by small groups of natives known as pukinas and kollas long before the arrival of the Incas. According to chronicler Garcilaso de la Vega, it was Inca Mayta Capac who organized the military expedition to expand the domains of the Cusco monarchs along this part of the coast.

Since these were fertile lands, capable of supporting a larger population, the Inca army officers in charge decided to establish the towns of Cuchuna and Moquegua. In doing so, they were also protecting the Inca domain over the conquered lands.

File:Moquegua houses.jpg
Houses in Moquegua

There is no accurate data on the Spanish conquest or the founding of the city of Moquegua by its army. Presumably, it was founded on November 25, 1541 by Pedro Cansino and his wife, Josefa de Bilbao.

The port of Ilo, which was created on that very same date, grew in importance as several mills were set up in 1713 to process the wheat produced in the region.

Moquegua had an outstanding performance during the Independence War. Accordingly, the Supreme Governmental Assembly granted it the title of 'city' on January 19, 1823.

One of the most distinguished leaders of the Independence War was Moqueguan-born Field Marshal Domingo Nieto. He fought heroically in the battles of Junín and Ayacucho. In his honor, the Presidential escort regiment is named after him.

During the War of the Pacific, Moquegua suffered the invasion of Chilean troops. This army looted all buildings —including churches—, tortured women, and took people's jewelry.

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