Zhongshan is in the Pearl River Delta Region of Guangdong Province, on the west bank of the Pearl River estuary. It is geographically connected with Guangzhou (capital of Guangdong Province) on the north and in vicinity to Hong Kong and Macao.
Zhongshan covers an area of 1,800 sq km and has a permanent population of some 1.4 million. The city is located in a subtropical humid zone with an annual average temperature around 23.0°C.
Zhongshan has nurtured numerous prominent historical figures throughout its history. On November 12, 1866, Dr. Sun Yat-sen (also Sun Zhongshan) the great leader of China's republican revolution, was born at Cuiheng village of Zhongshan. In memory of him, the county of Xiangshan, which was set up in 1152, was renamed after Dr. Sun as Zhongshan in 1925.
Zhongshan was also the location of a strong guerrilla force during WWII, and the villages that hid the guerrillas are a short drive away through wooded lanes.
Zhongshan has a vibrant downtown river area, some beautiful Buddhist temples. It is a affordable place to live and work with housing being about 1/3rd that of its bigger sister cities nearby.
Many expats have come to visit and now call Zhongshan home.
If you are a newcomer to Zhongshan you may wish to arrive at Hong Kong International Airport.
Hong Kong allows travelers from many nations to enter visa-free, and Chinese entrance visas are easy to obtain at many locations. This will generally involve one or two nights' stay in Hong Kong.
The closest airport to Zhongshan City is the Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (CAN).
(Please note: You will have to have your Chinese visa organised before departure from your country of origin. This can be done at any consulate.)
Travelers have easy access to airport shuttle busses.
The schedule for buses between CAN and Zhongshan is as follows:(Price:CNY68/per, 150 minutes)
Departure location: A and B airport lounge of CAN
Departure times: Once an hour from 8:50 am to 7:50 pm at the A lounge; Once an hour from 9:00 am to 8:00 pm at the B lounges.
Departure location: Zhongshan Seasons View Executive Hotel, No.93, Dongyu Road, Eastern District. (Take bus 013,050,006,090,003 to get to the hotel)
Departure times: Once an hour from 6:00 am to 10:00 am as well as from 11:30 am to 5:30 pm Tip: We recommend leaving at least two and a half hours before your plane is scheduled to depart.
Zhongshan has a ferry between Zhongshan and Hong Kong. Zhongshan Port is just 93km from Hong Kong.
Five high-speed ferries sail between Zhongshan and Hong Kong, Hong Kong International Airport, and the Macau ferry terminal.
The trip from Zhongshan to the Hong Kong International Airport takes about an hour and ten minutes, while the other journeys take about an hour and a half.
Hong Kong→Zhongshan: 7:30, 8:30, 10:00, 11:30, 13:00, 14:00, 16:00, 18:00, 20:00
Hong Kong International Airport→Zhongshan: 15:40
Macau ferry terminal→Zhongshan: 9:00, 17:30
Zhongshan Port→Hong Kong: 8:00, 9:30, 11:00, 12:00, 14:00, 16:00, 17:30, 19:30
Zhongshan Port→Hong Kong International Airport: 10:30, 15:00
Zhongshan Port→Macau Ferry Terminal: 18:00, 21:00
Buses to Zhongshan Port are the Numbers 1, 25,34,36, 062 and 063
You may take bus route 1 and 25 to travel between Zhongshan Port and Zhongshan Main Bus Station or some famous hotels on Fuhua Avenue in Zhongshan.
Most visitors and locals rely on the bus system for both everyday and travel transport.
The Zhongshan Main Bus Station connects to Hainan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Zhejiang, Hunan and Henan provinces. 15 bus routes connect to other parts of Guangdong Province as well.
The Zhongshan Main Bus Station is located on the corner of Fuhua Avenue and the 105 National Highway.
Buses to Guangzhou depart once every 25 minutes; buses to Shenzhen depart once every 20 minutes.
The ticket office is open from 06:00-21:00, and tickets are available four days before your departure date. The Zhongshan Station for these services is located on the corner of Fuhua Road and Zhongshan 1st Road.
Guangzhou-Zhuhai Intercity Rail was put in to use in January 2011.
There are two train stations around Zhongshan city center area called Zhongshan Station and Zhongshan North Station. There are five train stations at town areas in Zhongshan. They are Nantou Town Staion, Xiaolan Town Staion, Guzhen Town Staion, Dongshen Town Staion and Nanlang Town Staion.
Zhongshan Station is located in the Zhongshan Torch Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone and Zhongshan North Station is located between the north part of Shiqi and the Port Town (Notice that the Port Town is different from the Zhongshan Port).
Shiqi is one major part of the city center, so Zhongshan North is considered to be closer to the city center.
Most Guangzhou-Zhuhai railway trains stop at Zhongshan North station when only a few trains stop at Zhongshan Staion due to the unpopularity of the latter station. Moreover, Zhongshan North Station is surrounded with many local buses (including bus 004,013,015,016,019,021,030,032,038,39,205,K09) which can take you to All Districts,as well as Fusha, Huangpu, Sanxiang,Tanzhou and Port Towns.
Bus route 019 connects Zhongshan North Station and Fuhua Avenue, which is abound with famous hotels,while bus route 030 connects Zhongshan North Station and Jinghua Hotel. Numerous taxis are also available in front of Zhongshan North Station.
Travelers are suggested not to get off at Zhongshan Station unless they are going to the Zhongshan Torch Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone, Zhongshan Port ,towns located in northeast Zhongshan or the very east area of the East District. It is hard to get a taxi at Zhongshan Station ;hence, travelers willing to take a taxi should get off the train at Zhongshan North Staion.
Also, please alight the train at Nanlang Station if your destination is the former residence of Dr.Sun Yat-sen (孙中山故居 Sunzhongshan Guju). You can transfer to motorcycles around the staion or bus 12, 212, 087 outside the train station on the busy road which will take you to the residence.
There are about forty trains leaving from Guangzhou South to Zhongshan through to Zhuhai and the return Zhuhai to Zhongshan and through to Guangzhou South.
Trains are available at Guangzhou South from 06:30-23:00 and at Zhongshan or Zhongshan North at 07:20-23:00.
It takes about 35 minutes from Guangzhou to Zhongshan North and 45 minutes to Zhongshan Station.
The full ticket price to Zhongshan North is CNY24 for the first class seat and CNY20 for the second class. CNY26 and CNY22 are the full price to Zhongshan Station.
You can travel around Zhongshan easily on the city buses. At present, over 100 bus lines operating in Zhongshan, most of which are self-service so have correct change of 2CNY when you board each bus.
The sights of Zhongshan are wide spread and no special tour lines and sightseeing buses are available. However, there are city buses running to some scenic spots.
For example, Bus No.1,002,10,005,050 passes Sun Yat-sen's Memorial Hall.
Bus route 019 connects Zhongshan North Station and Fuhua Avenue, which is abound with famous hotels. Bus route 030 connects Zhongshan North Station and Jinghua Hotel.
Bus 34 can help you get to the beautiful water town in Minzhong Town. There is no direct bus route travelling between Zhongshan City Center and the water town in Minzhong Town. You may take bus 9 or 208 to Zhongshan Port Bridge Station(中山港大桥 Zhongshangang Daqiao),and transfer to bus 34 there.
The highly praised green cascade of the Yangtze River can be visited by Bus No.006 and 030. Get off the bus at Changjiang Water Wonderland (which is the terminal stop for both bus routes).
The well-known Sanxiang Spring Spa can be accessed by bus 11 and 39, when another famous Quanyan Spring spa in Sanxiang Town can be accessed by bus K11.
Bus route K995 provides express service between the Zhongshan coach terminal and the Zhuhai Shangchong coach terminal for only ￥10.(￥5 for Zhongshan Pass smart card users). Passengers can change to an array of bus routes at Shangchong Terminal, including bus 31 to Gongbei (Customs at Macao Boarder).
Bus 12 Zhongshan-Zhuhai Bus can take you there straight from the city center. You need to change at the Zhuhai terminal to Zhuhai Bus 10.
Also, bus 12 and 212 will take you to the famous former residence of Sun Yat-sen and ZhongShan Movie-TV City located in Nanlang Town.
Bus 030 connects Zhongshan North Railway Station, where you can transfer from the Guangzhu Inter-City Railway, and the Zhongshan Expo Center in the Eastern District.
Some buses mentioned above are "conductor-less" bus routes, whereas some are with conductors who sell tickets. You can purchase a Zhongshan Pass Smart Card, which will give you a 50% discount every time when you pay and travel on the bus system. You can also use the card to sign up for the city bicycle system. Then you'll have an access to the Zhongshan Public Bicycle System.
When leaving, the only type of card you are allowed to refund is CNY20 Zhongshan Pass Smart Card . CNY25 special anniversary cards are NON-refundable. Therefore please make sure you purchase a CNY20 refundable card when buying one.
There are more than one thousand taxis in Zhongshan. The fare is about CNY7 for the first 2 kilometers and then CNY2.48 for every additional kilometer. The other rate is for trips further than 10 kilometers. The same start-rate is the same as the former, but each additional kilometer is CNY2.6.
During the night from 22:00 to 05:00, twenty percent of basic fare per kilometers is additionally charged if the distance is more than 2 kilometers.
There are also motor cycles available for the more adventurous on short hops and the fair for these is negotiable.
A great form of travel available is the electric rickshaw if you are heading out for dinner or just want to enjoy the night air on a short distance ride. The price is negotiable.
Changjiang Water World is a newly renovated amusement park located at the intersection of Changjiang and Jingguan Rd in the Shiqi district of Zhongshan city. The cost of admission is 90¥ for a day of water fun.
Two great International schools exist
International Education Center Guangdong Bowen International School (Kindergarten to High School)Bo'ai Qi Road,Zhongshan Guangdong, China 邮编P.C.:528476 (中国广东省中山市博爱七路广东博文学校国际部) +86-760-85333150 
China Hong Kong English School (C.H.E.S.)Kindergarten-Primary Dong Ming Garden, Shiqi, Zhongshan (0760) 88702210 Middle School-High School Wuguishan Scenic Route, Zhongshan (0760) 23378780 
The fast economic development of Zhongshan benefits from the energetic introduction of the foreign investment and foreign trade. By the end of 2007, the whole city had approved over 4,000 foreign-invested enterprises, and now it has more than 1,176 enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples, or engage in compensation trade, with an accumulative actually utilized foreign direct investment of USD 8.41 billion. It has totally 17 world Top 500 enterprises to have invested and established 30 foreign-invested enterprises. It has formed a various type, multiple level foreign trade export system by various foreign trade enterprises, foreign investment enterprises, processing and assembling enterprises, and etc., with the products being sold to more than one hundred countries and regions of the world. In recent two years, its total foreign trade volume has been increasing with an amplitude of over 20%. In 2007, the whole city reaped a total foreign trade export and import volume of USD 25.51 billion, including a total export value of USD 18.15 billion, with a 62% year-on-year increase.
There is an antique furniture area in the Zhongshan Sanxiang Guhe area. The prices are high by national standards and expats should bargain fiercely (hire a local to assist) as Chinese business people are good bargainers. Most of the pieces look like real antiques, but are actually newly made replicas from tropical rain forest wood.
Guzhen town at the border of Jiangmen is lighting central. If you're feeling hungry or underdressed, too bad -- the central town core is light shop after light shop selling everything from bulbs to chandeliers to accessories. Hotels will have multiple light shops in the lobby and banks are rare because they can't compete against the rents offered by light shops.
Last I heard it was closed down as well as Peters Place.
Beware: Chinese bars/disco are extreme loud and you can lose your hearing if you are frequent guest. Expat bars are one of few places that one can have nice beer and still speaking.
Yihe Grand Hotel Zhongshan No.5, Xingzhong Avenue, Shiqi District, Zhongshan(中山市石岐区兴中道5号)+86-755-88850655
Shangri-La 16 Qi Wan Road N Eastern Area, Zhongshan Guangdong Province, China T: (86 760) 8838 6888 F: (86 760) 8838 6666
Crowne Plaza Zhongshan Wing On City No.9 Xingnan Road, Southern District, 528455 Zhongshan 86-760-89916888
An informative site to see whats happening in and around Zhongshan is ZSRenn 中山人 www.zsrenn.com 
Zhongshan is a reasonably safe place to live with a low crime rate but occasionally trouble may occur especially, as everywhere, late at night around bars. Caution and common sense are advised at all times. Pickpockets, although not plentiful, are about and the foreign traveler is often a target.