Yufu (由布市)  is a city in Oita Prefecture. The northwest section of the city contains the Yufuin district, which is famous as one of the best hot spring resorts in Japan. The total amount of hot spring water from Yufuin, the Tsukahara district to the north, and the Yunohira district to the southwest is said to be the 2nd largest in all of Japan. Yufuin welcomes more than three million visitors annually.
Yufuin is located in the center of Oita Prefecture, very close to Beppu. It can be visited as either a day trip from Beppu or en route to Mount Aso in Kumamoto Prefecture. The double-peaked Yufu-dake (1584m) volcano overlooks Yufuin and takes about 90 minutes to climb.
Tourist information center
The Yufuin Hot Springs Tourist Information office (84-2446; 9 AM-7 PM) inside the train station has some information in English, including a detailed walking map.
Yufuin Station (由布院駅) is the main train station and it serves as a central point for starting off in Yufuin.
Get off at the Oita Expressway Yufuin Interchange. In peak tourist seasons, the most direct route to Kinrinko Lake (Route 206) often experiences severe traffic. Due to this, it's advisable to detour to Minami Yufu and head toward the center of Yufuin instead. Specifically you'll want to get off the Interchange, take Route 210 towards Oita, and get on Route 11 in Minami Yufu.
Due to Yufuin's high elevation, you're required to use chains on the highways and mountain roads when there is snow.
Yufuin's major bus hub is the Yufuin Ekimae Bus Center.
These are the train stations in Yufu:
By horse or rickshaw
Horse carriages (tsujibasha) leave Yufuin station every 30 minutes from 9AM to 4PM. The this tour takes about 50 minutes and costs ￥1500. Rickshaws (jinrikisha) also operate around Yufuin station and Lake Kinrinko.
Yufuin city boasts many beautiful rural landscapes, and there are many walking routes you can take through them. The Tourist Information Center publishes maps that you can refer to as you walk.