Viljandi is an ancient hilly city in the South of Estonia.
Evidence of civilization around Viljandi dates back to 500 B.C.. The first written record of a "Viljandi stronghold" was in 1154 in the commentaries to al-Idrisi's world atlas "Geography."
Hanseatic merchants settled in Viljandi in the 14th century.
For many people Viljandi conjures up images of the Viljandi Folk Music Festival and Viljandi Culture Academy. This small city is the "capital of folk music" for most Estonians and also appeals to people who enjoy parks. The city also has it's own lake.
Viljandi has a regular bus connection to Tallinn, Tartu, Valga and Pärnu among others. Bus schedules can be found at Tpilet and payable by CC online. Ticket sales online and on ticket macines stop 30 minutes before departure time and ticket are available only from the driver afterwards. Driver accepts both cash and cards. Sometimes busses are fully booked.
Elron connects Viljandi to Tallinn - trains run several times a day. There's also a connection to Pärnu through Lelle. Paying tickets online requires, as of 05/2014, a local bank account, and machines are not in use because of the transition from Edelraudtee to Elron 01/2014. Tickets can be purchased on the train with cash or card or on a kiosk on some stations. Tallinn-Viljandi is as of 05/2014 €7,50.
Ruins of the Viljandi Order Castle, Tasuja puiestee, Viljandi. The fortress got its final shape and size in the beginning of the 16th century and was one of the most distinguished fortresses in Estonia and Latvia. Due to various wars, all that are left from the entire order castle today are just a few stone walls, however they still give an impression of its former grandeur. From the ruins you have the most beautiful view over the lake of Viljandi.edit
Trepimägi (Stairs hill), Linnu tn 2, Viljandi. The stairs of the Trepimägi in Viljandi were constructed around the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century in order to improve the road connecting the town and the lake. Next to the Trepimägi lie the beautiful homes of the town’s merchants and rich residents from the old days.edit
Väikemõisa manor, Väikemõisa bussipeatus, Peetrimõisa küla, Saarepeedi vald, Viljandi maakond. The Väikemõisa manor was build in the beginning of the last century and is a good example of the Swiss chalet style influenced by the art nouveau movement. Today the manor house accommodates the Väikemõisa young children's orphanage and the house can be marvelled at from the outside only.edit
St. Paul’s church in Viljandi, Kiriku tn 3, Viljandi. Since 1866 a G. Knauf organ fills the church with music, the biggest still functional organ of its kind in Estonia.edit
Heimtali Museum of Domestic Life, Heimtali küla, Pärsti vald, Viljandi maakond. Museum situates in an old village school building of Heimtali that is a beautiful rubble stone building from year 1864. Visitors can familiarize themselves with perfect collection of the examples of national handicraft like old household goods and the furnishings of a hundred year old schoolroom. There's also a children's playroom.edit
Viljandi Rope Bridge. The rope bridge on the castle hills has become a favourite for both residents of and visitors to Viljandi and one of the town’s most important symbols. It was reconstructed in 1995 (originally built in 1879).(58.358991,25.593905)edit
The Museum of Viljandi, Johan Laidoneri plats 10, Viljandi. The building of the Museum of Viljandi is one of the oldest stone buildings in town. Until 1940 the house accommodated a pharmacy, the museum moved into this building in 1942. The permanent exhibitions of the museum provide an introduction into the local history from ancient times until today.edit
Town hall of Viljandi, Linnu tn 2, Viljandi. The town hall building is one of the four oldest preserved stone buildings in town. The city government of Viljandi resides here.edit
Viljandi hosts many events and several international festivals throughout the year. The Early Music Festival, Hanseatic Days, Young Dance Festival, Mulgi Rally, Winter Folk Dance Festival, the "Theatre in Suitcase" puppet theatre festival etc.
Hanseatic merchants' spirit can still be felt in Viljandi every June. People trade at a fair, dress the way people did in that area, organise exhibitions and party.
Since 1928, a run around Lake Viljandi has taken place on the first day of May every year.
Tennis courts, cafes, playgrounds, a diving tower, boat rental and catamaran trips are available at the lake.
The Viljandi Folk festival, . The festival runs for 4 days on the last weekend in July. More than 100 concerts take place in Viljandi castle's ruins, churches, and other venues throughout Viljandi County. It is the largest annual music festival in Estonia.edit