Veliko Turnovo (Велико Търново, also transliterated as Veliko Tarnovo) is a mountain city located in the north of Bulgaria.
A town with very rich history, Veliko Turnovo was the capital of the Second Bulgarian Empire and has long traditions in the culture of Bulgaria. The city is rich in museums and historical sites, combined with vivacious night life propelled by the students in one of the largest universities in Bulgaria.
Although Veliko Turnovo's "Airport Gorna Oryahovitsa" located 4 km away is currently not open to passenger air traffic (it is possible to arrange private aircraft landings there by arrangement), it is possible to fly to Bulgaria's capital city Sofia, or the coastal city of Varna and then by rail or modern coach to Veliko Turnovo.
There is a small railway station in the town and it is possible to get a taxi to the centre of town from there for a cheap price. It usually serves trains that travel North-South and connect to the main lines : northern line (Bucharest, Rousse, Varna) and sothern line ( Plovdiv, Bourgas and Istanbul. There are also local buses going just by the station, go to the bus stop next to a small restaurant building. There are buses at least every 20 minutes, and it costs 0,70 levs (~0,35 €). You should have small money with you. A bus ride to the city center takes about 10-15 minutes.
An alternative is to get a train at the larger railway station at the nearby town of Gorna Oryahovitsa. You could then take a bus/minibus/taxi from Gorna Oryahovitsa station to Veliko Turnovo. Taxi from/to Gorna Oryahovitsa to/from Veliko Tarnovo should cost 8-10 levs - you can ask for fixed price if you want to be sure.
If you are planning to take the train to another country, tickets can't be bought at the train terminal.
This is a place just behind the tourist information center where you can buy international tickets. The train station is at considerable distance from this place.
One of the main roads in Bulgaria runs through the city, so car transport is not a problem to and from the city. Since the town is located relatively in the centre of Bulgaria, it is quite comfortable to stop there for an hour to rest and get a glimpse of the sights.
Busses run approximately hourly from Sofia and Varna. Several buses daily run from Plovdiv, Rousse and other major Bulgarian cities. The small bus station is ~1km far from the centre of town so arrange pickup during winter. The ticket for the busses, departuring from Sofia to Turnovo, costs about 20-22 leva (10-11 euro).
Near the centre of the town
- On foot - Walking is the best way to see Veliko Turnovo . The town is fairly large but everywhere is within easy reach including attractions such as Tsarevets, the medieval stronghold.
- By public transport - Since Veliko Turnovo is not that large city, you'll probably never use it. Buses run from 7 am till 9 pm with frequency of rides varying between 20 and 60 minuties. Buses #20, #50 and #40 go to Tsarevets. Bus 10 connects the city with Gorna Oryahovica railway station (but mini-buses are preferable). Virtually all bus lines go through the city center. Tickets can be purchased only in the bus from a conductor. The ticket is valid only for the current ride and costs 0.70 lv (about 0.35 euro).
- By taxi - Taxis in Veliko Turnovo are yellow and can be caught on the streets by waiving a hand or can be called. The passenger is charged 0.80 leva initiall fee, and 0.60 leva per kilometer afterwards. In general, a trip within the city limits shouldn't cost more than 4-5 leva. Overall this means of transport is very reliable.
- By car - Although Veliko Turnovo is generally a calm city, transportation by car could be very complicated due to the frequent traffic reorganisations. The maximum admissible speed within the city limits is 50 kph.
If in Veliko Turnovo, make sure to visit the castle of the old Bulgarian capital - Tsarevets. The city is divided into an old and new parts. The old city itself is a collection of traditional renaissance houses scattered over the hills around the river Yantra and the new part consists of a mixture of communistic and modern style buildings.
There are various historical museums, located in Old Town, and an art museum on an island in the river.
Nearby Arbanassi on the hilltop 4 km away is also worth a visit, a taxi will cost about 3-4 Leva
Shopska Salad is made from tomatoes, cucumbers, onion, peppers, and sirene (feta type) cheese; it is cheap and great as a snack. There are many restaurants and bars in Veliko Turnovo and this will be one of the most common things on the menu. More advance options are Ovcharska Salad (with ham) and Selska Salad (with eggs).
Bars and restaurants worth visiting:
- Ego Bar and Grill. National and foreign cuisine, cheap prices. There are three "Ego" restaurants, at 17, Nezavisimost St., at 1, Slaveykov Square, and at the 3rd floor of Central Mall. edit
- Pizza Tempo, 4, Ivailo St. Pizza and national cuisine. Cheap prices. edit
- Shtastliveca, 79, Stefan Stambolov St. A menu with mainly Bulgarian dishes, and a nice view of Yantra River. edit
- Ethno, Stephan Stombolov St (near 'Shtastliveca' Restaurant). A mixture of Bulgarian and foreign dishes is on the menu. edit
- Hadji Nikoli Inn, 19, G.S. Rakovski St, Samovodska Charshia. Housed in a beautifully renovated old inn, this fine dining restaurant with Bulgarian cuisine on the menu offers home-made wine. Also doubles as a cafe (with an open air section) and a wine bar. Affordable prices. edit
- Zagorka Beer - Zagorka is one of the most popular types of beer in Bulgaria and is definitely worth a try if you are a fan of beer. The best thing is that it is very cheap in comparison to beer prices in Western Europe, as are other beers and alcoholic drinks in general in Bulgaria.
- Bolyarka Beer - the local brand of beer, brewed just outside the town.
- Bottled Water - It is advisable to drink bottled water.
- Rakiya - Bulgarian strong alcohol usually 40 vol% flavored with different types of fruits. Homemade Rakiya can vary from 40 to 80 vol%.
- Other popular beer brands - Britos (produced in Veliko Tarnovo), Ariyana, Shumensko, Kamenitza
View from the balcony of a private room
Veliko Turnovo offers a wide range of accommodation, from very cheap private rooms and hostels to 4* hotels that can make you feel like you are in a Western European town or city. There is seemingly something to suit all types of people that are staying in the town.
- PJVilla, Dragizhevo 5145, Vazrozdenska Str 26, Lyaskovets Municipality, ☎ 0035842669 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . checkin: anytime; checkout: before 2pm. PJVilla offers excellent suites to let, each suite sleeps 3 people comfortably. There is a good sized swimming pool, sauna and summer cocktail bar/tea garden. There are four mountain bikes available for free hire and many opportunities for good walks and birdwatching. Pete & Jane will make your stay memorable in this beautiful part of Bulgaria. from 50leva per room per night for 2 people. edit
- Camping Veliko Turnovo, 70 Vasil Levski Street, Dragizhevo, Lyaskovets, ☎ +359 619 42777; +359 886 877 244 (mobile) (email@example.com), . A great campsite with free Wifi, newly fitted showerblock, fully equipped laundry, tents for rent, sports and leisure facilites, cafe/bar/shop on site. The owners, Nick & Nicky will try to help you with anything you need. You can even get your hair cut on site! Collection service available from Veliko Turnovo. Pitches from €8. edit
- Veliko Tarnovo Camping, (at Trinity Rocks Farm), ☎ +359 899019488 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Campground with lots of tree shade surrounded by fields, hills, and a river, offering toilets, showers, kitchen, dining room, lounge with Sat. TV and free internet access, WiFi, Fridge, cookers, microwave and BBQ area. Camping €5 (10 lv) pp/night. edit
- Hiker's Hostel  - Beds from 20lv (€10) per person. Good quiet but central location and lovely view of the fortress. Free pickup service and very helpful English speaking staff. Free internet, wifi, breakfast.
- Hostel Mostel  - 20lv per person per night for a dorm, 30 lv per person per night for a double en-suite room. Free Internet access and WiFi, free breakfast, and a free light meal and a local beer at night. Very friendly staff, who will do anything for you. Great value day trips available.
- Hostel Pashov  - About 30lv for twin room (3 rooms available). Friendly owner with free transport to and from the station.
- The Big White House  - Mid range prices by Bulgarian standards but still cheap. Stay in large luxury self catering apartments close to Veliko Turnovo in the peaceful village of Tserova Koriya. Great quality at very affordable prices.
- The Boliari Hotel  is situated in a quiet street and has good accomodation at reasonable prices, top floor rooms have large balconies overlooking the town.
- Hotel Gurko  a very traditional style hotel with a popular restaurant and good quality rooms. Can be a little bit noisy and rooms over the reception and restaurant should be avoided by light sleepers.
- Studio  just a bit more expensive than some other hotels but there is a difference. Excellent roof bar provides a good view of the light show (when it happens). Good breakfast and there is a restaurant. Decor is a bit dark and quirky and may not be to everyone's taste. Boutique fare all the way.
There are a number of 4* hotels in Veliko Turnovo with modern facilities and clean, comfortable rooms.
With a little common sense and respect for the locals, your stay in Veliko Turnovo will be a safe one. It is a friendly student town with a lot of history and welcoming people.
A place to see is nearby village of Arbanassi.
The roads around Veliko Turnovo are generally in good condition, making for pleasant (if sometimes rather hilly) cycling. A number of monasteries are close enough for cycling day trips. The closest and easiest is Preobruzhenie Monastery, approximately 5km north-west of Veliko Turnovo. It is also moderately easy to cycle to Arbanassi, although a few kilometres of climbing and high traffic may put off beginners.
The city of Gabrovo to the south-west, at the foot of the Balkan Mountains, which has historic sites, a humor museum and impressive shopping and dining opportunities, is worth visiting.
Nature Park Bulgarka, just south of Gabrovo, provides many out door activities opportunities for people who enjoy nature and hiking.
The Road Junky Oasis is a creative retreat center for travelers with short courses and workshops going on 40km away in the forest near Elena.