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Uyghur phrasebook

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Uyghur (ئۇيغۇرچە/Uyƣurqə/уйғурчә) is mostly spoken in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of northwestern China, with further native speakers numbering about 30,000 found in neighbouring Kazakhstan.

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Uyghur pronunciation is fairly straightforward except for the sounds "gh" and "kh" which might need some practice.

A, a - "ah" as in "army". This can be short as "a" in "about".

E, e - short as "a" in "cat" or long as "a" in "cape" or "bate"

É, é - short as in "hen" or long as in "game"

I, i - "ih" as in "sit" or "ee" as in "seat"

O, o - short as in "not" or long as in "note"

Ö, ö - same as in German, similar to "er" in "her"

U, u - short as in "book" or long as in "groove"

Ü, ü - same as in German, similar to "u" in "confusion"


Uighur has 8 vowels in unison.

B, b - as in "bunk"

D, d - as in "death"

F, f - as in "fold"

G, g - as in "get" or "give" (This is always pronounced hard in Uighur.)

H, h' - as in "heart", same as "ch" in Scottish "loch"

J, j - like the "g" in "mirage". This may sound like "j" in "Japan".

K, k - as in "kill"

L, l - as in "lemon"

M, m - as in "Mexico"

N, n - as in "Nicaragua" (Never the "ng" sound of "pink"! Uyghur has another letter that is the "ng" sound of "pink".)

P, p - as in "Pakistan"

Q, q - as in "Qatar", similar to "c" in "can" or "g" in "garden"

R, r - a rolling "r" sound, as in Spanish "burrito"

S, s - as in "stress"

T, t - as in "taco"

V, v - This was used in the Old Uighur Latin Alphabet, and it had the sound of "w" in "word" or "v" in "victory".

W, w - as in "whisky". This sounds more like "v" in victory (just like German w).

X, x - like "ch" in "loch", similar to "h" in "Hiroshima"

Y, y - as in "Yemen". This may become a vowel, as in "Uyghur" (pronounced "Uighur" in the Uighur language)

Z, z - as in "zoo", same as "s" in "nose"

CH, ch - as in "chair" (always hard in Uighur)

GH, gh - guttural "gh" sound; pronounced at the back of the throat like French "r"

KH, kh - See "X, x" above.

NG, ng - Like both "ng" in "singing", not like "ng" in "finger" (That is the NGG, ngg, which is pronounced like 'ng' in 'finger'.)

SH, sh - as in "Shibuya"

Phrase list[edit]

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.


Basics[edit]

Common signs

OPEN 
ئوچۇق(ochuq)
CLOSED 
تاقاق(taqaq)
ENTRANCE 
Entrance
EXIT 
PUSH 
ئىتتىرىڭ(eattiring)
PULL 
تارتىڭ(tarting)
TOILET 
ۅاجەتانا
MEN 
ئەرلار(erler)
WOMEN 
ئايالار(ayallar)
FORBIDDEN 
مەنئى قىلىنعان


Hello. (Greeting) 
Ässalamu läykum.
Hello. (Answering) 
Wä'äläykum ässalam.
Hi! 
Yahshimusiz!
Good morning! 
Atiganlikingz khayrilik bolsun!
Good evening! 
Kachlikingz khayrilik bolsun!
Hey, friend! 
Hei, adash/aghin!
I missed you so much! 
Sizni bak seghinip kattim!
Welcome! 
Qarshi alimiz!
How are you? 
Yakshimasiz? / Qandaq ahwalingiz?
Fine. 
Yakhshi.
So-so. 
Balan.
What's new? 
Nima boldi?
Nothing much! 
Eich ish!
Thank you (very much). 
(Kop) rakhmat.
You're welcome! 
Tuzut qilmang!
Sorry. 
Kechurung.
What is your name? 
Ismingiz nime?
My name is _____. 
Mining ismim _____.
Nice to meet you. 
Toushkinimga hushalman.
Good night! 
Kachlikingz khayrilik bolsun
See you later! 
Kiyin korishayli!
Good bye! 
Khayr khosh!


Asking for Help and Directions

I'm lost! 
Man ezip Qaldim.
Can I help you? 
Sizga yardam kirakmu?
Can you help me? 
Manga yardam qlarsizmu?
Where is the bathroom/pharmacy? 
Hajatkhana/dorikhana qayarda?
Go straight. 
Udul minging.
Then turn left/right. 
Anden solgha burlung/ong gha.
I'm looking for John. 
Man Jon ni izdawatiman.
One moment please. 
Birdam saqlap turung.
Hold on please! (on the phone) 
Birdam kutup turung.
Excuse me. (to ask for something) 
Kachurung.
Excuse me. (to pass by) 
Kachurung.
Come with me. 
Buyaqqa kiling. / Man bilan billa minging.


Shopping

How much is this? 
Buning bahasi qancha?
(too) expensive 
(bek) kimmetken

Problems[edit]

Leave me alone. 
. ( .)
Don't touch me! 
 ! ( !)
I'll call the police. 
. ( .)
Police! 
 ! ( !)
Stop! Thief! 
 ! ! ( ! !)
I need your help. 
. ( .)
It's an emergency. 
. ( .)
I'm lost. 
. ( .)
I lost my bag. 
. ( .)
I lost my wallet. 
. ( .)
I'm sick. 
. ( .)
I've been injured. 
. ( .)
I need a doctor. 
. ( .)
Can I use your phone? 
 ? ( ?)

Numbers[edit]

bir (بىر)
ekki (ئىككى)
uch (ئۈچ)
tot (تۆت)
besh (بەش )
alti ( ئالتە)
yetti ( يەتتە)
seggiz ( سەككىز)
togguz (توققۇز )
10 
on (ئون )
11 
on bir (ئون بىر)
12 
on ekki (ئون ئىككى)
13 
on uch (ئون ئۈچ)
14 
on tot (ئون تۆت )
15 
on besh ( ئون بەش)
16 
on alte( )
17 
on yette ( )
18 
on seggiz ( )
19 
on togguz( )
20 
yigirma ( )
21 
yigirma bir ( )
22 
yigirma ikki ( )
23 
yigirma uch( )
30 
otuz ( )
40 
kirk ( )
50 
eluk ( )
60 
atmish ( )
70 
yetimis ( )
80 
seksen ( )
90 
tokson ( )
100 
yuz ( )
200 
iki yuz ( )
300 
uch yuz( )
1,000 
ming ( )
2,000 
ikki ming ( )
1,000,000 
bir miliyon ( )
1,000,000,000 
bir miliyard ( )
1,000,000,000,000 
( )
number _____ (train, bus, etc.) 
( )
half 
yerim ( )
less 
kem( )
more 
kop ( )

Time[edit]

now 
( )
later 
( )
before 
( )
morning 
( )
afternoon 
( )
evening 
( )
night 
( )

Clock time[edit]

one o'clock AM 
( )
two o'clock AM 
( )
noon 
( )
one o'clock PM 
( )
two o'clock PM 
( )
midnight 
( )

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
( )
_____ hour(s) 
( )
_____ day(s) 
( )
_____ week(s) 
( )
_____ month(s) 
( )
_____ year(s) 
( )

Days[edit]

today 
( )
yesterday 
( )
tomorrow 
( )
this week 
( )
last week 
( )
next week 
( )
Sunday 
( )
Monday 
( )
Tuesday 
( )
Wednesday 
( )
Thursday 
( )
Friday 
( )
Saturday 
( )

Months[edit]

January 
( )
February 
( )
March 
( )
April 
( )
May 
( )
June 
( )
July 
( )
August 
( )
September 
( )
October 
( )
November 
( )
December 
( )

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

black 
( )
white 
( )
gray 
( )
red 
( )
blue 
( )
yellow 
( )
green 
( )
orange 
( )
purple 
( )
brown 
( )

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

How much is a ticket to _____? 
( )
One ticket to _____, please. 
( )
Where does this train/bus go? 
( )
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
( )
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
( )
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
( )
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
( )

Directions[edit]

How do I get to _____ ? 
( )
...the train station? 
( )
...the bus station? 
( )
...the airport? 
( )
...downtown? 
( )
...the youth hostel? 
( )
...the _____ hotel? 
( )
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
( )
Where are there a lot of... 
( )
...hotels? 
( )
...restaurants? 
( )
...bars? 
( )
...sites to see? 
( )
Can you show me on the map? 
( )
street 
( )
Turn left. 
( )
Turn right. 
( )
left 
( )
right 
( )
straight ahead 
( )
towards the _____ 
( )
past the _____ 
( )
before the _____ 
( )
Watch for the _____. 
( )
intersection 
( )
north 
( )
south 
( )
east 
( )
west 
( )
uphill 
( )
downhill 
( )

Taxi[edit]

Taxi! 
( )
Take me to _____, please. 
( )
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
( )
Take me there, please. 
( )

Lodging[edit]

Do you have any rooms available? 
( )
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
( )
Does the room come with... 
( )
...bedsheets? 
( )
...a bathroom? 
( )
...a telephone? 
( )
...a TV? 
( )
May I see the room first? 
( )
Do you have anything quieter? 
( )
...bigger? 
( )
...cleaner? 
( )
...cheaper? 
( )
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
( )
Can you suggest another hotel? 
( )
Do you have a safe? 
( )
...lockers? 
( )
Is breakfast/supper included? 
( )
What time is breakfast/supper? 
( )
Please clean my room. 
( )
Can you wake me at _____? 
( )
I want to check out. 
( )

Money[edit]

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
( )
Do you accept British pounds? 
( )
Do you accept Euros? 
( )
Do you accept credit cards? 
( )
Can you change money for me? 
( )
Where can I get money changed? 
( )
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
( )
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
( )
What is the exchange rate? 
( )
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
( )

Eating[edit]

A table for one person/two people, please. 
( )
Can I look at the menu, please? 
( )
Can I look in the kitchen? 
( )
Is there a house specialty? 
( )
Is there a local specialty? 
( )
I'm a vegetarian. 
( )
I don't eat pork. 
( )
I don't eat beef. 
( )
I only eat kosher food. 
( )
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
( )
fixed-price meal 
( )
a la carte 
( )
breakfast 
( )
lunch 
( )
tea (meal
( )
supper 
( )
I want _____. 
( )
I want a dish containing _____. 
( )
chicken 
( )
beef 
( )
fish 
( )
ham 
( )
sausage 
( )
cheese 
( )
eggs 
( )
salad 
( )
(fresh) vegetables 
( )
(fresh) fruit 
( )
bread 
( )
toast 
( )
noodles 
( )
rice 
( )
beans 
( )
May I have a glass of _____? 
( )
May I have a cup of _____? 
( )
May I have a bottle of _____? 
( )
coffee 
( )
tea (drink
( )
juice 
( )
(bubbly) water 
( )
(still) water 
( )
beer 
( )
red/white wine 
( )
May I have some _____? 
( )
salt 
( )
black pepper 
( )
butter 
( )
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
( )
I'm finished. 
( )
It was delicious. 
( )
Please clear the plates. 
( )
The check, please. 
( )

Bars[edit]

Do you serve alcohol? 
( )
Is there table service? 
( )
A beer/two beers, please. 
( )
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
( )
A pint, please. 
( )
A bottle, please. 
( )
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
( )
whiskey 
( )
vodka 
( )
rum 
( )
water 
( )
club soda 
( )
tonic water 
( )
orange juice 
( )
Coke (soda
( )
Do you have any bar snacks? 
( )
One more, please. 
( )
Another round, please. 
( )
When is closing time? 
( )
Cheers! 
( )

Shopping[edit]

Do you have this in my size? 
( )
How much is this? 
( )
That's too expensive. 
( )
Would you take _____? 
( )
expensive 
( )
cheap 
( )
I can't afford it. 
( )
I don't want it. 
( )
You're cheating me. 
( )
I'm not interested. 
(..)
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
Can I have a bag? 
( )
Do you ship (overseas)? 
( )
I need... 
( )
...toothpaste. 
( )
...a toothbrush. 
( )
...tampons. 
. ( )
...soap. 
( )
...shampoo. 
( )
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
( )
...cold medicine. 
( )
...stomach medicine. 
... ( )
...a razor. 
( )
...an umbrella. 
( )
...sunblock lotion. 
( )
...a postcard. 
( )
...postage stamps. 
( )
...batteries. 
( )
...writing paper. 
( )
...a pen. 
( )
...English-language books. 
( )
...English-language magazines. 
( )
...an English-language newspaper. 
( )
...an English-English dictionary. 
( )

Driving[edit]

I want to rent a car. 
( )
Can I get insurance? 
( )
stop (on a street sign
( )
one way 
( )
yield 
( )
no parking 
( )
speed limit 
( )
gas (petrol) station 
( )
petrol 
( )
diesel 
( )

Authority[edit]

I haven't done anything wrong. 
( )
It was a misunderstanding. 
( )
Where are you taking me? 
( )
Am I under arrest? 
( )
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
( )
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
( )
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
( )
Can I just pay a fine now? 
( )

Learning more[edit]

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