Ulaanbaatar has a long history, and is only now undergoing an industrial revolution. UB is one of the most drab looking cities on the face of the planet, a travesty really, considering it's the capital of one the most beautiful and hospitable countries on earth. Still, as traditionalists, Mongolians love their capital. They understand that it is not an Asian beauty, but in their hearts they are aware of the city's history, culture and many struggles. Foreigners who take the time to get to know the faces that are hidden behind the gray walls will discover a hospitable and warm-hearted people. Explore the city from different angles, while at the same time do not ignore the abject poverty of many of the ex-nomads who in recent years have come to the city to find work after severe winters have killed their livestock. In this way, you will learn to unlock the city's many secrets and discover an Ulaanbaatar that is not initially revealed to the casual visitor.
Although summer temperatures can be over 30°C, the city shivers in sub-zero temperatures for five months of the year, with January and February being the coldest months with temps hovering between -15°C to -40°C. As a result of these prolonged periods of intense cold, the city has an average annual temperature of -1.3°C, giving it the dubious distinction of being the world's coldest capital.
Peace Avenue (Enkh Taivny Örgön Chölöö) is the main street and it stretches from east to west through the center. It's the main shopping street and many of the restaurants are along it. The street also passes by the southern edge of the central square, Chinggis Square. Tourist information office is located in the south flank of the Central Post Office on the southwestern corner of Chinggis Square.
If you have breathing problems, be aware that Ulaanbaatar has high levels of Air Pollution . UB has a population just over a twentieth of Beijing; yet according to the World Health Organization, UB is considered the second most polluted city in the world in 2013 - behind Ahvaz, Iran. But the countryside air, away from the cities, is gorgeous.
The majority of visitors arrive in Mongolia through Chinggis Khaan International Airport (IATA: ULN), which is located 18 km to the southwest of Ulaanbaatar. Many locals still call the airport by its old name "Bouyant Uka". The airport was reconstructed in 1990, and the immigration, customs formalities and luggage delivery are relatively efficient.
Trains from Beijing run once a week (on Tuesdays) and seats can only be reserved at the International Hotel in Beijing (a ten minute walk north of the main Beijing rail station). The journey takes about 24 hours. Packing a face mask might be a good idea as sandstorms in the Gobi desert may cause difficulty in breathing.
As there are barely any paved roads in Mongolia, the few ones that exist, lead to Ulaanbaatar. Navigating in Mongolia on a paved road is very easy because you just have to follow that ONE road (compared to driving on tracks, where there are hundreds of possibilities...).
Coming from the north the paved road starts at the Russian Border.
Coming from the south (the Gobi) the paved road starts at Choir.
Coming from the north-east the paved road starts at Bulgan .
Once in the country, it should not be difficult to find a bus going to UB, at least from larger towns. However, bus stops are difficult to locate, with buses usually just stopping in populated areas. Furthermore, Mongolian buses are notorious for being late and on some routes for not even arriving on the scheduled day.
Domestic buses usually go to Dragon Center (СХД18-р хороо, 18072 Улаанбаатар), Teevriin Tovchoo (near Main Railway Station ) and the eastern bus station near the Botanical Gardens (the Gardens are completely destroyed, but the location is well known to the locals).
Taxis are cheap, charging around T800 per kilometer, but a foreigner will get overcharged easily. After midnight charge goes up to T1,000 per kilometer. A ride from the airport to the city center should cost you no more than T15,000, but most drivers will try to charge you a minimum of T20,000. You may get a better and more reliable deal by seeking out older drivers in their own cars, rather than the official yellow cabs, now there are new white cabs with large square meter LCD on the dash. Younger drivers can sometimes get extremely opportunistic and try to hold you or your luggage at ransom until you pay them extraordinary amounts of money. Always negotiate the fare in advance and don't be fooled by tricks like "I meant 3,000 for each of you."
Tip: carry a small memo of MNT amounts (500 MNT, 1000 MNT, 1500 MNT etc) and show them exactly what you are willing to pay before you get on.
Please note that few taxi drivers speak English, so it's best to have the name and destination written in Mongolian to the driver.
There is an English speaking taxi service called Help Taxi, ☎ +976 9965 2371. editThey operate a small fleet of black taxis with gold lettering, and when booking they will give you the license plate of the car picking you up if you request it. While they are not as inexpensive as a normal taxi, they are cheap by Western standards and are a low-stress way of getting to important places like a medical clinic or airport.
Taxi drivers can be rented for some hours and show your around. Some hotels are glad to organize such for you (incl. the handling of payment). It is fairly easy to organize a driver speaking Russian. Other languages available on request (even though rarely found and thus more expensive) include German, English and Mandarin Chinese
Buses are regular and have a fixed charge of T500 per ride. Electric trolley-buses cost T300 but are slower and run fewer routes. After midnight, only trolley-buses are available at a rate of T1,000 per ride. But they go for only two main routes. Smaller buses (really just vans), called micro-bus, are equally accessible at T500. These have someone who hangs out the window at each stop shouting the name of the destination in rapid Mongolian. A bit hard to understand.
Many of the city buses go out to the edge of the city. Route 22, goes southwest to the Bird Farm along the Tuul River. Catch the bus at the Ard Cinema bus stop, the Cinema has been replaced by a Khas Bank. This bus stop is located on Bagatoiruu Street, from the central Post Office walk west along Peace Ave. At the intersection with the traffic lights, cross the street and turn right (north) half a block and you will reach a small square with the bus stop.
Bus #11 and #22 go close by the Airport. Get out at Nisekh, and walk 500 mtr across the field.
As in any city, be wary of pickpockets on the buses, especially when the buses are packed.
Walking is also an option as the city center is quite compact. Having only one main avenue, Ulaanbaatar stretches from east to west and it's also easy to draw a mental map. but getting around ger districts can be puzzling. Get a good city map at the Mongolian Government Map shop, located on Ih Toiruu Street. West from the State Department Store three blocks, the first intersection with traffic lights, turn right (north) about one-half block, on the east side of the street you will see a yellow and blue Elba Appliance store. The Map Shop is behind and inline with the North wall of the Elba.
But purchasing a map from the airport would help save you a lot of time.
Finding specific places or offices by address is quite challenging because locals will usually tell you the places by nearest landmarks such as West Junction (supposed to be Undsen Huuliin gudamj) and Urt Tsagaan (which is Tourist Street1) and along the department store (Peace avenue). Sometimes locals will not know any better than you as they too never seen some street names put on the streets. Especially when you buy guide books, look for books with pictures printed so that it would help you ask locals about places rather than only showing written addresses with postal codes.
Note that most tourist sites have a separate camera/video fee (typically ₮15000-25000) in addition to the entrance fee.
Gandan Monastery (Gandantegchinlen Khiid), Gandan Monastery District, Ulaanbaatar 16040 (011 36 0354). The main monastery in the city has services around 10:00 every morning. Approximately five thousand monks live here. In 1938 the communists destroyed the religious icons in this monastery and took its contents to the Hermitage where it was then regenerated into ammunition used to fight during the siege of Leningrad. It was not until very recently that the Mongolian people were able to reconstruct the massive statue of the Buddha that resides in the largest of the temples featured in the picture on the right. Taking photographs requires the payment of an additional negotiable fee (often that for an adult is requested). Entrance ₮3500. edit
Choijin Lama Monastery, Ulaanbaatar, Chingeltei district, west of Central Library, . 10.00am-17.00pm. Choijin Lama Temple Museum is a unique showcase of religious art and the history of Buddhism in Mongolia. This museum is a gem of the historical and cultural heritage of the previous century. The monastery was active until 1938. According to the decree of the Peoples Khural, November 1941, the monastery was included in the list of historical and cultural monuments and was taken charge by the Committee of Sciences in 1942. It was then turned into a museum. The museum is an ensemble of Buddhist architecture and consists of 5 temples and 5 arched gates. In the main temple there is the sculpture of Choijin Lama and the embalmed mummy of his teacher. It also contains the great coral mask of Begtse, created under the direction of protectors using over 6000 pieces of coral. Yadam temple and Amgalan temple contain rare artifacts made by the famous Mongolian artist and sculptor, Zanabazar. In total the museum has over 5000 items out of which 12 are unique and 200 are particularly valuable. adult – ₮8000. edit
Natural History Museum (closed indefinitely), Ulaanbaatar. Northwest of the Government house. 10AM-5.30PM, last admission 4.30PM. When the first national museum was established in Mongolia in 1924, the natural historical museum was founded, consisting of the choicest exhibitions of Mongolian nature. Since the national central museum was put into its present location in 1956, it has been enriching its exhibitions and expanding as a big natural department, which has various kinds of geographical, flora, fauna and paleontology exhibits. The government resolution to classify the museums in different fields, as in developed countries, was passed and the national central museum was abolished in 1991. In 1992, a new museum was established in the place of the national central museum with the purpose of being the lead natural central museum for further development, entertaining foreigners on the international level, showing the geological history such as locations of planets and earth establishment and formations and show the biological characteristics of earth's central zone and named as Museum of Natural History. Natural history involves the historical process of 4.7 billion years from the origin of the world until the origin of plants, animals and humans. Thus the museum shows the briefness of these events by exhibitions and contributes knowledge to people's minds. The museum consists of: - Mongolian geography, ancient volcanoes, stones from the volcanoes - Earth origin, planet studying meteorites - Geological history, useful resources, minerals - Ancient and contemporary botany - Land fauna /mammals, birds, fishes, insects, reptiles, amphibians/ - Very ancient plants and animals /paleontology/ - Human origin Museum colleagues always enrich their treasures and exhibitions, renovate the exhibition halls and improve the museum arrangement so that the museum has become a big museum, which is capable of attracting foreign and domestic visitors. The museum is one of the largest museums in Mongolia, with 40 halls with 2,700 square meters and 12,000 exhibits. More than 50,000 visitors visit to the museum each year, and a tour of the exhibitions lasts about 1.5-2.0 hours. Closed summer 2013 for renovation, and may reopen elsewhere in the future. As of late 2013, items have begun to be moved into storage, as the structure of the building has been deemed unsound. Admission 011 36 03545000. edit
Chinggis Square, (Chinggis Square). The big open space in the center of the city was renamed to Chinggis Square from its old name Sukhbaatar Square. It has an equestrian statue of the 1921 revolution hero Sükhbaatar, and seated statue of Chinggis Khaan and his sons and 2 military generals (Urlugs). edit
Bogd Khaan Palace Museum, Khan-Uul District, Chinggis Avenue, Bogd Khaan Winter Palace Museum, Ulaanbaatar. This palace known as the Green Palace was built between 1893 and 1903 by Mongolian masters and dedicated to the VIII Bogd Gegeen, the head of lamaist religion & last khaan of Mongolia. In 1911 there was formed the Bogd Khaan state and the VIII Bogd Gegeen assumed political authority over Mongolia as the Bogd Khaan or "Holy King" and continued to govern as a constitutional monarch from the time of the Mongolian People's Revolution in 1921 until his death of illness in 1924. After Bogd Khaan's death, his winter palace was turned into a museum. Bogd Khaan Palace was founded as the first national historical museum of Mongolia. In 1954, the State Central Museum was founded, and the Bogd Khaan Palace Museum became a branch museum. Since 2000 the museum is activiting as Bogdo khan palace museum.Now the Bogd khan palace museum consists of seven Summer Prayer temples and the winter palace. The collections of the museum include unique and valuable objects related to Mongolia's political, religious, and artistic history from the 17 to early 20-th centuries: bronze castings, silk paintings, mineral paintings, and paper icons made by well-known artists and artisans of the period, among others the first Bogdo Javzundamba Zanabazar and his school; as well as objects owned and used by the YIII Bogdo Javzundamba and his wife queen Dondogdulam, including royal clothing and equipment, gifts from domestic and foreign guests or representatives, and items purchased by the king for his own diversion. The collection of the museum is consists of a great number of original objects and works of art from the Bogdo khan palace and is divided into 12 parts: sculpture, scrolls paintings/thangka/, applique, wood carving, religious objects, clothes, furniture, decorative arts, collection of stuffed animal, special collection, support collection and architecture.. Also all exhibits is divided into: high level category, valuable category and original category. Nowadays we have 68 exhibits of high level category and 23 exhibits of valuable category. The number of these categories will be increasing. Exhibits of high level category includes gilded bronze sculptures made by the famous master Zanabazar and school of Zanabazar, thangka paintings from the XIX-XX centuries, the painting shown the capital city of Mongolia 1912 made by Jugder, original paintings made by founder of Mongolian modern painting B.Sharav and expensive clothes of khan and queen. Admission T8000. edit
Zaisan Memorial. A huge communist-era monument located on a hill in the south of the city. It represents the Russian and Mongolian heroes who fought together during WWI and WWII. Nowadays it is a popular viewpoint where you can see over the whole city. There's also a huge Buddhist statue at the bottom.edit
International Intellectual Museum, Ulaanbaatar, Bayanzurkh district, south of the East Center. Monday-Saturday 10:00-6:0. The museum’s collection includes many Mongolian puzzle toys and world-famous, rare and precious exhibits. The museum is a manufacturer of Mongolian puzzle toys, logic games, handcrafted products and souvenirs; and it exports most of its products abroad. The museum has exhibited at over 80 international exhibitions and fairs in 50 countries.Adult-₮8000, Children-₮500. edit
Akshobhya by Zanabazar
The Zanabazar Museum of Fine Arts, Ulaanbaatar, Chingeltei district, Barilgachdiin Square (Two blocks west of the Government House). 10-6. The collection includes items from the Stone Age to the 20th century. Particularly interesting is the collection of Buddhist art beginning in the 17th Century.$3. edit
Attend Naadam - the largest and most famous festival in Mongolia, which consists of competitions in the three traditional Mongolian sports of wrestling, horse racing and archery. The festival is an annual event and runs from July 10th to 12th.
Take a walk to Zaisan Memorial.
Get an inexpensive massage at one of the many massage spas located on Peace Avenue.
International Intellectual Museum, Ulaanbaatar, Bayanzurkh district, south of the East Center. 10.00-18.00 .. The museum’s collection includes many Mongolian puzzle toys and world-famous, rare and precious exhibits. The museum is a manufacturer of Mongolian puzzle toys, logic games, hand crafted products and souvenirs; and it exports most of its products abroad. The museum has exhibited at over 80 international exhibitions and fairs in 50 countries.Adult-₮8000. edit
Hike in the Bogd Khaan Uul Strictly Protected Area in the mountains just south of UB, South of Zaisan Memorial (South of Zaisan Memorial, Take the #7 or #33 bus from the Bayangol Hotel). To get to the mountain ridge south of UB, take the #7, #33 or #43 bus from in front of the Bayangol Hotel going south. Get off at the stop after the University of Agriculture. The road continues south of the bus stop. After about 1 km, you will come to the Bogd Uul Resort, which is a combination night club and ger camp. Enter the resort and hike downhill (not up to the night club) until you reach a parking lot. Cross the footbridge, and follow the path along the small stream flowing north, the path starts on the left (east) side of the stream. At the top, branch to the west and you will come to a high point maybe 500 meters through the woods. This will take about 2 to 3 hours of easy walking. From where you branch west, you can go straight and slightly east and follow the path to Bogd Uul Mountain. The path here is marked with orange paint marks on the trees. This trip is quite long with another down and up section, about 10 km each way. free. edit
Look around the Narantuul (AKA Black) Market: it is an interesting place and you can get great deals. They sell pets, souvenirs, cloth, shoes, socks, meat, fruits etc. Some people claim it is dangerous but outside of a few pickpockets (as in all large markets) it seemed quite safe.
Sky Resort, (13 km from the city center, go south to Zaisan, then east along river, past the President's Residence), ☎ 976-11 320345, . 8am - 11pm. Downhill skiing, snowboarding, lifts, equipment rental, ski/snowboard school, restaurant. Free bus leaves from the Drama Center (next to the Grand Khaan Irish Pub) weekends 8, 8:30, 10, 11, 12 ,14, 17:30, 18, 19:30; weekdays 8:30, 12, 17, 18, 19. Check schedule to verify bus times.(47 52.676N,107 2.663E)edit
Sky Skiing Resort
Mountain Biking - Bikes can be rented in town if you have not brought your own. Head into the hills directly to the south of the city (just south of the bike shops) for some great trails and excellent views of the city.
Mongolian - there are several language schools in the city.
The Mongolian National University, (Northeast of the Government House.), . International programsedit
The American Center for Mongolian Studies (ACMS), Natsagdorj Library, Seoul Street-7, Sukhbaatar District, Ulaanbaatar (Located inside the East Entrance of Natsagdorj Library), ☎ (976) 7711-0486 (email@example.com), . Monday to Friday, 9am to 6pm. Internet access, study room, and the largest library of English language material on Mongolia, including volumes on history, politics, society, culture, and archaeology. Mongolian language materials are also available. Can also provide advice for Mongolian language lessons, houses the Books for Asia Program, and hosts a regular Speaker Series event which is open to the public.edit
Peace Corps*. For US citizens, Peace Corps positions in Mongolia are available. Peace Corps has been sending volunteers to Mongolia since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Volunteer jobs last 27 months and include 4 sectors: Teaching of English as a Foreign Language (TEFL), Community and Youth Development (CYD), Community and Economic Development (CED), and Health. Applications are available at peacecorps.gov
Volunteer. Work is available for overseas visitors in the volunteer sector. New Choice, . can place potential volunteers in appropriate workplacesedit.
English. Teaching English as a second language is an option for native English speakers. Mostly positions are in Ulaanbaatar, though they could be anywhere in the country. Those who find a teaching position after arriving in the country will need to leave the country to apply for a working visa. The school may or may not pay for this.
UB has a host of souvenir shops aimed at Korean/Japanese and European/American tourists. While the quality of the goods varies, the price is always high and haggling is discouraged. You'll likely just get a discount of 10-15%.
Traditional clothes, boots and hats, cashmere garments, jewelry, leather wall hangings, miniature gers, bow and arrow sets and paintings.
Peace Avenue and the Circus area are the main shopping areas.
The 6th floor of the State Department Store has a section with souvenir paintings, but prices are higher than in some of the smaller stores.
The Narantuul (AKA Black ) Market, known to locals simply as zach (зах), is the place to haggle over cheap clothes, toys, swords or Soviet propaganda pins. Only take a minimum of cash with you in a money belt or inner jacket pocket and leave all valuables at your accommodation, as pickpockets are common here. It's a ten-minute bus or taxi ride from the city center. Don't expect a tourist market though. This is primarily a huge open-air market for locals to buy clothing. Difficult to locate items of interest to tourists.
How to get cash
Tellers at the Golomt Bank can give up to USD500 per day cash advance on MasterCard and Visa.
Most ATM's accept most international cards, including Maestro and Plus. An earlier report mentioned that Cirrus cards are only accepted at the airport, this is probably untrue.
It is relatively easy to find an ATM to withdraw cash. As long as your ATM, debit or credit card has the VISA logo, you can withdraw tögrög, the local currency. Other card types are also accepted, simply not as widely, for example, the machines in the central Post Office and main street will not accept foreign MasterCards although they bear the logo. The machines in Golomt Bank branches are more reliable. Also on the 2nd floor of the State Department Store you can find an ATM accepting foreign cards. Many shops take credit cards, but some establishments run strictly on cash. Note that most credit card companies will pass on the 3% "foreign currency conversion fee" to you.
There are many exchange offices in the center along Peace Avenue to change your currency into tugrugs. One is on the ground floor of the State Department Store. Better rates are at the Exchange Center on the second floor of the Flower Center. The Flower Center is located on Peace Ave. one block west of the Post Office, at the corner with traffic lights between the Post Office and State Department Store. Large hotels like the Ulaanbaatar Hotel one block east of Chinggis Square will exchange money 24/7 at the reception, which may be your only option if you arrive very late in the day.
Bars Food Market, (Only a few hundred meters east of the railway station on the same side of the street). This market is the cheapest place in town to buy dry goods (rice, pasta, canned food), fresh vegetables, fresh fruit, and meat, as well as a host of other food stuffs. The vendors are all fair and charge standard prices. The meat and produce is inside a relatively unmarked building which you wouldn't expect to be a market. Outside are a bunch of shipping containers where grains and other non-perishable supplies are sold.(47.908978,106.892417)edit
Librairie Papillon. If you want to find very high quality books about Mongolia or the Mongolian language in European languages (French and English mostly), this place has a very large selection. They are located on University Ave., just past the main Mongolian National University building. The atmosphere is very nice, and is almost like taking a little break from Mongolia and entering France. They also have a large selection of European-language classics if you would like reading material for your journey.
Mike's Bookstore, (South of the Bayangol Hotel, West of the New Century Building), . See their website for details. They sell many used books and sometimes buy books; there is a buyback policy. Mostly English books, but some in other languages.edit
Nobody travels to Mongolia for the food, but Ulaanbaatar has a good range of Western, Asian and Mongolian options. No other city this side of Beijing has close to a comparable selection. Even better, meals here are quite reasonable. You can get perfectly reasonable pizza for $3, even a night out at a fancy French cafe shouldn't pass $20. Consider splurging on a couple good meals here, especially if headed out for a long trek into the country. Be aware that fresh vegetables, especially in winter, are hard to come by and expensive.
Korean (solongos khoolnee gazar) and Chinese restaurants dominate the city. As Asian restaurants in America tend to tailor their menu to the American palate, so in Ulaanbaatar do the East Asian restaurants tailor their menu to the Central Asian palate.
Throughout Ulaanbaatar are many small Гуанз (eateries) and Цайны Газарs (cafes.) Try one of these for cheap Mongolian food. Buuz usually costs ₮350-400. Most universities have a good cafeteria for cheap eats for ₮1800 (less than $1) - ₮2500 ($1.30). Mongolian National University and Mongolian University of Science and Technology (both near the North East block from the Parliament Building) have good cafeterias. All university cafeterias have nutritionists so at least you know you are getting all the basic nutrients when you eat there.
Papa Cafe, Peace Ave (Go east from the British Embassy to 2nd building, next to a parking lot. Name in the right side of the second floor window. Entrance in the back or north side.), ☎ 11461687 (firstname.lastname@example.org). 10 to 9. Free wifi, burgers, chicken burgers, espresso and bakery goods. Closed Sunday.under $5. (N47 55.153,E106 56.506)edit
Ba Shu 888, (On Peace Avenue adjacent to and east of the State Department Store). A Chinese-Mongolian restaurant. Good sized portions and inexpensive eating.edit
My Homemade Khuushur, (On Peace Avenue near the State Department Store). Serves a favorite Mongolian dish, mutton fried in dough. One khuushur is ₮500, and three is a pretty adequate meal.edit
Stupa Cafe, (Across the street from the Zanabazar Fine Arts Museum in the center of the city). 10am to 8pm daily. Vegetarian dishes vary daily, coffee, tea and traditional Mongolian drinks, fresh cakes. There is a large white stupa in the front yard.under $4 (probably higher now). edit
Cola and Kebab, (On the southwest corner of the square in front of the Zanabazar Fine Arts Museum). 10am to 8pm daily. Two versions of a meat pita bread sandwich, meat grilled Turkish style on a vertical rotisserie, meat with tomato and lettuce and some sauceunder $4. edit
Русское Бистро Избушка (Russian Bistro Izbushka), (On the northeast corner of the square in front of the Zanabazar Fine Arts Museum). 10am-8pm. Small Russian restaurant, various dishes, Piroshki (small pies with meat or vegetarian filling).USD5. edit
The Food Court at the State Department Store, Peace Ave (6th floor of the State Department Store). 9 to 9. 5 kiosks with Mongolian, Asian, Chicken and Hamburgers. Hamburger with tomato and lettuce $1.70. This is self serve. Mostly local Mongolians.$4. edit
Vegan Lounge (Vegan Food), (Between Peace Avenue and Sunny Street (near the Central Railway Station). Walk east from central station until you get to the flyover, turn north for 200 m and look for the purple building on your left), ☎ 9907 0969. 09:00-21:00 (22.00 in summer). Great Mongolian vegan food in nice atmosphere. If you're lucky they have homemade cakes too. They also sell things like vegan sausages, etc.Average ₮5,000 for mains ($2.50). edit
Luna Blanca (Vegan Food), (In a Buddhist meditation center south of the Zanabazar Museum), ☎ 976-99251131, 55159651, 98209894, 976-11-327172 (email@example.com), . 11:00-20:00. Top rated by TripAdvisor, Lonely Planet, Happy Cow, etc. Featured on international news (KBS-Korea, JPK- Japan, Christian Science Monitor, etc. They also sell some ingredients, vegan sausages, etc.Around ₮4.000. edit
American Ger'll, (right across the Peace Bridge on the right). American-style, thick crust pizza. The large pizza will feed 5-6 people for about US$20. They also have an extensive foreign menu, including good coffee drinks. You should get there early, because this place is a favorite among Mongolians and expats alike.edit
Bojangles Restaurant and Grill, Narnii zam, 1st Floor of the Jiguur Grand Office Centre (Opposite the train museum on the Sun Road. Walk west along the road under the Peace Bridge for about 500 meters. On the right at the ground floor of the Jiguur Grand Office Centre), ☎ Rizal (English) 9923-6082 Jojo (Mongolian) 8882-0392 Boko (All) 9918-4465, +976-11-325830, . 10.00am till late. International cuisine under one roof: Mongolian, Singaporean, Thai, Malaysian, Korean, American, European, Vegetarian or Rizal will cook to your order, with beverages from around the world, exceptional wines,and free WiFi. Sunday is homemade roast lunch, Saturday is Salsa instruction and dance night with live music, followed by Disco (from 8.30PM till late). All sports are broadcast live on a big screen at any time. Play American pool & Darts while enjoying an ice cold beer.Mains average $10 to $15. (47 -54' N,106-54'E)edit
City Cafe, (across the street from Sukhbaatar Square). Great food and location, wonderful staff. Malaysian/Chinese food.edit
California Restaurant, (on Seoul Street not far from the State Department store). Extensive foreign and Mongolian menu. Beautifully decorated. It's a bit small, but in the summer there is additional outside seating. Reservations are advised.edit
El Latino Restaurant, (On Peace Ave, just 50m east from the State Department Store), ☎ 99282459 (fax: 976-11-327503). 11 AM - 10 PM. Latin-American, Spanish and Mongolian dishes complemented by Spanish wines, tropical cocktails, coffee, beer, since 1999.3 to 5 USD. (47 54.852,106 56.318)edit
Ko-hyang-shik-dang, (next to Metro Mall there is a BBQ chicken and facing that second restaurant on your left). Korean food.6000 MNT ~ 7000 MNT. edit
Little Saigon, Baruun Selbiin Street (From the State Department Store, take the North South road on the east side, walk north about 70meters. Stay on the west side of the road, Watch for Tattoo sign, across the street from Nano Cosmetics, Turn left then right.), ☎ 94317778 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . 11am to 9pm. Vietnamese Cuisine (www.facebook.com/joes.corner58) Open Daily. Free WiFiunder $5 - 10. (N47 55.096,E106 54.387)edit
Turning Point Cafe, Tserendorj Street, 4th Khoroo, 97611 Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, ☎ 7011 9940. Conveniently located Jazz-theme restaurant and bar featuring modern decor, international cuisine, wide range of alcoholic beverages and cocktails, piped music and regular live entertainment.edit
Millie's Espresso, (West side of the Choijin Lama Monastry), ☎ 330338. 8am-8pm. Good selection of American style cafe food with some vegetarian, coffee, Free WiFi. At lunch you will find this place full of Expats enjoying the steak sandwiches and burgers. Also does breakfast. $10. (N47 54.860,E106 55.074)edit
bd's Mongolian BBQ, (Sukhbaatar District, Seoul street – 9, in the right side of Ayanchin Outfitters). 12pm. The first US franchise restaurant and it offers a lively interactive and celebratory atmosphere. The food is cooked to a very high standard and works as an interactive buffet: diners select ingredients from an open buffet and give it to the grillers who cook it up on a Historical Mongolian Style grill and add a dash of one of the many, tasty chef’s own sauces. All ingredients are sourced locally and the menu reflects the franchise’s BD’s Mongolian Barbeque moniker. Its unlimited “Create Your Own Stir-fry”, features fresh vegetables, meats, sauces and spices. One bowl is approximately $7.50 and all-you-can-eat is approximately $13.50. Check your bill before you pay because guests are charged for all-you-can-eat unless specified otherwise.edit
Sansar Asian Food (Cancap Azi Xool), Ikh Tooyruu St (From the East Crossroad, North past the Kempinski Hotel, on the East side of the street, about 400 meters), ☎ 88080005. 24 hours. $10. edit
Nayra Cafe, 35-1 Tourist Street (2 blocks west of the Government House), ☎ 317098, . 8am. Good pizza and sandwiches, good coffee, very large brewed coffee under $2 , open daily so one of the few places open on Sunday. Nice Omelets, pancakes, cookies, brownies. Free WiFi.Under $6. edit
Chinggis Club, Sukhbaatar St. 10 (On the street that passes on the west side of Sukhbaatar Square, from Sukhbaatar Square go north past the second traffic light, on your left about 40m north of the intersection.), . 10-24. Co-located with the Chinggis Brewery, German style cooking and beer. Their own locally brewed light and dark beer on tap.USD10. edit
Hishig Mongol 2 (Khshig Mongol 2), 10th District, 46th Building (On Peace Ave, several km west of the Department store, near the 3rd hospital), ☎ 70180585. A Mongolian restaurant, no foreign language menu or staff, if you want to experience modern Mongolia cuisine this is the place. Roasted Sheep head, roasted ribs, buuz, dried meat soup. USD6 - 10. edit
Budweiser Bar, (Across from the NW corner of Suhbaatar Square). Fish and chips, steak, English breakfast.USD6-10. edit
Venus Cafe, (From the State Department Store East 2 short blocks, small street just past the bus stop, turn north (left), go straight about 200m, on the left a few doors past the French Bakery), ☎ 11327496. lunch, dinner. Mongolian food. Only Malaysian food left is the roti.US$10. (N47 55.057,E106 54.606)edit
Los Bandidos. Mexican-Indian fusion food sounds terrible until you taste the spicy chicken masala or crispy taquitos. They are at a new location not far from Sukhbaatar Square. The prices are higher now, but the atmosphere has improved and most main dishes are still in the $7-10 range.edit
Sakura Restaurant - on the second floor of the Kempinski hotel. The meals are prepared by a Japanese chef. Highly appreciated by Japanese.
Nomads. Excellent variety and quality for both locals and tourists. Good, clean toilets, an added bonus.edit
Nightlife in Ulaanbaatar is surprisingly wild but is best not experienced alone — try to get a local to join you. Most of the night clubs play Trance, Techno, Electronic and House music, a few clubs play hip hop music. The small clubs in the 3rd district and the Sansar microdistrict are best avoided. Be sure to apologize if you hit someone or step on their feet accidentally, because some Mongolians can be offended by it.
Beer in clubs costs about ₮3500 (less than $2), other drinks such as vodka depend on measurements, for example a 100 g Vodka costs about ₮4500 ($2.25) The club life is very active on Wednesday, Friday and Saturday. On Fridays, it is very hard to find a seat in a club. According to state law, all clubs and pubs (bars) must be closed after midnight, but some clubs run until 4:00 AM. Never go alone in the dark, especially on Fridays. Also never walk by yourself when you are drunk, or you may be arrested and end up in the drunk tank, not a pleasant place to be.
Ikh Mongol is a cavernous club just south of the State Department Store. Choose between the main dining area, the fancy VIP upstairs, or secluded tables in the back. Most weekends have concerts from Mongolian acts. The restaurant brews several beers on tap, or get some of the more popular Mongolian brands for around ₮2000 a half-liter.
Metropolis is the most popular night club with young affluent Mongolians. Plan to pay between ₮5,000 and ₮10,000 cover to get in. The club is located adjacent to the Sky Shopping center, behind Chinggis Hotel.
Mass is the newest hot spot, located in the 3rd/4th microdistrict. Expect a younger crowd here with the doors usually closing well past 3 AM.
Strings is a somewhat notorious club frequented by foreigners. It is very popular with Korean and other East Asian businessmen.
You can also find some nice pubs in the capital.
Brauhaus goes for a German brewhouse look and succeeds. This bar is big but usually not noisy. It serves X Beer, a quite tasty local brew. Half-liters run around ₮2,500.
Dublin Irish Pub
Grand Khaan Irish Pub
CSS Pub is a hole-in-wall pub across from the Ulaanbaatar Department Store (not the State Department). Though slightly worn around the edges, it offers a no-frills place to have a quiet drink. Try the fish.
Hazara North Indian Restaurant, (behind the wrestling palace on the corner of Peace Street and Tokyo Street), ☎ 9919 5007. noon to 10 pm. English speaking staff, great "jewel korma."under $10. edit
Le Bistrot Francais, University Street, . On se croirait dans un restaurant parisien. Enjoy a pastis and have a nice dinner.edit
Le Triskell, Ulaanbataar. French restaurant a few doors up from Le Bistrot Francais. Good portions and plenty of French spoken. Inhabited by expats who all seem to know each other.edit
Nowadays, budget accommodation in Ulaanbaatar tends to give the best deals for a traveller. Usually a bed in a clean dormitory costs about $5-10 and a double room should be under $30 a night. Good mid-range options are sparse.
Note that during the annual Naadam festival it is almost impossible to get any kind of accommodation in UB without prior reservations.
Guest homes may not respond to email (only 2 of 5 responded to us).
Be aware that in August 2009 the government passed a law requiring domestic transactions to be priced in the Mongolian currency (MNT).
Some guest homes attempt to charge more than the price on their website saying their website is out-of-date. Some may change a price higher than the price you have agreed to pay from your on-line reservation, citing that the exchange rate has changed.
Many guest homes operate also as Tour Guide/Operator/Agency and be more interested in selling a tour and devote less attention to the guest house facilities in room size/space, limited number of bathrooms/showers relative to the number of beds, internet WiFi service shut off at 22:00 and turned on at 09:00, and so forth.
Budget private rooms are often located in rented apartments in complexes away from the main guesthouse. Guesthouses rent these from nomadic families during the summer peak season and return them when the family return to the city for the winter months. Dark and dirty stairwells are the norm in Ulaanbaatar.
It's possible to spend your night in a ger, even in Ulaanbaatar - here it's inside the rooftop gers of Gana's guesthouse
Camel Track, Building 14-b apartment, floor number 1-4, door code 16, Seoul street, Khoroo 3, Sukhbaatar district (In the center next to State Circus, 10 minutes walk to the State Department Store), ☎ +976-99794114, +976-88949697 (email@example.com), . Price includes free pick up services, breakfast, tea, coffee, internet facilities, hot shower, laundry and self catering kitchen. The Guest house is very new (open April 2015) and warm, the rooms and the bathroom are very clean and comfortable. The place is run by a Mongolian couple; they are very friendly and have 9 years of experience in tours so during your stay in UB they can help you to organize a tailored tour around Mongolia.Dorm US$8, Double or twin US$25. edit
Lotus Guesthouse, Apt 15, 2nd floor, Entrance 2 Baga Toiruu St. (From the west side of Chinggis Square, north past Government House, Left at the large intersection, 1 block to traffic light turn right, going north, street angles to the right or east, small street enters from right, the 5th school is on west side of street, look for building 17), ☎ +976 11 325967, . Nice guesthouse run by the Lotus Foundation. Clean. An employee is present 24/7. No high table except the very small one for the computer. No bed sheet and the quilt is not washed between clients! The shower room doesn't lock and is closed by a translucent door! A dormitory door is very noisy. Internet, though not very reliable. WiFi is said to work sometimes. Doesn't accept credit cards.US$10 (₮14,000 MNT) - US$30. edit
LG Guesthouse #1 and #2, (1) Across the street from the train station (2) South of State Department Store on Seoul Street. Clean, free Internet, water provided, simple breakfast of a fried egg and toast included $8 for a dorm. edit
Chinggis Guest House and Tours, Sukhbaatar district building-33 door-67, Chinggis Ave (back behind the National Academic Drama Theater and Bayangol Hotel), ☎ 976-99271843, 976-11-325941 (firstname.lastname@example.org). Price includes breakfast, internet, hot shower, kitchen facilities. Very central located and quiet, rooms are clean and comfortable.Dorm US$8, Double or twin US$10. edit
Green Steppe Mongolia Guest House, Chingeltei District I, 40 myangt, Building 12 door 7. (50 m east of the State Department Store), ☎ 88033080, 88038388, . checkin: anytime; checkout: 12.00pm. A small and quiet guesthouse with a couple of dorm rooms and two fully-furnished one-bedroom apartments, very friendly staff and very central location (near State Department Store). We can organize tours to all parts of Mongolia. We also have free lockers for our guests, free breakfast, free tea all day, free WiFi (and 2 computers), free secure area for motorbikes and bicycles, peaceful patio and picnic area, free hot showers and cheap laundry service.US$6/night. edit
Ganas Ger, Gandan tuul 2-22, ☎ +976 9911 6960 (email@example.com), . This guesthouse stands out from the rest, with dorm beds in roomy gers on an airy porch overlooking downtown UB, instead of the usual bunk beds. Run by a friendly, helpful family. And an excellent location 2 minutes walk from Gandan Monastery. Excellent security, family lives on 1st floor and there is 24 hr guard watching the gate. Like most guesthouses it also doubles as a tour operator. from $5 in 6 bed Ger to $25 for a double in the newly build wing. edit
Happy Camel Guesthouse (http://guesthousemongolia.com), Opposite the railway station, ☎ 99112075 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . checkout: 12. An excellent guest house run by some young Mongolians in a central location - hot showers and western style toilets - a very nice place to stay.edit
Idre's Guesthouse, Bayangol disrict 1, ☎ +976 99112575 (email@example.com), . Family-run guesthouse with $7 dorms - very strict on price - the male worker responded with an angry, aggressive attitude to asking for price excluding "breakfast" (bread, jam). Rooms are clean, staff are helpful, and tickets and tours can be arranged without hassle.edit
Mandukhai Hotel, near State Department Store. checkin: 12:00; checkout: 12:00. A nice inexpensive hotel located in UB city center. The hotel staff speaks little English but rooms are large and include TV. Bathrooms are shared.20-2500. edit
Mr. Gomez's Hostel and Tours, Davkhar # 16, Khoroo 1, Bayangol district (Across the street just 200 m from the Ulaanbaatar Railway Station), ☎ 976-99282459 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: 976-11-327503), . They arrange train tickets for Beijing, Datong, Irkutsk, Moscow, and Hohhot. Clean, safe, shower, laundry, kitchen, free Internet and good breakfast.Mr. Gomez provides tours to Terelj National Park & Chinggis Tourist Camp. Languages spoken: English, Spanish, Russian, German.US$10/night. edit
Oasis Guesthouse, (Southeastern UB, near the Catholic Church), ☎ 976-11-463693 (email@example.com, fax: 976-11-463693), . A modern styled and lovingly furnished guesthouse with a public cafe and a big garden with gers to stay in. Run by a friendly German-Austrian couple who speak German, English, and Mongolian. Serve very good western food and home made cakes. Laundry service and hairdresser at the back of the building. It's THE meeting point for 'overlanders' in Mongolia (travellers by car, motorcycle, bicycle, etc.).€10. (N47°54.706',E 106°58.857)edit
Petite Marmotte, Ikh Toiruu, Sukhbaatar district, Building #10, door entry #1, Floor #7, Flat #27/28, ☎ (00976) 70 11 03 02 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Friendly atmosphere, dedicated English and French speaking staff, traditional Mongolian decoration, well located, quiet. Breakfast included. No internet. The boss lives there. He used to be a chef and cooks sometimes for his guests. Arrange also all kinds of trips in the country. He doesn't accept credit cards.Bed dorm = €5; Double room = €15, family room = €25. edit
UB Guesthouse. A clean, well-organized and centrally located youth hostel that also arranges tours around the country. E-mail ahead for a free pickup from the train station. A light breakfast, tea and coffee are included. Has received some criticism for being a bit impersonal, and the welcoming is a bit cold. Although it's written you can phone from there from 10:00 to 18:00, don't rely on it. No oven in the kitchen (not even a microwave). Mongolians are not accepted! It is strictly forbidden to receive any non-client. DO NOT BUY TRAIN TICKETS FROM HERE. They lie about ticket prices (charge almost twice as much as the train station) and have been caught lying about train ticket availability, always check the price printed on the official ticket and ask the guesthouse exactly what their commission is, or better yet buy at the train station directly. AVOID THE TOURS unless paying $40/day to drive 9 hours a day and see nothing is your idea of a good time. Dorms beds, $6; Single room, $15; Twin room, $18; Double room, $20. edit
Youth Mongolia Guesthouse, Door no. 67, 1st floor 5th entrance, building 14-b. (Near the circus), (email@example.com), . This smaller and nice guest house has a nice location in the center of the city. Close to a large food market (25 meters away). Russian style building. edit
Zaya Guesthouse, Tserendorj Street Bld 63, App 10,11,12 (Just off Peace Ave), ☎ +976 11 331 575 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Zaya has two locations in the city center, and both are in modern recently renovated apartment buildings. The place is more suitable for a person looking for clean and calm place to sleep than a backpacker looking for a rowdy and noisy dorm. Minimum stay is 3 nights. Free wireless internet in the rooms. Also organizes tours.US$20 for a single and US$27 for a double room. edit
Golden Gobi, Chingeltei district, 1st subdistrict, building 13 (Close to the State Department Store), ☎ 976-11-322632, 976-96654496 (email@example.com, fax: 976-11-322632), . Another cheap and friendly place with dorm and free breakfast. Out of all the budget options the private rooms are some of the better and cleaner. $8 in 2014.Dorm $6, rooms from $19. edit
Sunpath Hostel, Chingeltei District, Baga Toirog, Building 37-56 (2nd floor) (Across the street from the Central Post office and Sukhbaatar Square.), ☎ 976-99143722 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: 976-11-326323), . checkout: 24. Sunpath Hostel is a very friendly, family-driven hostel. They love foreigners, and they can give a lot of information about Mongolia. They organize tours, having very good contacts with people living in the countryside. Washing and laundry is included, but you have to pay for them ($3 and $5 in 2012). They provide free internet access (WiFi, you can also use their computer, which helped me a lot), and free breakfast if needed. Cooking is also available there - they have a very cool kitchen. :) The hostel is very well situated, just 10 minutes of walking from the very center of the city.US$6/night. edit
Mongolian Vision Guesthouse and Tours, Sukhbaatar district, building 33 (3 minutes south-west of the Sukhbaatar place), ☎ 976-11-322369 95119399 (email@example.com), . Small but comfortable guesthouse in the center of the city. Free breakfast is included, and they can arrange tours.Dorm $7, double rooms $25. edit
Ulaanbaatar generally does not offer great value for money in the mid-range accommodation market. Many mid-range options can be found along Embassy Rd and UNESCO Rd.
Red Rose Hotel. The Red Rose Hotel, one of the leading hotels, is located in downtown Ulaanbaatar surrounded by major business and commercial centers. The hotel offers comfortable environment and high quality services complying with world standards. Red Rose hotel has 34 rooms, including luxurious and highest standard rooms, deluxe, semi-luxe and standard.edit
Amarbayasgalant, Embassy Rd, ☎ 976-11-312427. checkout: 12:00. One of the best mid-range options. Clean bedding, clean bathrooms, TV and WiFi. $40 for single, $55 for double. (47.914843,106.927898)edit
EPOS Hotel, Peace avenue 19/2, Khoroo-1 Sukhbaatar district, ☎ 976-11-331070, . checkin: 1300; checkout: 1200. Across the road from the Amarbayasgalant. Rooms appeared smaller and less clean than Amarbayasgalant but slightly more expensive. $49-$180. edit
Sant Asar Hotel, Seoul Street (around the corner from Ikh Mongol), ☎ (97611) 315152; 315359, . checkout: 12. Great location and friendly staff that speak English. No air conditioning, but television with approximately 100 channels, including many in English. Room cleaning apparently only occurs on check-out (was not cleaned during a nine-day stay, for example).$50. edit
Voyage Hotel, Bayangol District, north side of Railway Station (Just northeast of the train station, across the expressway.), ☎ 976-11-327757, . checkout: 12. Friendly staff that speak English. Private shower and toilet in your room. Clean. Continental breakfast (fry your own egg!).$40-$100. edit
Best Western Premier Tuushin Hotel, Prime Minister Amar's street 15, ☎ +(976) 11 323162 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +(976) 7000 0026), . The newest 5-star hotel opened in July 2013, stunning location right next to Great Chinggis Khaan Square, it's a 25-floor tower so you also get amazing views. edit
Ulaanbaatar Hotel, Sukhbaatar Square 14, ☎ +976 11 320 620, 976-70116688 (email@example.com, fax: 976-11-324485), . The centrally located Mongolia's first 5-star hotel is showing its age already.₮150,000-1,800,000. edit
Chinggis Khaan Hotel, Tokyo Street - 10, ☎ (976) 7000 0099 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: (976) 11 312788), . checkin: 1300; checkout: 1200. Free high speed internet is very reliable. Rooms are spacious and "wannabe luxurious." The best feature was the breakfast that was included in the price of the room.₮300,000-1,400,000. edit
The Corporate Hotel, Khoroo 1 (located 7 minutes walk south from Chinggis Square), ☎ +(976)-11-334411, (976)-88113601 (email@example.com, fax: +(976)-11- 334422), . High level of rooms, sauna, Jacuzzi and free internet.$170-850. edit
Bayangol Hotel, Chinggis Khan Avenue-5 (2 blocks south of Chinggis Square), ☎ (976)-11-312255 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: (976)-11-326880), . Close to the bars and central square, but rooms are small and the internet is patchy.edit
HS Khaan Resort Hotel, Khui doloon hudag, Argalant soum, Tov aimag, ☎ +976-9908-5311, . checkin: 1500; checkout: 1200. About 40 km northwest of Ulaanbaatar near the famous Naadam Festival horse racing area, about 50 min from the city by car. This is a “Ger” style resort, all rooms are 120 m^2 with views over the steppes.₮598,000-808,000. edit
WiFi - Most guesthouses, hotels, cafes, restaurants and pubs have free WiFi.
Internet cafes - there are many Internet cafes liberally scattered around the city and they cost around ₮400-800 per hour.
Mail - the Central Post Office is located on the southwest corner of Chinggis Square, and besides stamps it also sells a wide variety of reasonably priced postcards (though they may take up to two months to reach their destination!), some very large, decorative collections of stamps (which are not for use) and a few nice calendars.
Telephone - the city has an international call center. However, if you have access to a private phone, the most convenient way to make an international call is to use a prepaid card, such as BodiCom.
Cell phone operators offer both prepaid GSM sim cards and handset rentals (currently Mobicom) as well as extensive roaming options for your convenience.
OSAC notes that "Mongolia and Ulaanbaatar are generally safe places to visit", however pickpocketing and violent muggings are a higher risk in the capital than in rural areas so it is advisable to avoid walking alone after dark. Street lighting is unreliable and visitors will occasionally come across drunks and stray dogs. The places where pickpocketing is the most frequent are buses and the Narantuul market (alias Black market), especially the entrances of them. The bus stops close to the State department stores are hot spots for this activity. If you've been attacked or pick-pocketed, please take time to make a deposition at the district police station and to notify your embassy if you have one.
Walking on the streets at any time is a hazardous affair as one needs to contend with ice from about October to March, open manholes and extremely chaotic and wild driving habits. Drivers (including buses and police) pay no attention to pedestrian crossings and will not reduce speed but simply sound their horns. The automobile culture in this city is too new to have developed safe driving systems and habits.
Unmarked taxis are common and shouldn't be feared. Locals simply stick out an arm and hitchhike anywhere around town. However, it is wise to get a local to interpret if possible and explain the fare system.
Child beggars may be seen, but watch out for groups of them, as one may be trying to pick your pocket. Also be aware that any money you do donate will go straight to their teenage "pimps", and so you may not be helping them as much as you think. Most of the "pimps" are their relatives or friends, and the kids actually come from poor families and it does help them.
Walking at night in company shouldn't be too great of a concern; it isn't for the locals. But stick to areas where you can see lots of locals (especially women). Coming out of bars late at night is a little dangerous if you are alone; try to have several males in your group.
In the event of a medical issue, SOS Clinic, 4a Building, Big Ring Road, 15th Micro District, 7th Khoroo, Bayanzurkh District, ☎ +976-11-464325/ 26/ 27 (English speaking) Emergency: +976-91913122 (email@example.com, fax: +976-11-454537), . Monday-Friday 0900-1800. editprovides both "Expert Doctors" (about $220 per consultation) and "Mongolian Doctors." The expert doctors are very experienced, first language English speakers, who go to the trouble of calling you the next day to see how you're feeling. The clinic has first-rate facilities including ultrasound, and in the event of needing additional equipment (such as a CT Scan) they provide a nurse and ambulance transport to the Ulaanbaatar General Hospital and back.</listing>
China, Zaluuchuudyn Urgun Chuluu 5, ☎ +976 11-323940, 320955, 311903 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +976 11-311943), . As of June 2014 it was possible to obtain a Chinese visa in Ulaanbaatar without a Mongolian residency permit, although this situation could change.. edit
United States, (just off Big Ring Rd in 11th District), ☎ +976 11-329095 (email@example.com, fax: +976 11-320776), . M-F 8:30AM-12:30PM, 1PM-5PM. edit
Russia, Enkhtayvany gudamzh, A-6, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, . 14:00-15:00 visa application, 12:00-12:30 visa collection (Mon-Fri). $96 for express (1-2 working days) transit visa of between 7-10 days (July 2014), about half that for regular 4-7 day processing. Citizens of many countries can apply for a tourist visa (as opposed to a limited transit visa) in Ulaanbaatar without a Mongolian residency permit, although not citizens of most western European countries (July 2014).. edit
There is a train that originates in Ulaanbaatar and departs for Moscow twice a week, taking 94 hours to make the trip and costing ₮308,606 for second class or ₮479,498 for first class. Another weekly train departs Beijing for Moscow, passing through Ulaanbaatar. There are two trains weekly originating in Ulaanbaatar and terminating in Beijing, and a further weekly train that passes through Ulaanbaatar on its way from Moscow to the Chinese capital. Daily trains leave to Irkutsk in Russia, Hohhot in Inner Mongolia and Erlian, just over the Chinese border, from where there are further rail and bus connections.