Tychy was originally established as an agricultural settlement right in the middle of the medieval trade route between Mikołów and Oświęcim, first documented in 1467. From 1629 onward, the village began to grow, mainly due to the presence of the budding Tychy Brewery producing the town's signature "Tyskie" beer.
In 1742, Tychy was forcibly annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia during the First Silesian War with neighboring Austria, remaining territorially a part of Prussia (and later Germany) until just after the First World War. Discontent over German rule by the city's predominantly Polish population erupted into warfare between 1919 to 1921 during the Silesian Uprisings. Following a successful third revolt and brokered peace treaty, Tychy joined the Second Polish Republic in 1921.
After World War II, the city was designated by the Polish government as a non-self-sustaining city supplying adjacent Katowice. During this period, many blocks of flats and housing estates were built throughout the 1950s and 1970s.
Today, Tychy is a city is famous for its huge economic zone, its Fiat and Opel factories in the city's eastern districts, and its worldwide famous Tyskie beer.
Visitors to Tychy can directly access the city by air via Katowice Airport ('KTW), also known by locals as Pyrzowice. The airport is located 60 km (37 mi) northeast of Tychy. The airport has direct connections to over 30 destinations. The airport is one of the main hubs of Hungarian low cost airlineWizzair, as well as a major destination for Ryanair, as well as limited service provided by Germanwings. Major airlines, including Polish national carrier LOT and German carrier Lufthansa also operate routes to Katowice. A slew of other seasonal charter flights additionally operate during the spring and summer months, though mainly to southern Europe, Asia and northern Africa.
There are plenty of car rentals at the airport including Avis, Budget or the private of the airport called GTL LOT Car Rental.
When travelling from the airport, visitors should take the S1 expressway towards Katowice, then go via S1 to Tychy.
Tychy is well connected by Silesia's road network system (S1 and DK86 from the north, DK86 from the south, DK44 from the east and west). If travelling by car from Katowice, follow the signs south to Tychy via national road DK86. If driving from Krakow, take the A4 motorway (E40) westward to Mysłowice to the intersection of the S1 expressway, where drivers should turn south towards Cieszyn. If travelling from the west on the A4 motorway, drivers can take either highways DK44 or DK86 to the city,
Tychy is also accessible by coach train from Katowice, the nearest major city. The train fare from Katowice is normally around 4zł with the journey taking 20 minutes. The route is served by provincial rail operator Koleje Śląskie almost every half hour. Several of Koleje Śląskie's lines passing through Tychy include:
Tychy has a unique transportation system supplied with buses and trolleybuses and is one of only three cities using the latter. They are operated by MZK Tychy and operate frequent services all across the city with over 200 vehicles.
Paprocany Lake A peaceful located in the highly-industrialized Silesian Metropolis, Paprocany Lake was originally created to cool the ironworks in adjacent Huta Paprocka, but eventually emerged as one of the most popular and romantic places in Tychy. There are several restaurants on the lakeshore.
The old Market and St. Mary Madalene Church The first wooden church was raised by local farmers in 1480. It was subsequently rebuilt several times, the first in 1653 and again in 1655. On 3 November 1782, the new brick-built Church was consecrated, only to be destroyed four years later by a heavy storm. The refurbishment process took more than 20 years. In May 1907, shortly before the First World War and the three Silesian Uprisings, the church was extended to its current size, becoming 60 percent bigger than the original. The current church tower was built in 1929.
Muzeum Browarnictwa (Muzeum at Tychy Brewery), Katowicka 9 Street, 43-100 Tychy (On the crossing of major roads (DK44-Oświecim-Gliwice) and road to Katowice), ☎ + 48 32 327 84 30, . Mon-Sat 10.00-20.00. Famous for its worldwide-served beer Tychy Brewery is open to public and offers a sufficient exhibition of beer-related items, a 3D Movie screening, a visit to the Brewery and tasting of the originally produced beer.10-15 PLN.
One of the remarks of "A"-District is the statue of a Worker, standing at the entrance to the quarter.
The Social-Realistic "A" District Originally it was the first quarter to be built after World War II commencing the beginning of the uprising of "New Tychy". The district was built between 1951 and 1956 in the vicinity of the main railway station and close to the Old Town. The district is one of the only socialist realist examples in the world to be completely finished. Exactly at the centre is a cultural center that was originally patterned after the Piazza del Capidoglio in Rome. The buildings of the quarter are small, three storey tenements, with tile covering and are very accurate in detail (House Marks, Figures).
Muzeum Miejskie (Town Museum), Plac Wolności 1, ☎ +48 32 327 18 20, . Mon-Sat 10.00-17.00. Replaced to newly refurbished building right next to the church of St. Mary Madalene, the museum not only presents constant exhibitions, but interim ones as well. The subjects of the exhibitions revolve around the history of Tychy, Silesia and Poland. The museum organises museum lessons for children and adults, with free guided tours around Tychy.Free of charge.
Śląska Jesień Gitarowa (Silesian Guitar Autumn), Teatr Mały, ks kard Hlonda Street 1, . The international guitar music festival and competition has been organised every two years since 1986. Held in October and lasting a week, the festival is full of concerts, recitals and speeches from a wide range of guitarists. Every edition of the festival is concluded by a solemn concert of competition laureates and the cameral orchestra of Tychy: AUKSO.45 PLN.
One of the most recognizable dancing groups "Paka" on the stage of Teatr Mały
Teatr Mały ((The small Theatre)), ks kard Hlonda Street 1, ☎ +48 32 227 20 67, . Theatre Mały offers many performances played by Polish best actors and troupes. The theatre holds also many different jubilees and anniversaries.
Śląska Giełda Kwiatowa, Sadowa Street 7, ☎ +48 32 227 04 02, . Tue,Thu,Sat 2:00-10:00. The largest wholesale flower market in Southern Poland, established over 25 years ago offers beautiful flowers, plants and garden items.
Osteria Le Botti, Barona Street 30, ☎ +48 790 771 778, . Italian cuisine, opened in January 2014 this new restaurant reminds traditional italian Ristorante with the desserts being prepared by its Italian owner.+15 PLN/dish.
Zielony Smok (The Green Dragon), Jana Pawla II 10 (By hotel Tychy), ☎ +48 32 782 76 79, . Asian restaurant offering wide variety of asian dishes such as Sushi or Chinese food+15 PLN/dish.
Pod Prosiakiem, Armii Krajowej 105A (Near the Paprocany Lake), ☎ +48 32 328 66 06, . 11.00-22.00. Traditional silesian food (Rolada, Kluski, Kotlet). Cosy atmopshere near Paprocany Lake.+20 PLN/dish.
Dom Bawarski, Hutmicza Street 70, ☎ +48 328 60 06, . 12:00-22:00. Traditional polish cuisine, placec nearby the entrance to the Paprocany Park+15 PLN/dish.
Hotel Flora, Katowicka 10 (Just on the opposite site with Tyskie Brewery), ☎ +48 32 780 88 88, . checkin: 14.00; checkout: 12.00. Situated right between Tychy Brewery and Silesian Wholesale Flower Market is the good, original hotel built of the original 18th century Elements, newly refurbished. The hotel offers cosy rooms and a good Italian restaurant.240-295 PLN.
Piramida Hotel Spa&Wellness (5*), Sikorskiego 100, ☎ (+48) 32 325 78 78, . checkin: 15.00; checkout: 11.00. Unique, 5* hotel placed on a hill, between the trees of Paprocany Park, good pool and wellness area.400-600 PLN/night.
Hotel Stara Poczta (3*), Kosciuszki 24 Street, ☎ +48 32 324 27 00, . checkin: 14.00; checkout: 11.00. Good hotel with a cosy music club, perfectly situated. From the hotel there is a 4-minute walk to Old Market, Plac Baczyńskiego or to the Brewery or Stadium.180-350 PLN/night.
Oświęcim-pay a tribute to over a million prisoners killed during the World War II in a Nazi Camp of Auschwitz.
Pszczyna-just 20 km (12 mi) south of Tychy is a classical castle, romantic park and a wisent's pen.
Zabrze-visit the deepest public coal mine in Poland, consisting of a 170 m (557 ft) shaft and the second 320 m (1,050 ft) shaft below the earth. Visitors at Zabrze can also attend a concert deep below the earth at the Kopalnia Guido.