Tuzla is the third largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in one of the most important industrial Bosnian regions.
The city was hardly directly targeted by the war, except for an incident near the end of the war, when 72 people were killed by a shell fired into the Old Town during the evening. Nowadays, the city’s economy is still predominantly based around industry, although there has been significant development in tourism during the last 10 years. By and large, tourists come from the local region, or are in Tuzla for short stopovers, as Tuzla is approximately the mid-way point between Sarajevo and Belgrade.
Travelling to Tuzla is easy from the south, less so from the Republica Srbska or Serbia. Do not trust the bus timetable on the black board in the main bus station, as these times were universally inaccurate!
Buses travel regularly, typically one or more per hour, from Sarajevo, a journey which takes three hours. The price is approximately 20km. There is a regular bus from Split in Croatia, leaving Split at 8AM, travelling via Livno, and taking about nine hours to make the journey. As of July 2011, there are no longer direct buses to Osijek. A bus also travels direct from Dubrovnik.
Although Tuzla has a train station, trains run only twice daily to Doboj, twice to Brcko, once to Vinkovci in Croatia and one a day to Bos. Bijela. Rail infrastructure was heavily damaged in the recent conflict in Bosnia and Hercegovina in the 1990s and services (whilst starting to return to pre-war levels) are slow and often infrequent.
Tuzla has an airport  from where Wizzair recently started operating to Hahn, Oslo, Gothenburg, Memmingen, Dortmund, Malmö, Basel and Eindhoven. The airport is not in Tuzla proper, but in the town of Dubrave. It is located about 15 km from the city centre.
Although no bus services run the entire way to the airport, from the bus to Dubrave (number 11), the airport is a 10-15 min walk. A taxi from the city centre will be around 20 KM (about €10).
Most areas of interest are walkable. The bus station is approximately 2km from the old city centre. Taxis regularly queue outside the station. Local buses also exist, though detailed information can be hard to find if you don't speak the language.
Bosnia has a beautiful countryside. The best place to travel is to Osman's old house. It is wonderful.
The first place to visit is the square at the center of the old town. This is the site of the Tuzla Massacre, where 72 young people were killed in 1995. Ask a local to translate the poem carved into the monument. Then walk over to the park where the 72 young people are buried. The old town is very nice and the park is very beautiful.
You should also visit the Pannonica Lakes, whose water is directly supplied from the local wells of salt water. Tuzla's salt has been exploited for centuries and you should visit the Salt square dedicated to this aspect of Tuzla's history. One-day entrance fees range from 1km to 4km. As of May 2016, entry to the water is prohibited (renovations? contamination? out-of-season?), and as a consequence entry to the surrounding area is free of charge (no one is collecting payment at the gates).
If you are interested in art, visit some of Tuzla's beautiful art galleries. If you are interested in history, you should see the model of ancient village set near the Pannonica.
Locally produced wicker craft like baskets or furniture. There is also a mid-sized relatively modern shopping mall, along with smaller shopping centres and chinese stores with bargain-bin prices.
All the usual Bosnian dishes are available throughout the town, but international cuisine does not have a high presence. There are also many traditional Bosnian fast food restaurants where you can eat cevapi prepared differently than in Sarajevo.
A good place for eating is Biblioteka 45, K. Krekovica 7, ☎ +387-(035) 266362. 10 euros. edit
The Old Town is lined with cafes and bars.
There are no backpacker hostels in Tuzla. Consider the below options, or plan ahead for a stay with a local family through Airbnb.
You can choose between two hotels, Tuzla and Dom Penzionera, and numerous pansions. Motel Rudar, across the street from the fire station is also a good choice for about €20 a night. There is now a beautiful boutique hotel, immaculately presented but at typically low BiH rates. The owners could not be more friendly or helpful - Golden Star Hotel in the town centre.
Buses run very regularly to Lukavac, about 20 minutes away. From here, a ten minute taxi takes you to Lake Modrac, a large lake with a few restaurants. Due to industrial pollution, however, it is not safe to swim in the lake.
A more promising destination is Lake Bistarac. Take a local bus for Lukavac, and get off just before the town. Up a hill lies a clean freshwater lake. There is a minimal entry charge, with a small extra charge for use of the slide into the lake. Stalls and a restaurant serve food.
Kladanj, about 90 minutes away by bus towards Sarajevo, is a small, attractive town with many little restaurants, and small ski-resort nearby.