The Jesus Trail
The Jesus Trail,  is a 138 km hiking and pilgrimage route in the Galilee region of Israel that connecting many sites from the life and ministry of Jesus Christ. The trail begins in Nazareth, and passes through Sepphoris, Cana, the Horns of Hattin, the Arbel Cliffs, the Sea of Galilee, Capernaum, Tabgha, the Mount of Beatitudes, the Jordan River and Mount Tabor.
The trail was founded in 2007 by two hiking enthusiasts, Maoz Inon, a Jewish Israeli entrepreneur who has established hostels and guesthouses in Israel, and David Landis, a Christian American hiking specialist.<ref>Catholic News Service- In northern Israel, walking from village to village, like Jesus</ref> The actual marking of the trail took place in 2009. It is currently managed and promoted largely by the work of volunteers, and is a non-profit project.<ref>Haaretz- Five Stops in the Galilee</ref>
The trail is public and free for anyone who wants to hike and camp along its course. The Jesus Trail is marked with a blaze of three stripes painted on rocks along the way (white, orange, and white). When portions of the Jesus Trail combine with other trails (such as the Israel National Trail), an additional orange circle is added to the previous trail marker. All marking of the trail was completed by the public Israel Trails Committee (ITC) which works in conjunction with a non-profit organization known as the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel (SPNI).<ref>Washington Post- Israel's New Jesus Trail Takes Visitors Into Countryside</ref> Trail maintenance and cleaning up has been a combined effort of international, national, and local organizations including JNF-KKL (The Jewish National Fund), the Fauzi Azar Inn in Nazareth, village schools, and international volunteers.<ref>Jerusalem Post- Cleanup Day 2009 Cleaning Up the World - In Israel!</ref>
The trail begins in Nazareth.
Sections of the trail
The geography and distances involved naturally allow the Jesus Trail to be walked as a series of day-hikes for a total of 4 days, with each day's hike being between 13 to 19 km (8 to 12 mi) in length.
Details of the 4 sections
Day 1: Nazareth to Cana via Sepphoris - The Jesus Trail starts in center of the Arab city of Nazareth at the Basilica or Church of the Annunciation, goes through the small Old City of Nazareth and then ascends via steep stairways to the ridge overlooking the city. From there the trail goes out into agricultural fields towards the extensively excavated ancient city of Sepphoris (Zippori). After passing through the small Arab town of Mashhad the trail arrives at the small Arab city of Cana, known in Arabic as Kafr Kanna, which is the traditional site for the New Testament account of Jesus turning water into wine.
Day 2: Cana to Kibbutz Lavi - After leaving Cana (Kafr Kanna), the trail goes almost entirely along forests and through natural and cultivated fields to end at the outskirts of the modern Jewish agricultural commune (Hebrew: kibbutz) of Lavi, which is located near the hill of the Horns of Hattin.
Day 3: Kibbutz Lavi to Moshav Arbel - This hike goes from hilltop to hilltop, from the panoramic view at the Horns of Hattin, past the Druze shrine of Nabi Shu'ayb in the small Arbel Valley, through striking scenery of a historically dense landscape, to end nearby the Jewish agricultural cooperative (Hebrew: moshav) of Arbel.
Day 4: Moshav Arbel to Capernaum via Mount of Beatitudes - After ascending Mount Arbel there is a climb down the cliff to come out on a small fertile agricultural plain adjacent to the lake which is known as the Sea of Galilee. Then the Jesus Trail arrives at the northern shore of the lake to the church at Tabgha which commemorates the New Testament account of Jesus' feeding of the multitudes, then to the church and gardens at the Mount of Beatitudes which commemorates Jesus' Sermon on the Mount, and then finally arriving at the ancient lakeside fishing village of Capernaum with its extensive ruins and modern church.
Jesus Trail and Jerusalem Eshkol Publishing 2011.