Texel is an island with four types of landscape: dunes and beaches in the west, flatland and polders in the east and hilly in the center of the island (the remains of the ice age). Inland you find the fourth landscape - wetlands - with beautiful walking trails in the center west coast of the island, like The Slufter. Along the wadden-coast in the east there are comparably smaller Wetlands. In the dunes, valleys like The Muy are quite popular with tourists.
Both tourists and birds are abundant. The tourists visit mostly in the summer.
The islanders call their hilly area the Hoge Berg ("High Mountain"). Its highest point is about 15 metres above sea level and gives a fabulous view over the island. It's not the summit of the island however, the Loodsmansduin a dune in the south reaches 30 metres above sea level.
Originally, the locals spoke their own dialect, known as "Tessels". Nowadays it's dying out and is replaced by a more Standard-Dutch tongue, altough still with specific words and accents. The inhabitants have their own name for the mainland: de Overkant, litterally "the Other Side".
The official name is Texel. The x in it is normally pronounced as ss, so the name sounds like "Tessel". In Standard-Dutch, the correct pronunciation is Tessel, but a lot of Dutchmen pronounce it with an x-sound. The locals however always pronounce it as "Tessel".
The following villages are on Texel:
As Texel is an island, the only realistic way to get to it is by ferry. Teso  operates a 30 min ferry trip from Den Helder to Texel. Ferries depart from 06:30 until 21:30, every hour, with fewer departures on Sunday. In summer and on busy days, two boats are deployed. Ferries dock at 't Horntje along the southern end of the island. From there, buses bring you to the larger villages.
Den Helder can be reached by train. The ride to Den Helder station takes 1 hour and 15 minutes from Amsterdam and 2 hours from Rotterdam. At the station, bus 33 takes you to the ferry pier, or you can walk the bit through town. You can also take bus 28 from Den Helder that goes on the Teso boat and continues on the other side to Den Burg and De Koog. . A combined return ticket for bus and boat can be bought from the Connexxion ticket counter at Den Helder train station or from the bus driver .
Getting there by car is also an option. From Amsterdam, take the A9 to Alkmaar. The A9 stops at the traffic lights in Alkmaar. From there, take a left at the roundabout as the road changes into the N9. Keep following the N9 till you arrive at Den Helder.
The island is best experienced by bicycle, in the summer. There are many place to hire bikes on the island.
Public transport busses run each hour to each village and connect to the hourly ferry services (but not to any additional sailings). You can buy tickets at the driver; a map of bus lines is available at the Connexxion website.
The whole western coast consists of the Duinen van Texel National Park, a protected nature reserve. It is a varied dunescape with heath, salt fens and grassland, and is the best attraction Texel has to offer. Some areas are protected as bird breeding grounds.
Some other attractions include:
There are many activities you can do in Texel. Just some of them include swimming, sunbathing, kitesurfing, golfing and go-karting. Cycling and hiking through the nature reserve is particularly popular. You can rent bicycles at the ferry pier 't Horntje and in the various villages.
There are numerous possibilities for cycling. English-language cycle routes are the Texel South Cycle Route and the Texel North Cycle Route, which can be combined into one long trip around the whole of the island.
Den Burg has the largest facilities for shopping. Grocery stores are situated in De Cocksdorp, Oudeschild, Den Hoorn en De Koog as well.
As most travellers stay in De Koog, this is where the island's nightlife takes place. There are many bars and cafes, and it even feels a bit seedy at night.
A lot of hotels and campsites are found on Texel.
There is a post office in the centre of Den Burg, at the corner of the Burgwal and Parkstraat. You should be able to buy stamps and postcards at many tourist boutique shops. Mail-boxes are available in every town and are emptied several times a week.
3G connectivity is available for those who can only enjoy nature through posting Facebook pictures.
During the summer a special touristic boat service to the neighboring island of Vlieland, is available. This boat leaves near De Cocksdorp. The Wadden Sea sealife is also seen on this trip.